Step 11: Lighting

I do not own a lighting system... I wish I did, but they can be quite expensive as these are very specialized systems. Regurgitating....

What kinds of lighting are used for growing plants?
Most applications use HID (High Intensity Discharge) lights. All HID systems require both a ballast and a bulb in addition to the socket and reflector. You can also use a T5 High output fluorescent bulb which blends the light spectrum. You can use regular T12 fuorescent bulbs for smaller seedlings and cuttings.

There are two types of T5 bulbs -- one for blooming and one for growing. Compared to their HID counterparts, they use less heat and all of the spectrum output is used by the plant. The ballast works for both types of bulbs.

There are three main types of HID: Metal Halide(MH), Mercury Vapor, and High Pressure Sodium (HPS). For growing, only MH and HPS are used.

What do I need for HID?
If you're growing leaf/bushy plants (lettuce, greens, herbs) - you want MH all the time. For plants with a vegitative and bloom phase (i.e. tomato, flowering annuals, fruits) - you want to start with a MH and then swtich to HPS while the plant flowers and starts producing fruit. If all you're doing is supplementing natural light - use HPS.

What if I can only afford one light system?
Here are a few options
1. Use a MH system for growth and then an HPS conversion bulb for flowering.
2. Use HPS for flowering and a MH for growth
3.Buy a standard system and upgrade to an enhanced color corrected bulb. Most go for an HPS system because of the higher lumen output per watt compared to its MH counterpart.
4. Buy a switchable system where the ballast can support either type of bulb
5. Use a T5 system with cool spectrum lamps and warm spectrum for flowering.

What is this conversion bulb?
You can only match a bulb to its ballast (ie MH does not work on an HPS ballast). However, special conversion bulbs will work with the opposite type of ballast.

HID System Primary Supplement

2 lamp 2 foot||||||||||||||||||||||||1'X2'||||||||||||||||||||||||1'X2'
4 lamp 2 foot||||||||||||||||||||||||1'X2'||||||||||||||||||||||||2'X2'
2 lamp 4 foot||||||||||||||||||||||||1'X4'||||||||||||||||||||||||1'X4'
4 lamp 4 foot||||||||||||||||||||||||1'X4'||||||||||||||||||||||||2'X4'
8 lamp 4 foot||||||||||||||||||||||||2'X4'||||||||||||||||||||||||3'X4'

Reflector shape/size is also going to play a role -- and these are approx. measurements ;)

from m little supplier catalogue...
100watt HPS or MH: $170
400watt ranges from: $250-$350
400watt switchable: $290-$400
For T5
2 lamp 2': $125
4 lamp 2': $190

Bulb Replacement:
T5: 2' = $16ea 4'=$17ea
HID: $50(100watt MH) -- $35 (400watt MH) -- $30 (400 watt HPS)
<p>Hello, <br>I grow everything hydroponically now. I've been growing hydroponically for over 5 years, and I don't bother growing in soil anymore. I can even grow hydroponically cheaper than growing it in the ground. It;s really rewarding to be able to eat and share fresh produce that you grew yourself. I just want to share a free website http://www.HomeHydroSystems.com that's desiccated to providing good creditable hydroponics related information, as well as helping gardeners grow their fruits and veggies successfully. Even on a tight budget. </p>
<p>thank you for a very helpful tutorial on getting started with hydropontics. You covered a lot of ground in this one! I look forward to trying my own soon.</p>
<p>wow, this was very informative. I can't wait to try it. </p><p>Augustine Rhodes</p>
<p>Can I use a solar pump or does the pump still have to cut in and out during the night and thanks for all of the good infomation</p>
Thank you so much, this is awesome!! I need to give this a try
<p>This is a greatly informative article. Currently the UAE I want to grow &amp;<br>I found that I can get my own Hydropronic farm! <br> <a href="http://eachgraincounts.com/en/ProductDetailView.aspx?Id=142" rel="nofollow"> http://eachgraincounts.com/en/ProductDetailView.a...</a> </p>
<p>Amazing! You have covered a large amount of information on this topic. Thank you so much for sharing. I plan on starting a herb garden this spring. This instruct able has made my life easier!!!!</p>
<p>try using aquashield to protect your roots from root problems and to introduce good bacteria.</p>
<p>try using aquashield to protect your roots from root problems and to introduce good bacteria.</p>
<p>Hey dude! Awesome instructable. There's only one problem... I'm trying to cite it in a school paper about colonizing the moon and I need to know the date it was published. Is there any way to find that out? </p><p>P.S. Very, very well done by the way - in all aspects. </p>
<p>Oh nevermind I found it. Sorry to bother you. </p>
<p>I always wanted to try this. Thanks for sharing!</p>
<p>I made this type of setup and ran into a lot of issues, for example the tub bowed out with all the water in it, and cutting slats was not a great idea after cutting out the initial holes, getting a properly sized hole saw made a huge difference - I made a modified version using smaller tubs and some other modifications over at <a href="http://hydronerd.com/2014/09/starting-hydroponics/" rel="nofollow">http://hydronerd.com/2014/09/starting-hydroponics/</a></p>
Nice job
<p>You don't actually need a special light bulb to grow plants a regular incandescent one works fine. You can actually use CF if you want but it should be augmented with incandescent. </p><p>Sources: experience, 2 Botanists opinions on the matter.</p>
Thanks for your post. I'm a starter of hydroponics. It helps me a lot.
the articles teach me a lot , thank U , I know better about hydroponics after read the articles
This looks like a lot of fun. It will be great for me to get things started on my <a href="http://www.summersunhydro.com/609339.html" rel="nofollow">rhode island hydroponics</a>. Thanks for the info.
Thank you for sharing! I've been wondering how difficult <a href="http://www.hydroponicsuppliesshop.com/" rel="nofollow">hydroponic gardening systems</a> are to install, and it looks like it isn't too difficult.
I really want to try this! I love when I find good <a href="http://www.hydroponicsuppliesshop.com/" rel="nofollow">hydroponic gardening systems</a> sites. I for the first time this up coming summer and gong to try this out and I can't wait!!! My anticipation is killing me. I've been looking forward to trying this for months!
Thanks for the article, I don't know where this as been all my life. But for some reason their as been a huge phase of <a href="http://www.summersunhydro.com/609339.html" rel="nofollow">rhode island hydroponics</a> popping up all around my home. And I was really intrigued to see what these things were and how they worked. So thanks for the info.
it is nice
This instructable was so helpful! I live in an apartment in New Buffalo MI, and I do not have a yard or even a balcony. I have always wanted a small herb garden, so it is nice to know I can use <a href="http://www.harborcountryhydroponics.com" rel="nofollow">hydroponics</a> to achieve this goal.
This is great! Once I am done shopping for <a href="http://Utahhousesnow.com" rel="nofollow">homes for sale in Sandy</a>, Utah I can concentrate on filling it with plants. I love seeing a home filled with plants.
Growing hydroponics at home is really interesting. Hollywood stars have become serious hydroponics growers. Comedian/activist/actor Joe Rogan growing big hydroponics garden. Joe said he is in love with this plants - http://www.rosebudmag.com/hydroponic-tips-ideas/joe-rogan-plants-growers-hydroponics
For the sterilization, you could also just build a basic water distiller (unless you are in a rush) and use that.
is &quot;electrons per second&quot; a unit of power, not energy?
I made one of these in my window vertically useing plastic bottles. Turned out pretty good and was around 100 bucks all in all<br>You can check it out at youtube<br>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5AVQPIls-PI
I was wondering if you could use lava rock as the medium. Do you think it would throw off the ph balance due to the high mineral content?
hey nice ible<br>abt the nutrient mix<br>i live i india and there is no nutrient mix available<br>so i thought i could mix coconut water http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut_water<br> sea water http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seawater<br> regular water and maybe a little glucose????<br>check out the contents of the respective waters in wiki<br>thanks in advance!!!<br>Akinich
You have the section on starting from seed but I just had a question. After germination, I would put it into the rockwool and just manually water it so it doesnt get dry?
hi friend you have shown a best example of hydroponics,the plants seems good<br>friend I have a nice idea i know the store in that store you can get a better seeds in a very cheap price they also tell you about effective production,the store name is coasthydroponics and you can also visit online coasthydroponics.com
&nbsp;Hi, I also have a question...I live in Columbus, GA and we are limited here. I have a fishtank pump, would that work? Would I be able to find the other materials at my local Lowes or Home Depot?<br /> <br /> Thanks.<br />
in short yes... but... a fish tank is great for hydroponic plants and if you have a fish tank bubbler it is great for &nbsp;aerating the water. but make sure to cover the glass. plant root hate light and it will harm them. also make sure it's not too deep. if your tank is too deep you'll just waste a lot of the nutrient solution. &nbsp;
If the tank is too deep, a nice trick would be to deposit a few (completely filled with water, sealed) soda bottles at the bottom. <br><br>It's the same displacement trick some people use to waste less water if their old toilet tank is the 5 gallon/20L type.
air pumps for hydroponic systems are usually exactly the same as those for fish tanks. Like dubbed was saying, a fish tank for a planter isn't the best of ideas but could work, but the pump is good to go.
I personally would not add bleach. If you want chlorine in your water the tap water would be more then enough. I strongly suggest not to use tap or chlorine and if you use the tap let it sit out for a few days. The reason why is chlorine will make your roots grow slowly or kill them and the more root the faster the plant growth. I doubt that sterilization with bleach would do much for long periods of time anyways.
I second this. If you want to sanitize the container, use Idophor or Star-San. I have both of these in my house because I use them for cleaning out my homebrew and keg system.<br><br>Iodophor will stain plastic and leave a faint iodine odor (not very strong) if you dilute it as directed. Star-San is a nice foaming cleaner AND sanitizer (but it will not do both at the same time.. ie, don't think you sanitized anything if your star san solution is full of organic floaties.. dump, rinse and re-apply to sanitize). <br><br>Star-san is nice because it's a mild acid, and becomes inert when dried (but if any were left, it would just break down some of the plant food into simpler organic compounds. Star-san -will- begin to etch and pit metals after 15 minutes, so don't soak stuff in it for any longer. SS is actually not that strong when dillute, and I've used it plenty without wearing gloves, but you need to take some care.
You are right, some plastics are known to absorb chemicals and will release it slowly.<br> If you have chlorine in the tap water you simple can drop your air stone in it and aerated it for 24 hrs, this will get rid of the chlorine. Some tab water contains chloromine and there is no way to get rid of it, since it is a combination of chlorine and ammonia.<br> Bleach residue could kill your roots and you end up with a smelly mess. Why sterilize and then you pump air into your solution which contain a lot of airborne bacteria anyway.<br> Remember, 1 drop of bleach in a quart of water will kill any bacteria you may have on your counter top.<br> So, I would not use bleach at all for this purpose.<br> I would get a test kit to check your tab water if you use tab water. If your tab water tests for ammonia and chlorine, you have chloromine in it.<br>
For folks who do not want to keep a syringe around the house, you can get a 60ml &quot;pipette&quot; (or a smaller one and just repeat the measurements). <br><br>A pipette basically is a glass or plastic straw. If you've ever &quot;carried&quot; soda in a straw by covering the straw top after dipping it in beverage, then you know how to use a pipette.
How long can a hydroponics system wait between waterings? IE, say I changed the water, went on vacation for a week, and came back. Would the water be too low?
this might sound stupid but can you use a type of fishtank gravel? i dont have any hydroponic shops near me and only have things avaliable from places like walmart and homedepot. Any ideas if the smaller gravel wont work?
In aquaponics we use quartz-gravel, which would be like uncolored fish gravel.<br>Aquaponics is basically the same, but live fish are used to make the plant food.
I have glass marble size beads i guess they'd be for a fishtank as decoration, clear and look to be about the same size as the fired clay you can buy, these should be ok right?
You are thinking about the hydroton and they range from 1/4 inchto 1/2 inch. Remember, the roots need to stay in the dark. Glass marbles would be fine if they are not translucent.<br> The reason we try to use quartz, because is tends to be the most neutral media. Other media may affect your ph, but if you use glass marbles that is a neutral media also. Plastic would be ok as media, but for larger plants it may not be heavy enough to hold the plant in place.
thanks, i might look around to see if i can find something more suited for the project, like i said before though i only have regular stores around me no specialty stores. there are a few hobby shops around im wondering if i can find something in there closer to what i need.
You may look and find some river gravel at construction sites or a garden center and you could check it yourself if it would change the ph.<br> *Get your water and let it sit for 24 hrs and aerate it. Some new/fresh water from the tap or from the well will show a higher ph until it will air or gas out. *<br> After 24hrs check your ph. Wash some of your gravel in regular water and let the gravel dry.<br> *Check your ph<br> * Now put a handfull in your aired out water,( that you let set and aerated for 24hr earlier )<br> * Let the the water with gravel sit for 24hrs-48hrs.<br> * check the ph again.<br> If the ph does not change or only change a little bit, you should be ok.<br> But if it changes a lot then I would not use it.<br> <br> Here is a website for aquaponic, my username is Johann.<br> <a href="http://aquaponicscommunity.com/forum">http://aquaponicscommunity.com/forum</a><br> <br> This should give you a lot of useful information.<br> I know it is not hydroponics, but they are somewhat related.<br> Aquaponic, is using fish instead a liquid fertilizer, but the rest is pretty much the same.<br>
thanks lots of good information, this is my first attempt at something like this so its all a little alien to me.

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