Introduction: Imagine 2049 Time Capsule

On January 12th, 2013, I buried the "Imagine 2049 Time Capsule" at the New York Hall of Science. The capsule contains hundreds of ideas for Future Inventions, which were submitted by the public over the course of four months. Examples include a Smell Recorder, an Interspecies Communicator, and of course, many flying cars. This exercise in future-thinking, asks us to consider the long-term effects of our material existence (more documentation is at www.kildall.com).

In the process, I learned more about time capsules that I thought was possible and if you are thinking of burying your own, check out this Instructable.

Step 1: Decide When the Capsule Will Be Opened

While this seems likean most obvious question, it also has the most far-reaching implications for any time capsule project. I chose the year 2049 for many reasons. When 2049 rolls around I may be alive or I may be dead — like Schrödinger's Cat. My art projects often embody some sort of uncertainty.

2049 is also a symbolic year (at least in the United States), which will celebrate the 200th anniversary of the Gold Rush and the exciting times of the Wild West. For the Imagine 2049 project, I assumed the personna of a prospector from the future and dressed accordingly.

The time capsule will be opened just after the projected Singularity of 2045. Four years after machines have taken over the world will be a perfect time to assess human desires from the past.

A side note: One of the most exciting time capsule projects ever was the Westinghouse Time Capsules, which were buried in both the 1939 and 1964 at the World's Fair in Queens. They are scheduled to be opened in 6939, five thousand years after the first one was sealed.

Step 2: Decide Where the Capsule Will Be Buried

The capsule should be placed in a secure site. From this list of The Most Wanted Time Capsules, we can glean that thievery can be a huge problem. For example, the Bicentennial Wagon Train Time Capsule, which contained 22 million signatures of various Americans, was scheduled to be buried in 1976. The rumor is that someone stole the capsule from an unattended van in the bicentennial wagon train. It was taken before even being buried. Point being that you want to make sure that the whereabouts are reasonably secure from theft.

The "Imagine 2049 Time Capsule" is buried at the grounds of the New York Hall of Science (near the site of the Westinghouse Capsules), right at the edge of rocket park. It is in a relatively secure area, inside the fenced-in area of NYSCI.

Step 3: Get a Stainless Steel or Aluminum Container

During the time your time capsule is underground, natural elements — primarily water and micro-organisms — will attack the vessel. Metal is a solid material will be more durable than plastic, which can puncture or damage. Stainless steel or aluminum also won't rust or corrode like steel. Copper and other non-ferrous metals will also work but will tarnish and are expensive. Do yourself a favor and get something both solid and protective. Find a container that has a tight seal.

Step 4: Now, Personalize It

A metal container by itself is unexciting. I added three fins which I water-jet cut with the logo "2049" and then TIG-welded them onto the original cylinder. Now it looks like a rocket and fits the theme of the Rocket Park. I even made a spare, just so I have my own souvenir.

Step 5: Gather the Contents

For the "Imagine 2049 Time Capsule", visitors to the New York Hall of Science could submit an idea for an invention which would help the future. This was part of an art show called "ReGeneration", which featured works about sustainability, immigration, and urbanization, through the intersection of art, science and technology.

I received over 1000 submissions. Many were garbage — scribbles, graffiti and about 60 people just wrote a "Flying Car".  I also created a simple online submission form for those that couldn't visit in person. Some of my favorites were impossible inventions like the "Virtual Music Chairs" submitted by Christy Chan or the "Smell Recorder", where you could record odors, similar to an audio or video recording and play them back decades later.

Step 6: Protect the Contents

I selected the best 125 submissions to be placed in the capsule and enclosed each inside a plastic baggie, then carefully arranged them inside the container. Even if moisture penetrates the capsule, the submitted inventions should be safe. I also placed several anti-moisture packets in the container to help alleviate water infiltration.

Step 7: Seal the Exterior

Before the final burial, you'll want to seal the exterior with something that won't degrade over time. Most tape will corrode. Glue may or may not survive the elements. I melted candle wax into the gap in the between the canister and the lid, which will certainly help protect the contents.

Step 8: Bury It

I performed the time capsule burial in front of about 40 people, who braved a brisk January day. The NYSCI groundskeepers had pre-dug a hole, which was about 5 feet deep and I placed the capsule inside of it. I dressed in my "future prospector" outfit, which consisted of a custom-made hat, and an old welding jacket, blue jeans and steel-toed boots. Filling the hole took a lot longer than I had planned and made me sweaty and tired, but all in a good day's work.

Step 9: Mark It and Document the GPS Location

This is the most important step as it is easy to lose track of time capsules after the original participants die or forget where it was buried. Natural processes can shift the soil and property can change hands over decades. For the "Imagine 2049 Time Capsule", I placed a physical marker, a laser-etched granite stone at the burial site.

Using a GPS app on a mobile phone, I recorded the location of the Imagine 2049 Time Capsule, which is:
Latitude: 40 degree  44.888' N
Longitude: -73 degrees 51.134' W


Finally, I put the GPS location in my will and instructed my heirs to unearth the capsule in 2049, in the case that I am dead or otherwise incapacitated for the opening.

Let's see what happens in 2049!

Comments

author
poofrabbit (author)2013-09-11

You know what I hope, that instructables is still here 36 years in the future and we get to see a new instructable posted on the opening of a time capsule!

author
dozer789 (author)poofrabbit2013-09-17

That would be cool poofrabbit!!

author
jcrae (author)2013-09-17

I'm not sure about using electronic devices like USB sticks for recording data. Who now can read eight inch, five and a quarter inch and three and a half-inch floppy drives? On the other hand, stuff buried in land fill can be remarkably durable. "Urban archaeologists", for instance, have found buried newspapers that have hardly degraded since the 1930's.

author
scottkildall (author)2013-09-16

@mizzoufan66: actually, yes I dropped a flash drive in there with all sorts of goodies
@thegrendel: in retrospect, some sort of amber-like or epoxy sealant would have been better than wax. spot-welding might heat up the plastic bits too much
@AJMansfield: all true
@mattisam: I got the container here — http://www.futurepkg.com/ — for $120 — I did tons of research on cheaper containers, more DIY-style but this turned out to be the most cost-effective

author
oilitright (author)2013-09-15

I was just thinking if some future explosive ordinance expert find your capsule he, she or it may decide to blow it up in the interest of public safety .

*** Please hold the hate mail, I'm impervious to it and it's only a thought.

author
mizzoufan96 (author)2013-09-15

Should have put a flash drive, they probably wouldn't have any way of easily reading it ;)

author
thegrendel (author)2013-09-15

Interesting project. I'd have some reservations about using candle wax
as a sealant, though. Perhaps hot-melt glue might be better. Other alternatives
are spot-welding and various epoxies.

author
thesnowtheriver (author)2013-09-15

amazing indeed. you have inspired me!

author
AJMansfield (author)2013-09-15

Three other measures that could be taken to preserve the contents of a time capsule: Add oxygen remover packets to the capsule, fill the remaining space with fire-retardant wadding or other fire suppression measures, and if you want to be really, really safe, purge it with inert gas (like nitrogen) when you seal it.

author
BankruptTwo5 (author)2013-09-15

Why app did you use to record longitude and latitude?

author
JeffK627 (author)2013-09-15

Cool idea! However, I have concerns about the durability of that thin-walled container. If I ever bury one of these, I may place the metal container in a concrete sarcophagus for good measure. Also, for really long-term survival of written documents, use acid-free archival paper.

author
baztastic (author)JeffK6272013-09-15

Huh, I read your comment and thought maybe the concrete could corrode the steel over the long periods of time a capsule would be buried, but it appears not:
http://www.nickelinstitute.org/en/TechnicalLiterature/Technical%20Series/TheResistanecofStainlessSteel_PartlyEmbeddedinConcrete_toCorrosionbySeawater_10022_.aspx

so I learned something!

author
oldtug (author)2013-09-13

Great Instructable. Don't forget to register your time capsule with the International Time Capsule Society, Oglethorpe University. So, if your or your descendents forget someone will know about it

http://www.oglethorpe.edu/about_us/crypt_of_civilization/international_time_capsule_society.asp

author

That is fantastic! I had never heard of that. My family and I placed a time capsule inside one of the stone columns built by our front door when we remodeled our home. It's great that there is a formal registry to keep track of that. Thanks for the info!

author
mattisam (author)2013-09-15

Where did you find your aluminum canister? I could use one like that for my time capsule and so many other projects

author
craft-n-genius (author)2013-09-15

I've always wanted to make a time capsule, this is cool! Thanks for sharing! :D

author
daytona675 (author)2013-09-15

Fantastic - off to make one now!

author
m_tahir (author)2013-09-11

I m curious if those drawing gonna fade out by that time..

author
Rainh2o (author)m_tahir2013-09-12

I would think they would not fade, no sunlight or any light for that matter, is going ot degrade them.

author
canida (author)2013-09-11

Awesome!

author
audreyobscura (author)2013-09-11

So Rad! What a wonderful concept. Thank you so much for publishing your build and process here. :D

About This Instructable

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Bio: Scott Kildall is an new media artist and researcher. He works at Autodesk, Pier 9 and is an artist-in-residence with the SETI Institute
More by scottkildall:Pier 9 Guide: Fusion 360 to OMAX WaterjetStrewn Fields: Waterjet Etching Into StonePier 9 Resource: Setting up 2D profiles for CNC in Fusion 360
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