Introduction: Industrial Fly Trap

Picture of Industrial Fly Trap

Summer is here in Australia and lately we have a fly problem. Flies are amazing little creatures they are the best aerial navigators out of all insects. They can fly up to 8kph which is about 5miles per hour .They can breed like crazy - about 1500-2500 babies from one female. They can survive about 30 days. But like anything, such amazing little things don't come without their downsides and for us its the diseases they carry. These include typhoid, cholera, dysentry, salmonella, anthrax , tuberculosis and also transfer parasite eggs. Not to mention they are super annoying. I dont want these around my house or my family so it's time to do something about it.

I have been making small bottle fly traps and so far have caught a lot but I really wanted something that kills bazillions of flies and looks good at the same time. I found, after a bit of research, a trap that I thought was the best. This is a very very old trap design and can be found in some of the early carpenter project books. I thought I would bring it back to life using recycled and modern materials and change a few things at the same time.

Why I like this trap is that it's a dry trap. The bottle traps I have been making breed maggots and though most of the maggots stay put some do make it out. A dry trap dehydrates the flies to stop the breeding.

The above footage was taken over a short 1.5 hour time period. You can see if you skip to the end how well this trap actually works.

Step 1: The Design

Picture of The Design

I set about drawing something that I could work my cutting list from. Here is what the basic trap looks like.

The sides will be fitted with a high quality security grade stainless mesh. The base pyramid is also made from this mesh.

The idea is that the mesh allows light through and the flies are inclined to fly upwards from where the bait is placed into the pyramid through a small hole. The mesh then confuses the fly into thinking that there is a way out but there isn't. The flies then get dehydrated and die falling to the edge of the pyramid. There is also a lid I haven't added in these drawings, this will allow the trap to be emptied of the old fly bodies.

Step 2: Things You Will Need.

You will need:

Powersaw and Dropsaw

Planer (optional)

Sander (optional)

Angle grinder or sharp snips

Sheet bending grips

Silicone

Drill with some bits

Cabinet makers' wax or similar

Belt frame clamp (optional but recommended)

50mm galvanised or 315stainless chipboard screws

Pan head screws

Industrial security mesh 316 stainless coated

Step 3: Selecting Timber

Picture of Selecting Timber

It's important for the sustainability of the world for everyone to start using the timber we have already cut down. i.e. recycle. Old timber is stable in weather and it is better to work with (most of the time). It won't warp or twist, assuming its been properly seasoned, and the best thing is, it looks great.

Doug is a retired carpenter who lives across the street from me. He donated some old door stiles that he had laying around in his yard that happened to be Australian red cedar. Thanks Doug!

Red cedar has an infamous and bloody history and is now known as red gold. The red cedar tree was almost wiped out completely and after working with it, it's not hard to see why.

Step 4: Ripping Timber

Picture of Ripping Timber

The first thing to do is work out what size your frame can be with the timber you have. I worked out I could push it to 40mm by 40mm (About 1.5 inch by 1.5inch ) square or close to that mark.

If you are using a circular saw, set the depth. This reduces the chance of the saw cutting deep gouges in the timber as you rip along with stops and starts. It also makes it easier to push the saw through the timber.

To be a little more accurate make a mark with a square on your timber then run the saw into the cut on the line. Once the saw table is resting on the timber with blade in the cut, adjust your saw guide up against the outside of timber.

You can already see the colour of this timber.

Step 5: Dressing

Picture of Dressing

Now it's time to accurately work out what square section you want and plane the timber accordingly. It's also a good idea to be aware of any drill holes, nail holes and other imperfections you may want to take out with the planer. Don't be too fussy if you're using old timber, it's nice to have something hand-made looking.

Step 6: Cutting Grooves

Picture of Cutting Grooves

Here I set my saw depth to 12mm (half inch) and then adjusted the saw guide by making a centre line, rotating my combination square to both sides and making a mark. As before, run the saw in free and then set your guide once the blade and table are stable enough on the timber to do so.

Step 7: Cutting Cross Members

Picture of Cutting Cross Members

Next, I trimmed off the old mortice holes at the top of the stiles and cut my cross rails at 300mm. (11.8 inch)

I aligned these at one end and measured one, then cut all of them at once.

Step 8: Cutting Legs

Picture of Cutting Legs

There are four legs and these were made so 50mm (about 2inchs) of them poke past to the bottom. This will create a space for the bait to be paced underneath the trap.

Notice that these have had the slot ripped both ways in them.

Dock one end. Line them up and cut them to length.

Step 9: Arris All Edges

Picture of Arris All Edges

This is the part where you remove the arris from the edges. A tafe teacher told me once, "to arris is to cover a multitude of sins". Meaning it will make your end result a much nicer looking product.

Heres a little tip a German builder once told me. When the plane rips the timber shown in picture three it means you are pushing against the grain. Reverse the plane and come from the other direction. This will work in with the natural grain of the timber to cut the timber instead of folding it back on itself.

Step 10: Wax On, Wax Off

Picture of Wax On, Wax Off

Here I am waxing all the ends of the timber grains to prevent water in weather from soaking in. This small step will ensure the longevity of the end result.

Why wax instead of a varnish? Well this is because wax soaks into the cedar in the heat and makes a waterproof seal. It's sorta like feeding the timber back some of the natural oils it once contained. Wax won't peel or flake after the UV rays hit it. You can always re apply once the timber sucks a bit in. I loaded the end grain with heaps and even put a bit extra on.

Did you know: Beeswax is only made by the younger bees? Its like bee sweat.

Step 11: Fixing Sides

Picture of Fixing Sides

Next I marked the legs with a position for the bottom cross members to sit. For this distance, I sat a cross member on top of a leg with another member above it to get my mark. This will make the sides on the square panels rather then rectangles. I then transferred this along all four legs.

Screws:

I am using a galvanised screw here which isn't the best for cedar as it contains high levels of acetic acid which causes corrosion. 316 Stainless screws would be a better option. What I did to counter this is to coat the screw in the wax before fixing. This will also help the glide in.

Before fixing, it's a good idea to line up the grooves you have made as it will save a lot of heartache later in sliding the mesh in. I used a clip of finishing nails or a plastic packer to make this work for me. Shown in picture 6.

Fix the top rail in by drilling a 3mm or 1/8th drill first, then countersinking it, then screwing. Then fix your bottom crossmember using another crossmember to help you steady you drilling. When done you should have your two sides.

These screws are side by side in their orientation.

Step 12: Fixing Sides Together

Picture of Fixing Sides Together

To fix the sides together I used a frame belt clamp to make things easy. My sweetness bought this for me and I have used it many times as it helps a lot. Once clamped, pre-drill countersink and drive away. I am using a tile cutting bit for my countersink as they last forever.

The screws here are in a diagonal fashion as to not hit the two going the other direction. Ensure that your screws do not enter the groove you have cut for the screen.

Step 13: Making the Lid

Picture of Making the Lid

Here I measured and cut my remaining timber to the dimensions of the top. I glued two of the mitres before screwing them and left two unglued. This will allow me to slide a screen in and glue them up later.

Again, I used that handy belt clamp to tighten up the mitres while fixing. You can just lift the belt once happy and fix once corner at a time. Make sure you have that clip or nails or packer in place.

Step 14: Finishing Lid

Picture of Finishing Lid

Next take those nasty edges off and sand it. Red cedar sands sooooooo nice.

I used 120grit non clog sand paper on an orbital sander.

Step 15: Basic Box Completed

Picture of Basic Box Completed

Here we can see what the basic frame will look like. At this point while the wax is still fresh you may want to leave this in the heat to allow the wax to soak in.

Step 16: Making Mesh Pyramid

Picture of Making Mesh Pyramid

I ordered my mesh from a security screen place that has offcuts for sale. In total I needed 9 at 320mm by 320mm square.

I referred to my picture and worked out that my triangles had to be 300mm (11.8 inches) at the base with a 30mm (1.18 inches) bend and 200mm (7.8inches) high with a tab on the side. This will depend on your design. You can see how i did this in the pictures.

After marking out the mesh I used an angle grinder to cut this.

Then I used some sheet bending vice grips to bend the shapes I needed. I stood them all together and had a look what needed to be cut or bent differently.

Once you're satisfied there, put another coat of wax on the whole thing and screw your four bent shapes in place, making sure that you get your laps right. I fixed these using pan-head galvanised screws and waxed the thread before driving them in.

Next flip the whole box upright and arrange the mesh till your pyramid looks right. I used a P1 driver bit and some four gauge screws to hold it all in place for the next step. These can be removed at a later date. The reason I did not use pop rivets here is, this stuff is very hard to drill and accurately pop rivet. The drill slides off as it drops through one side of the apature square.

Step 17: Silicone Joins

Picture of Silicone Joins

After everything is screwed temporarily, its time to run a bead of silicone up the edges of the sheets to join them and protect your hands from nasty edges. You can use a spray bottle with dish detergent to help smooth the silicone off after applying. Apply, spray job, spray finger, spread. Clean excess off your finger with paper towel or a rag. You want to make sure all the edges are covered. Leave those four-gauge screws in till the silicone has dried.

The hole: Later once everything has dried I will be cutting the top off this pyramid to create a larger hole. This is an important part to get right. Too small and the flies won't enter and too large and they will escape. I cut mine to 25mm (about an inch) opening. See last picture.

Step 18: Sliding in Screens

Picture of Sliding in Screens

Next it's time to unscrew each side at the top and slide your mesh in. Slide them down, place your tops back on and screw closed. The top is the same, remember, which two mitres were glued though. Fix it all back in place after your mesh is in.

Step 19: Hinges and Latch

Picture of Hinges and Latch

I bought some solid brass hinges. Be careful when looking at what brand to buy, get either stainless 316 or solid brass. Not brass-plated. Drill a smaller hole, then thread and fix in - cedar is soft.

Step 20: Weather Seal

Picture of Weather Seal

I had some foam door seal left over from another project that I put around the top to ensure no flies escape. This will also help your latch stay put because it's under constant pressure.

Step 21: Let It Sun!!

Picture of Let It Sun!!

After this, let your project sun so it all dries and you're ready to catch flies. Place a tray with something stinky underneath and watch your flies collect.

There are also baits which aren't smelly, but I like attracting flies now.:))

Enjoy ridding your neighbourhood of flies!

Step 22: Update!!! 27th January 2015.

Picture of Update!!! 27th January 2015.

Well, I have been so impressed with the catching capabilities of this trap I decided to do an update to give people and idea of what to expect after making your trap.

So this is what you will find after neglecting your trap for 7 days. You can now see how they all fall down and collect at the base.

If you want to empty your trap simply move it away from your bait dish and leave it in the sun. The flies will dehydrate and all soon be dead.

I worked about 1800 flies by weight but it looks like more to me.

Comments

Leanhoser (author)2016-06-30

Great idea. Thanks for sharing. We don't really have a fly problem since it is quite windy here, but we did have an ant problem. If ants are a problem for you, a simple solution is a bottle cap, with a bit of cotton batting (now-a-days only found in pill bottles) in it, and poured over with a small quantity of a mixture of 5 parts water, 4 parts white sugar, 1 part borax, 1 part orange juice all mixed to suspension. Within a week all ants are gone. The orange juice or any flavoured juice is essential as it adds flavour that attracts the ants.

ooohlaa (author)Leanhoser2016-07-01

i have tried the borax/sugar thing and it didnt do a thing because the ants i had were interested in eating fat, meat, dairy etc. They would go after an emptied salad dish, cat food, etc. Being vegan I don't have that much for them to be attracted to, but olive oil on potatoes would attract them as well as dry and wet cat food. They bite too.

5X5 (author)ooohlaa2016-07-01

For fat loving ants, mix peanut butter and borax.

ooohlaa (author)5X52017-04-08

good idea, i will try this maybe mix it with some oil as well; they love grease, the fire ants.

PhilippeB15 (author)ooohlaa2017-04-08

Sounds like Solenopsis invicta, the red fireant. The hold their victims with their mandibles and sting. I used to run a vector control program for them and used Frito's to bait them after a treatment. Borax is a common ant killer. You could used Fritos with borax to kill them. They also respond to hot dog pieces. The high fat and meat are preferable food. Baiting with some killing component is essential. You must KILL the queen to resolve the problem or the massive breeding program will beat you. They are very temperature dependent for feeding. 75-85 degrees F is best.

ooohlaa (author)PhilippeB152017-04-08

THANX!!! I like the idea of fritos and franks, two junk food things I no longer eat, but unfortunately my cats will eat and I try to keep them healthy; you are right red fire ants abide here in FL and are horrendous. I'll see if I can set something up where my critters won't eat it, maybe in a wire cage or something, because I really need to get these fire ants out of my closed in lanai, they bite us all!

bobthemoron (author)ooohlaa2016-07-01

Keep your kitchen clean and ants are seldom a problem.

Leanhoser (author)bobthemoron2016-07-02

Clean or not, there still go after garbage, compost, cat food etc. When we lived in the burbs it wasn't an issue at all. Here in the woods I am told that ants could have nests 50 feet away in a tree trunk and still parade through your house.

DebbieO27 (author)Leanhoser2016-07-06

I side bits of Terro, which I believe contains borax, under the stove, refrigerator, and anywhere that the dog can't get it. I get a couple types of ants, and this seems to take care of the problem.

Leanhoser (author)ooohlaa2016-07-02

Orange juice or even tea made all the difference. Without it, it probably has no taste. You must live in a different area. This got rid of all ants, red, black, carpenter. etc. here in Eastern Ontario.

RastaWife (author)2016-07-01

If Noah had been wise, he'd have swatted them two flies.

RichardW74 (author)RastaWife2016-07-02

Noah was wise, which is why he didn't. As annoying as flies are, they DO form a vital part of breaking down dead bodies etc. as well as being a vital food source to a lot of insects and animals. I wish he had swatted the damn mosquito's though, as insects go I don't care WHAT they do, I am just sick of feeling like I am being eaten alive at times (I currently live in Africa), and mosquito's are a LOT harder to catch/kill than flies.

PhilippeB15 (author)RichardW742017-04-08

Yes they do eat garbage but their diversity is off the charts and they are major vectors of disease. Mosquitoes are flies FYI. Africa has dangerous mosquito born disease. Like malaria and dengue. Hard to deal with them without a more sophisticated trap. They are attracted to CO2 as with dry ice. Not really found everywhere. A small solar battery powered fan at night blowing them from dry ice into bucket with water and oil works. Same for a black light at night. Find the bats in your area if you have them and encourage them to come around with bat houses. They put a whipping on mosquitoes. Other than that get rid of habitat, all sources of water, old tires, buckets, etc Put mosquito fish into ponds or/and use bacteria, B. thurengensis Isralensis, tablets. Will kill larvae. Treatment lasts a month. then you re seed. It is an all out war with them, trust me.

Ikemeister (author)RichardW742016-07-04

There was a mosquito trap instructable (re)posted a couple of weeks ago

http://tinyurl.com/qcykna5

mickey.wakefield made it! (author)2016-09-20

Hi! I saw this and decided it would be a great project. We have this hut in Austria where we like to go on the weekends, but the flies! (at least in summer.) So I wanted to make this, but I'm not much of a carpenter.

I used Fusion 360 to redesign the flytrap, making sure I could manufacture it on a laser cutter, and that I could put it together and take it apart for storage in the winter with no tools!

It worked! Everythigng slides together nicely, and the parts all can be taken apart in 3 minutes to pack flat for the winter. No carpentry skills needed....although I wish I had them.

PM me for the Fusion and DXF files. (I'd love to know how to post them openly here for everyone!)

Wow!!!! This is .. Awesome!!!!!! I'll try and find out if files can be uploaded for people to download if that's what you want? It would certainly help people who can cut one out that way! When I get some time I will throw you a PM.????? well done I love your trap! Have you given it a whirl? I still have no flies here after running my one for a few months. It's so nice.

Thanks! By the time I got around to making the trap, summer left. So no flies left to test it on. Next summer!
I've already thought of a way to improve the trap too! I should be able to simplify the pyramid structure to a cone, making assembly much easier!

howee_daddy made it! (author)2016-07-02

I started raising chickens this year and their poop sure does attract the flies. Came across your instructable so I decided to give it a try.

I used 1.5"x1.5" (1.375"x1.375" actual) redwood which I got at Lowe's for just under $7 per 8' piece. Needed three pieces. Also purchased aluminum screen wire 36"x84" roll for $7.

Made my box 14"x14"x14" with two inch legs.

Cut List:

16" - legs, quantity 4

14" - frame/ box top, quantity 8

11.25" - frame, quantity 4

Used lap joints and glue as much as possible.

Used pneumatic stapler to attach the screen wire.

Opted for aluminum screen wire (versus fiberglass) because you can bend it and it will hold its shape which worked great for the pyramid. I used zip ties to hold the triangles together and stapled each triangle to the bottom of the frame.

Sprayed 3 coats of spar urethane on the wood.

RockyS20 (author)howee_daddy2016-07-31

Layer the ground with hay.... when the mess gets nasty put another layer down.... if its on dirt... the old hay will break ddown in time and promote worms and decomposition.... about twice a year.... rake out all of the hay and use for compost....

PowellMade (author)howee_daddy2016-07-02

Wowwww! Super well done!!! Because you are the first person to click made it and upload heaps of photos for your beautiful work I will be sending you a year pro membership! Love your work. Nick

howee_daddy (author)PowellMade2016-07-02

Thanks! Not as nice as yours, but hopefully just as effective.

PowellMade (author)howee_daddy2016-07-02

:) it will be!! Buy a bbq chicken and put whatever you don't eat in the tray below and be ready for action! If it gets to smelly put water in with the bones. When you collect the dead flies throw them in your garden bed they make plants grow really well. ???

howee_daddy made it! (author)howee_daddy2016-07-02

Not sure why it didn't add this final picture.

ILykMakin (author)2016-07-02

Okay. I'm missing something. Put a tray "underneath" the box.

So why do the flies go up into the pyramid and into the box?

alan.swaffer (author)ILykMakin2016-07-15

Flies take off vertically. If you have a fly settled on a flat surface and you quickly clap just above it you will normally catch and kill it.

Mena142 (author)2016-07-07

I will try this right away

jayb1 (author)2016-06-30

I remember an aunty of mine had a glass one of these. It was about 100 years old when I was a kid (70) It worked too, The glass had turned green with age & you pulled the Glass Stopper out of the top to empty it.

PowellMade (author)jayb12016-06-30

Man that would be cool to see!! I wish we had a picture of it.

paqrat (author)PowellMade2016-07-01

https://www.google.com/search?q=glass+fly+trap&esp...

I believe glass fly traps have been around for awhile.

danny.omoore (author)2016-07-01

Perhaps pet lizards & frogs might like them as dry biscuit treats or maybe hydrate them a little. Or not, just a thought of what to use these dried carcasses for. I don't think you'll have a disposal 'problem' but that they could be of good use?

paqrat (author)danny.omoore2016-07-01

So long as no one around has been spraying anything on the flies that could work well. Might be worth an attempt to to use the little dried up fly carcasses as fish food. Back when I was keeping fish I made a mosquito hatchery outside. I would harvest mosquito larvae on a regular occaison. I'd then net out the larvae, rinse them dump them into a jar and from time to time net out a portion and drop them into my aquarium. The fish loved them and to the best of my knowledge none of the mosquito larvae matured and escaped. (I am apparently very tasty to mosquitoes so I am certain that if any adult mosquitoes had escaped I would have been painfully and itchingly aware.

heygeno (author)2016-06-30

Hasnt anyone made a fly catcher from a 2 L bottle ?

Same principle , but no BUILDING a fancy piece of deck furniture !

Love this-- but - aint building a BEAUTIFUL death trap for no stinking flies

paqrat (author)heygeno2016-07-01

I have done this and it works pretty well. I can live without it being aesthetic . I think the fly killing part is the more important feature.

Rebou (author)heygeno2016-07-01

Spoilsport.

heygeno (author)Rebou2016-07-01

naaaaaaa......... just terrible at woodworking...... : /

WOW ! ....just got an idea..... make a cylinder from hardware cloth...... cut the top off of 2 L. bottle........( make THAT the inverted bottom..)........the bottom = top cap .......ta-da......

PowellMade (author)heygeno2016-06-30

I used to make bottle traps in great numbers but nothing works like this. I think the milk crate idea is great way to try this traps effectiveness. ???

DiannaB4 (author)heygeno2016-06-30

Yeah, but they don't look very nice sitting around! I think that was the purpose of "pretty". It's going on my back deck.

Quester-59 (author)2016-06-30

Looks fun, myself, I'd sooner build a Bat Nast & free my yard of all harmful insects.

Bats don't tend to catch flies; they're nocturnal, flies are diurnal, so they're on different shifts, so to speak. (at least here in the SW USA)

They are, however just top champions at catching mosquitos, otoh, which is plenty of reason for putting up bathouses!

Here in E. TX., the flies are active 24/7 during the hot summer days & nights.
as a side note; take some IR., Detection dust and a bit of cloth, fix the cloth to a bat-house after applying the ir-dust,
Reason, bats will rub on the dust-rag, and under Black-light will look like MINI-UFO's as they dart about.

susiefreckleface (author)2016-07-01

fantastic build and greatly details on your build. I want one of course.

Bverysharp (author)2016-07-01

Very nice construction, and very well detailed instructable. I built one of these last year, and they are, indeed, very effective. The Stainless steel mesh is very swish.

PowellMade (author)Bverysharp2016-07-01

Thank you for your nice comment!

Mick Gibson (author)2016-07-01

You could put honey in the trap!

morsed2 (author)2016-06-30

Great Instructable.
A question if I may,
do you know if bees would be attracted to this trap?

(we have 2 hives inclose proxmity to the house)

PowellMade (author)morsed22016-06-30

I keep bees and none have ever gone in. Wasps that kill flies do go in. ??

heygeno (author)2016-06-30

AND entertainment for the party on the deck !

mburks flanagan (author)2016-06-30

While I'd love to build the box from scratch, my mind immediately went tiward a premade, plastic crate box!! I will have my son build the pyramid part, and add the screen mesh, hinges and legs!! Last year, in my garden, I was very badly stung by wasps!! We bought and made traps with a 2L bottle base. We live on a creek and have lots of flies, various types of wasps and misquitos!! Happy trapping to us!!?!

Love this idea!!! If you make one can you post a link? It would help a lot of people to make them! AAA+++ thanks for commenting .

Gamer4Fire (author)2016-06-30

I don't know why, but this reminds me of a design for a composter that was built to trap maggots. Flies could come and go freely to lay their eggs, but the maggots were directed to a hole that fell into the local fishing pond (some were set up to just catch them to feed the guy's pet lizard). Although it didn't catch and kill flies, or probably even do much to lower their population, it did provide an easy source of protein to the local fish.

Your design, however, might be modifiable to both catch and kill flies as well as feed local fishing ponds. The best of both worlds?

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