The best way to deal with a situation is to plan for it. By taking minimal steps the task of changing a flat tire becomes significantly safer and easier. The following equipment and tools are needed to help you complete the task.
: First and foremost to change a flat tire you need to be able to replacement it. Having a properly maintained spare tire available will greatly in replacing the flat tire. One recommendation is to regularly inspect the spare tire; check the tire pressure to make sure it is in the necessary pressure range (listed on the tire), and that the tire and tire tread do not appear to have been compromised.
This tool will be used to loosen the lug nuts, which are what old the wheel to the wheel bolts.-Jack:
This is what will be used to raise the vehicle from the ground so the flat tire can be taken off the vehicle and the spare tire put on. It is important to make sure the jack is rated for your cars weight, see the products owner’s manual. Also it is important to find a strong and secure place on the vehicle's undercarriage to place the jack before using. A great source of reference is the vehicles owner manual.-Flashlight:
Having a flashlight is particularly useful if the tire replacement needs to be done at night or in an area of low light.-Reflective Triangles (at least 2):
Reflective triangles are used as a safety measure. When properly use they can signal to other drivers that a stopped vehicle is ahead and prepare to modify their driving style to avoid an accident.-Tire Pressure Gauge:
This is important in case the spare tire has not been properly maintained and has a low air pressure. By using the tire pressure gauge you can determine the how inflated the spare tire is. -Air Pump:
This can be used to inflate a tire with in the event pressure is too low. It is common for most air pumps to have pressure gauges built in so obtained a separate pressure gauge may not be necessary.
Additionally knowing the parts of the vehicle you will be working with is important to understanding how to change a flat tire.