The repulsor is essentially two circuits that are switched ON/OFF using a DPST switch.
The source of the DC Step-up Charging Module is the good old analog cameras. When extracting the module, mark the wires so you don’t mix them up. If you have one lying around, then don’t waste time reinventing the wheel. If not, then google is your friend.
Do not short the lead of a charged capacitor, it will pop in your face, literally. I learnt my lesson the hard way a while back. Play safe, always have a large resistor handy, discharge the capacitor via the resistor before you begin to fiddle with it.
The purpose of the discharge switch in the schematic is to short and safely discharge the capacitor when it’s no longer in use.