Introduction: Jagged Crown - Building an Ultra Realistic Prop Helmet

Hello Instructables!

This project has been sort of a back burner for the last year or so and i've finally gotten around to finishing it up and now I would like to share it with you! 

This instructable will touch lightly on sculpting, molding, casting and finishing techniques that were used to produce this prop.

A little background info on this Helm: It is a digital design from the video game Skyrim within the Elder Scrolls series. It is an ancient artifact which once belong to a high king of "Skyrim" and is discovered while playing the game.


"Maw unleashing razor snow, of dragons from the blue brought down, births the walking winter's woe, The High King in his Jagged Crown."

I hope you enjoy!

Thanks

Brad

Step 1: Things You Will Need

Casting or Bust to sculpt on (I used a casting of my own head for this project)

Slow cooker (Something to heat up clay)

Monster Makers Sculpting Clay http://www.monstermakers.com/category/sculpting-clays-and-sculpting-compounds/

Sculpting Tools

Various paint brushes 

99% alcohol

Plastic mixing cups (I used red party cups)

Nuts and bolts

Plastic Gloves (no latex)

Smooth On Rebound 25 ( Silicon Mold) http://www.smooth-on.com/Brush-On-Silicone-/c1218/index.html

Smooth On Plasti Paste ( Mold Jacket) http://www.smooth-on.com/-Urethane-Plastic-/c0_5_1120_1163/index.html

Smooth On Universal Mold Release   https://www.smooth-on.com/index.php?cPath=1123_1169

Smooth On Smooth Cast 325 https://www.smooth-on.com/index.php?cPath=1206

Smooth On Smooth Cast 65D http://www.smooth-on.com/-Urethane-Plastic-/c0_5_1120_1208/index.html

Smooth On Colorant  http://www.smooth-on.com/gallery.php?galleryid=189

Thivex Silicon Thickener  http://www.smooth-on.com/Thi-Vex=-Silicon/c1197/index.html

Paint mixing sticks

Small trowel (I used a cheap plastic drywall trowel)

Spray Primer (Automotive)

Metallic spray paint

Bone color spray paint (I used krylon almond flat)

Heavy Body acrylic paints (Used for aging, Brown/black/ bright orange)

Clear coat spray paint (I used a matt finish)


Step 2: Blocking Out Your Shape

First things first! Get some clay heated up so it is easily molded with your fingers; the warmer it is the less strain you will have when blocking out your basic shapes! I do this using a crock pot filled with warm water, I place my clay in a ziplock and submerge it.

I like to start by blocking out one half of my sculpture first.

Using reference photos begin to play with the shape and lay the foundation for your piece. This step is crucial for getting the overall size and shape of your prop correct, so take some time and get it right as you don't want to go back later because something looks off. Think of this as the foundation of your house, the better this step goes, the better the final sculpt will come out.

After I blocked out my initial form I began adding horns, refining points and bone structure. I did this using my hands and larger sculpting tools at this point.

Step 3: Developing the Full Shape

Once you are comfortable with your one half, you can move on and start adding in your second half of you sculpture.

Repeat the blocking step but this type you can reference your first half but of course make any changes that would occur on the opposite side.  This helmet is not a mirror reflection on both sides so I had to change the second side a bit.

Once you have built up the second side you can then begin smoothing and refining your shapes.  Although this helmet is full of texture and detail, I wanted to start with a smooth surface before adding any detail. At this point I started adding heavier detail like the bolts and some bone structure elements.

Step 4: Adding Detail

Adding your detail can be one of the best parts of the project.  I personally really like this step because it brings the piece to life.

I did two major detail layers on this helmet.  First, I started with heavy detail by adding in the hammered finish and the jagged garin onto the horns/teeth.  I like my first layer to be heavy because I smooth that down using a stiff brush and alcohol.  It kind of works like sandpaper to smooth the finish but retains the new detail.

Next, I would go over with smaller details like scratches and fine details within the bone and once again go over with the alcohol rub.

As you can see, I removed the horns at this point and created sockets in which they can be positioned.

Once the detail was finished I repositioned everything for a final fitment and adjustment.  I also filled in all my excess gaps around the bust in order for the next step, molding!

Step 5: Molding Your Sculpture

I used a paint-on silicon for this sculpture because of heavy undercuts. This mold material is built up in layers to get a desired thickness. 

Once you paint on your first layer to pick up detail, you can then add thickener to your silicon to create thicker layers moving forward. This mold was about 6 layers by the time I finished.

I made separate molds for each of the horns/teeth because they would need to be cast out of a separate material. I followed the same process with layering for each of the horns. I was able to complete them all at once by setting them up on some scrap wood and screws.

Once you get your desired thickness built up, you need to add some registration marks to locate your jacket mold when setting up for a casting. 

Step 6: Mold Jacket

This step involves creating a hard resin shell for your floppy silicon mold.  This will ensure that everything lines up when you are ready to cast your helmet.

I used plasti-paste for this step and made a three piece mold jacket consisting of a top half and two sides. The plasti-paste is like working with chunky peanut butter.  When you first spread it on, but once it starts to cure, you can mold it with your hands (with some gloves on) to your desired shape. I created a lip to butt the other halves up to as you can see in the images. I followed the same process for the first side of the mold jacket but sprayed mold release on the exposed edges of the top half. I continued with the last open side until the silicon was fully covered. 

Once your resin mold jacket is cured you can drill holes and position bolts so it can be tightly closed well casting.

Step 7: Demolding

Once the mold jacket has cured, you can start removing it from the silicon. Carefully work the mold jacket back and forth applying light pressure along the seams. Once you feel the jacket start to release, it should easily pull away from the silicon and the other parts of the jacket.

Once you have fully removed the mold jacket you can begin removing the silicon mold.  This can be tough sometimes if you have a lot of undercuts like this helmet does.  I found peeling from the front with the help of a couple slits did the trick.

Once your silicon is free of the sculpture, you can return it to the mold jacket and tighten up your bolts.

Step 8: Casting Your Parts

I used two different methods to cast the parts for the helmet. 

To create the main helmet I slush casted (roto casting) using Smooth Cast 65D. This process involves pouring a small amount of resin into your mold and "sloshing" it around to cover all of the surface area that you want to cast. The overall thickness of your cast depends on how many layers or slush sessions you do. I did 6 to get a 1/4 thickness on my helmet.

Once the plastic resin sets up, it turns white and you will notice it produces a lot of heat.  When this heat dissipates, you can go ahead and demold the casting by removing the mold jacket and silicon like in previous steps. You will be left with a rough part that should contain all of your detail from your sculpt. You can then go ahead and trim off all of the extra material from around the edges of your part.

The horns were cast using Smooth Cast 325 which is also a plastic resin but cures with a straight pore. I added some white tint to the mix to give the cast a milky translucent finish. This would let light transfer through the part to add a cool effect much like you would find in a tooth..or dragon tooth. Once the resin cures you can demold your parts.

Step 9: Painting

I started off by spraying the bone sections with my "bone" colored paint, let it dry then taped off all of those areas. 

Once the bone section was taped off, I sprayed the first layer of my hammered iron finish with metallic spray paint; a couple of coats did the trick.

As soon as the metallic finish is dry, you can take the tape mask off the bone section and start with your first layer of aging. I used a mixture of black and brown acrylic washes to produce this effect. Basically, you coat your part with the paint and wipe away the excess.  The paint will stay within the details making everything pop out.

To finish the metal texture, I dry brushed with a bright metallic silver just catching the edge of all my detail.

I started on the horns/teeth with a wash in the brown acrylic then layered up with more coats to darken the finish.  

Step 10: Assembly

To assemble the helmet, I used two part epoxy. This step required some dremeling of the horn/ teeth parts to fit back into place. I also sanded down to the bare plastic to ensure good adhesion.

12 horns/teeth later, it was ready to try on! It fits well but i'm still thinking about adding some low key padding to the inside or maybe some fur lining.

Step 11: Finishing

To finish off the helmet I went back over with some more paint to enhance the aging and darken some spots here and there.

I also added some light rusting using the black, brown and bright orange paints. These details were all added using a small paintbrush. A combination of dry brushing and wet washes achieved the final finish.

To seal all that goodness in, I gave it a light coat of matt clear spray paint. 

Thanks for checking out the process!

Comments

author
rainingfiction made it! (author)2017-03-20

How much did it end up weighing?

author
DirtyMooseDesign made it! (author)2015-12-09

I do sell castings! Email me at infi@dirtymoosedesign.com

author
prevmasta made it! (author)2015-12-02

Do you sell casts?

author
180pdx made it! (author)2015-08-05

Amazing work!!I like the game.

author
nancysparkplug made it! (author)2015-01-25

This is absolutely amazing!

author
cortchops made it! (author)2015-01-02

first of all awesome job but i was wondering what the bust was made out of?

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kylegilbert made it! (author)2014-11-30

Thanks for all the detail here! So helpful for people like me who hope to get started with casting at some point.

author
Eldalote made it! (author)2014-05-30

Amazing work!!

author
Dean Robert Throckmorton Jr made it! (author)2014-01-16

Thanks! Is this crown wearable and if so what size? It would be rely nice to have a picture of some one wearing it or it on a mannequin to see how it fits on some ones head. The reason I ask is because i plan on using it for my costume at the renaissance fair.

author
schoktra made it! (author)schoktra2014-03-23

If you do as the creator of this insructable did, you'd first create a mold of your own head to develop the crown from. That would mean that yes this helmet would be wearable, and better yet, it would fit you perfectly!

author
DirtyMooseDesign made it! (author)DirtyMooseDesign2014-01-16

It's meant to be worn as a helmet/crown. My head size is 7 3/8 and it fits nice. I will add an image to the etsy listing.

author
kchisholm1 made it! (author)2014-02-01

Am I the only commenter that knows that this is from Skyrim?

author
zeechow13 made it! (author)zeechow132014-02-06

no the Storm Cloak or imperial make you get it

author
Dean Robert Throckmorton Jr made it! (author)2014-01-16

when it says chose color whats the difference between castings and finished besides the price

author
DirtyMooseDesign made it! (author)DirtyMooseDesign2014-01-16

The Castings are a straight pull from the mold without any finishing or paint. The Finished version is fully painted like you see in the final images on the instructables.

author
Dean Robert Throckmorton Jr made it! (author)2014-01-16

Hey I think you did an amazing job with this crown and i would love to buy one from you. Please reply back soon, either here or on this products ebay page.

author
DirtyMooseDesign made it! (author)DirtyMooseDesign2014-01-16

Thanks very much!! check out my sales page here:

etsy.com/ca/shop/DirtyMooseDesign

author
Sandivar made it! (author)2013-12-03

Way beyond my artistic level, but SOOO cool! Thanks for the instructable!

author
EarthboundEmpire made it! (author)2013-12-03

Those horns look incredible!!

author
kurtnotkirk made it! (author)2013-12-02

drool... oh holy mother of pearl, that is the most awesome thing I have seen on instructables.

author
DirtyMooseDesign made it! (author)2013-12-02

Hey Everyone! I'm throwing this finished piece up on eBay for auction. if interested please check out the link below!

http://www.ebay.ca/itm/251394499129#shpCntId

T
hanks for all the kind comments!

author
gmessenger made it! (author)2013-12-01

Wow! Stunning!

author
eleones made it! (author)2013-12-01

nuq 'IH mIv HochHom DaH tay'jaj Qu'vam Qa' tlhIngan yIchev. Dun quv Qap, loDnI'wI'!

Human English Translation:
"What a beautiful hat most worthy of my savage Klingon head. Great honorable work, my brother!"

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pjordan3 made it! (author)2013-12-01

This is totally bad ass. Love it!

author
DirtyMooseDesign made it! (author)2013-11-28

Thanks everybody!

Satrek- the material cost for this is heavy and was around $700. The time on this was very scattered because it was my own hobby project but I could make something like this in about 40h or an average work week.

oldmicah- I did not drill anything into the helmet but rather used a screw tin apply the epoxy.... Confusing sorry. Although the joints are strong it wouldn't hurt to have a drew or post to attach to.

author
holtt made it! (author)holtt2013-11-29

"around $700"

Holy Guacamole!

For that I'd rather just forge one out of real metal!

author
Horef made it! (author)2013-11-29

holy crap this is amazing!

author
Shawn6022 made it! (author)2013-11-28

this is amazing. definitely going to use some of the advice here to make some prop weapons. when I do I will definitely give the shout out to you!

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gbuckholtz made it! (author)2013-11-28

All I can say is wow!

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jjdebenedictis made it! (author)2013-11-28

That looks freakin' amazing! :-D

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lego man12345 made it! (author)2013-11-28

not bad preaty cool

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DirtyMooseDesign made it! (author)2013-11-28

If anyone wants to follow along well he process is happening you can at these sites!

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Dirty-Moose-Design/233872430010581

dirtymoosedesign.com


http://dirtymoosedesign.tumblr.com/post/68077651712/the-completed-jagged-crown-from-skyrim


I post progress images and steps!

Cheers!

author
oldmicah made it! (author)2013-11-28

Looks fantastic! In step 10, you epoxied a wood screw into the main helmet. Is the head of the screw on the inside of the helmet? Is it an anchor for a tooth: I.e. Did you drill a corresponding hole into the tooth?

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stringstretcher made it! (author)2013-11-28

Fantastic! Great instructable!

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Dominic Bender made it! (author)2013-11-28

You do realize that this is - at least to me - freakishly crazy and amazingly cool. I would love to ever make something that detailed and realistic... well, maybe I could, but I lack the patience, practice and skill you displayed here... Besides, I do not have and of the molding equipment and consumables at home, so... Are you a professional in that field?

And it's a really great design to begin with, too.

Out of curiosity, how much time and money did the crown gobble up?

Thanks for sharing!

author
poofrabbit made it! (author)2013-11-27

VERY nicely done! As well as easy to follow instructions!

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Honus made it! (author)2013-11-27

That is awesome!