Introduction: 26 Geometry, Rulers & Patterns Workshop Tips - Featured Maker: Jimmy DiResta
Hi Instructables Community,
its been a while since my last release but finally here is part four of this Instructables collaboration series between Jimmy Diresta and me. One of the reasons why it took longer to create this Instructable was the use of GIF's created to help illustrate some of the tips & tricks. Some of them are relatively large in terms of file size so please bear with us and be patient while the page is loading.
This time it is all about Tips and Tricks around Geometry, Rulers & Patterns.
Please check out Jimmy Diresta's channel and feel free to subscribe if you like him and his projects.
Please give us a like and a vote if you learn at least one new trick from this Video or Instructable ;)
Step 1: Tip 1: How to Draw Straight Lines Without a Ruler
If you want to draw a line along a parallel edge you can use this simple trick that only requires a little practice to learn.
Hold your pencil in your hand and try to keep the fingers in exactly the same potion while you follow the edge with the tip of your finger.
Step 2: Tip 2: Drawing Parallel Lines
This one is similar to the first trick but is more suitable for parallel lines that are further away from the edge.
You can use a yard stick, ruler or just a piece of wood for this trick. Even a tape measure would work for this but is getting more difficult the further away you get from the edge.
Step 3: Tip 3: Keep Your Tape Measure on Your Belt
I don't know how many tape measures I've bought over the years. I used to keep lots of them around the shop so I would always have one nearby. Over time I developed the habit to keep my tape measure always on my belt. This way its always ready to use and I'm less likely to lose it somewhere.
Step 4: Tip 4: How to Find the Rough Center on Dimensional Lumber
If you want to quickly find the rough center on a piece of dimensional lumber or a length of trim work you can use this simple trick.
Simply find the balancing point with your fingers as shown in the pictures. The balancing point is at the same time the rough center.
Step 5: Tip 5: How to Find the Center on a Rectangular Plane
To find the center of a square or rectangular plane simply connect the corners with a straight edge. The point were both lines cross is your center.
Step 6: Tip 6: Find the Middle - the Simple Way
To quickly find the middle on a work piece with odd lengths you can use this trick. The edges of the work piece have to be parallel to each other for this to work. The end of the tape measure is being used as an anchor. Now measure a length that is easily divisible by two and mark the middle of that.
Step 7: Tip 7: the Easiest Way to Divide Into Equal Parts
Do you know what one fourth of seventeen is? No?
Well you can use the same trick as before but instead of choosing a measurement that is divisible by two you choose one that suitable for what you need. E.g. If you want to divide into three parts you could use 15" and mark the 5" & 10".
Step 8: Tip 8: the Equal Divider Tool
This is a nice tool to quickly divide spaces into equal parts. Most are bit pricey but they come in handy from time to time.
Step 9: Tip 9: What's Half of Your Measurement? Without Math!
Want to quickly divide your measurement in half? Use a tape measure and fold it in the middle this will give you a fairly accurate result.
Step 10: Tip 10: How to Keep Your Pencil Sharp
To keep your pencil sharp start to roll it between your thumb and index finger while drawing. With a little practice you can keep your pencil sharp for longer times before having to use a sharpener/knife again.
Step 11: Tip 11: How to Draw Large Circles
If you do not own a large compass tool you can use a piece of cardboard. Use a nail (or icepick) to pin the card board at the center of what is going to be your circle. Next use a pencil or carpenters pen an pierce it through the cardboard (alternatively you can make the hole with a nail). Using this hole you can now draw a perfect circle. Alternatively you can use a piece of string or wire to create your radius.
For a more sturdy version you could use a thin piece of plywood and drill holes a specific distances from the center point.
Step 12: Tip 12: How to Draw Circles With Your Tape Measure
Some of you may have noticed the notch at the end of your measuring tape. This is specifically designed to hook into a screw head either for measuring or with a little practice to draw large circles.
Step 13: Tip 13: Three, Four, Five Rule
For laying out large 90° angles you can use the 3,4,5 rule. This is rather easy to accomplish. Measure from one corner to three feet and measure from the same corner to four feet. The resulting hypotenuse is always five feet if your corner has an angle of 90°. This also work with multiples of those three numbers (e.g. 6,8,10; 9,12,15).
EDIT: Thanks to Peter Sanders for the heads up with regards to my math mistake! Seems like I took one too many math shortcuts here ;)
Step 14: Tip 14: How to Draw a Large Ellipse
To draw large ellipse create two focus points for example with two wood screws or pins. Next use a piece of string an tie it to a loop. With a pen or pencil simply pull the loop taut to form a triangle. If you move the pen you will start to draw an ellipse.
Step 15: Tip 15: How to Create Large Ellipse Patterns Pt.1
To create large ellipse patterns you can tape four sheets of paper together. Fold them over so they are the size of a single sheet. You can now use your desired measurements for the final shape to sketch a curve.
Once you have checked that the curve is fair you can cut the pattern out.
Step 16: Tip 16: How to Create Large Ellipse Patterns Pt.2
If you want to make a frame for a mirror (Just to name an example for this) you can use the pattern you just created. With a ruler or other spacer draw another curve on the inside that is parallel to the edge. Once you are happy with the curve cut it out and you have a large template for the next step.
Step 17: Tip 17: What to Do With That Pattern?
Use some spray adhesive to glue the pattern to your wood template.
Use spray paint to trace the pattern to your wood. The paper template can be removed easily due to the thinners in the paint.
Step 18: Tip 18: How to Trace Complex Patterns
To create a pattern from a more complex shape you can make a rubbing of the surface. Use some spray glue to glue some parchment paper to your surface. With a pencil you can now create a perfect rubbing of the surface.
EDIT: Thanks to CathyNoyb for the heads up with regards to the pics being in the wrong order!
Step 19: Tip 19: How to Transfer Complex Patterns Pt.1
If you want to transfer more complex shapes or patterns onto a piece of wood you can create your own carbon paper by drawing heavy lines on the back of the paper with a pencil and then tracing the outlines of your shape with a pencil or pen.
Step 20: Tip 20: How to Transfer Complex Shapes Pt.2
Alternatively you can use some spray paint to cover the back. Wait a few minutes for the paint to become dry enough (This means its too dry to come off from simple contact but still tacky enough when pressure is applied).
Step 21: Tip 21: Transferring Fonts
Try to print your fonts as large as you need them (either on your own printer or a plotter in a copy shop). Glue it to your surface and cut it with a utility knife.
Step 22: Tip 22: Create Complex Patterns From Negative Spaces Pt.1
Sometimes you want to create a pattern on a floor but there are unmovable objects that make it difficult with other methods (Represented by the steel weights in this example).
Use painters tape to create this complex pattern which can then be transferred to wood once you're finished.
Step 23: Tip 23: Create Complex Patterns From Negative Spaces Pt.2
If you have a surface such as a dirt or gravel floor in which case you can't use tape you can simply hot glue pieces of cardboard together to create the negative pattern.
Step 24: Tip 24: Bisect an Angle Without Math Pt.1
Use two equally wide strips of cardboard and place them along the edges of the work piece.
Make sure they overlap and glue them together. Once the glue has dried cut the cardboard at the two points where the strips overlap. You can now use the patterns to determine the angles for your cuts on your chop saw.
Step 25: Tip 25: Dividing an Angle Without Math Pt.2
You can use the previous tip also without gluing the strips together. Simply connect the two points where they cross each other and you will get an accurate template for your cuts.
Step 26: Step 26: How to Get the Inside Angle From an Object
Cut two cardboard triangles with each being smaller than the angle you are looking for.
One piece becomes the bottom part whilst the other is moved into position to close the angle. Holding both together you can now remove the template which is an accurate negative of the inside angle.
Step 27: Giveaway
You can win one of three Let's Prep "Tinder" Skill Builder Kits including a 3-Month Instructables Pro Account.
The kit shown is the current work in progress of the Skill Builder kit which includes a number of natural and synthetic materials. The whole concept is still very much in development and I will publish Instructables & videos accordingly once I know where I really want to go with this.
All you have to do is to subscribe to my YouTube channel and leave me a comment at this video and include "I want to go out and learn something new!" & your Instructables username. You have until the 15th May 2016 1800 GMT to participate after which I will announce the winners on my FB, Twitter & Blog. (Only entries from the EU, Norway, Switzerland, USA & Canada are eligible to get the full package mailed (please understand that I pay for this myself), residents of other countries may only receive the Pro-Account).