Introduction: "Joule Thief" - No IC and No Transformer
Yep, no transformer and no hard to get IC. But, ... two transistors and other parts are required. I actually found this circuit by accident while roaming Colin Mitchell's Talking Electronics website (talkingelectronics.com). This website is very rich with examples and explanations of a huge variety of circuits. In fact, this website is so abundant in circuits that later on, I couldn't find the circuit revealed here. Anyhow, I believe that the TE circuit can be considered "robust" as it works even if different parts are used.
With an ordinary red LED in series with the white LED, the circuit draws 15 milliamps @ 48 kHz.
But when using only the white LED, the circuit draws 17 ma @ 38 kHz.
The "Joule Thief" circuit using only easily found parts and no transformer might be attractive to many readers here. This is why I thought it was important to reveal this project.
But in my case, I am still tilted toward the simplicity of a "Joule Thief" circuit using little more than an IC and an Inductor, as revealed in my Instructable, "Joule Thief" Circuits - crude to modern...