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Kayaking is one of my favorite summer activities!

There’s nothing like paddling around on a nice river or lake and escaping into the natural world on a nice warm day. But one of the biggest deterrents of even going out is the bright and unrelenting sun. It seems no matter how much sunscreen I apply and reapply I end up with cheeks, neck, and shoulders that rival a blushing lobster and I don’t even burn easily! So I thought it be nice to add a canopy to my kayak

I’ve seen different types of kayak canopies, also called biminis, that usually retail for $100+ so I wanted to see if I can make one that works just as well at a much cheaper price.

This Instructable will walk you through what I did to make mine and also give tips on possible improvements and other materials that could be used to fit your availability and needs. My total cost was about $25, with the most expensive component being the fabric for the canopy.

Step 1: ​ List of Materials

Frame

QTY (2) 10’ long ½ diameter PVC Tube

QTY (2) ½” PVC Elbow

QTY (2) ½” PVC 90 degree Tee

QTY (4) ½ PVC End Caps

QTY (2) ½” Conduit Hangers

QTY (2) ¼”-20 Wingnut

QTY (2) #10 x ½” Screws

QTY (2) #10 Washer

QTY (4) 3/16” x 2” Eye Bolts

QTY (1) 5/32” braided poly rope (really any water resistant rope between 1/8”-1/4” should work)

Fabric

QTY (1) 2 yards of a fabric of your choice *

QTY (1) Spool of Heavy Duty Nylon Thread

*I used Utility Fabric which is a lightweight banner material that looks and feels very similar to tent/fly material. I also considered using a 3’x5’ flag, like a Jolly Roger which might look really cool on a boat. I still might make one later for times I’m out on the water and feeling buccaneer

Step 2: Tools

Drill with size 1/8” & 3/16” bits

Saw (I used a coping saw but you can use just about any type)

Philips Screwdriver

File or grinder/ Dremel

Needle Nose Pliers

Vice (optional, helps when drilling hole in the caps and elbows)

Sewing Machine (optional, but recommended)

Step 3: ​PVC Frame

The PVC Frame consist of 2 major parts: The Canopy Supports (consisting of 2 supports) & The Support Frame (consisting of 2 Uprights, 2 Cross Members, and 2 Stabilizers)

Note: Dimensions shown are for the cut PVC lengths only. Each PVC Elbow adds ½” in each direction so overall dimensions are 1” greater than shown in picture

Step 4: ​Cut the PVC

Use a saw to cut the (2) 10’ pieces of PVC as follows, use (1) piece for the Canopy Supports and (1) piece for the Support Frame:

QTY (2) Canopy Supports @ 60”

QTY (2) Uprights @ 30” This dimension can vary on your height and type of kayak. A sit-on-top kayak may need taller uprights as would some one with a relatively tall upper body. To check, sit in your kayak as you normally would and have someone measure from the top of your kayak to the top of your head and add 2-4”.

QTY (2) Cross Members @ 18” QTY (2) Stabilizers @ 12” These can be longer or maybe slightly shorter, it just happened to be what I had left over after cutting the uprights and cross members

Step 5: ​Canopy Holder

Find and Mark the Top of the PVC Elbows and Drill out using 1/8” drill bit

Attach the Conduit Hanger onto the elbow by using a #8 screw and washer

Repeat for the 2nd holder

Remove the hex nut from each Conduit Hangers and replace with a ¼”-20 wingnut. This will make assembly and disassembly tool free.

Round the edges of the Conduit Hangers with a file, a bench grinder, or a Dremel like tool. This will keep the canopy from catching or tearing on the edges of the Conduit Hangers

Step 6: Caps & Tie Downs

On each PVC cap Find and mark top center (or as close as you can get)

Drill hole using 3/16” drill bit

Screw in the Eye bolt and tighten the nut on the inside of the cap with the needle nose pliers

Install Caps/Tie Down on both ends of the Canopy Supports

Step 7: Assemble Support Frame

Dry assemble the frame as pictured and make sure everything is relatively square and stable

Attach the Canopy Supports to the Support Frame by either completely unfastening the wingnut and bolt & clipping the supports in or by loosening the wing nut, removing the support end cap, and sliding the support in

Step 8: Fabric Canopy Cutting

Cut fabric to 25” x 56”.

For reference the 25” side will be called W and the 56” side will be called L

Step 9: Fabric Canopy Hemming

Hem all four sides as follows:

Take one end of W and create a 1” fold. Pin and repeat with the opposite side

Sew a ½” hem on the two folded/pinned edges

Follow the same procedure for L

These hemmed edges will help keep the fabric from fraying

Step 10: Fabric Canopy Pockets

Measure and fold one of the W sides to 2 ½” and pin.

Repeat with the opposite side.

Insert the Canopy Supports (with the caps on) into the pinned pockets to be sure they fit. Install onto the Support Frame to be sure the Canopy is not too loose or too tight. Make adjustments if needed.

Sew both pockets as shown in the pics: Sew about 24” down one end of the pocket and move to the edge and sew 12” down from the other end*

*This will make it so the Canopy can be installed on the Canopy Support while it is already installed on the Support Frame. It will also allow the Canopy Support to be adjusted forward and backward on the Support Frame.

Step 11: Attach to Kayak

This part can also vary depending on the type of kayak you have

I happen to have a storage hatch with bungee cord strap downs on the stern of my kayak that I was able to use to mount the Support Frame.

You can also use paddle clips or something like the above pics

if all else fails you could wrap a bungee cord around the hull of the kayak and slip the stabilizers under it

Step 12: Tie Downs

Thread rope through the Eye bolt on one Canopy Support down to the stern hole or handle at the tip of the kayak and up to the other eye bolt and tie down. These don’t need to be super tight, just put enough force on them to hold in place but not too much that the supports bend much.

I just used simple slip knots to adjust the lengths

Do the same for the front eye bolts

Step 13: Break Down and Storage

All pieces can be disassembled and rolled up into the canopy

The elbows can be threaded together with the tie down rope and attached to the package

*There should be enough fabric left over to make a carrying case if desired

Step 14: Complete

Hit the Water and enjoy the Shade!

*water pic coming soon!

Step 15: Notes

Unfortunately, it has stormed just about everyday since making the canopy (of course!) so I don’t have any pics of it out on the water, but as soon as the weather clears up I’ll update the post

Materials

Alternatively, tent poles or any fiberglass pole could be used for the Canopy Support or even incorporated into the entire frame. This could make the frame break down into an even smaller package if desired.

Additional, cross members can be added if stability is a concern. Mine seemed fine, but I have not been in any kind of wind to know how well it will hold up

<p>Congratulations on your Runner Up finish!</p>
<p>I liked it and voted for it. There is such a thing as too much sun.</p>
Thanks!
Any problems with your elbows hitting the frame behind you while paddling? <br><br>I like the design, but being me, I'm wondering if I can tweak it to serve double duty as a sail...<br><br>Thanks for posting!
<p>Conceptually, it might be easier going from sail to shade. Some flexible carbon fiber rods like from popup tents could enter into it. Just for food for thought, I took some picture of my car sun shields with spring wire edges (stowed, flat for shade, and curved for sail). The curved was a pain to photograph; it kept blowing away. in a light breeze. </p><p>Also, unless you are getting lift as well as forward motion, you don't want the base of the sail at the bow. It should be slightly ahead of the balance point of the kayak. My sailing dinghy had the mast seated at the bow and I would have to hike out over the stern in a good wind.</p>
<p>With normal paddle motions I don't come into contact with the frame at all. I haven't tried power paddling, but will have to test doing a short sprint. I do have room to move the frame backward if need be too. </p><p>That sail idea would be pretty sweet! I think it's definitely possible!</p><p>Thanks!</p>
Simple excellent design. Great idea!
<p>Thank You!</p>
<p>Your design is absolutely fantastic! Thank you for sharing!</p>
<p>Thank you! I appreciate the feedback!</p>

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Bio: I love building stuff, doing crafts, painting, and going on outdoor adventures. This website has helped so much in finding what other people have figured ... More »
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