A Kuksa is a wooden cup of finish origin, they are usually carved from a burl of a birch tree. This is where the tree has grown in response to damage or stress and is rounded in shape.

Unfortunately i don't live in an area where birch are all that common and couldn't find any burls on other pieces of wood. This resulted in a slightly square looking cup as i had to use a straight grained piece of beech. 

The end result looked nice but i had a few issues with splits along the way, and a few cracks in the finished product. 
As with most things i tried to used the very simplest of tools, things that you could use in the bush to create what you need, though with this project i did cheat a little bit and used an electric sander to do some of the rough sanding. 

Materials and tools:

Wood- preferably a birch burl (burls can also be found on most species of tree, olive and walnut give great results.)
Saw- to trim up the log.
Axe- for rough shaping, much quicker and easier than using a saw in my opinion.
Hook knife- for carving out the bowl of the cup.
Knife- to clean up some of the rougher shaping.
Sandpaper (electric sander)- i used grades 60, 80, 100 and 150 for sanding.
Sanding sponges- grades 180 and 240 for fine sanding.
Pan, salt and water- to boil kuksa to remove tannins from the wood.
Oil, cloth- i used olive oil as it doesn't contaminate whatever you have in the cup, unlike linseed.

Step 1: Basic Shaping

For the basic shaping of my cup i took my piece of beech and spent about 15 minuets working at it with an axe. I'd decided how long i wanted the cup to be and where the handle was going to be.

Holding the cup end and cutting away from my self (remember your axe should be as sharp as your razor so always be careful) i cut away the area between the bowl and handle giving the cup shape. I then used a saw to cut through above the handle freeing the roughly shaped cup from the rest of the log. 

Using a smaller axe, for better control, i gave a vague shape to the outside of the bowl and the area where the handle would be.
Finally i used a knife to clean up the top and give a smooth surface to make the next step easier. 
<ol><li>Kaada kuksa t&auml;yteen kahvikuumaa vett&auml;. Anna veden seisoa kuksassa 2 minuuttia.<li>Kaada vesi pois ja anna kuksan kuivua v&auml;hint&auml;&auml;n 2 tuntia.<li>Keit&auml; vahvat suodatinkahvit. Ota m&auml;rki&auml; ja l&auml;mpimi&auml; kahvinpuruja <br>noin 1 ruokalusikallinen ja hankaa niit&auml; lujasti kupin pohjaa ja <br>sis&auml;reunoja vasten kunnes purut ovat kuivuneet (3-5 min). N&auml;in saat <br>kuksaan vett&auml;hylkiv&auml;n rasvakalvon, jonka ansiosta kuksa ei kastu ja <br>kuivuessaan halkea. Samalla kaikki ylim&auml;&auml;r&auml;iset maut j&auml;&auml;v&auml;t rasvakalvon <br>alle.<li>Juo kuksasta kahvia joka p&auml;iv&auml; v&auml;hint&auml;&auml;n kuukauden ajan kunnon <br>rasvapinttym&auml;n syntymiseksi. Sen j&auml;lkeen kuksa on valmis pitkillekin <br>er&auml;reissuille.</ol><p>Sorry only in Finnish but that's doing odlfashion way.</p>
Google translate was not having fun with that ;) but i think i get the general gist. Might give it a go in future, thanks for the idea.
<p>thats good to know , that beech was harder to work than the birch . I was thinking of doing a beech kuksa next </p>
<p>I look forward to seeing what you make</p>
Thanks , i'll send a photo when i have finished it !!! ⏳
<p>well done that man ! I'm about 3/4 way thru shaping my kuksa . I am lucky to have found a birch burl . I luck forward to using your tips to finish my kuksa off . Yours looks Great even tho its a wee bit square . There are no real rules , you use whats handy to you and enjoy the challenge of creating . Bet that wee dram was Awesome !!!</p>
<p>It definitely made me savour it after all that work. <br>Ive done a few with small birch burls since then and the are so much easier and nicer to work with</p>
You might have avoided the cracking if you dried it slowly in a plastic bag. Loosely fold the open end of the bag so it will dry over several weeks. <br>
The cracks appeared during the boiling, not during the drying. They actually closed up whilst it dried.
The cracks appeared during the boiling, not during the drying. They actually closed up whilst it dried.
Thanks, its just a shame i couldn't find any burls. Still im really happy with the results. The pictures don't really do justice to the pattern of the grain.
Christened with whiskey...nice touch man. Great project and very nicely detailed for those that have never carved. I just may have to try a couple of these.
Beautiful. Thanks for posting this.
Very nice work. Yes, the boiling will &quot;soften&quot; the wood as it opens the grain. To seal the cups and bowls I have made, I use a mix of food grade mineral oil and beeswax (about a 1 to 1 mix melted together in a double boiler). You can speed the drying process by leaving the cup in an gas oven, with the oven door cracked, with just the pilot light. I don't recommend turning the oven on, as drying it to fast can cause uneven drying and cracking. I look forward to seeing further instructables by you.
Even drying on the windowsill some cracks opened up but luckily they closed again with the slow drying process. <br>Cheers, I do have a few other things in the works. Including a knife similar to the one that can be seen in the pictures above.

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Bio: Avid Kayaker, Canoeist, Wildcamper, SUP-er and Photographer,
More by the binks:Wooden Hairbrush Star trails: a beginners guide Fixing a broken kayak / easy plastic welding 
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