This project uses Blue LEDs rated at 15,000mcd housed in a glass jar filled with glass beads to diffuse the light. I also wanted to put a Light Dependant Resistor (LDR) in the mix to shut the LED off once the light in the room was bright enough.
The only thing I had to buy was the glass jar and the glass beads which I got from my local homewares shop. The jar was $2 and the beads were about $8. The other electronic parts are really optional and were bits and pieces I had lying around.
The parts are:
1) A piece of wood (approx 150x250mm 18mm thick)
2) Glass jar
3) Glass beads
4) A left over mobile phone charger (the one I had out puts 9v DC)
5) An LDR
6) NPN transistor
7) 10kohm resistor
8) 100ohm resistor
9) 10k ohm trimpot
10) 4 LEDs
You'ss see me build two here, one for each of the kids, but my parts list above is for one.
(There are no notes on the photos because it does not seem to be working)
Step 1: Cut the Wood
Using the jar lid as a template I drew a circle on the board and again using my router, I cut a recess out of the surface of the board in which the jar lid could sit.
The lid now sits towards the 'back' of the base, I drilled a 4mm hole directly from the rear of the board towards the recess - this is where the power cord will come in.
I then drilled a similar hole from the front through to the recessed area where the LRD will sit and its wire run. Finally a larger hole was drilled in the surface of the board (intersecting with the LDR hole) where the power switch will sit.
Drill holes in the jar lid to match the hole in the base board.
Step 2: Electronics
Brightness: 15000 mcd
Forward Voltage: 3.2V
Forward Current: 20mA
Wavelength: Typ. 465nm
Lens Color: Water Clear
I planned to have four LEDs stacked one on top of the other making them in parallel, then using one of the many LED resistor calculators you can find online, I determined the resistor I should used.
In this case I had a mobile phone charger that supplies 9v, and LEDs with a voltage drop of 3.2 and consume 0.02A.
So using R = (Supply_Voltage - Forward_Voltage) / (Total Current)
R = (9 - 3.2) / (4 x 0.02)
R = 72.5 ohms
The nearest standard resistor is 82 ohms and the nearest one I had in my draw of bits and pieces was 100 ohm - so that will do, the LEDs just won't be quite a bright as they could be.
The circuit diagram attached shows the circuit I used to control the LEDs, I just stacked three more LEDs on top of the one shown. I also included a switch on the positive rail to turn it all off.
Make sure you wire in the power, LDR and switch after you have threaded then through the wooden base piece, other wise you'll be doing it twice.
Step 3: Finishing Up
I used PVA glue to stick the lid to the wooden base and use a two pack epoxy glue to stick the switch in its hole and the LDR in its place.
Up turn it and you're in business - quite a bright night light for a fraction of the watts!