The LM368 amplifier chip is a versatile no-nonsense amplifier that needs only a minimum of extra components and therefore is ideal to build if you only need about half a Watt for projects.

As there are many many circuits on the internet featuring the LM386 it seems a bit overdone to describe one in instructables, I agree, but I will also provide a PCB and that could help some people who have hesitated to start with this chip
The circuit is quite straightforward. The audio signal enters on JP1 and is fed to the + input of the LM386 (pin3) via a 10k variable resistor. The -input (pin 2)  is connected to earth, which is necessary to be able to use higher gains.
The LM386 then does it's thing and feeds the amplified signal to the 8 ohm speaker via a 220 uF capacitor on pin 5. The 220uF capacitor together with an 8 Ohm speaker gives a low cut off of 90Hz (-3dB) (1/2πRC)

So far so good. There are a few extra components. The RC network  between the output (pin 5)  and the ground is to avoid oscillations. The RC network between pin 1 and pin 8 defines the gain. As shown, the gain is 50, but if you short the jumper the gain will be 200. Of course if you want the gain to be 200 permanently, an option is to replace R1 by a wire-bridge.

The data sheet explains as follows: With pins 1 and 8 open the internal 1.35 kΩ resistor sets the gain at 20 (26 dB). If a capacitor is put from pin 1 to 8, bypassing the 1.35 kΩ resistor, the gain will go up to 200 (46 dB). If a resistor is placed in series with the capacitor, the gain can be set to any value from 20 to 200. Gain control can also be done by capacitively coupling a resistor (or FET) from pin 1 to ground.

Additional external components can be placed in parallel with the internal feedback resistors to tailor the gain and frequency response for individual applications. For example, poor speaker bass response can be compensated by frequency shaping the feedback path. This is done with a series RC from pin 1 to 5 (paralleling the internal 15 kΩ resistor).
For 6 dB effective bass boost: R.15 kΩ, the lowest value for good stable operation is R = 10 kΩ if pin 8 is open. If pins 1 and 8 are bypassed then R as low as 2 kΩ can be used. If you want this, you have to alter the PCB or just solder the components between existing pins. (The new print design has a place for it)

1x LM386
1x 8 pin DIL foot
2x 10uF electrolytic capacitor
1x 1000 uF capacitor  16 Volt
1x 220 uF capacitor
1x 100nF capacitor
1x 47 nF capacitor
1x 10k variable resistor
1x 10 Ohm resistor
2x 1k resistor
1x 1k resistor (optional)
1x speaker 8 Ohm
1 jumper
connector for input
connector for powersupply (6-12 Volt)

(By the way, there are easier ways to build a small amplifier: use a TDA7052 1Watt, or use a TDA2822 for Stereo 2x 250mW)

Step 1: LM368 amplifier: The PCB

The PCB is quite straightforward. There is room for a speaker with several options for the pin-out. If you intend to have the speaker seperate, that part of the print can be omitted and a connector soldered in (or just the wires).

A PCB design for direct toner transfer is added. This design is slightly different from the prototype shown in the pictures: there is a bit more room around the variable resistor and a small mistake in the connection of the LED was corrected


<p>Are this the same ?? but this use gain bass ....</p>
<p>I dont know if they are the same but their 'gain bias' potentiometer is in series with a capacitor between pin 1 and pin 8.<br>If you look at my circuit, Ihave that too albeit with a resistor and a jomper</p>
i used it as a AUX Player from mobile<br>
<p>Not sure what the output of that is but the max input of the LM386 is 400mV. I dont think the mobile will be above that, but ofcourse I dont know, but even then, the potentiometer at the entrance should be able to take care of that. is the distortion at all levels of sound?<br>I have chosen the LM386 especially because of its low distortion, but in all honesty I would not build this anymore as one can get a 2x3 Watt module at aliexpress literally for a few dimes (I think 40 cts. I paid 68 eurocents for one with potmeter) </p><p><a href="http://www.aliexpress.com/item/Super-Mini-PAM8403-DC-5V-2-Channel-USB-Digital-Audio-Amplifier-Board-Module-2-3W-Volume/32596449563.html">http://www.aliexpress.com/item/Super-Mini-PAM8403-...</a></p><p>nevertheless make sure you have a clean PSU, have a speaker for the proper wattage (if the speaker too small that could cause the distortion) and see if it is at all sound levels.</p>
I am hearing sound disturbances . How to better the sound quality by removing the disturbance. <br>
<p>such things are usually by the psu or by oversteering. What is your input signal? Generally lineair voltage stabilizers do better for audio than buck converters</p>
<p>Hi just wondering im making this circuit but without the custom pcb and i was just wondering where deos the input power go and where deos the input sound go???</p>
<p>something keeps going wrong with answering you. My first answer didn't get saved and my second answer I now see didn't attach to yr question but got seperated. Nevertheless I hope you read it</p>
<p>Thanks for including a single layer pcb design. That made assembly much quicker. I had some trouble with parts placement (always tough without a silkscreen) but being able to refer to the schematic made it all okay. </p><p>I'd love additional schematics that include the modifications you describe in your write up. </p><p>This is going to drive the speaker for a noisemaker I'm designing for my sons toy lawnmower. </p>
<p>Odd, seems my earlier reply didnt get saved.<br>OK at the left side of the PCB, about half way there are 2 pinholes. that is gor Vcc and ground (top one is Vcc)<br>In the left hand corner you will see 3 holes in a line: top one=Vcc, middle one is signal, bottom one is mass.<br>But if you are not using the PCB that info is not going to do anything for you... then you can decided yourself where to place the connections</p>

About This Instructable




Bio: I am a physician by trade. After a career in the pharmeceutical world I decided to take it a bit slower and do things I ... More »
More by diy_bloke:Using the 4 pins of the ESP8266-01 Adding the BMP180 to the ESP8266 Adding an RTC and OLED to ESP8266-01 
Add instructable to: