Fermented, you say? You are probably thinking "EW GROSS". Hold your horses, and consider that some of your favorite foods may very well have been fermented. Do you like bread? Cheese? Yoghurt? Soy sauce? I regret to inform you that all of those products have been fermented.

Some of the worlds tastiest (in my opinion) hot-sauces are fermented. Sriracha? Yup, fermented. Tobasco? You betcha'. Louisiana Hot sauce? YUP, it's fermented.

So, what exactly does fermented mean? Fermented means that bacteria, such as Lactobacillus, have gotten into the food and eaten the sugars. The sugars, through the magical process of anaerobic respiration, have been converted (a fancy way of saying burped and farted) into CO2, alcohol, and lactic acid. Lacto fermentation is when the main by-product of the controlled fermentation product is lactic acid.  Lacto-fermentation is NOT related to milk, or milk products. Like I said, it derives it's name from LACTIC acid, which is not related to lactose.  

How does it work?

Lactobacillus is present on pretty much every living thing. Every vegetable or fruit has some on its skin. This is good news, because it makes fermenting vegetables very easy.  All you need to do is provide an environment that favours the growth of lactobacillus and inhibits the growth of other bacteria. There are only two conditions you need to provide in order to make something ferment. Salt and a low oxygen environment. Given those two criteria, lactobacilli will thrive.

How do you know if it is safe to eat?

If any other bacteria has gotten a foothold in your fermented product, it will stink to high heavens. You will not want to put it close to your mouth, let alone eat it. If it smells bad, it's not safe.

Why bother?

Naturally fermented foods are more nutritious than non-fermented foods. Through the action of burping and farting through the sugar, the bacteria have managed to make many nutrients, vitamins and minerals more bio-available to our body.  In addition to the extra nutrients, lacto-fermented food helps with your digestion by helping increase the beneficial bacterial colonies found in your small intestines.

Did you know that a lot of sugar and fizzy cravings can actually be minimized by eating fermented foods? If you were to lacto-ferment a batch of pickles, and eat one every time you had a sugar craving, those sugar cravings would go away. Crazy, but true. 

Why bother making your own hot sauce, when there are so many amazing ones out there? My reasons are two fold;
1) Because I can.
2) I like to eat fresh, raw food free of preservatives and "crap" when ever I possibly can.

Step 1: Materials

You will need:
- a bunch of your favorite hot peppers. I use thai chillies. They are HOT!
- non-iodized sea salt (pickling salt is fine too)
- a healthy amount of garlic
- a clean, sterilized mason jar.
- Whey from home-made yoghurt (optional, but gets the process rolling quicker)
- a towel

<p>So maybe I'm missing something, but there are a couple questions I have about the final product. First, how long do you allow this to ferment. Second, once you've reached your desired fermentation level I assume you drain out the brine and puree the peppers? Do you add vinegar as a preservative after the fact?</p>
<p>The instructions say that daily you should open the lid which releases the built up gasses. Could you fit your fermentation vessel with an airlock like when fermenting juices for wine and beer instead? This would lessen the pressure inside the vessel and avoid a blow-out if you forgot to open it for a day or two. Also, it would reduce the contamination from opening the jar each day. Most importantly, the airlock would keep a constant anaerobic environment rather than introducing a bunch of oxygen each time the jar is opened. </p>
You absolutely could do that, and is actually how I ferment foods now.
&quot;in process&quot; ? ,after 9 months i hope theses chillies aren't still fermenting!
Do you have a source or citation for your statement: &quot;Did you know that a lot of sugar and fizzy cravings can actually be minimized by eating fermented foods? If you were to lacto-ferment a batch of pickles, and eat one every time you had a sugar craving, those sugar cravings would go away. Crazy, but true.&quot; <br> <br>You saying it may be the truth, but I would like to know how you determined this scientifically, if possible? Eating any food might reduce the feeling of hunger, not only fermented foods.
I do have links kicking around, I really should have included them in the original write up. I'll make an edit to include them. I don't have the time to look for them at this very moment, but I will include them. Off the top of my head, It has to do with fermented foods containing L-glutamine, an amino acid that can help reduce sugar cravings (again, this is what I vaguely remember, I could be wrong on the amino acid). I will let you know when I update it. <br> <br>Also, the claim specifically addresses strong cravings to eat sugary foods. This is separate from hunger pangs. <br> <br>Thanks for the question, I like it when people ask for validation, it shows they are thinking and paying attention.
Adding this to my box! The pictures are great! I will come back to see the finished deal! Can't wait to try this! Thanks for sharing your hard work and do have a splendorous day! <br>sunshiine

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