Introduction: Laser-Cut Wedding Dress and Vest

Hello, everyone. Thanks for all the kudos and clicks from all the blogs out there that are linking here. This instructable shows off the laser-cut wedding dress I designed and made. I wanted to tell the story of why I made it and show off pictures that I hope will inspire you in your own projects.

This instructable doesn't contain too many details of the dress-making itself, because that's up to you - this Instructable is about the laser-cut detail. So here are lots of inspirational pictures, my vector files, and not too many words.

Check out more of my custom dress-making at http://www.jessicahinel.com

Step 1: Design a Dress

Every dress starts with some inspiration and a sketch. This is where a lot of ideas are quickly tried out. It's a great way to begin getting concrete feedback from the person your designing for. In this case, the bride got to see a lot of photos of existing dresses, to see how she felt about different aspects of their designs.

Somewhere in this process, it occurred to us that the sharp crisp lines that laser-cut fabric would have would look great on the lean lines and clean profiles of the dresses the bride was favoring. So, I began to explore this idea in the sketches. As the drawings progressed, I created more finished images and began laying out the laser-cut design. You can see one of the final sketches, below, and some of the other dresses that served as inspiration.

Step 2: Sketch the Design You Want to Laser-Cut

Next, I sketched out the laser-cut design in greater detail. The pencil sketch is below, along with some images that were inspiration for the design. The third photo is actually a piece of artwork from the bride's home. It's one of her favorites, so I pulled a lot of its shapes and rhythm into the sketch.

Step 3: Convert Design to Vector Graphic

Cutting outlines means using vector graphics, so the design was then transferred into Adobe Illustrator. A free drawing tool would have worked, too. The design was refined once it was in Illustrator to make some shapes more symmetric and geometric and to smooth out a lot of the curves.

I've attached some of the files below, in case these designs interest you!

Step 4: Measure and Line Up Graphic on Fabric

Because the laser cutter was only so large, we had to cut only small portions of the design at a time. This required a lot of work planning out precise rectangles that matched up to the size of the laser cutter's bed. WIthin each was one set of cuts that I would make, and then I carefully measured that position on the fabric itself.  

Step 5: Create Frame for Fabric

Each rectangle that we worked in on the dress fabric needed to be supported off the bed of the laser cutter. The reason for this is that laser-cutting fabric generates some smoke, and if the smoke gets trapped between a flat surface (the laser cutter bed) and the fabric itself, it can discolor the fabric. Not good for the pure white silk of a wedding dress!

This frame was the solution we ended up with. It supported the fabric reasonable well (We pinned it taut across the top) and allowed us to position the fabric precisely within the laser cutter.

Step 6: Laser-Cut the Fabric

Laser cutting! I used a 75w Epilog Legend.  Suffice it to say that watching robotically precise pieces of your design magically appear in the fabric is really neat. I'll let the videos speak for themselves.





Step 7: Clean Up Cuts

 We did have to loosen some final bits with a razor blade. Other parts of the design were a bit too loose, structurally, so I shored them up with tiny, carefully cut pieces of fabric backing that I ironed on.

Step 8: Sew Fabric and Finish Dress

This is a huge step, obviously, but it'll be for another instructable, someday. Below are a couple snapshots of the dress in progress at my workshop.

Step 9: Admire Your Work

It turned out beautifully! Thanks for these photos from Alison Bank, who takes amazing wedding photos: http://firstcomesloveweddings.com/.
 

Step 10: Get Married!

Here are some photos from the actual wedding, also from Alison Bank (http://firstcomesloveweddings.com/).

Comments

author
masterURlaser made it! (author)2015-08-17

Beautiful! Excellent job!

author
robtheraccoon made it! (author)2015-04-02

awesome dress!

author
Panfila made it! (author)2014-11-03

Hi Jess, I love this design & dress! Do you still have the vector drawing for this? I can't find the files on the instructable :( Thanks!

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elfka made it! (author)2012-11-07

I'm sure I need laser cutter now. Beautiful!

author
sabu.dawdy made it! (author)2012-09-28

beauty... your wife is beautiful.. and well you made the dress perfect for her :)

author
BamaBob made it! (author)2012-03-19

Thank GOD I'm already married. If my wife saw this BEFORE we married . . . . You'd be a getting a call to make another dress! Fine job!

author
sioux gardner made it! (author)2011-08-02

love your creation - thanks for sharing - I'm inspired!
can you tell me

does the laser 'seal' the cut edges and prevent fraying, or have you any other solution?
Is the dress lined in black - or is it simply left to hang?

WOW!

author
WhyHello made it! (author)2010-12-03

amazing

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bicycletechnocrat made it! (author)2010-09-27

Wow! Stunning! This Dress is wunderful - and it even has got a slight nerdy touch through the CNC-lasers involved ;-). This can't get any better!

Also your bride is realy beautyful!

Thanks for sharing this project :-).

author
Broom made it! (author)2010-09-24

Nice work. Great idea.

Why didn't you starch and/or iron the silk before cutting? (There's soft creases visible under the cutter head.) Starch is easy to soak out, and ironing of course is harmless enough, if you set the temperature carefully.

author
The Ideanator made it! (author)2010-09-16

This is an excellent wedding dress. I like it!

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duckythescientist made it! (author)2010-09-16

Absolutely the most beautiful wedding dress that I have ever seen!!!!

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Taylor Swift made it! (author)2010-08-14

that is really cool! wered you get the idea?

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caitlinsdad made it! (author)2010-05-03

Nice. Is this real organic silk or something synthetic?  I would guess the laser singes and binds the cut edge whereas some other material would need to be sized to keep it from fraying.

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jess17a made it! (author)jess17a2010-05-03

i used a 35% silk/65% rayon blend.  silk and other fabrics made of protein, like rayon, produces a nice cut edge especially at a higher power setting on the laser cutter.  synthetics like acrylic and polyester also work and will have a edge that resists fraying at a much lower power setting.

author
misstinabunni made it! (author)misstinabunni2010-06-14

Rayon is a cellulosic fiber, it's usually made from wood byproducts (sawdust or maybe bamboo). Keratin fibers (hair) and other animal serum fibers (silks, spiderwebs I suppose) are the only protein based fibers, as most natural proteins come from animals.

author
lala1989 made it! (author)2010-05-27

i'm move.

author
rens made it! (author)2010-05-17

thanks for that...what a stunning dress.  can you tell me how you stop the fabric from fraying once it's been laser cut.

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fantasia1940 made it! (author)2010-05-06

This is an incredible, wonderful dres!! :) so inspirational and a great idea of resourcefulness.  I'm really curious about the laser cutter that you had access to - I know these are dangerous and highly regulated.  Is this personally owned?  Or does it belong to a business or university?

author
rattyrain made it! (author)rattyrain2010-05-12

I can see from one of the pictures that he is using an Epilog laser cutter.  I heard they are the best consumer-end laser cutters for the money, and are relatively safe.

author
karnold70 made it! (author)2010-05-08

Simply... stunning. And I deeply appreciate that the Groom's vest was designed to match. Too many people make the wedding wholly about the Bride. It's nice to see the man included in the overall style.

author
colargolet made it! (author)2010-05-06

 OMG! Truly spectacular! One of the most beautiful wedding dresses I've seen. Great idea! 

author
Super_pride1146 made it! (author)2010-05-06

What a lovely dress! It would have been *perfect* if the bride had included above-elbow white gloves, but thats just me.

author
Fifibear made it! (author)2010-05-06

WOW - Stunning - both in the design and the working. I had assumed a high synthetic blend as silk itself will not 'burn' easily. I work with heat and fabrics and use synthetics for that reason. What's the highest silk content you can cut with the laser. I love this!!

author
jess17a made it! (author)jess17a2010-05-06

 You can cut any silk with a laser, you just might have to use a pretty high heat setting (which can cause browning around the edges).  Silk is, like hair, made of protein, so will melt when you heat it up.  Not as much as something like polyester, but will still seal a cut edge nicely.

author
jumpfroggy made it! (author)2010-05-06

Wow - looks amazing!  Great use of a laser cutter.

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AT made it! (author)2010-05-06

WOW!

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katschy made it! (author)2010-05-06

Brilliant - and some excellent work.  Thanks for posting such a terrific Instructable!!

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canida made it! (author)2010-05-04

This is incredible.  Nice work!

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balloondoggle made it! (author)2010-05-04

Very nice dress, and a beautiful bride!  Congratulations on both the marriage and the nicest wedding dress I've ever seen - and I work in the wedding business!

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bertus52x11 made it! (author)2010-05-04

Is there a way of using the laser cutter and erasing the groom?
(just kidding). Nice job!

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Earthwreck24 made it! (author)2010-05-03

Dude you must be rich

author
magickaldan made it! (author)2010-05-03

You are very talented. Nice Work and thanks for sharing.

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randofo made it! (author)2010-05-03

This is pretty awesome. It's probably one of the nicest things I've ever seen made with a laser cutter.

author
zascecs made it! (author)zascecs2010-05-03

I agree.

Pretty soon, we won't be using things like scissors anymore... 

author
yokozuna made it! (author)yokozuna2010-05-03

How many times have I told you not to run with the laser cutter?!

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zascecs made it! (author)zascecs2010-05-03

Don't hold your laser cutter at the sharp end!!!

wait...    |=/ 

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Sunbanks made it! (author)2010-05-03

Wow! That isso cool!

author
stephenniall made it! (author)2010-05-03

 Wow beats acrylic and mdf any day . A very beautiful Dress . 

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