A laser cutter can basically do three things with text:
This instructable is about #3, engraving the characters with a single line. Why would you want to do this?
Why is this even a big deal? It should be easy. Unfortunately it's not. While CAD packages represent fonts as vector strokes, they don't make it easy to explode those strokes into lines. There is a complex workaround for one CAD package involving WMF files.
The process will be:
Begin with a CAD drawing of the panel. Include placeholder text for the engraved labels. The height of the placeholder text should be correct, however the width, font and style don't really matter as it will be replaced.
Text in CAD has an insertion point - one of nine choices: (top/mid/bottom) X (left/center/right).
Make sure your placeholder text is accurately placed with an appropriate insertion point. In this example the insertion point is "TC" (top center) accomplished by measuring down from the QUA (quadrant) of the circular hole. Why? We will use the placeholder's insertion point to locate the real text.
The picture shows a line from the insertion point of the placeholder text.
If you don't need precision, skip this step.
In your CAD program, create at minimum these layers.
Go to http://wildsparx.com/textlines and create a label. You will download it as a DXF.
In CAD, use the INSERT command to insert it. INSERT will prompt you for the DXF filename. This time, just manually locate it near the corresponding placeholder text.
Decide if the label looks right.
In the picture, we've manually placed the test label near the placeholder. Comparing them:
Go back to the textlines tool and adjust the kerning. Kerning controls the extra space between characters. Characters too close together will look bad, especially at smaller sizes where the laser
kerf becomes significant.
In this case a kerning setting of 0.18 looked good.
Put the placeholders on the OLDTEXT layer (using CHPROP). This will reduce confusion.
Erase the test label and INSERT final versions of both labels. Use the insertion point of the placeholders.
Put the new labels on the TEXTLINES layer.
When everything looks good erase the placeholders. You can try hiding the layer but it may get unhidden when imported into Corel Draw.
You probably know this step, but use DXFOUT to generate a DXF for Corel Draw import. Use the oldest ASCII DXF version available, in this case R12.
In the laser printer driver, map the RED color to an appropriate engraving setting so it won't cut all the way through.