So a while ago I wanted to learn binary. Binary is the way a computer holds information, the 1's and 0's. I thought it was cool, and that it would be worth learning. It is WELL worth learning and it is very simple to learn.
What I am showing you in this instructable, is how letters work.
Step 1: What binary is
What I am going to show you today in binary is simply just the replacement of letters and numbers, with their binary equivalent. 1 and 0 are just a representation of on and off. 1 = on 0 = off. There are put in sections of "on and off's" also, usually sets of 8, called a byte. The digits are all valued exponentially, the easiest way to explain what that means is to show you, it is in the first picture at the bottom.
This part isn't quite as important as others for the purpose of this instructable.
Step 2: How letters and numbers work
To make different numbers all you do is add up the 1's. Letters on the other hand, are a bit more complicated. What you need to do, is give all the letters a number value. For example a=1, b=2, and c=3. To signify that something is a letter, and not a number, you put the code 0100 for a capital and 0110 for lower case. So the letter 'A', is the code 01000001, and a lower case 'a' is 01100001. To make a space you put the code 0010000 and to make a period you
put the code 00101110.