So a while ago I wanted to learn binary. Binary is the way a computer holds information, the 1's and 0's. I thought it was cool, and that it would be worth learning. It is WELL worth learning and it is very simple to learn.

What I am showing you in this instructable, is how letters work.

**Signing Up**

## Step 1: What binary is

What I am going to show you today in binary is simply just the replacement of letters and numbers, with their binary equivalent. 1 and 0 are just a representation of on and off. 1 = on 0 = off. There are put in sections of "on and off's" also, usually sets of 8, called a byte. The digits are all valued exponentially, the easiest way to explain what that means is to show you, it is in the first picture at the bottom.

This part isn't quite as important as others for the purpose of this instructable.

## Step 2: How letters and numbers work

To make different numbers all you do is add up the 1's. Letters on the other hand, are a bit more complicated. What you need to do, is give all the letters a number value. For example a=1, b=2, and c=3. To signify that something is a letter, and not a number, you put the code 0100 for a capital and 0110 for lower case. So the letter 'A', is the code 01000001, and a lower case 'a' is 01100001. To make a space you put the code 0010000 and to make a period you

put the code 00101110.

1.) it is 128 64 32 16 8 4 2 1 equivalent in every position.

2.) 1=on and 0=off

3.) so... if 0100 is for Upper case and 0110 for lower case, then 01000001 is the example.

4.) the first 4 numbers which is 0100 indicates an upper case, 0001 is the letter.

5.) from 0001, the 1 is on and the 000 are off.

6.) every number has its own equivalent. 1=a, 2=b, 3=c and so on.

7.) so it mean 0001 is-----> 0+0+0+1 if you add this, you will get 1. and one is equivalent to the letter "a".

8.) go back to #3. 0100 is for upper case. and the 0001is a letter "a". The binary is 01000001 it means, it is a Capital A.

i know that there are some questions roaming on your minds. here's the question

why is it that 0001 is a letter "a"?

answer: according to #1, 0 0 0 1 is the 8 4 2 1. the zero's are off, so 8 4 2 are now zero because they are off except to 1(from 8 4 2 1). why? because, from the position 0 0 0

1, 1 is the only one who is ON. and 1 is equal to ''a''.what if the binary is 01000011?

answer: 0100 indicates capital letter. 0011 is the letter.

from the position 8 4 2 1, the 8 and 4 are turned off while 2 and 1 is turned on.

that means 0+0+2+1. that is equal to 3. and if a=1, b=2 and c=3, it means that 0011 is a letter "c". and because of 0100 it makes the letter c into a Capital C.

if you have some comments about this explanation if im right or wrong, you can send me a message on my facebook account:

https://www.facebook.com/decodedreapers

i hope that i am right. ^_^

01110110 1001100111

errr...how do you do numbers?

1010011010

01000011= K right?

00101110

All sequence us 8 digets or 1 & 0s

For example 01110011= s

The first two digets is always 01 for letters

The 3rd number is if the letter is a capital or not 1=lower case 0=upper case

The 4th number is which group there in 0=the letter a to o 1=the letter p to z

The last 4 digits have values 8 4 2 1 (in that order) then you need to find out how many numbers down the alfabet your letter is if its the 6th number then you write 0110 at the end. A=0001 b=0002 ect but when you get to p then you say it is in the group 1 ( digit 4)

And p=0000 q=0001 r=0010 ect

P.s. sorry if it isnt very clear its kinda confusing to explain

The only thing that i found relevant was the chart of the binary system's place value.

the binary system works exactly like the decimal system.

Decimal Number Explanation:

--Breaking Down 537--

we have a 5 in the 100's place = 5 * 100 = 500

we have a 3 in the 10's place = 3 * 10 = 30

we have a 7 in the 1's place = 2 * 1 = 7

500 + 30 + 7 = 537.

Binary Number Explanation:

--Breaking Down 101--

we have a 1 in the 4's place = 1 * 4 = 4

we have a 0 in the 2's place = 0 * 2 = 0

we have a 1 in the 1's place = 1 * 1 = 1

4 + 0 + 1 = 5.

thus, 101 (in binary numbers) is equal to 5 (in decimal numbers)

As far as I am aware, there is no universally accepted binary conversion to the Latin alphabet (the Latin alphabet being a-z, the one I am currently using)

I, personally, would start "A" at 00000000. "B" would have a value of 00000001. "C" would be 00000010 and so on and so forth until "Z" came about. after that, i would have a total of 230 (256 binary combinations - 26 Latin letter) binary values left for punctuation marks, symbols, capitalization indicators, and a host of commonly used words such as

The, And, What, Where, When, Why, How, (etc)...

I would love to hear your and anyone else's thoughts on this subject.

Respectfully disapproving

Rtty

This doesn't explain binary the easy way.

I've never heard step 2 before, but this is what you say:

a to z is (base10) 1 to 26, binary 00001 to 11010 - you need 5 bits, but you've reserved 4(!) bits for upper/lower case.

I guess you meant 01000000 for the SPACE?

Have you heard of character-sets?

(And only 1 of your images is useful)

L

It is a nice instructable but some errors in it as as L pointed out. Just correct them and you will have an even better instructable.

L