Learn CPR

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Introduction: Learn CPR

Learn the basics of CPR in case you ever find yourself in an emergency situation.

Step 1: FAQ

What is CPR?

CPR is an abbreviation for Cardio-Pulmonary-Resuscitation. It is manually pumping a persons heart and breathing for them.

Is it dangerous?

It is recommended that unless the situation is dire you should not make mouth to mouth contact without a barrier. If you carry a wallet or purse you could easily fit a disposable mask in case of emergency.

Is it tiring?

CPR is an extreme workout. It takes tons of energy and physical strength.

When should I stop giving CPR?

There is only two reasons you should stop giving CPR. If the persons regains a heartbeat and can breath or if you feel so tired that if you continue you'll pass out as well. Other than that you should give CPR until further help arrives.

Step 2: Disclaimer

I am not to be held responsible for the way you use the material being taught. Use at your own risk.

Step 3: Step 1

Before you begin to administer CPR first check the responsiveness of the victim. Gently shake them and ask "Are you ok?!" If they don't respond it's time to begin. First call 911. If there are other people with you send someone else to do it. If not you'll have to do it yourself.

Step 4: Step2

In this step we will begin breathing into the victim. Before you begin put your ear next the the victim's mouth and listen for breathing. If you don't hear breathing it's time to give two breaths. To start place you face shield, if present, over the victim's mouth. Tilt their head and pinch the nose. Form a seal around their mouth and give two steady breaths. Each breath should take one second. Also, you should see the chest rise while giving the breaths.

Now check for a response. If the victim doesn't respond proceed to step 3 of CPR.

Step 5: Step 3

Place one hand of the other like seen in the picture for the intro step. Now place the heel of your hand between the victims nipple line. Press down with enough force to go down about one and a half to two inches. Do thirty compressions at a rate of about two per second.

Check for responsiveness again. If the victim still doesn't respond it's time to start cycling.

Step 6: Step 4

This is when the workout really starts. You are going to give thirty chest compressions followed by 2 breaths until help arrives. Remember if you get too tired to continue stop. You don't need to be a victim as well.

Step 7: CPR for Children

Because most children are smaller than adults CPR must be performed slightly differently than adult CPR. The first difference is that if you are the only person at the scene perform CPR for two minutes before calling for help. The second difference is that you make your compressions with only one hand and it should go about a third of the depth of the child's chest. Other than that. perform CPR like normal.

Step 8: CPR for Infants

Infant CPR is different than normal CPR to an infant's size. Do not call first. Perform the following instructions for two minutes before calling for help. First tap and shout to see if the infant is ok. If no response if given place the infant on it's back. Tilt the head back like you would for an adult and listen for breathing. If you hear nothing give two breaths. Your mouth should cover the infants mouth and nose and you should be able to see the infants chest rise and fall with each breath. Now place two or three fingers in between the infant's nipple line and give thirty compressions. You should be pressing about one third the depth of the child's chest. The compressions should be occurring at the same rate they would be for an adult. Now repeat at a rate or thirty compressions and two breaths until help arrives.

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    30 Comments

    I'm a med student and I believe this instructable is a good idea. Everyone should be able to do basic cpr. Although, when you're not trained properly, its better for the victim to do only compressions. Its quite difficult to perform the proper head tilt-chin lift, so it's better not to lose valuable time. If you've never practiced on a dummy with a certified teacher, the best idea is to just perform compressions. This is a good description for those, good luck.

    One small note: never use two hands for cpr on children. you use the force in one arm only, but you can use the other hand to lift your fingers, so you can put a good amount of pressure on the base of your hand. The thorax cannot take the pressure, and you could inflict a lot more damage.

    Shouldn't there be a step about checking the air passageway for foreign objects? If there is something in the victim's mouth/throat, you should do your best to clear the passageway before performing CPR, no? At least that's what I learned.

    your hand positioning is off - you need to keep your fingers on the bottom hand "out." this will increase the effectiveness of CPR because it won't distribute your weight on irrelevant places in the heart. Also - infants you DONT tilt the head back, because of the anatomical differences. This will actually close the infants' airway. ...-an american heart assiociation basic life support instructor

    You really must take a course to understand "how" it's actually done. ( I taught CPR for 8 years) Even a video is just a introductory tool. This instructible is great for just bringing awareness to the subject and encouraging people to take a class. Quit harping on each other. ( typical macho males)

    well I just got a head start in my medical science class, thanks

    your supposed to tell the person to call 911 and come back a member at my firehouse is a certified teacher

    The accepted method of CPR currently in use here in the UK is a 15:2 ratio, of chest compressions to breaths.

    incorrect... the currently accepted method in the UK is a ratio of 30:2 ... This was changed a couple of years ago according to the guidelines of the European Council for resuscitation.

    Well, in a straw poll of on duty doctors in the A&E; at the Royal Belfast hospital, we say 15:2, so the euro legislation obv. hasn't made it this far yet!