Introduction: Learn CPR

Learn the basics of CPR in case you ever find yourself in an emergency situation.

Step 1: FAQ

What is CPR?

CPR is an abbreviation for Cardio-Pulmonary-Resuscitation. It is manually pumping a persons heart and breathing for them.

Is it dangerous?

It is recommended that unless the situation is dire you should not make mouth to mouth contact without a barrier. If you carry a wallet or purse you could easily fit a disposable mask in case of emergency.

Is it tiring?

CPR is an extreme workout. It takes tons of energy and physical strength.

When should I stop giving CPR?

There is only two reasons you should stop giving CPR. If the persons regains a heartbeat and can breath or if you feel so tired that if you continue you'll pass out as well. Other than that you should give CPR until further help arrives.

Step 2: Disclaimer

I am not to be held responsible for the way you use the material being taught. Use at your own risk.

Step 3: Step 1

Before you begin to administer CPR first check the responsiveness of the victim. Gently shake them and ask "Are you ok?!" If they don't respond it's time to begin. First call 911. If there are other people with you send someone else to do it. If not you'll have to do it yourself.

Step 4: Step2

In this step we will begin breathing into the victim. Before you begin put your ear next the the victim's mouth and listen for breathing. If you don't hear breathing it's time to give two breaths. To start place you face shield, if present, over the victim's mouth. Tilt their head and pinch the nose. Form a seal around their mouth and give two steady breaths. Each breath should take one second. Also, you should see the chest rise while giving the breaths.

Now check for a response. If the victim doesn't respond proceed to step 3 of CPR.

Step 5: Step 3

Place one hand of the other like seen in the picture for the intro step. Now place the heel of your hand between the victims nipple line. Press down with enough force to go down about one and a half to two inches. Do thirty compressions at a rate of about two per second.

Check for responsiveness again. If the victim still doesn't respond it's time to start cycling.

Step 6: Step 4

This is when the workout really starts. You are going to give thirty chest compressions followed by 2 breaths until help arrives. Remember if you get too tired to continue stop. You don't need to be a victim as well.

Step 7: CPR for Children

Because most children are smaller than adults CPR must be performed slightly differently than adult CPR. The first difference is that if you are the only person at the scene perform CPR for two minutes before calling for help. The second difference is that you make your compressions with only one hand and it should go about a third of the depth of the child's chest. Other than that. perform CPR like normal.

Step 8: CPR for Infants

Infant CPR is different than normal CPR to an infant's size. Do not call first. Perform the following instructions for two minutes before calling for help. First tap and shout to see if the infant is ok. If no response if given place the infant on it's back. Tilt the head back like you would for an adult and listen for breathing. If you hear nothing give two breaths. Your mouth should cover the infants mouth and nose and you should be able to see the infants chest rise and fall with each breath. Now place two or three fingers in between the infant's nipple line and give thirty compressions. You should be pressing about one third the depth of the child's chest. The compressions should be occurring at the same rate they would be for an adult. Now repeat at a rate or thirty compressions and two breaths until help arrives.

Comments

author
TraveltoEstelion made it! (author)2014-07-30

I'm a med student and I believe this instructable is a good idea. Everyone should be able to do basic cpr. Although, when you're not trained properly, its better for the victim to do only compressions. Its quite difficult to perform the proper head tilt-chin lift, so it's better not to lose valuable time. If you've never practiced on a dummy with a certified teacher, the best idea is to just perform compressions. This is a good description for those, good luck.

author
TraveltoEstelion made it! (author)TraveltoEstelion2014-07-30

One small note: never use two hands for cpr on children. you use the force in one arm only, but you can use the other hand to lift your fingers, so you can put a good amount of pressure on the base of your hand. The thorax cannot take the pressure, and you could inflict a lot more damage.

author
Robil made it! (author)2009-01-15

Shouldn't there be a step about checking the air passageway for foreign objects? If there is something in the victim's mouth/throat, you should do your best to clear the passageway before performing CPR, no? At least that's what I learned.

author
bohemianharmony made it! (author)2009-01-15

your hand positioning is off - you need to keep your fingers on the bottom hand "out." this will increase the effectiveness of CPR because it won't distribute your weight on irrelevant places in the heart. Also - infants you DONT tilt the head back, because of the anatomical differences. This will actually close the infants' airway. ...-an american heart assiociation basic life support instructor

author
candeelady made it! (author)2008-03-22

You really must take a course to understand "how" it's actually done. ( I taught CPR for 8 years) Even a video is just a introductory tool. This instructible is great for just bringing awareness to the subject and encouraging people to take a class. Quit harping on each other. ( typical macho males)

author
Jake-off made it! (author)2008-03-19

well I just got a head start in my medical science class, thanks

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Jesusjuice917 made it! (author)2007-12-30

your supposed to tell the person to call 911 and come back a member at my firehouse is a certified teacher

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gazhay made it! (author)2007-12-24

The accepted method of CPR currently in use here in the UK is a 15:2 ratio, of chest compressions to breaths.

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sam noyoun made it! (author)sam noyoun2007-12-24

incorrect... the currently accepted method in the UK is a ratio of 30:2 ... This was changed a couple of years ago according to the guidelines of the European Council for resuscitation.

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gazhay made it! (author)gazhay2007-12-24

Well, in a straw poll of on duty doctors in the A&E; at the Royal Belfast hospital, we say 15:2, so the euro legislation obv. hasn't made it this far yet!

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sam noyoun made it! (author)sam noyoun2007-12-24

Surprising... St John's Ambulance teaches to the new guidelines... Lifesaving organisations have all modified their procedures to adhere to these guidelines, as well as Ambulance Service First Responder schemes. I cannot believe doctors in the A&E; wouldn't...

author
gazhay made it! (author)gazhay2007-12-24

St. John's - as in the OAP's with hard hats that used to throw blankets over injured footballers!! Anyway, didn't come on here to be called a liar, I was only stating (local) fact.

author
sam noyoun made it! (author)sam noyoun2007-12-24

I didn't mean this to sound insulting, nor to call you a liar... just expressing my surprise...

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gazhay made it! (author)gazhay2007-12-24

Sorry, just having a bad day! my apologies.

author
sam noyoun made it! (author)2007-12-24
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nerdzilla made it! (author)2007-12-22

I don`t know whether this is right or not, but it probably would be good idea to take a course. That way an instructor can tell you if you`re doing it right or not.

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sardines454 made it! (author)sardines4542007-12-22

are recommending i take a course or are you recommending i recommend you take a course? because i am cpr certified.

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nerdzilla made it! (author)nerdzilla2007-12-23

Oh yeah? Prove it.

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sardines454 made it! (author)sardines4542007-12-23

how?

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nerdzilla made it! (author)nerdzilla2007-12-23

I'm just kidding. I meant that someone reading the instructable could misunderstand something and do it wrong, so it's good to have someone to tell you if you are doing it correctly, and to answer questions.

author
PurplePeople made it! (author)2007-12-21

Good thing you have your disclaimer. You're missing steps so important that it's likely you have never actually taken a course in CPR. Check for a pulse. A beating heart is an indication that the victim does not need chest compressions. It is possible Step 1-1/2: Check for pulse. No pulse. Begin CPR. If there is a pulse, check for breathing. If breathing, watch over victim until help arrives. If no breathing, begin AR, Artificial Resuscitation (breathing for victim as described in Step 2). Step 2-1/2: Continually check for pulse and breathing. If no pulse, continue CPR. If heart begins beating, check breathing. If no breathing, continue AR. If breathing is shallow, support with AR by timing your breaths. Step 3-1/2: Keep checking pulse and breathing. If either return... see Step 2-1/2. Step 5: In the USA, you can be sued if the victim dies so just wait for the emergency responders. In Canada, you are protected by a good Samaritan law that prevents you from being sued if you've genuinely tried your best to help a victim that died, even if their demise was hastened by your actions somehow. One more thing... for those that have taken the course, but didn't know about the update... the change from 15/2 to 30/2 happened about 2 years ago. There are specific details that apply to CPR for children and even more for infants. Also, chest compressions can break ribs if performed without due care. Just take the course.

author
sardines454 made it! (author)sardines4542007-12-21

i am cpr certified. in case you weren't informed cpr has been changed. you no longer check for a pulse. and you don't stop. YOU SHOULD TAKE A COURSE!

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thecheatscalc made it! (author)thecheatscalc2007-12-21

don't check for a pulse? it takes a second and could mean the difference of crunching someone's ribs or not! Also a good way to prevent being sued...

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sardines454 made it! (author)sardines4542007-12-22

i know not checking for a pulse is not always a good idea but some people who don't know how to check for a pulse very well can sometimes think they feel one even if there isn't and then the victim could die. a broken rib is better than a broken body

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sardines454 made it! (author)sardines4542007-12-21

oh and one more thing: i know you're just trying to help but this instructable isn't meant to be a full course, just a briefer in the event of an emergency.

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chooseausername made it! (author)2007-12-21

It is recommended that unless the situation is dire you should not make mouth to mouth contact without a barrier.

Maybe this question will sound naive, but what are the dangers of not using a "face shield"/"barrier" ?
That's the first time I heard about this device. I never saw anyone using or talking about it in my country ...

author
sardines454 made it! (author)sardines4542007-12-21

you could contract any contagious diseases the person may have or the person could vomit while you're giving them cpr

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chooseausername made it! (author)chooseausername2007-12-22

Ok, thank you for this enlightenment =o]

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Scupper made it! (author)2007-12-21

Very good instructable. However, it is important to note for our readers that proper training in a classroom by a certified instructor will make sure a person is performing CPR properly. I am certified in First Aid, CPR and AED as a first responder at the company I work for and have to take a refresher course every so often. I hope more people will look at this instructable and think about becoming certified. Maybe they can save a life

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GorillazMiko made it! (author)2007-12-20

very helpful. i used to think it was very easy, but its not really that easy.

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