Introduction: Led POV SMD PCB

Picture of Led POV SMD PCB

Hello everyone, I bring a very interesting project and I like a lot, a Led POV which creates the illusion of seeing a number of characters from a row of leds that are rotating.

This project was created several years ago, and I share the idea to build.

The first thing I did was prepared with 8 standard leds, controlled by a PIC16F84A and to rotate them a blender was used.

Step 1: Suplies

Software:

- PCB Wizard

- Any program to PIC (a used PicBasic)

Hardware:

- 1 x PIC16F887 SMD

- 15 x leds blue SMD and 2 x infrared leds (transmitter and receiver)

- 15 x Resistors 220 ohm SMD, 3 x resistors 1k ohm SMD, 1 x resistor 10k ohm SMD, 12 x resistors 0 ohm SMD, 1 x resistor 22 ohm and 1 x resistor 220 ohm

- 6 x pin headers female right angle and 4 x pin headers male right angle

- 2 x Button

- 1 x Crystal oscillator 4MHz

- 2 x Ceramic capacitors 15pf, 2 x ceramic capacitors 100nf, 1 x electrolytic capacitor 100uf and 1 x electrolytic capacitor 10uf

- 1 x Voltage regulator 7805

- 1 x Diode 1N4007

- 1 x Battery holder 9v

- 1 x Battery 9v

- 1 x Switch

- 6 x Jumper wires

- 1 x Old motor microwave fan

- 1 x Terminal block two pin

- PCB copper, ferric chloride, toner print, photographic paper, spray varnish, clamps, wire cutter, hot glue silicon and Dremel

Step 2: PCB Design

Picture of PCB Design

This is my PCB design, SMD devices was used to minimize space.

The software that was used PCB Wizard, adding the library for resistors SMD and PIC SMD.

So too the PCB voltage regulator was battery 9v design.

I leave the files of the two PCB.

Step 3: PCB Completed

Picture of PCB Completed

These are the final results of the PCB, I used the toner transfer method, welding was done in the traditional way using liquid flux.

You see, the connections of the 9V battery to the regulator PCB and then feeding the main PCB.

On the main PCB is to left two buttons to use, and a ICSP connector for programming PIC.

Step 4: Assembly

Picture of Assembly

To rotate was used old motor microwave fan, this coupled with a Lego piece that worked us to place all components on it. Stuck with hot glue silicon and epoxy glue.

He was held with a piece of wood, and a container base with cement to have it stable.

Infrared leds were used to have a starting point character, and they remained static.

Step 5: Program

For testing will use the PicBasic program, it is a very good start for those who do not know much about programming, and program charge to the PIC with PICkit 3 through the ICSP connector.

This is where you can experience and be able to use other editors to program.

The program is very simple, because the leds lighting will from time to time, it must be very small, this making it row by row the effect of creating characters visible.

I share small programs to test the operation.

Step 6: Final Result

You can watch the video with final results.

For those who want to experience, you can create text, propeller clock and drawings is a matter of imagination.

Thanks for visiting and reading this post.

All pictures and videos are my property.

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