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Are you one of those people who shrink and hide from the word "LINUX"? I know there are still some of you out there. Don't worry, your fear is treatable. Believe me. I was one of you!

This Instructable is for people like us.

I am going to show you a way to easily get over your fear while at the same time learn some new skills, create for yourself a computer tool and also get that old obsolete computer or laptop working and useful again - all in one go.

The instructions seem a bit long, but it is just a one time setup and you will see after you have read the details that you don't really have much to do to get started.

Step 1: What We Are Going to Do in This Instructable

In this Instructable we are going to:

  1. Make a USB drive bootable and install a "Live" version of a Linux OS (Operating System) on it.
  2. Boot up your PC with it ("PC" from here on will mean "Windows PC or Laptop").
  3. Check out some of the features of your new OS.

You will be happy to know that running this "Live" version of Linux means that we don't install anything on your PC, so your original Windows system is absolutely safe.

Step 2: What You Need

  1. Access to a PC (your regular home PC).
  2. An internet connection for downloading the software.
  3. A 2GB or 4GB Thumb drive/USB drive/ Flash drive/Pendrive - whatever they call it in your country. I will use "USB drive". Your old 2GB micro-SD card may not be much use on your new smartphone, but you can load and run Linux off it using a USB card reader (see the picture).
  4. Optional - Your old laptop or PC that was made redundant by the arrival of Windows XP or Windows 7. We will revive it with Linux.
  5. A basic understanding of how Windows works, file handling copying files and filenames, moving files, etc. Knowledge of how to enter the BIOS for your PC would help speed things up.

Step 3: Which Distro Are We Going to Try?

In Linux terminology, "distro" is "distribution", similar in meaning to "version" or "variation".

There are a huge number of Linux distros ( ... there, you see? We've already started using the terminology!), variations of distros and variations of variations.

A number of the currently available distros are based on the most popular and widely used "Ubuntu", designed, developed and supported by Canonical Ltd ... and yes, you are right, it originates from South Africa.

This means that if you have tried one of these distros, you will find that others that use Ubuntu as the base will be much easier to adapt to though the interface or appearance may be different.

For this Instructable, we are going to try out the distro that has the closest resemblance to Windows XP, which anyone who has done anything with PCs should be familiar with.

It is called Ylmf OS. It was developed in China. That explains why the browser opens up to a China website (you can change that, of course), but aside from that, all the applications are in English, and you basically feel like you are in XP ... a very fast XP. You can see a screenshot of the desktop above.

Step 4: Getting Started With the Installation

You are going to have to download two files to any convenient folder on the HDD of your regular home (or office) PC. For easy location of the folder, I recommend making a new one directly on your C: or D: drive and calling it "Linux".

Downloading Ylmf OS

We will first download the Ylmf OS file. This is quite an old distro, so it is no longer available from the developer (http://www.ylmf.org/en/ ... no point clicking on the link; there's nothing there), but I found the original on CNET.

Here is the link: http://download.cnet.com/linux/ylmf-computer-technology/3260-20_4-10096723-1.html.

I have checked this link out. It's safe. All you need to do is click on the green "Download" button (see the picture).

Please note that the file size is around 693MB, so unless you have a fast internet connection, it may take some time to download. Save it to your Linux folder.

Downloading the Installer
The best and easiest to use installer is the Universal USB Installer (UUI) from the Pendrive Linux website. You will find it here: http://www.pendrivelinux.com/downloads/Universal-USB-Installer/Universal-USB-Installer-1.9.6.1.exe. The file size is just around 1MB.

The USB installer doesn't install itself on your PC. It is a stand-alone application. Save it to your Linux folder. You can activate it by double-clicking it from there.

Step 5: How to Install Ylmf OS on Your USB Drive

The Installation Procedure

For this procedure you are again using your regular home (or office) PC.

Installation of Ylmf OS to the USB drive is very straightforward.

  • Start off by plugging in the USB drive that you want to do the installation on. It is going to be formatted so you should be sure that there is no important data on it. Also, take note of the drive name (D:, E:, F:, etc.). It is needed during the installation (Step 3).
  • Double click on the Universal-USB-Installer-1.9.6.1.exe to start it up. The USB Installer is called "UUI" for short. I will explain each step on the UUI.

Step 1: Ylmf OS is no longer on the UUI list, but you can select its successor (also from China) StartOS.

Step 2: First go to the Linux folder where you saved the Ylmf OS file that you downloaded and copy just the file name (not the file) i.e. single-click on the file Ylmf_OS_3.0.iso, right-click on the highlighted name and select copy.

Go back to the UUI, Step 2, Click on "Browse", paste the Ylmf OS file name to the search box that appears, click on the full file name Ylmf_OS_3.0.iso and then on the "Open" button. The file name will appear in green in the Browse box in the UUI. Please see the pictures for more detail. I have attached a PDF in case the picture is not clear.

Note: This step is a little complicated only because Ylmf OS is not on the UUI list. For all other distros on the UUI list, just click on Browse and select the file from the folder. However you can use the above trick for any other Ubuntu based distro not on the UUI list. Just select the correct Ubuntu variation.

Step 3: Select the USB drive that you inserted for the installation. Check and recheck that the drive name (e.g. D:, E:, F:, etc.) that you selected refers to the USB drive that you noted above. It's best to be absolutely sure that you are not formatting a drive that holds all your data.

Step 4: Since Linux Live OS will be running off the RAM on your PC, when you power off, you lose everything that you saved or installed. Persistence provides a means of saving all the changes that you made. In my example I have made the persistence file size 3009MB (around 3GB). You will get more file space if you enable the formatting checkbox. Keep in mind that the bigger the persistence file, the longer the installation takes. However, since it is just one time, it should be no problem for all except the most impatient. Just click "Create" and go prepare your snack.

Note (AGAIN): Your USB drive will be completely erased, so be sure that there is nothing important on it.

WAIT: There will be a point in the installation when it looks like nothing is happening. The progress bar doesn't advance at all for quite some time. Don't worry. This is the time when the persistence file is being created. At the end of it, you will suddenly see the "Close" button become active. Click on it to close the UUI.

You can now safely eject your USB drive. Your Live Ylmf OS is ready for use.

Step 6: Now to Setup Your PC

In this setup we will be:

  • Entering the BIOS setup menu of your PC
  • Navigating, using the Arrow keys, to the Boot tab
  • Changing the boot priority to External Drive.
  • Saving the changes and rebooting.

This should be done on the PC that you want to run your Ylmf OS on e.g. that old redundant PC. It's quite easy if you follow the instructions.

Entering the BIOS Setup Menu

To enter the BIOS setup menu you have to repetitively hit one particular key just after switching on (just before booting into Windows). The key varies from one manufacturer to the other.

In the attached file, USB Flash Drive Boot Reference List.pdf you will find a list that was taken off the website https://craftedflash.com/info/how-boot-computer-from-usb-flash-drive We must thank them for this very comprehensive list. I tweaked it a little so that it would be OK to print to pdf.

We are interested in three main columns. The Manufacturer, Models and the BIOS/UEFI Key columns. In the first you find the name of your PC manufacturer; in the second, your model and in the third, which key to hit while booting up.

Example: For Acer, you would repetitively hit the F2 key just after pressing the power button. If this didn't work for your model, you could try the Del (or Delete) button

If the keys mentioned in the list don't work for your model, you will have to google "how to enter the BIOS" for your particular model or check the User Manual if you have it.

For most of the earlier desktop PCs, while booting up, along with the logo and boot info, it is also mentioned which key to press to go into the BIOS menu. Hit Pause to stop the process so that you can read the text. Any other key continues the boot process.

Navigating to the Boot tab

In the BIOS menu, the mouse doesn't work, so from the Main tab. Use the keyboard Right Arrow to navigate to the Boot tab.

The Boot Priority Setup

There are many variations of the Boot menu (depending on the manufacturer), but one thing every Boot menu has in common is a list of devices that you can boot your PC from. The highest priority goes to the device on top of the list. Here's what you do:

Use the keyboard Up/Down Arrows to highlight the external drive. In my example it is called a "Flash Drive". It is also called "USB Storage Device", "Removable Devices", etc. by other manufacturers.

Once you have highlighted the device you want to move, refer to the column on the right for instructions for moving it. Some BIOSs (like the example above) use the "+" & "-" keys. Others use F5 & F6.

Move your external drive anywhere above the Internal Hard Drive.

One last thing left to do is enabling booting from an external drive. This menu is usually in the Boot tab, but as in the example shown above you may also find it in the Advanced tab. In the example above I have to change the "External Drive Boot" to "Enable" (i.e. highlight "Disable", hit Enter, use the Arrow keys to select "Enable", hit Enter)

You're all done!

IMPORTANT NOTE: Don't make any other changes to the BIOS. If you have accidently made changes and you don't know how to correct them, you should go to the Exit tab and select "Discard Changes" (or select "No" when asked to save changes) before rebooting and starting again from the top of this step.

Saving Changes and Rebooting

Following the instructions in the above pictures, navigate (Right Arrow) to the Exit tab, hit Enter twice to reboot.

Alternative Method for Booting from the USB Drive

If you want to avoid making too many BIOS changes to your PC, one of your options is to use the key listed in the Boot Menu column in the attached PDF file. Hit this key a couple of times while booting up and a small Boot Menu appears. You can then select with the Arrow Keys which drive you want to boot from and hit Enter.

I tried this, but I found on the PCs that I tried that it only works if External Drive Boot is Enabled.

Note on Windows 8: The instructions in this step will work with PCs installed with all versions of Windows up to Windows 7. Models installed with Window 8 onwards may have a slightly different way of getting into the BIOS with additional changes to be made. I am assuming that most of you who are attracted to this Instructable want to revive a pre-Windows 7 PC, so I am not going into Windows 8 models. However, you can use any PC, including one installed with Windows 8 (and above) for making the Live USB that is explained in this Instructable.

Step 7: Booting Up Using Your New Live USB

If your Linux Live USB was previously inserted in your PC when "Saving Changes and Rebooting" in the previous step, it should boot to Ylmf OS after you hit Enter the second time. If it doesn't, power down again and restart.

If it still doesn't work, reboot, go into the BIOS menu again and check each tab to see if there is any other option that disables booting from an external drive.

If you have a problem, please send me pictures of each tab of your BIOS and I will try to help you with a solution.

Assuming everything went well, you are now in the Ylmf OS desktop.

Step 8: Getting Started With Ylmf OS

I will just go through a few of the things you need to know to get you started. I encourage you to explore the rest.

You can also check this website which has an excellent overview of Ylmf OS: http://www.dedoimedo.com/computers/ylmf.html. Please note that the section on Installation refers to installation directly to your PC, not creating the Live USB as I have described here..

The first thing you will want to do after booting up is (of course) enabling internet access. All the details for doing so are in the picture above.

I have taken a screenshot of the File Browser and added comments to show you how similar it is to Windows.

I have also taken shots of some of the menus that may interest you. You will feel very at home if you like the pre-ribbon menu MSOffice. All the Office apps have drop down menus. If you are interested graphics and enhancing photographs, there is also a version of Gimp, a very advanced graphics app.

It is easy navigating through the menus, since every app has a tooltip explaining its function.

If you want to find more software to install to your Live USB, you can access (mostly) free software from the Ubuntu Software Centre. Please read the description before installing. If the word "Gnome" is in the description, you can install it. Avoid apps that have the words "KDE" or "Xfce" in the description. These apps will usually have names starting with "K" or "X". They will not run on this distro.

Have fun exploring.

Step 9: So What Good Is Your New Live Linux

I have installed a number of Linux distros on a number of USB drives (meaning one on each of my 20+ USB drives ... what can I say ... I am a sucker for every new type of USB drive and every new distro that I see). I always have at least one in my pocket. They have been very useful and have got me out of a few jams. Here are some uses:

Accessing your HDD when your PC doesn't boot up: I arrived at my office an hour before I had to make a presentation. The only copy of the presentation, which I had worked all night on, was on my laptop and it wouldn't boot up. I got out my Live Linux, booted up and transferred my presentation from the D-drive to another USB drive ... less than 10 min .. half of that time spent panicking. I made it for the presentation with a loan laptop!

PC Fault Finding: If a laptop doesn't boot up, you can confirm if it is a HDD problem or a RAM problem by booting up from your Live Linux. The Linux OS is is loaded to and runs from the RAM. If it loads and runs OK, the RAM is fine, there may be a problem with the HDD. If it doesn't load, you can use the "Test RAM" option in the start menu (available in all Live distros) to check the RAM one card at a time.

PC Antivirus Detection: Some viruses/malware can't be detected or cleaned out while your PC is running. For such cases you have special versions of Kaspersky, AVG, Avira, to name a few, which run on Linux and which you can install to a USB drive using the UUI. The procedure is exactly the same as described for Ylmf OS.

You boot up like any other Live Linux distro, with internet access so that the latest virus definitions can be downloaded. Since the PC OS is not operational i.e. the HDD is inactive, all the installed files can be scanned, and hidden viruses/malware can be detected and removed.

You will find the list of Antivirus software that can be installed by the UUI on the download page. Copy the name of the software that you want from the list and google for the download site.

Private Browsing/Personal Data Access anywhere: You can carry around your Live Linus and use it anywhere on any PC, browse any website, including internet banking, without leaving a trace, everything goes with you when you unplug your USB drive. For further safety, all the distros come with the option for password protection at boot up, like any other OS.

Speed up your old Windows PC: After trying out Live Ylmf OS for some time on your old PC, you may decide to permanently install it. Click on the Install Ylmf_OS 3.0 icon on the desktop to start the installation. All distros have a similar icon. You will find that your PC runs much faster installed than off the USB drive, including the start-up and shutdown.

Please google "Linux Live CD" for more info on Live CD and USB Drives

Step 10: Other Distros You Can Try

After trying Ylmf OS, if you are excited enough to see what other distros are like, I have an attached recommended list and screenshots of distros that nearly all have the basic Windows-looking interface (there are a couple of Mac interfaces as well) so that you don't stray too far from your comfort zone. Please note that some of the distros may have the Start button at the top-left instead of bottom-left ... not a problem, once you get used to it.

The text file contains download links. If you copy and paste the text to an MSWord document and hit the spacebar after each link, you can activate the links, so you just have to Ctrl+click on them to go to the respective website.

The procedure for installing them to a USB drive is exactly the same as we did for Ylmf OS. The download file size of these distros range from 132MB to 2GB, depending on the features and applications included. For the bigger size distros, you may prefer to use a 4GB or 8GB USB drive in order to have additional space for persistence.

Enjoy!!

Step 11: Conclusion & Index of Common Linux Terminology

If you have always been scared of wandering off from your Windows PC or Mac, this is your opportunity to get over your fear and try something different. You will be surprised how easy it is to adapt to and like another operating system.

INDEX

I don't want to frighten you off with too much Linux terminology, but here are a few common Linux terms I have used or which you may come across in your reading:

distro: distribution, also referring to version or variation

Gnome: This is the desktop environment used in the early Ubuntu releases and also in Ylmf OS. I have found it the easiest and most intuitive for beginners.

Unity: A desktop environment used in all the later releases of the standard Ubuntu.

KDE: A desktop environment used in Kubuntu, the KDE version of Ubuntu.

Xfce: A desktop environment used in Xubuntu, the Xfce version of Ubuntu.

Persistence: Allows you to save all the changes that you made to your Live USB.

Ubuntu: One of the major forces in promoting Linux. The standard Ubuntu uses the Unity desktop environment which takes a little getting used to.

Live CD/USB: An environment for testing trial versions of distros. We made one (Live USB) in this Instructable

Mount/Unmount: If you want to see the contents of a drive in Linux, you need to mount it first. In Ylmf OS this is simplified with a single click action. It is better to unmount any USB device before removing it (same as with Windows). Click on the "Eject" icon to unmount. Please note that you can't unmount (or remove) your Live USB while the OS is running.

OS: Operating System e.g. Windows OS, Mac OS, Linux OS.

Terminal: An app that assists in using the command line. Similar to the DOS command line in Windows but more powerful.

Conclusion

I have tried to cover as much as I could here. There is a lot I have left out. I hope by the time you get here you will be interested enough to google for more info on your own.

<p>Good way to introduce others to GNU/Linux! Hope they like it, I do!</p>
Thanks very much. It's nice when your hard work is appreciated.
<p>That's right, I DO know what you mean! :D</p>
<p>Hi, &quot;Linux&quot; it is not an operative system, it is only an component for some operative system(GNU, Android, Chrome OS, FreeBSD, OpenBSD........). I think that you using GNU operative system with Linux kernel. Richard Stallman started GNU project in 84, and he developed it with Hurd(kernel) before Linux. Hurd works but not like Linux kernel, this is why today we have much GNU (yes GNU and not Linux) distros coming with Linux kernel. Yes, exists some distros with other kernel. So, why not call Android &quot;Linux&quot;? When you call an GNU operative system &quot;Linux&quot;, it is like you say: &quot;I driving a transmission&quot;, &quot;I driving a clutch&quot;, &quot;I driving a wheel&quot;, and not &quot;I driving a car&quot;.</p>
<p>Thanks for the insight. Unfortunately most of us are just followers of convention. E.g. There are still people who call a &quot;photocopy&quot; a &quot;Xerox&quot;, a &quot;vacuum cleaner&quot; a &quot;Hoover&quot;, all cleaning tissues &quot;Kleenex&quot; or all &quot;cyanoacrylate adhesives&quot; &quot;Super Glue&quot;. This is just a kind of communication &quot;shortcut&quot; so everyone knows what you are talking about.</p>
Can anybody help with specifications requirement, i have a p3 with 192 mb ram
<p>P3 PCs may not have the option for booting from USB, but they will most likely have the option for CD drive priority. In this case, you can burn the ISO to CD, using your usual CD burning software, change the boot priority in the BIOS of your P3 to CD drive and reboot.</p><p>As for the Linux distro, you may not be able to run Ylmf OS on 192MB, but you can try Lucid Puppy. There is a download link in my attached text file. It needs around 150MB RAM to run.</p><p>For more info on Lucid Puppy, please see some of the discussions below.</p><p>Another option is DSL (Damn Small Linux). You will find it <a href="http://www.damnsmalllinux.org/">here</a>. According to the website, it needs 50MB to run, and it is fully functional with 128MB! I tried this a few years ago, not recently. It has a GUI and a surprising number of apps preinstalled.</p><p>Many people are disposing of these old PCs. If you can salvage more memory for your system you will have more options in terms of distros.</p>
If I increase ram to 1gb, can I have other distro as well?
<p>Yes. With a bigger RAM you can try more Live Linux distros. Google for &quot;small linux distros&quot; and you will find many recommendations with explanation. </p><p>As I mentioned, with a P3 PC you may not be able to Live boot from the USB drive in the way explained in my Instructable, but you can burn the ISO to a CD and boot from there. </p><p>If you like the distro, you can install it on your PC hard drive. All Live distros come with an installation icon on the desktop.</p>
I am able to boot through usb thanks to plop boot. And thanks it helps a lot.
<p>You are right. Plop Boot Manager is an excellent option for booting old PCs from the USB drive. I remember now reading about it ages ago but I never had a chance to use it, so I completely forgot about it.</p><p>The only problem is the RAM, but it should take Lucid Puppy. Try it. You'll like it. </p>
I tried but it lags more than xp installed, i was trying to revive my pc but all in vain. And secondly i am unable to find ram for this pc online.
<p>It lags because you are running it from the USB drive. With a faster PC there will also be some lag, but it is not so noticeable.</p><p>If you have a spare hard drive, swap it for the one that you have your XP on and install the Linux distro on the replaced hard drive. You will then see the difference in speed.</p><p>If you are installing Lucid Puppy the 192MB RAM should not be a problem.</p>
<p>What a good idea, to do a tutorial on trying Linux! As a newly Minted Linux user, and having already hosted a workshop on the subject, I salute you.</p>
<p>Thank you Moem. Mint is my also my favourite, but since the aim of the tutorial was to encourage people who were already familiar with the most popular Windows XP to try Linux, I chose Ylmf, which installs with an almost identical interface. </p>
<p>Thank you Moem. Mint is my also my favourite, but since the aim of the tutorial was to encourage people who were already familiar with the most popular Windows XP to try Linux, I chose Ylmf, which installs with an almost identical interface. </p>
<p>Running the USB installer creates what appears to be a&quot;good&quot; thumb drive directory.</p><p>Then when I attempt to boot up I get a boot error.</p><p>Rebooting XP I find the thumb drive no longer listed. XP cannot format it. I ran chkdsk and I guess that allowed access to the drive, At any rate this allowed a re-installation to a &quot;good&quot; install.</p><p>Any thoughts on why Linux will not boot and why the thumb drive is corrupted?</p>
<p>Hi clazman. Sorry about the problem you are having with your Live USB. Before we find a solution to the problem, there are a few things I need to know.</p><p>1. Which Linux distro were you trying?</p><p>2. Which Windows OS did you use to make the Live USB?</p><p>3. Do you have access to a Windows 7 PC?</p><p>4. What was the make and capacity of the USB drive?</p><p>5. Did you check if the USB drive is listed in the Device Manager or Disk Manager?</p><p>Sorry, a lot of questions, but with these answers we can have a quicker solution. Just write the number and the answer.</p><p>For some Live Linux distros, when you insert the Live USB to a Windows 7 PC you get an error message. You just ignore the message and you can access the drive. I am not sure what result you get with an XP PC. I haven't tried it.</p><p>I have also corrupted a few USB drives in the process of checking out Live Linux distros, but I managed to collect a few tools for reviving them. There is a different one for each manufacturer. Luckily there are not all that many manufacturers. </p><p>You can find out more about your USB drive if you download the zip file from <a href="http://www.usbdev.ru/files/usbflashinfo/">this location</a>, extract it and run the .exe file. It's a stand-alone. It doesn't install to your PC. The website is in Russian, but the word &quot;Download&quot; and the filename are in English.</p><p>I got an email regarding another of your posts referring to old PCs that don't have the option to boot from the USB drive. I don't see that post here, but you will find the answer to that somewhere in this discussion. The short of it is that you can alternatively burn the Linux OS to a CD or DVD (depending on the size of the ISO file) using any DVD burning software. Then change the BIOS on your PC to give the optical drive boot priority. Restart to run Live Linux from the CD/DVD and (if you like it), install it to your PC from within the Live Linux. Preferably backup and reformat the hard drive for a clean Linux installation.</p><p>Let me know how it goes.</p>
<p>Got my new USB! Created a Live Linux with my PC. Didn't want to try and create it with my laptop.</p><p>It boots great from the PC, but having issues with the laptop. It appears to &quot;hang&quot;. I'll work with it some more. Although on the laptop, I was able to have Linux check the for errors. Linus found 4. Don't know if it corrected them.</p><p>When I entered the wireless and the encryption the &quot;save&quot; was not available. Any thoughts?</p><p>Thanks</p>
<p>Great news about being able to boot from your PC! At least we are getting somewhere.</p><p>In the wireless setup there is no &quot;save&quot; option, just a &quot;Connect&quot; button, but your encryption key will be saved and automatically activated in your next boot if you chose to have &quot;Persistence&quot; during the USB setup. Please see &quot;Step 4&quot; under the section &quot;The Installation Procedure&quot;. Also see the first picture in &quot;Step 8: Getting Started with Ylmf OS&quot; regarding the Keyring Password. If you skip this you will not have access to the system files (or &quot;root&quot;) to save the encryption key.</p><p>Regarding your laptop, please see the link in the 5th paragraph of my previous message (below) to you. It links to an HP forum discussing booting the NX5000 form a USB drive.</p><p>Good luck!</p>
<p>Okay, I miss wrote! My wife loved it when I got caught here. I get after her for not being explicit (exact). Yes, there is not a &quot;save&quot; button, but a &quot;connect&quot; button. What I should have written is that the &quot;connect&quot; button is greyed out. I made sure that the encryption key was correct.</p><p>I've tried several times and the &quot;connect&quot; button continues to be greyed out.</p><p>I wish i could determine what I am doing wrong. I get so frustrated that computers are more exacting then myself. It's quite humiliating when I realize that I accuse my wife of the same thing. After reading my comment to her she says I am getting my humble pie.</p>
<p>It's OK ... I understand ... been there :)</p><p>I haven't come across this issue with Linux before so I started up my Ylmf to check. If I enter 7-characters or less, the Connect button stays greyed. On the 8th character it becomes active. </p><p>I did some research on this and I found that for Wireless Security using WPA &amp; WPA Personal, 8-characters is the minimum recommended password size. I found something that might interest you <a href="http://cybercoyote.org/classes/wifi/wpa2.shtml">here</a>.</p><p>There are a couple of things to check: Please make sure that your Wi-Fi network uses Wireless Security WPA or WPA Personal. I am not sure if any other options are available in Ylmf.</p><p>Also enable (check) the &quot;Show password&quot; checkbox so that you can confirm that the password you are entering is correct.</p>
<p>I give up!</p><p>I am using WPA2/PSK using a 14 character lowercase/numeric code.</p><p>With 2 laptops and 1 PC, and possibly adding more, I don't want to make changes.</p><p>I did want to say good bye to XP2 and Microsoft.</p>
<p>Sorry to hear that.</p><p>If you are using WPA2 and a 14 character password, you wouldn't need to make any changes to your network. Also, you shouldn't have had any problem registering it in Ylmf. The password requirement is 8-characters or more. </p><p>If you still have your Live USB, you should try it on a different PC or laptop or on a friend's Wi-Fi network, just to confirm that your Live USB setup is OK. If it doesn't work anywhere else also, then there is probably a problem with the Live USB setup or the ISO was corrupted during download.</p><p>I chose this distro for this Instructable because I have downloaded it dozens of times at home and at work and successfully tried it on (mainly) laptops at both places. My company did PC repairs so I had access to a range of models.</p><p>If you haven't completely given up and you still want to give Linux one more go some time later, you should try Linux Mint. Its menu has a kind of Windows 7 look. Its very fast and it is loaded with applications. It is also easier to set up, is very stable and the Live version loads much quicker. The ISO file size is around 1.4GB. You can download it <a>here</a>. The setup procedure using UUI is the same as for Ylmf. Just look for Linux Mint (close to the top of the list) in Step 1 of The Installation Procedure.</p>
<p>Whew! Questions! Thanks, I think. lol</p><p>Here are my answers:</p><p>1. The one you suggested, Ylmf_OS_3.0.iso.</p><p>2. XP on an HP Compaq nx5000. I am going to use my custom PC (with XP) for this installation. It allows to set the boot up sequence realtime. Also, I forgot to do a defrag before installation. It helped some, but still not enough.</p><p>3. No I won't go there until absolutely necessary.</p><p>4. I used a now corrupt 8GB DataTraveler. I am now waiting for a couple 16 GB San Disk's. Nice to know about thumb drive repair. All I could find were comments to simply discard it.</p><p>5. ? I have been using these TD's for years now, without a problem.</p><p>I don't understand your statement: &quot;For some Live Linux distros, when you insert the Live USB to a Windows 7<br> PC you get an error message. You just ignore the message and you can <br>access the drive.&quot; I thought I mentioned that I could read the Live TD with XP.</p><p>Thanks for the kind reply!!</p>
<p>By the time I finished doing my tests and writing this answer I was logged out! Hopefully I can get through this time :)</p><p>Please ignore that comment on Win 7. It only happens in Win 7. When I insert any of my Live Linux USBs I get a message with two options &quot;Scan and fix (recommended)&quot; and &quot;Continue without scanning&quot;. I choose the second.</p><p>I just got out my old XP laptop and checked with the same Live USB and no such message appears. The drive immediately opens up showing its contents. In your case, since you can read the contents your USB drive, it should be OK.</p><p>While I was at it, I also confirmed, using the UUI software to install the ISO, that Live Ylmf OS installed with XP works fine. Both software were downloaded from the locations mentioned in my text.</p><p>I googled your HP model and found that some people have actually installed Linux on it with no problem. I also looked at the HP forum for issues related to booting up from USB on the NX5000 and found <a href="http://h30499.www3.hp.com/t5/Notebook-HP-ProBook-ZBook/Set-nx5000-to-boot-from-USB/td-p/1094999?notmigrated#.VhlBdU2hfs1">this</a> link.</p><p>If those don't work, there are only a couple of other options:</p><p>1. Reinstall Ylmf OS on the USB drive. This time making sure that you select the option to format the drive. This is to eliminate the possibility of something on the drive interfering with the boot-up. If you do have data on the drive please back it up first.</p><p>2. There is a remote chance that the ISO file got corrupted during the download. Please try downloading it again before reinstalling.</p><p>If all this fails then hopefully we will have better luck when your new USB drives arrive :)</p>
Great instructable<br>I tried Linux in the past. But since I have very low computer skill I didn't have any success. Now I got it running just fine thanks to your tutorial.
<p>Thank you dupborges. Comments like yours make all the effort worthwhile :)</p>
<p>Any suggestions for installing/using a USB wifi stick? Is there a list or recommended working wifi dongles that work with YLMF? Thx</p>
<p>Hi hondaman900. You will be surprised at the number of drivers that have been loaded in Ubuntu and its derivatives (e.g. Ylmf OS). To date I haven't had to install any drivers for Wi-Fi dongles for any of the distros I tried, and I have quiet a few types e.g. Prolink, TP-Link, Aztech, etc. even a couple of cheap ($1.50) China made ones ... Not to mention internal Wi-Fi cards in laptops ... All worked without needing to install the driver. </p><p>If you happen to have one that doesn't have an installed driver (you know ... Murphy's Law :)), most manufacturer now have Linux drivers. You can check for yours before installing Ylmf OS, in case you need it later. Most likely you won't.</p>
<p>Does anyone have recommendations for a linux distribution that it good for an old system that is Disk-rich and RAM-poor? I've got several old PCs with moderate-sized (100GB+) disks, but less than 1GB of RAM, and most of the &quot;small linux&quot; distributions seem to focus more on the opposite configuration (boots from a small CD/Flash drive, RUNS from a RAM file system!) :-(</p>
<p>Hi westfw. You should try Lucid Puppy. The link is in my text file attachment. The download size is only 132MB so it should quite happily run on your 1GB memory. There are a few things to note:</p><p>1. Setting up Wi-Fi: there is an easy setup, which works well for most of the PCs I tried. If it doesn't work for you, there is another more involved way, but it is also not so difficult if you are used to this sort of thing. You just need to click on the LAN icon at the bottom right to start off the setup. There is also a setup in the main menu.</p><p>2. The drives are named &quot;sda1&quot;, &quot;sda2&quot;, &quot;sdb1&quot; ... depending on how many primary and secondary drives you have. The best way to identify the drives is by the size. When you are removing an external drive you have to right-click and &quot;unmount&quot; it first.</p><p>3. The file manager is single-click activated . If you are used to double-clicking you will have double windows opening up all over the place. This may be configurable. I haven't checked.</p><p>4. The persistence file is setup during your first shutdown. You will be asked how much disk space you want to reserve (you can select from a list) and also to name the file. During subsequent shutdowns all your system changes will be saved in this file.</p><p>5. There is a mouse-over tool-tip for every icon, so getting around is quite easy.</p><p>You will be amazed how many applications are stored in this tiny distro. Play around and try everything. You'll love it.</p>
<p>Well I have a larger problem............I put Ubuntu Ibex into my Acer laptop and was delighted....until I let it update.Now I have a blinking cursor on a Command line that will not take command nor will it let me run Ubuntu from the CD anymore.Anybody got any idea how to FORMAT C and start me over now LOL?</p>
<p>Hi prince-of-weasels. If you intend to reinstall Ibex, you have a couple of options for reformatting your hard drive. </p><p>1. Make a Live USB of any distro, boot from the USB and use <strong>GParted</strong> to reformat the C: drive (it will be the drive with the highest capacity). Be sure to change the boot priority in the BIOS Boot tab to External Drive or something similar referring to the USB drive. You can also use a Live CD if you can get it going. If your hard drive is partitioned, it is best to backup first (using your Live distro) before formatting otherwise you will loose everything if you are not careful.</p><p>2. Alternatively, remove the hard drive (if you can) and connect it externally to another PC using a USB to SATA interface (found in an external hard drive housing) and format it.</p><p>If you can't boot from the CD there are a couple of things to check.</p><p>1. Check the Boot tab of your Acer BIOS to see if the internal CD drive still has boot priority i.e. It should be listed above the internal hard drive.</p><p>2. Check if you can open up the CD on another PC. If you can't, it is most likely corrupted. Try making another one.</p><p>I hope this helps.</p>
As I said I only have {now} a blinking command line cursor that will not take any typed commands.my UBUNTU disk has run from CD&gt;&gt;&gt;dual boot&gt;&gt;or install over.and none of them work because? I don't think it can 'see' CDs or jump drives.I have tried all the FUNCTION keys to get down into the BiOS to no avail.I like the idea of making it external but How will that get me into the laptop BiOS?........anyway THANKS for the new trails to follow ED
<p>Sorry for the delay. It's the time difference between our countries.</p><p>The first thing I suggest is to remove the CD and any USB adaptors that are connected, power off, take out the adaptor plug, remove the battery and wait a few seconds before putting it back. </p><p>Plug in the adaptor again and power on. As soon as you power on press the F2 button repeatedly (don't just hold it down). This should get you into the BIOS. If it doesn't, please give me the model number of your Acer laptop and I will see if I can find any more info on it.</p><p>If you do get into the BIOS screen, press the right arrow till you get to the Boot tab. Then make a list of all the devices that you see in the boot list, in the order that they appear. If you can add that list to your next post, I will let you know what to do next.</p>
<p>Great able.</p><p>More people need to over come their fear and give this a go.</p><p>I left xp and</p><p>came over to the dark side 9 yrs ago (xandros) and never looked back.</p><p>Ive tried umpteen disties since.</p><p>I love em all, with all of their warts and bennies.</p><p>The bennies out weigh the warts.</p><p>My current fav is mint cinnamon,</p><p>a nice balance between candy and speed.</p><p>I m even running it on a chrome book as i type this.</p><p>And with WINE, you can run a lot of windoze games and sw.</p><p>Also, theres lots of linux clones of win sw.</p><p>M$ / windoze? Feh!</p>
<p>Thanks alzie. I still use Windows 7 on my main PC because of its stability. It hasn't failed me yet. The one failure I mentioned in my text was caused the hard drive security system, not Windows. I bypassed it with Linux.</p><p>Mint is my favourite too. I upgraded one of my old laptops to Windows 10, but it is far too slow to work with so I now Live boot Mint from a USB stick and it just zooms along! I can imagine how much faster it will be if I install it.</p><p>If you are looking for a really slick Office app you should try WPS Office for Linux. Its from China. I use it on my Android Tablet and now they have a Linux version. You can find it here <a href="http://wps-community.org/downloads">http://wps-community.org/downloads</a>. </p>
<p> Don't forget the best choice for those who aren't particularly computer savvy. Like me.</p><p> You can get Linux operating systems on a CD between &pound;3.99 and &pound;6.49 or &pound;19.99 for a 16gig memory stick with Linux already installed.</p><p>I've been using only Linux for 8 years now and still happy, and still a noob on the PC. I forget stuff. :&not;(</p><p> But I did end up getting into downloading it all free these days. </p><p>No harm in trying. It's cheapo!! :&not;D</p><p>My recommendations? Ubuntu for an up to date machine. Lubuntu for my 5 year old PC and Puppy Linux (my favourite) for older machines and anything with limited memory.</p>
<p>Hi cheapo. Thanks for the support. Looks like you and I share the same sentiment ... If it's free, why not ...</p><p>I have a really fast internet connection, not to mention a big collection of USB drives so I can quickly download and try any distro that I like. Windows 7 is still my main OS because of its stability, but I also have a PC that dual boots with Linux (Linux priority) and I always have a Live Linux USB with me. It is faster than the installed Windows 7 on one of my laptops.</p><p>Have a look at Linux Mint. I revisited it after the discussion with pfred2 below. Initially the all green put me off, but after I changed to all blue, I love it. Till I made the change, I didn't realise that colour made all that difference! </p>
<p>Heehee, I never found Windows to be very stable, often because of me adding free downloads and stuff. But when good old stable '98+ was the system to have I managed to wipe and re-install on a regular basis. ;&not;)</p>
<p>We've all done that at one time or another :). The good thing about Windows is that you can boot in Safe Mode and run System Recovery to take your system back to a few days ago when everything worked fine. Only the system is affected, all your data is intact!</p>
<p>Research your options and compare what you think you might need.</p><p>http://www.thelinuxshop.co.uk/catalog/index.php?cPath=21</p>
<p>I resurrected an Acer Aspire 3050 with this 'ible -- great Instructable!! I am just withdrawing from the Microsoft cult so working in Ubuntu feels like driving a manual transmission for the first time but I think I am going to like it!</p>
<p>Thanks Chris. Ubuntu has a great Software Centre with hundreds of applications to that you can install and use. Most of them are free. Just be sure to read the details of the application an check if it is compatible with your version of the desktop environment.</p>
If you want to try a test install, or want ro run a linux machine without dual booting/running a live image, create a virtual machine with oracle virtualbox. Supports 32and 64 bit vms, allows you to test without permanent changes, and experiment with an option to revert to a snapshot if you mess it up. Not for the older pc, but if you have the specs, a great way to be introduced to the world of open source os and apps.
What always makes me sad is that today most people think, that distibutions differ mainly in appearance and style. But all what you can see is basically the Window manager (or a desktop environment). This is the program often referred to as 'desktop'. I wish people would know, that it's a 20 minute thing to completely change this. You can make any distribution look as you want. You can make Ylmf look like Ubuntu. You can make any distro look like Ymlf. Anyway you can group distributions in two categories: Easy to install and hard to install. The latter are more complicated but once you put some efford in it, it will pay back. But regardless of complicatedness, listen to this single advice: Choose a distribution not by appearance but by underlying techniques. For a good comparison have a look at https://blog.udemy.com/best-linux-os/ but remember: It's not the style that matters.
<p>Hi schnizel1337,<br>Thanks very much for your very valid comments. </p><p>My Instructable was targeted at people who have never used any other OS except Windows (or Mac) and are afraid of getting out of their comfort zone and trying other OSs. The best way I could see was helping them set up an OS with an interface that is very familiar.</p><p>Some will love it and continue to use it as a USB stick or installed on their old PCs. Others will go the way some of us did ... explore other distros to find the one they like and permanently install it. </p><p>This is where links like yours become very important. Thanks very much for it.</p>
And some of us might want to take the big plunge and program our own... Thank you for a marvelous post with best intentions and spirit!
<p>Thanks James. Remember us when you make your first million on your new OS!</p>

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