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Edison is enough small to use in wearble projects, so why not we make a smart watch with this tiny computer.

Step 1: Contents


Introduction to Intel Edison

Specs

Programming Methods

Prototyping with Edison

Why to choose Edison?

Let’s make a SmartWatch

Requirements

Make Edison ready for programming

Set up Serial terminal

Connect to Wi-Fi

Making Connections

Programming for SmartWatch

Code for Displaying Time and Temperature

Code for Sending SMS

Code for Accelerometer and Gyroscope

Code for turning on the flashlight with button press

Sending data to Cloud

Working

Points of Interest

History

References

Step 2: Introduction to Intel Edison

The compute module of Intel called Intel Edison is slightly larger than a SD card. After playing around Edison extensively I am completely in love with this tiny computer. The specialty of Edison is – It can be used for wearables also it is enough powerful to control robots. It is 35.5 × 25.0 × 3.9 mm module also equipped with Yocto, a Linux OS . It has an onboard Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, perfect for IoT projects. We can connect to Edison remotely and can run commands or access the file system. This gives lots of flexibility to developers via SSH. Its specs will definitely impress you, they are:

Specs

Intel® Atom™ Processor clocked at 500MHz

100MHz Quark MCU

1GB of LPDDR3 RAM

4GB eMMC flash memory

WiFi (802.11a/b/g/n)

Bluetooth (4.0 and 2.1 EDR),

UARTs

I2C

SPI

USB

40 multiplexed GPIO interfaces

Step 3: Programming Methods

Edison can be used with Arduino IDE but to get most out of it you can use other programming languages like Python, Node.JS, C/C++. Intel has its own IDE called Intel XDK IoT edition which makes programming with Edison easy. While setting up the programming environment for Edison you can choose between Arduino IDE, Intel XDK or Eclipse.

Prototyping with Edison

To keep the Edison small all of the I/O pins are broken out to a 70-pin Hirose connector. This 70 pin connector is not prototyping-friendly. Interfacing with these connectors are really difficult so to interface with Edison we need a board with mating Hirose connector.

Currently available interfacing boards are:

Arduino Expansion Board

Mini Breakout Board

SparkFun Edison Blocks

If you are new to Edison and wanted to play around it, Arduino Expansion Board is for you. It will give you Arduino like feel also Arduino based shield are compatible with this board but slightly larger than Intel Galileo. The features are:

• 20 digital input/output pins including 4 pins as PWM outputs

• 6 analog inputs

• 1 UART (RX/TX)

• 1 I2C

• 1 ICSP 6-pin header (SPI)

• Micro USB device connector OR (via mechanical switch) dedicated standard size USB host Type-A connector

• Micro USB device (connected to UART)

• Micro SD card connector

• DC power jack (7V – 15V DC input)

If you want to embed Edison into a project than you can use Mini Breakout Board or SparkFun Edison Blocks. They are slightly larger than Intel Edison. Mini Breakout Board has minimal features as:

• Exposes native 1.8V I/O of the Edison module

• 0.1” grid I/O array of through-hole solder points

• USB OTG with USB Micro Type-AB connector

• USB OTG power switch

• Battery charger

• USB to device UART bridge with USB Micro Type-B connector

• DC power supply jack (7V – 15V DC input)

SparkFun has a whole set of modules for Interfacing, Power, Sensors and Actuators. You can browse them here

https://www.sparkfun.com/categories/272?_ga=1.96462940.1908865400.1440685501 and can find one or many suitable for your project with Edison.

Step 4: Why to Choose Edison?

Edison is a low power IoT computing module hence for less power consumption processor also slightly larger than a SD card . It is the best choice for a wearable project.

Step 5: Let's Make a SmartWatch

Edison is enough small to use in wearble projects, so why not we make a smart watch with this tiny computer. I am going to use Arduino breakout board for prototyping though this will not look exactly like a smartwatch in prototype stage but will have all the functionalities and later we can work on to make it modular and compact. For the prototyping I used 16*2 LCD module for display as currently I was not having an OLED display, if you have one you can use the OLED display as it has low power consumption and smaller too. I will soon update this project with an OLED. So let’s see functionalities of our Edison Smart Watch

Show time continuously

Making calls

Monitoring and showing nearby temperature and sending to cloud

Sending SMS with one touch.

Flashlight

Pedometer and sleep monitor.

Step 6: Requirements:

Intel Edison Module

Arduino expansion board for Edison

Touch Sensor

Grove Button

LSM303 Accelerometer/Compass Sensor

Temperature Sensor

16*2 LCD RGB backlight

Grove LED module

Super bright LED (White)

Grove base shield

Power supply

Micro USB cable

Jumper wires

I am using Grove's sensors as it makes prototyping easy. You will find most of the sensors used in this project in Grove's Starter Kit for Edison. If you are new to IoT, the Seed Studio Grove Starter Kit will help you to easily get started with development since you need not worry about circuits and other electronics stuff. With Grove shield and sensor modules you can easily create anything without worrying about electronic components much. There is no need to manage sensors using soldering or a breadboard. This article "Grove Starter Kit With Intel Galileo Gen 2: Getting Started" will guide you about how to set up and get running with the Grove Starter Kit plus, though it is with Galileo gen 2 but everything is similar for Intel Edison. I am using Adafruit's Flora accelerometer/compass as I am having this one currently with me, it works fine but as this is designed as sewable module you will have to do a little extra work while making connections with this. If you don't have any I suggest you Grove - 6-Axis Accelerometer & Compass or Adafruit's accelerometer/compass LSM303.

Step 7: Make Edison Ready for Programming

Download the installer depending on your PC’s configuration from https://software.intel.com/en-us/iot/software/ins...

Run the installer, it will ask you about the programming environment and IDE you want to install. Choose one or many according to your preference. For this project I am using Intel XDK and programming using node.js

Set up Serial terminal:

If you want to use your board run commands remotely, you have to set up a serial connection. First install putty from http://the.earth.li/~sgtatham/putty/latest/x86/pu... , Run the installer. Expand Connection in the menu and select Serial. Now in serial line type the COM port to which your Edison is connected. In the Speed field, type 115200 and select Serial in the connection type. Click ok, it will open a serial connection. Press enter, now it will prompt for login. Enter your credentials. Default username is root with no password. Now you will see a terminal port.

Connect to Wi-Fi:

enter this command in serial terminal-

configure_edison --wifi

Edison will scan for all Wi-Fi networks for approximately 10 seconds. When it is finished, a list of available networks will be displayed. Choose the network by corresponding number in the list, type Y and press enter. It will ask for network credentials, enter valid credentials and you will be connected to WiFi with your Edison.In your web browser type the IP address of your Edison or "http://edison.local" this will show this page if your Edison is connected to network.Now we are all done to start developing with our Edison project.

Step 8: Making Connections

As we are using Grove's sensors we will make connections with the four pin cables that comes with grove sensors. Don't worry about polarity as you won't be able to make wrong connection with them, they will fit only when you connect them in the correct way.

1) Connect your Edison to power supply and to your PC via USB cable.

2) It will take 15-20 seconds to boot up, after that stack the Grove Base Shield.

3) Connect the Temperature Sensor to analog pin A0

4) Connect the temperature sensor to A1.

5) Connect the LCD Display to one of the I2C port

6) Connect the Accelerometer to another I2C port.

7) Connect the Grove button to D2.

8) Connect the LED module to D3.

9) Connect the touch sensor to D4.

Step 9: Programming for SmartWatch

1. Open Intel XDK IoT edition, if it is not already installed in your PC get it from https://software.intel.com/en-us/iot/downloads

2. If you have flashed you Edison with the Flash Lite Tool Node.Js will be already installed on your board.

3. Connect IDE to your Edison board. It will ask you for username and password,

default username is root with no password.

4. Select a blank Node.Js template and create a new project.

Step 10: Code for Displaying Time and Temperature

var lcd = new jsUpmI2cLcd.Jhd1313m1(6, 0x3E, 0x62);

var groveSensor = require('jsupm_grove');

var today = setInterval(function ()

{

var d = new Date();

var b= d.toTimeString();

lcd.setColor(0, 255, 0);

// Go to the 2nd row, 6th character (0-indexed)

lcd.setCursor(0,0);

lcd.write(b);

var celsius = temp.value();

var fahrenheit = celsius * 9.0/5.0 + 32.0;

var t = Math.round(fahrenheit);

lcd.setCursor(1, 1);

lcd.write(t+" *F");

v.saveValue(t);

}, 1000);


Step 11: Code for Sending SMS

var twilio = require('twilio');

// Create a new REST API client to make authenticated requests against the

// twilio back end

var TWILIO_ACCOUNT_SID = '' ;

var TWILIO_AUTH_TOKEN = '';

var OUTGOING_NUMBER = '';

var TWILIO_NUMBER = '';

var client = new twilio.RestClient(TWILIO_ACCOUNT_SID, TWILIO_AUTH_TOKEN);

// Pass in parameters to the REST API using an object literal notation. The

// REST client will handle authentication and response serialzation for you.

client.sms.messages.create({

to:OUTGOING_NUMBER,

from:TWILIO_NUMBER,

body:'Hi, sending from my Edison SmartWatch'

}, function(error, message) {

// The HTTP request to Twilio will run asynchronously. This callback

// function will be called when a response is received from Twilio

// The "error" variable will contain error information, if any.

// If the request was successful, this value will be "falsy"

if (!error) {

// The second argument to the callback will contain the information

// sent back by Twilio for the request. In this case, it is the

// information about the text messsage you just sent:

console.log('Success! The SID for this SMS message is:');

console.log(message.sid);

console.log('Message sent on:');

console.log(message.dateCreated);

} else {

console.log('error: ' + error.message);

}

});

Step 12: Code for Accelerometer and Gyroscope

var accelrCompassSensor = require('jsupm_lsm303');

// Instantiate LSM303 compass on I2C

var myAccelrCompass = new accelrCompassSensor.LSM303(0);

var successFail, coords, outputStr, accel;

var myInterval = setInterval(function()

{

// Load coordinates into LSM303 object

successFail = myAccelrCompass.getCoordinates();

// in XYZ order. The sensor returns XZY,

// but the driver compensates and makes it XYZ

coords = myAccelrCompass.getRawCoorData();

// Print out the X, Y, and Z coordinate data using two different methods

outputStr = "coor: rX " + coords.getitem(0)

+ " - rY " + coords.getitem(1)

+ " - rZ " + coords.getitem(2);

console.log(outputStr);

outputStr = "coor: gX " + myAccelrCompass.getCoorX()

+ " - gY " + myAccelrCompass.getCoorY()

+ " - gZ " + myAccelrCompass.getCoorZ();

console.log(outputStr);

// Get and print out the heading

console.log("heading: " + myAccelrCompass.getHeading());

// Get the acceleration

myAccelrCompass.getAcceleration();

accel = myAccelrCompass.getRawAccelData();

// Print out the X, Y, and Z acceleration data using two different methods

outputStr = "acc: rX " + accel.getitem(0)

+ " - rY " + accel.getitem(1)

+ " - Z " + accel.getitem(2);

console.log(outputStr);

outputStr = "acc: gX " + myAccelrCompass.getAccelX()

+ " - gY " + myAccelrCompass.getAccelY()

+ " - gZ " + myAccelrCompass.getAccelZ();

console.log(outputStr);

console.log(" ");

}, 1000);

// Print message when exiting

process.on('SIGINT', function()

{

clearInterval(myInterval);

myAccelrCompass = null;

accelrCompassSensor.cleanUp();

accelrCompassSensor = null;

console.log("Exiting");

process.exit(0);

});

Step 13: Code for Turning on the Flashlight With Button Press

var groveSensor = require('jsupm_grove');

// Create the button object using GPIO pin 0

var button = new groveSensor.GroveButton(2);

// Read the input and print, waiting one second between readings

function readButtonValue()

{

console.log(button.name() + " value is " + button.value());

var v=button.value();

if(v==1)

{

led.on();

}

if(v==0)

{

led.off();

}

} setInterval(readButtonValue, 1000);

Step 14: Sending Data to Cloud

var ubidots = require('ubidots')

var client = ubidots.createClient('YOUR-API-KEY');

client.auth(function () {

this.getDatasources(function (err, data) {

console.log(data.results);

});

var ds = this.getDatasource('xxxxxxxx');

ds.getVariables(function (err, data) {

console.log(data.results);

});

ds.getDetails(function (err, details) {

console.log(details);

});

var v = this.getVariable('xxxxxxx');

v.getDetails(function (err, details) {

console.log(details);

});

v.getValues(function (err, data) {

console.log(data.results);

});

Here I am using Ubidots for IoT cloud, with Ubidots we can visualizing
the data in an effective way. It supports a wide range of devices and can also trigger some actions like sending mails and messages. It also offers numbers of API to speed our development with the language of our choice. Hence I have chosen its Node.Js library to interact with my Edison.

Step 15: Setting Up Ubidots Cloud

1. Log in to your Ubidots account or you can create one here http://ubidots.com/

2. Select the “Sources” tab and then click on “Add Data Source” to create a new data source. Here I have added My Edison.

3. Once the data source is created we have to add variables to it. Here in this project we are going to send Temperature data, hence we will create a single variable.

4. Click on the variable and copy the variable ID. Paste this in your code.

5. Select My Profile->API Keys. Get your API Key from here.

6. On your Dashboard add a widget of your choice, depends on how you want to visualize the data.

7. I have chosen line chart and table values for the temperature sensor. By looking at the Table values you can easily determine at the last value of temperature and with Graph you can evaluate a sudden variation in temperature.

Step 16: Working

You will need to create a twilio account for sending the messeges. Copy the API key in the code that you get from twilio account. Build, Upload and Run your app on Edison. It will download the NPM modules and upload the current project to Edison. While working with Intel XDK IoT edition you need an active internet connection.

You will see the sensor values in debug console, if everything works fine you will notice data being send to Ubidots cloud and message send to mobile phone with touch. Press the button and this will turn on the flashlight that will be useful to see you in the dark and the display will show current time and temperature.

Navigate to Ubidots dashboard, you will see all the data sent from the sensor in our widgets. You can see the last value recorded by the temperature sensor and a line graph about variations. Here I have also created some alerts, if the temperature level exceeds up to a certain level (an alert will send to our mobile phone through SMS.

Now when we touch on the touch sensor a text message is sent to my mobile phone immediately. I have used Twilio trial account, so they have added some other text with the SMS. If you will get a paid account you won't see any Twilio advertisements.

Calling with your Edison Smart Watch:

Step 17: Current Time and Temperature

Step 18: Flashlight

Step 19: Text Message

Step 20: Visualized Data on Cloud

Nice project. But if I recall correctly, the Edison actually draws quite a lot of power considering the design constraints of a smart watch .. You'd get about 3 hours of battery life including the oled display and all.
<p>Edison is designed specially for wearbles with less power consumption.</p>
<p>the edison draws about 80mA while operating thw wifi or bluetooth. Seeing how you'll have to be connected to your phone via bluetooth, it'll draw something close to 60-70mA depending on what background programs are running. Adding to that your display will consume a decent amount of power. Also assuming you manage to include a 340mAh battery(which will make it quite bulky imo; most smartwatches boast a battery of under 300mAh) you get a battery life of about 3 hours(6 hours at the most with light use).</p><p>also have a read http://www.wareable.com/intel/intel-edison-isnt-a-smartwatch-chip-381 they intel clearly mentioned that it isn't meant for smartwatches just yet and their aim was to break into the IOT dev ring. Edicon was intended as a stepping stone for future chips that intel made specifically for wearabless. </p>
<p>Yes, you are right, Edison was intended as a stepping stone for future chips for wearable. As I already said this is just a prototype and my intention about writing this instructable is how easily we can achieve complex things with IoT and make something creative and useful. When we take an idea to product it consists of many stages of prototyping. </p><p>You know the first prototype of Pebble watch was made of Nokia 3315's display ripped opened and hacked with an Arduino. Do you find Arduino suitable for SmartWatch? Now we have a best SmartWatch whose first prototype was built with Arduino.</p><p>Prototyping is a completely a different thing. You can't take your first prototype directly into production. When developing a commercial product we think on many aspects and make a custom design and circuit. There are many chips by Intel that are for commercial use not for prototyping similar to Edison and programmed in the same way. </p>
<p>Amazing, keep doing these great projects.</p>
<p>Thanks :)</p>
Ok you've built a clock, now how exactly is this huge thing wearable ?
<p>Gomi, this is just a prototype of a smartwatch, in production we will be using a customized circuit with integrated sensors and ofcourse a smaller display.</p>

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Bio: Pooja Baraskar is an Intel Software Innovator,author, speaker and a passionate Software Developer, who is always willing to learn and explore new technologies. Being ... More »
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