Introduction: Levitating Acrylic & Whiteboard Coffee Table
Here's how to build a "levitating" coffee table with acrylic legs, that doubles as a whiteboard! We made it at TechShop Pittsburgh, and a full BOM and assembly guide is available in the PDF file below.
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Completion Time: ~6 hours
Materials Required: (Total Cost ~$220)
- 27.75"x55.75" Panel board (which is whiteboard coated)
- 27.75"x55.75"x0.5" Plywood
- Black spray paint (highly recommended: black powder coat paint)
- 8 pieces of 24"x12" clear acrylic sheet (thickness can vary, but at least 0.2")
- 2x56" and 2x28" lengths of 3/4"x3/4"x1/8" steel angle (stock #A1343418)
- Acetone and a rag to clean the steel
- 12 steel corner braces (other places will be cheaper - these match our laser cutter file holes)
- Wood glue
- At least 32 wood screws, #8 1/2"
- Laser Cutter
- Miter cold saw
- Table saw
- Drill press
- Powder gun and oven for powder coating (or other painting method)
Prerequesites: You'll need to know how to...
- Use a laser cutter
- Drill holes with a drill press
- Retain your appendages when using a cold saw and table saw
- Not electrocute yourself with the powder gun (optional, but always helpful)
Step 1: Preparing the Acrylic
The first step in building your own levitating table is to cut and drill the acrylic. We attempted hand-cutting the acrylic for the legs, and swiftly realized there was no easy way to get a good finish. Enter the Trotec Speedy 300 laser cutter!
For each piece of acrylic, we cut out the attached vector design. The eight finished pieces were bolted together in pairs for extra strength, resulting in four stable legs.
The laser cutter settings we used were maximum frequency (5000Hz), speed 10, and power 50. You will have to adjust this depending on the acrylic thickness, color, laser cutter power, etc.
To ensure a nice finish, you'll want to make a few test cuts with your acrylic material to ensure everything looks as you expect. We also recommend placing some scrap plywood or other standoff between your acrylic part and the bottom grating, as this lets the smoke and vapors through and keeps the soot from adhering to the acrylic.
For those unfamiliar with laser cutters, we encourage them to visit TechShop and take the SBU, or refer to an online guide such as StumpChunkman's Instructable - both of these are excellent for teaching the basics.
If you don't have access to a laser cutter, we'd recommend using a table saw to ensure a straight cut. Make sure you keep the protective plastic cover on during the cut to keep surface scratches to a minimum. It's also recommended to drill a very small pilot hole first and expand your bit size slowly, as acrylic can crack very easily when drilled.
Step 2: Cutting the Steel Trim
With the legs done, it's time to start cutting the steel trim! We were planning a huge furniture project with square steel channel and angle, so we had exactly the lengths we needed for this project. MetalsDepot is a great online supplier for this kind of steel channel, and Home Depot probably has some in supply if you want a local source.
Before doing anything with the steel, take some acetone and a rag and get scrubbin'! Clean steel accepts spray paint or powder coat much more readily, and the coating lasts for longer without flaking off. It takes some time to remove the black grease on the steel, but we found acetone (or alternatively mineral spirits) does a pretty good job cleaning it off. After a few minutes, the steel should look roughly the same, but your fingers shouldn't be dirtied when picking up the steel channel. For the absolute best coating, you can also sand-blast the metal (conveniently, TechShop also has a sand blaster)
Next, cut it down to the proper size - use a miter cold saw or a horizontal band saw to cut two 56" lengths and two 28" lengths. Then, set up the saw to cut at 45° and miter the edges so that they'll fit flush together when mounted to the table edges.
We'll need some drill holes to mount the steel angle to the plywood underside of the table. We suggest drilling in with a #18 bit, about 2.75" in from the very tip of the miter cut on each end for all pieces. If you use a screw size other than #8, refer to this table to choose a good clearance hole size. Don't forget to debur the holes with a deburring tool for a nice finish!
Finally, it's time to make this steel look awesome. If you chose to use spray paint, take your steel outside and hang each piece with a coat hanger or other stiff wire using the holes you just drilled. Apply several light coats, waiting a few minutes between coats - once the steel is the color you want it, let it dry for another hour before handling it.
If you're looking for an even nicer finish, we highly recommend using a powder gun and powder coat paint. We used TechShop Pittsburgh's powder room and enormous annealing oven to do the job, but you can always get started with your own powder coating setup!
Step 3: Wood and Wallboard
Now that we have the channel ready to mount, we need to cut the wood and wallboard down to proper table size.
This is relatively straightforward - if your pieces aren't the right size, just measure out a 22.75"x55.75" rectangle in both the plywood and the panel board and use a table or circular saw to cut it. The two pieces should line up together when laid flat.
Since the metal L channel isn't a perfect right angle - it has a bit of a curve on the inside - expect to need to sand down the bottom edges of the wood to get a tight fit. Doesn't need to be pretty, just needs to let the metal sit flush!
Step 4: Putting It All Together!
It's time for the final step: assembly.
Secure each set of two leg pieces together with a machine screw, and mount the angle brackets to the top using more machine screws as in the diagram.
Next, take the plywood and lay it flat. Position the steel channel around it, then secure the channel into place with #8 1/2" wood screws.
We'll need a bit of quick dimensioning to get the diagonal legs secured properly. Measure halfway between the inside faces of the long steel channel (13.25" from a side by our measurement), then mark in the same distance along that center line. Draw a line from each of the two closer corners to this intersection, on both sides.
Now, mount the acrylic legs with more #8 wood screws using these lines as handy 45° guides.
Then, all there's left to do is turn it over and attach the top surface. Apply some wood glue liberally to the top surface of the plywood, and then place the panel board on top with the white side facing up. Leave the glue to cure overnight, and then...
Step 5: Congrats!
You've just made a professional-quality, levitating coffee table whiteboard! Our whiteboard table has seen many adventures during the last few months, as:
- A dining surface
- A table for card and board games (including some D&D)
- A leg-rest for watching movies on the couch
And despite three months of abuse, it's maintained its quality and stability. But most importantly, it's received a bit of an upgrade:
That's right - for about $20 (the lights plus a power supply), you can upgrade your fancy coffee table into an even fancier under-lit table. The "floating" effect is much more pronounced, and it's a great centerpiece during parties!
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