Step 2: Research Linoleum Artists

Research the Techniques of Linoleum Artists.

Here is some history.

The first relief prints can be found in cave paintings. Early man would dip his/her hands in pigments then touch the cave walls. Your fingerprint is an example of a relief print even a muddy footprint can be considered a relief. Early civilizations used of round "cylinder seals" for rolling an impress onto clay tablets goes back to early Mesopotamian civilization before 3,000 BC. The earliest woodblock printed fragments to survive are from China and are of silk printed with flowers in three colours from the Han dynasty (before AD 220 ). In India the main importance of the technique has always been as a method of printing textiles, which has been a large industry for centuries. In late 10th century China the complete Buddhist canon Tripitaka of 130,000 pages was printed with blocks, which took between 1080 and 1102, and many other very long works were printed. Block-books, where both text and images are cut on blocks, appeared in Europe in the 1460s as a cheaper alternative to books printed by movable type.

Linoleum was a 20th-century development in the art of relief cuts. The linoleum block consists of a thin layer of linoleum mounted on wood; in this the design to be printed is cut in the same manner as for a woodcut. The advantage of linoleum cuts lies in the softness of the material and the consequent ease with which it can be cut.

Irving Amen, American artist

Valenti Angelo, American printmaker & illustrator

Walter Inglis Anderson American artist

Sybil Andrews English/Canadian artist

Georg Baselitz, German artist

Angel Botello, Spanish-Puerto Rican artist

Carlos Cortez American poet and artist

Stanley Donwood, British artist (most famous for his work with British band Radiohead). His work for Thom Yorke's album The Eraser was originally done in linocut.

Bill Fick, American printmaker & illustrator

Jacques Hnizdovsky, Ukrainian-American printmaker, painter, book illustrator and ex libris designer

Henri Matisse, French painter

Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter

Cyril Edward Power, British artist

Ken Sprague, English artist and activist

Folly Cove Designers American design collective

John Paige English artist and member of the Society of Wildlife Artists

Angie Hani artist in the American International School Of Kuwait, Famous Artist

M. C. Escher, Dutch artist known for his mathematically inspired works

John Steins, Canadian artist

Mark Andrew Webber, British Artist, Most famous for his Linocut Map Series of different cities. Also created the New Media Technique of Linomation, which is Hand carved Animation from linoleum.
<p>wow, doing print making in college now, just done lino printing. </p>
<p>Its beautiful!</p>
<p>you shouldn't use expensive woodcarving or engraving tools on linoleum. the lino cuts easy enough but the material actually dulls blades faster. A high quality set of tools is meant to last for decades, and they will if used with wood, so don't throw money away by carving linoleum with it. the only things you need to carve lino are a basic speedball handle set, a x-acto (and a ton of replacement blades, as you should be changing them often), and maybe a drypoint needle. when the speedball blade gets too dull (should take a long while to get to that point), throw it out and buy a replacement. with these basic tools, and a steady hand (it takes <strong>practice</strong>), you can make any mark an expensive tool could.</p>
Can you please tell me how to print my linoleum block on a Tshirt! I have tried everything I could think of but it never comes out in a solid print. Please help!!
<p>usually just applying more pressure evenly will help, or using more ink. try to get the shirt spread out evenly with like a piece of cardboard, ink up the block, lay it down on the shirt, then [if it's unmounted lino] lay something flat and sturdy (I typically use a sheet of plywood on top of it. I find just standing on top of that, and making sure to press down in several different areas, usually results in a pretty even image. I've also found that using a spray bottle to mist the shirt till it's just slightly moist can sometimes help the ink bind to the shirt. </p>
where shall I get Linoleum block?? Shall I get these from any wood shop? please give me the answer.
Omg I love your post! Thank you for sharing this.
Wicked good! Loved it... I have some experience but you nailed everything perfectly. Thanks for taking the time and your graphics are the bomb!
Nice stuff, always fun seeing others work and tips. I am also a paper on top printmaker, and I use my hand as the press after trying many other tools I find that the good old press down finger and slowly swirl outwards method is best for me.
Thanks so much for this. The two most useful tips I took from this that I haven't seen elsewhere - keep the block stationary and place the paper on top. I was doing it the other way with much worse results. Also - using the back of a wooden spoon to press the paper down - genius. Works like a charm. Who needs a printing press.<br><br>Thanks again.
Thank you for the kind words glad I could help. If you have an extra moment post a photo so I can see your final product. Good luck, If you really want to get away from the press and get tired of the wooden spoon run the print/block over with your car.<br><br>Cheers<br><br>ab
Haha, I'll bear that in mind. Here's the print. First one since high school! The rest of my work is up here: http://www.spellingmistakescostlives.com<br><br>Cheers!
I have a very hard time using transfer paper Is there any more tip's you can share? Love your how to.
I usually rub the back of my printout with a large piece of graphite I got at the local arts store. Then, I use the printed sheet as a transfer paper, as the graphite will move to the lino when the image is traced.
Sorry it kinda took so long to get back to you. As far as know you should make sure you keep it taped down very well this helps the paper from ripping
There is transfer paper you can run through your printer (!) that can be used over and over - <a rel="nofollow" href="http://www.imcclains.com/catalog/blocks/resingrave.html">look around this site</a>, it sells it for about $4/pkg. I have not tried it but I know I will.<br/>
A couple of ideas.<br>First, for correcting mistakes, try JB Weld. An easy mix epoxy, cheap at any hardware and auto supply store, and can be sanded. Could be used to fill in mistakes.<br><br>Second - for transferring images that don't have fine detail, print backwards on a laser printer, place face down on the lino and and use a blender marker from the art store on the back, will transfer the toner to the lino very quickly and easily.<br><br>Acetone will also work, may work even better for finer detail, but is messier, more of an outdoor job.<br><br>Lastly, for softening for carving, try a heat gun very very very carefully (they get HOT) or a hair dryer (not as hot).
Thanks for the tips!
WOW! grest pieces!<br>Your tutorial is great, too. <br><br>Story:<br>(Big difference from when I was in 5th grade...the teacher came in with a stack of ready-made linoleum blocks, a simple v knife , and a very simple, a few lines drawn-on the linoleum pic for us to &quot;carve&quot; with supervision/assistance of her or the aides...then we used a brayer to spread paint on it, turned it on paper, and volia!...prints! <br>BUT... for a kid it was fun. <br>They let us keep the print, but collected the blocks)
The prints are amazing.. but the blocks are even more beautiful in their own right! Great work and very inspiring!
Amazing detail! I am very impressed with how clean your prints are. There is definitely a lot of patience in your work. I just love finding new media to work with. You have my vote and piqued my interest in a new project. <br>Thank for the great Instructable.
Thanks for your kind words.<br><br>Cheers<br>a.bopp
Great 'ible, but what's with the publish date? It says it was published today, but some of the comments are from at least 2009.<br />
&nbsp;Great Work! Do you have any prints for sale?
What gorgeous, elaborate work!<br /> <br /> In grade school we just threw the linoleum in an oven for a few minutes to heat it up (but your electric blanket innovation sounds friendlier).&nbsp; A towel or pot holder is a good idea if the linoleum gets too warm to handle.&nbsp; Note that some linoleum comes already mounted on a wooden block.&nbsp; If the block is particle board, it may give off nasty fumes, like formaldehyde, when heated; so either work in a well-ventilated area or stick to unmounted linoleum.<br /> <br /> thanks for all of the good, detailed information and memory joggers!<br /> <br /> keep doing such great work!
Very good Guide. However on the clean up, Simple Green is very bad for you. <br />
I remember doing these a long time ago in elementary school. but we only did single color prints. Would be interested in seeing your tips for multi-colored work. I might make something nifty with that. : D
I boogied on over to you tube to look for any demos that might be there, there isn't anything worth being called a demo pleas consider video recording some demos. thanks...
These are cool. Made a small one in like the 3rd grade. It sucked but it was fun. Gifted and talented art has a few good twists. I forgot if I cut my finger a little or if my friend did.....(mind straining)............I think it was me. Well I dont remeber for sure but i remember somone getting a minor cut. Oh well.......
urs are amazing this stuff hurts i have scars from when i did one of bob marley just last semester person in my class had to go to the hospital and get stiches but that was cause the tools were dull and our school thought it was better to get a press instead of betting decent curved knifes
well, my school thought it better to remodel half of it than to buy computers capable of loading google.com faster than three minutes.
wow-beautiful work! Thanks for taking it through step-by-step. I love doing lino work, and have never taken a class on it. Your clue of the contact paper was key to my success in my current lino block stuff. I'll upload pics when I get them done. Again, Thanks! This art form is very beautiful to me. Rachel rgsquared@gmail.com
Sharpening gouges?
It's the type of cutting tool from which the action of gouging is derived. :)<br/><br/><a rel="nofollow" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gouge">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gouge</a><br/>
Sharpening (v), as in 'how to' as it's an important part of the instructable that is missing.
Fantastic artwork, you should do an instructable for the skeleton face!
you are very good master... thanks
I've always wanted to give this a try. Your work is beautiful. Thanks for sharing!
Nice instructable! I did this in art class a few years ago. I will go ahead and say that doing a multiple color linoleum block print is rather difficult during the cutting and during the printing process.
WOW..great job! It looks labor intensive. Is there a youtube tutorial? I don't quite understand the tracing procedures. Sad, to say, this instructable is a bit much for me. Thanks for sharing!!!
this is really cool
WOW!!! Don't take this the wrong way...but, to me...it is VERY Ed Hardy on speed!!! And I REALLY do LOVE it!! I LOVE, LOVE, LOVE your work!! Would you consider selling me one of your blocks???
I love your artwork! Especially the spiralling rays stuff. Good instructable, too! Can't wait for the multiple colors one.
Great tut and great work! I hope that you cover your inking processes (with the multiple colors on a single pass) in subsequent tutorials. ::applause::
really nice work. did you do the prints on t-shirts or did you have them printed for you. if you did them, how did you print them, and how did you prepare your artwork to be printed?
Soy based cleaners work really well too.
Great instructable. Could you also make one about block printing on fabric?
Yea, I can explain it well but i need to snap some shots of the process as soon as i get the photos together.

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