Introduction: Liquid Hourglass

Picture of Liquid Hourglass

It's 2:59pm. The school bell rings in one minute. The teacher is going off about something like "viscosity" or "density" or some other made-up word, but has still forgotten to assign homework. There's a chance you might get off free to build tree forts all weekend long with Jamico. You look at the wall for the clock. It's missing. It has been replaced by a weird double-bottle piece of trash thing. Time has slowed down to a drip. 3pm is approaching one drop at a time. You're so close. Freedom. Science.

  • What: Liquid Hourglass!
  • Why: Time drips when you're having fun!
  • Concepts: density, viscosity, displacement, fluid dynamics
  • Time: ~ 15 minutes to make or ~ 225 drips, depending
  • Cost: ~$1.50, mostly for the oil

This project is one that I worked on with Arvind Gupta's team at Toys From Trash. Check out they're amazing work at the link.

Time to drop it like it's hot!

Step 1: Gather Materials

Picture of Gather Materials

Time to get your act together. Here we go!

  • Materials:
    • Two Bottles (same size with caps) from the recycling
    • Two Straws (or one if long)
    • Glue (super or epoxy)
    • Duct Tape
    • Water
    • Oil (I used vegetable)
  • Tools:
    • Scissors
    • Hot Glue Gun / Hot Glue
    • Funnel (optional)

Not too shabby! Let's drip!

Step 2: Prep Your Bottles

Picture of Prep Your Bottles

A nice easy warm-up! Just cut off those labels, and clean them if they came out of the recycling.

Step 3: Join the Caps

Picture of Join the Caps

Use some strong glue (epoxy or super) to glue the heads of the caps together (twins!) Hold in position until solid, and then duct tape around the rim to avoid any extra leaks.

NOTE: This is actually a great trick for a lot of science experiments with bottles including making vortices.

Step 4: Insert Straws

Picture of Insert Straws

Use a pair of scissors to make two straw-diameter holes in your bottle caps that go all the way through. You can also use a drill if you want.

Cut two lengths of straw (about 2") to be inserted into the holes. Add a dab of hot glue to them, press them through, and glue them some more.

At the end, you want one sticking up, and one sticking down with glue all around. Check out the last picture to see!

Step 5: Fill 'Em Up!

Picture of Fill 'Em Up!

It's time for the liquids, and the potential for major oil spills!

Fill up one bottle with liquid to the top, and then give it some food coloring for effect.

Fill the other bottle with oil using a funnel to the top as well. Check out the bubbles within. They're mesmerizing.

Step 6: Attach the Bottles

Picture of Attach the Bottles

Here's the great sleight of hand moment. First screw the cap on tight to the bottle filled with oil. Then in one motion flip the bottle filled with oil on to the bottle filled with water, and screw the bottle on upside-down. You will find that if you do it fairly quickly, you won't actually spill any oil. Huzzah!

For your bottles to begin their motion, give the whole thing a flip!

Step 7: Hourglass Drops!

Picture of Hourglass Drops!

You've done it! And you have yourself a ticking timepiece! Watch as drops escape up from the upper water container down in exchange for oil drops coming up. It is beautiful. They have equal volumes and drop and rise at the same pace as the two bottles will eventually switch all their liquids.

Interestingly in this case, time won't be completely linear as the pressure is going to change as time ticks on. It is still beautiful watching the drops collect on the top and bottom, held by surface tensions until they all join together.

This is a great primer in density and viscosity, and a whole lot more involving states of matter, drops vs. bubbles, and pressure. You can have students time the hourglass on hot vs. cold days, or measure the raising level of water vs. time. There's so much to do. And when you're all done with testing, well, it's just plain pretty. :)

Thank you again to Arvind for your work on this wonderful project.

Show me what you find below! Have fun, get curious, and keep exploring.


vmpozuelo made it! (author)2016-10-23

Thank you!

TiaRiaa (author)2015-11-02

oops i meant how many drops will make a hour

TiaRiaa (author)2015-11-02

ok ho many drops will make a hour?

SérgioO1 made it! (author)2015-10-22

Happy idea! the dropper caps is the same i use in my vertical gardens.

DanL38 (author)2015-10-19

gives me an artistic idea of making figures in the bottles and then surrounding the outside in the classic carved hour glass look. maybe ill use dragons as the figures

DanL38 (author)DanL382015-10-19

hmmm..... would not be too hard to use certain style liquour bottles for it too

maria.rayner.92 (author)2015-10-19


gkten (author)2015-10-15

Nice idea. Would be intresting to see if hours could be marked up on the bottle depending on the left over (top bottle) or the collected drops (lower bottle). I guess you need to calculate how many drops you have in an hour.

I'm going to experiment with this. Great idea, gkten!

bellbradb made it! (author)2015-10-18

I just made this with my kids. Works EXACTLY as illustrated! I used red food coloring instead of blue, and I used silicon tape instead of duck tape (because I'm paranoid of leakes.

OH YAY! Bellbradb, this is a wonderful photo! I love it, and yes, the silicon tape is a great idea. So so happy. :)

gstrong2 (author)2015-10-18

Cool idea. I might try it with one of these :
I have one set up in my classroom as a fountain.

Oh great! those connectors are quite handy indeed! And the fountain especially would be quite cool.

arrondrectum (author)2015-10-18

Do u think using different diameter straws will affect the time as well??? Also, i would like to see if there was a way to use different desnity oils of different colors to make a need multicolor effect

I do think the diameter of the straws would affect it, and that would be great to try! Largely, I think it would affect the size of the blobs, but I'd have to experiment to find out. Neat thought! And for oils, it would be neat if there were other unmixables, otherwise, jimvandamme would be correct.

jimvandamme (author)arrondrectum2015-10-19

The different oils will mix together eventually.

BlondeLebanese (author)2015-10-19

Not sure how accurate it would be as a time piece but cool project that reminds me of the lava lamps us old timers had back in the '70s. Great idea!

Indeedy! Thanks for the comment, and yes, it does work better as a timesuck than a timepiece. :)

Chain N Sprocket (author)2015-10-18


nyspidergirl (author)2015-10-14

Glueing the caps together first makes it easier to make holes for the straws :) can drill both at onceand dont have to fret lining them up

bellbradb (author)2015-10-14

This is one of those wonderful and simple instructables where I say to myself, "Why didn't I think of that?!" I will definitely be doing this experiment with my kids this week.

By the way, I really enjoy your writing style. Thank you for sharing and keep it up!

creativity inspired (author)2015-10-14

This technology is scientific. you use water and oil's principal. nothing... it's beautiful great!

petrolon (author)2015-10-13

Properly brilliant! I love the simplicity and functionality. Keep at it, mate.

About This Instructable




Bio: The Oakland Toy Lab is a community-based wonder lab for students to build, tinker, explore, make, break, and learn! We are writing up engaging science ... More »
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