Introduction: Live Off the Land : Survive With Edible Weeds

Picture of Live Off the Land : Survive With Edible Weeds

Whenever I go out I always look for edible weeds which grow naturally in the open land near water sources, under some trees like coconut and Banana and in the wild. Most of these edible weeds are neglected and forgotten as our life style has changed and are being destroyed in the name of development.

Here I have gathered few edible weeds from our home garden and also from surrounding areas, which we used as green vegetables with lunch. Most of these weeds are also used by our ancestors as medicine to cure various ailments naturally. In case you are stranded in the wild, you can look for these kind of edible weeds for your survival.

Step 1: Indian Pennywort or Asiatic Pennywort

Picture of Indian Pennywort or Asiatic Pennywort

Indian Pennywort or Asiatic Pennywort grows in abundance in wetlands. Commonly known as Centella asiatica or simply centella is also a medicinal herb. You can easily recognise this plant by its kidney shaped leaves. They spread along the ground in wetlands.

This plant is indigenous to the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and wetland regions of the Southeastern US.

Step 2: Ceylon Spinach or Surinam Purslane

Picture of Ceylon Spinach or Surinam Purslane

Talinum fruticosum, also known by different names as Ceylon spinach, Surinam Purslane, Philippine spinach and Florida spinach, grows everywhere along river banks, paddy fields and wet lands. This plant can be easily identified with its fleshy leafs which look like spinach with small pink flowers.

Also known as Waterleaf plant, it is native to Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and South America. It grows in many parts of Asia also and used as a leafy vegetable.

Step 3: Green Amaranth

Picture of Green Amaranth

It is an edible weed growing everywhere. There are so many different species of these weed and most of them are edible.

You can find this weed in almost all the places.

Step 4: Black Nightshade or Green Nightshade

Picture of Black Nightshade or Green Nightshade

Solanum nigrum also known as Black Nightshade or Green Nightshade is commonly found in many wooded areas. The plant has tiny white flowers. The small berries are purple black in color.

Step 5: Asiatic Dayflower

Picture of Asiatic Dayflower

Commelina communis, commonly known as Asiatic Dayflower is a weed with a beautiful looking tiny blue flowers. These flowers lost for a day only, so the name Dayflower.

As per wikipedia, the plant's native distribution includes East Asia and Southeast Asia. The species has been introduced to much of Europe and eastern North America. It is also present in the provinces of Ontario and Quebec in Canada, and in most of the eastern and central American states from Massachusetts and New York in the northeast, west to Minnesota and south through the Great Plains to Texas and east to extreme northern Florida in the United States.

Step 6: Asthma Plant

Picture of Asthma Plant

Euphorbia hirta, also known as Asthma Plant, grows in open grasslands, roadsides and river banks. If you break the stem, you will a find a white latex seeping out from the stem. The leaves are elliptical with flowers at each leaf node.

It is native to Asian countries and used in Ayurvedic Medicine in India.

Step 7: Thoodhuvalai, Solanum Trilobatum

Picture of Thoodhuvalai, Solanum Trilobatum

This plant grows in the wild and is full of thorns. Even the leaves have thorns on the underside. It is also a medicinal plant used widely in Ayurvedic medicine. While collecting the leaves, remove the thorns from the leaves before using it for cooking.

it is native to Asian countries

Step 8: Malabar Spinach

Picture of Malabar Spinach

Basella alba, also known as Malabar Spinach, Climbing Spinach and Red Vine Spinach. It is a creeper with red stem.

As per wikipedia, this plant grows in tropical Asia, Africa,Brazil, Belize, Colombia, the West Indies, Fiji and French Polynesia

Step 9: Wash, Chop and Cook

Picture of Wash, Chop and Cook

I have gathered enough greens, washed them in clean water to remove any soil particles and then lightly chopped them into pieces. The chopped greens were boiled with little salt till the raw smell disappeared. A little tempering with oil, onions and red chillies makes the dish very tasty.

There are so many edible weeds growing in the wild. These weeds may differ from region to region. If you are not sure of which one is edible, seek advice from local people. These weeds will help us survive in case we are stranded in the wild.


SHOE0007 (author)2017-07-22

According to sources Nightshade contains a potent neurotoxin. Bittersweet is Solanine which acts very similar to an organophosphate. Some common nightshade contains Atropine. The berries contain 0.75 to 1% and the leaves 0.25% at least for the bittersweet nightshade.

antoniraj (author)SHOE00072017-07-23

Thank you for your information. The Nightshade variety growing in our place is "Solanum nigrum". We use the leaves and berries regularly in our diet. The leaves are sold in local market also as green vegetable.
The other variety, "Solanum Americanum" may be toxic, but it is not growing in our place.

SHOE0007 made it! (author)2017-07-22

Right now I am distilling Bittersweet nightshade as a repellant it smells horrible. Be aware it also toxic.

offseidjr (author)2016-11-20

Very detailed Instructable!

antoniraj (author)offseidjr2016-11-20

thank you...

JpsManCave (author)2016-10-24

didnt know so many of the weeds we kill were edible. Great Instructable!

antoniraj (author)JpsManCave2016-10-24

Thank you...

Africorn (author)2016-10-20

I wonder whether Black Nightshade can be edible in some places, and poisonous in others? The berries make lovely jam. I've always eaten them in moderation (in South Africa). I didn't know you could eat the leaves.

PattyP17 (author)Africorn2016-10-23

To the best of my knowledge, all nightshade leaves are poisonous.

antoniraj (author)PattyP172016-10-24

The leaves and berries of the Nightshade variety grows in our place is edible. Even the seeds are available in ebay India site (200 seeds for about 2 dollars). You can see the posting and also the description of the plant at this link.

Africorn (author)PattyP172016-10-24

I guess not all nightshades are equal. As the author says below, "In our place we use the leaves as green vegetable." I'm going to try it myself next time I see some that aren't right on the road...

antoniraj (author)Africorn2016-10-21

In our place we use the leaves as green vegetable. You can find the leaves being sold in local markets also.

PattyP17 (author)2016-10-23

Very cool. I wish I could ID even more plants than I can. There are so many plants that look alike. I know that eating wild is a lost art used ages ago by everyday medieval peasants to survive. There are over 200 edible wild plants in Europe, but few know them today. Unfortunately, some are mimics are deadly. Acorns are edible, but taste awful unless prepared just right. the only mushroom I trust to ID is a Morel because it doesn't look like any other.

offseidjr (author)2016-10-22

Wow very insteresting!

antoniraj (author)offseidjr2016-10-23

Thank you...

Dawsie (author)2016-10-23

I have two weeds that I use in place of spinach don't know their names but was watching Gardening Australia last year when they both came up as being edibale when their shoots are young so rather than pull them out and bin them I have started using them in my beef or chicken stews they taste ok even fried in butter with some onions and mushrooms I will have to look in to the others that you have listed to,see if I have them here.

The nightshade that you have listed is different to the one I have so I now know it's defeinatly the deadly nightshade so glad I am spraying it but it's so grows so quickly it's hard to keep up with it at times ?

I have voted as it such a good idea as they can be used to supplement the shopping budget each month ??

Have a great weekend

Kind Regards Dawsie

antoniraj (author)Dawsie2016-10-23

Thank you very much Dawsie... You too have a great weekend

Dark Solar (author)2016-10-20

Nice!! While this info isn't much good for us temperate-zone dwellers, it's great for anyone whom is lucky enough to have banana and coconut palms (yes, I'm jealous). Two thumbs up. :D

For those of you whom are considering eating this type of nightshade: the safe kind produces berries in clusters while the deadly kind produces single berries. That said, it's probably a wise idea to look up both and get a direct look at them.

Africorn (author)Dark Solar2016-10-21

The safe kind is the only kind I know. Thanks for that information!

Africorn (author)Africorn2016-10-21

These are the ones I know. Growing at the side of the road near my house :)

antoniraj (author)Dark Solar2016-10-21

thanks for the information

OneBirdieMa (author)2016-10-20

OK, I'm taking a print to the garden. I recognize most of these but would do better to connect them directly. I'll stay clear of the nightshade, myself . . . Anyone else old enough to remember Stalking the Wild Asparagus? It may be old enough now to be on gutenberg or freading or check Alibris or other used book shops or sites. It was 'the bible' to us'n's who were young when it was published . . . probably wan't where wild eating began but it was the 60s iteration. Thanks for the reminder!

antoniraj (author)OneBirdieMa2016-10-21

Thank you...

Passing You (author)2016-10-20

I would be interest in knowing what each tastes like and as stated by someone else where in general these weeds grow.

You must live somewhere in the Eastern US.

antoniraj (author)Passing You2016-10-21

I have added information about habitat of these plants. As we cooked it all together, I have not mentioned how each tastes like

sitearm (author)2016-10-20

I just knew spinach would be on the list. ; p

antoniraj (author)sitearm2016-10-21


joekurm (author)2016-10-20

Some nice information, but a location would be good as all of these cannot be found everywhere. I live in Mid-eastern United States. The brand Allens used to sell Pokeweed in cans, you can google it and find some poictures (I have never been hungry enough to try this one) Pokeweed contains high levels of oxalyc acid. You should only eat the young shoots ans boil it, change the water and boil it again. Some additions would be Dandilion for salads, Lambsquarter - for a nice cream of lambsquarter soup, burdock leaves, stem, and roots, also nutsedge has nodules on its roots that you can toast and eat like nuts (duh). There are many others. But be ABSOLUTELY sure of what you are eating and how to prepare it. Also, malabar spinach is an invasive weed in some zones. It is cold enough where I like that it is an annual.

antoniraj (author)joekurm2016-10-21

thanks for the information...

definingsound (author)2016-10-20

What area of the world is this forage guide intended for? Florida? I have to mention that I don't recognize any of these plants, perhaps because I live in Toronto Canada. I'll look up the ranges for each plant, thanks for including the taxonomic names.

antoniraj (author)definingsound2016-10-21

I have added information about habitat of these plants

Moodle2 (author)2016-10-20

In Southern Michigan, and most definitely other regions, there is an invasive species called Garlic Mustard, or Alliaria petiolata, which is high in fiber (I know from experience!), and tastes great.

antoniraj (author)Moodle22016-10-21

Thank you for the information

Africorn (author)2016-10-20

I didn't know you could eat Commelina communis either! Well, I am learning something!

antoniraj (author)Africorn2016-10-21

Thank you...

babybayrs (author)2016-10-20

Isn't it such an appropriate entry for the contest! Congratulations.

antoniraj (author)babybayrs2016-10-21

Thank you babybayrs...

Ninzerbean (author)2016-10-20

I like that cracked bowl - did you put that back together to use as a strainer?

antoniraj (author)Ninzerbean2016-10-20

I have received the Cracked up kitchen colander as a contest prize. You can see it here...

ameland (author)2016-10-20

Wikipedia tells: Children have died from poisoning after eating unripe berries from Solanum Nigrum !??

mtbike2 (author)ameland2016-10-20

Yes this is true. Solinum sp. is a specific genus in the family Solanaceae also known as the "nightshade" family. There are MANY plants in this family. Many of these plants have very important economic value to us i.e. Tomatoes, peppers, potatoes. Potatoes are a prime example of the toxicity in the family. Potatoes are the root of the plant. The plant itself will occasionally produce small tomato like fruits. While the fruits are technically edible there is definitely a toxic level to them. The fruits if eaten in sufficient quantities can indeed be toxic.

Additionally there is a plant called "poke weed" which is used to make poke salat (salad). Poke weed can be highly toxic if not prepared at the proper time in the plant life cycle and prepared properly. This is the danger and the excitement of living off the land....

antoniraj (author)ameland2016-10-20

We cook unripe berries along with the leaves and never had any issue. The ripe fruits can be eaten by anyone. May be some rare cases of children consuming too much of unripe berries

Jose Cerrajero Denia (author)2016-10-20

Thanks a lot!!

You are welcome...

SophiesFoodieFiles (author)2016-10-20

What aigret useful its! Cool! I just voted for you in the 2 categories! Yay!

Thank you very much...

GamerChick5567 (author)2016-10-19

Nice list! Here in southern California and many other chaparral type places you should also be able to find wild fennel. It grows like a weed everywhere here by roads and in regional parks. It is stronger tasting than the regular store bought type and doesn't have a bulb. The whole plant can be eaten and it tastes like licorice. The seeds are good for flavoring sausage and the fronds can be put in pasta too or just as a snack or in a salad or really just any Italian food. The best time to get the fresh greens is in spring and early summer or they get tough. The flowers bloom around july and the seeds are usually ripe in a month or two. If I remember right the pollen is super potent and is a gormet spice. Fennel also helps with digestion and breastfeeding too! People should go foraging for useful stuff haha.

antoniraj (author)GamerChick55672016-10-19

Thank you for the information. I will search for that in our area also

About This Instructable




Bio: I like to make things more simple with easily available resources. My favorite quote: A human being should be able to change a diaper, plan ... More »
More by antoniraj:Home-made Incubator From Reclaimed Desktop Computer CaseHome Remedy : Papaya Leaf Oinment for Muscle Pain and Twisted JointsSore Throat Lozenges and Decoction With Plectranthus Amboinicus Leaves
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