Introduction: Lucky Penny 4 You

Take an Iron ( not copper ) penny add two small but Powerful NIB magnets
and you can assemble this fun conversation starter.
It's an easily wearable personal  iconographical boost.

Step 1: Tools & Materials

Only  One Tool Is Needed

This tool is your trusty computer,   which is necessary to buy the two NIB magnets.
I recommend you get ten of everything.............  your friends will love it.
And if your as old as the coin as I am get 20 of each.


Materials Needed

First you need a clean 1943 iron penny.  This is available through a numismatist ( coin ) shop. 
  1. I used to buy the iron pennies from Wonder Magnet.
  2. More recently I would buy 50 at a time about 40¢ each last year from a local coin shop.

You need one NdFeB Neodymium-iron-boron Disc Magnet, 3/8 in. x 1/8 in.
  1. Available from Forcefield Magnet

And you need one NdFeB Neodymium-iron-boron Disc Magnet, 3/8 in. x 1/16 in.
  1. Also available from Forcefield Magnet.

Step 2: What Is an Iron Penny

An Iron penny is basically made of.........Zinc coated Steel.
it  can  and does  Rust,
but the color is Blue like steel pic_1.
it is Magnetic and is strongly attracted to magnets.


Some Stats;

The penny was made by the US in 1943, because of the  War effort that needed the Copper for bullets.
Real 95% Copper pennies circa 1960 weigh o.11 ounces,  while Iron pennies weigh o.10 ounce each. 
Keep in mind there has been  No significant Copper  in  American pennies since the 1983.
Present coinage is 2.5% Copper 97.5% Zinc per penny, circa 2000 weigh only o.09 ounces today.

See the four Iron pennies attached to a small stack of 3/8" diameter horizontal magnets.

And the five iron pennies step-stacked with a sixth vertical iron penny held in position by  NIB  magnets.

Step 3: NIB's Have More Pull

Neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets are the strongest type of permanent magnet made.
"They have replaced other types of magnets in the many applications in modern products
that require strong permanent magnets, such as motors in cordless tools, hard disk drives,
and magnetic fasteners" and toys.

Two 3/8" Magnets are the fasteners to promote this rare iron penny on clothes
hanging on from your body.

These magnets are Not-Metal but a Ceramic,
They cannot be drilled or machined,
They shatter into sharp little black glassy shards
They cannot be soldered or welded they die about 350º
The thin nickle plating conducts electricity.

 Hazards ;

NIB magnets larger than a few centimeters are strong enough to cause injuries
to body parts pinched between two magnets.
Magnets allowed to get too near each other can strike each other with
enough force to chip and shatter the brittle material, and the flying chips
can cause injuries.
There have even been cases where young children who have swallowed
several magnets have had a fold of the digestive tract pinched between
the magnets, causing injury or death.
 

They Are Small for Their Pull

See a 100 each 1/8'' and 1/16 stacked nickle plated ( gold plate  is available )
magnets holding one iron penny.
See also the two individual NIBs in relation to a copper penny for a relative size.

These small magnets are safe to handle on skin.


!!  WARNING  !!

These little magnets Will destroy your smart phone, MP3 player hard drives permanently,
Wipe your credit cards and magnetize and Lock up mechanical watches.

So, keep your iPhone and iPod ½ foot away from these magnets.
I do not assume any responsibility for any damage you cause
by leaving these magnets lying around loose.

I keep my unused magnets in a steel folder box.



Step 4: Wearing Iron

Wearing the Iron Penny

Place the magnets on both sides of a T-shirt, if you are a guy.
You gals might have to anchor the magnets on a bra strap under your blouse.
Separating the magnets is easily done by sliding them apart with both hands.


!!!  DANGER  !!!
IF You Have Imbedded Heart Electronics Under Your Skin
Like a Defibrillator or a Heart Pacemaker.
!! DO NOT USE THIS ADORNMENT !!



When you decide to wear and display the Iron penny.
You should be aware that removing the coin is best separated by sliding the penny sideways off the magnet.
Don't pull, you will only distend your clothing.
Undressing at night  without first removing the coin,  can send it anywhere in a room
depending on how you disrobe.

Step 5: Fun of Magnets

Weather you believe, that if you enjoy it you will be messy at it,  or not.
The penny can let you look Techie while wearing a serviette for Lunch
and not spattered over your shirt or blouse .

Or do you need a third hand at the Theater for a ticket pass ??


Step 6: Pennies at the Burn

Have a Look around the desert.
See the author wearing penny with a Gorgeous Scandinavian Wife.
Followed by Ben dispensing a truck of his welcome ice creme
making burners smile girls stretching out. 
Even Cops and a Feminazi crack a grin.

Work your way bartering things for things until you are on top of it all last pic.

Step 7: Trading in the Desert

Author ( POP ) and  #1 Daughter burners both posing with Ferric penny.

Author spinning his wheel at the Belgian Waffle then commiserating with a buddy.
You can see an Iron penny on the shirt I wear in pic_2.

You are asked to,  barter and  discouraged  from buying anything  but water,  coffee,  ice and 
the mounting effluent tank pumping truck.  

The magnets and iron penny are sought after barter goods even
by pro dancers for the main event in pic_3.

By this end of the week the playa dust has gotten into the camera and every other thing.
And I have bartered and given away my 100 Iron iconographic treasures.


Comments

author
onrust (author)2012-06-30

In the spirit of your iron penny @ burning man........ I gave mine all away! Since, I have purchased some and its a very addictive activity. Anyone who spots it or asks about my "hat pin" gets one. Thanks again

author
iceng (author)onrust2012-06-30

I was all set to buy another hand out set of magnets an coins for this years burn
when they whacked the tickets for this year :-(

Now the best are not going, sad...

A

author
onrust (author)iceng2012-07-01

Whacked the tickets?

author
iceng (author)onrust2012-07-01

Unlike all years before, they random selected who could buy 2 tickets
this year, because they ran out of the desert authorities 50K limit..

Ex ample, The people who spend $40,000 to put up a free bar only got
half their workers ( impossible situation ) so they are not doing the bar.

This hurt every art project.... In the 11Hour the desert authorities relented
to permit 60K tickets Too Late for restarting major art projects. 
Several mini burn events already occur ed on Indian controlled land.

The whole event is whacked #¬þ

A


author
onrust (author)iceng2012-07-01

That's sad. Seriously sad.......BUT, how have the "Burning White Guy" events been going :)

author
BLUEBLOBS2 (author)2012-04-15

I have lots of these. They are a cheap and easy way to start a coin collection. Very nice 'Ible.
-BLUEBLOBS2

author
iceng (author)BLUEBLOBS22012-04-15

Yea, saw your page.  You do good stuff with monies.
I enjoy using UV to see the hidden fluorescent reflector strip in US paper.

I think what made this ible soar was the word LUCKY ,
and it didn't hurt to have one of my pictures placed as the first Pic
in Google's images for " Iron Penny "

Thanks for commenting.   BTW publicize your next ible on Facebook etc.

A

author
BLUEBLOBS2 (author)iceng2012-04-16

Do you think any of my 'Ibles are worthy of being featured?

author
onrust (author)2011-11-15

So, did they use the same dies to stamp the iron as they did the copper?

author
Goodhart (author)onrust2011-11-22

not very many copper ones were stamped that year, In fact, IIRC, they are worth a LOT if you have one.

author
iceng (author)Goodhart2011-11-22

I can attest to that rarity having spent four score years searching for a
copper 1943 penny and never found such a coin.

A

author
canucksgirl (author)iceng2011-12-14

Wow, you truly do learn something new everyday... I had to look up the facts on this "rare copper penny" and found some info that suggest an authentic 1943, copper U.S. Penny is worth $10,000 +

That being said, there are a lot of forgeries out there. Its considered an "error coin", because the U.S. Mint accidentally used the wrong planchet metal, but coins got out before the error was discovered.

I must be checking my coins more often.... even here in Canada, our coins are inundated with U.S. pennies.

author
iceng (author)canucksgirl2011-12-14

Very true, But the iron pennies cost only 50¢ US

A

author
Goodhart (author)iceng2011-11-22

I think I read somewhere that only a few hundred may have been struck, and that most of them are in the hands of collectors....with maybe 6 or so in circulation if they haven't been destroyed somehow...

author
iceng (author)Goodhart2011-11-22

My research also confirms 6 are still unaccounted.  Good luck finding one.
I have often thought about using two simple servos to position pennies
to a viewable neural net algorithm which can reject improbable copper dates from my kilos of old copper.

A

author
Goodhart (author)iceng2011-11-23

There you go, with all that copper, you may very well hold a few of them :-)

author
iceng (author)onrust2011-11-15

No idea.
Maybe a numismatist will chime in.

author
onrust (author)2011-09-19

I just had one in my hand! The girl at circle K had an odd penny that would not go through the machine. That's a heavy little sucker! It really is something to see.

author
iceng (author)onrust2011-09-19

Yea..... They do grow on you, I forget my iPhone more then the coin :-)

author
onrust (author)iceng2011-11-15

OUCH!.....bigger magnet? lol

author
onrust (author)2011-08-19

I had no clue there was an iron penny. I just seek the wheat!

author
imbignate (author)onrust2011-08-25

They're actually Steel, not iron.

author
iceng (author)imbignate2011-08-25

You are correct and "Steel is an alloy that consists mostly of iron and has
a carbon content between 0.2% and 2.1% by weight".

I have many Rust ridden pennies and no gentle way to clean the rust without
defacing the coin.
When thinking of steel the concept of stainless and poor magnetic properties
come to mind, however neither of these steel distinguishing characteristics
are presented in my favorite penny.
Based on this, I will continue to refer to this coin as an Iron penny :-)
Please tell me, what do you think now ??

A

author
Bard (author)iceng2011-08-25

Have you tried using phosphoric acid to remove the rust?

author
iceng (author)Bard2011-08-25

No I have not.
Is it available over a counter ?
How concentrated would you suggest ?
And thanks for speaking up.

A

author
Bard (author)iceng2011-08-25

I'm not sure, I know my grandpa used it to remove rust on farm equipment.

author
Bard (author)Bard2011-08-26

I looked it up and other names for it is rust converter, and navel jelly. if you want to search online. It turns the rust black and according to some sites it can be scrubbed off. I recommend testing it first on something expendable to see how hard it is to remove the black oxidation.

author
iceng (author)Bard2011-08-26

Thanks for the extra work I will be trying it after I return from the Burn,

A

author
caarntedd (author)iceng2011-11-12

Don't use phosphoric acid to remove rust from anything precious. Also it is nasty dangerous stuff. Use molasses. It is safe and won't remove any material other than the rust.

author
iceng (author)caarntedd2011-11-12

Right... I have learned it's power staining silicon to measure diffusion depth.
And then one day found a hole through my red tie before lunch !

A

author
Thoth (author)iceng2011-08-25

Steel is not necessarily stainless. Stainless steel is a particular steel alloy containing chromium and nickle in addition to iron and carbon, which also accounts for its poor magnetic properties.

There are dozens of steel alloys that will rust as easily as iron and have equal or slightly improved magnetic properties. Though you are free to call your pennies what ever you desire.

A cheap source of phosphoric acid is give the coins an overnight soak in diet coke. Or another method is place them in a jar with distilled vinegar and salt (doesn't matter really how much) and give it a shake.

author
onrust (author)iceng2011-08-25

I think ferrous pennies are cool. :)

author
iceng (author)onrust2011-08-25

Thanks onrust, Ferrous is cool :-)

A

author
imbignate (author)iceng2011-08-25

I say you can call them whatever you want, but they will be known forever by numismatists, the department of the treasury, and the US Mint as Steelies.

Feel free to note in the link where it says:

Composition 100% steel with a thin layer of zinc

As I said, feel free to call them whatever you like.  The one in your post looks like a Doug.  Doug the penny.

author
iceng (author)onrust2011-08-19

Neither did I and never found the 43 penny until
a kindly coin shop told me about it.

A

author
mattthegamer463 (author)iceng2011-08-20

During the war there was a high demand for copper by military arms manufacturers, so they switched the pennies from pure copper to steel, since steel was more abundant at the time. Naturally, pennies have to cost less than a penny's worth of the material their made of.

Also, 50 pennies for 40 cents? Good deal.

author
iceng (author)mattthegamer4632011-08-20

Yea, Fifty pennies for 40¢ each comes to $ 20.oo over a year ago.

A

author
mattthegamer463 (author)iceng2011-08-20

I should have assumed. Anyway, cool stuff.

author
mrfixitrick (author)2011-08-25

This cool idea will also work fine with most Canadian coins. About 1/3 of Canadian pennies are steel and are magnetic, and all of the other coin denominations are too. The Euro is also magnetic.

author
iceng (author)mrfixitrick2011-08-25

Wow.... I do enjoy ibles all ways learning. I bet Canadian Steel coins don't Rust :-)

Thanks for the info M.

and steel is an alloy that consists mostly of ferrous iron.

A

author

iron = ferrous. thats why it's periodic symbol is Fe "ferrous iron" is a bit redundant, theres no such thing as "non-ferrous iron" also, steel is a mix of iron and carbon. most "iron" made back in the day was actually really crappy steel, because steel is made by introducing air to iron while it's molten. also, they will rust, but not if theyre handled regularly, because the oils in your skin protect them, the same reason pennies in the US get dark but usually arent totally green.

author

Thanks for the note.
I got into a bit of a heated argument about "Iron coins"
and I agreed not to call American or Canadian coinage by the "I" word.

Now, I can only call Euro coins as Iron.

As you know Fe is attracted to magnets.

A

author
DabeAltis (author)iceng2011-08-25

The author wrote: "I bet Canadian Steel coins don't Rust". I'll take that bet, I have several rusty Canadian coins which say you lose! I'm pleased you finally conceeded on the iron or steel debate. Quite simply, you were wrong. Yes, steel consists mostly of iron, but there's a big difference between the two and it's not just "a little carbon". Iron has copious amounts of carbon! Try handling some shavings where cast iron is being machined, that slick black powder left on your hands is graphite (carbon). You can fold a steel penny in half and it remains intact. Try that with iron and you'll wind up with at least two pieces. There are many types of steel and most are quite magnetic, even some types of stainless.

author
dj_nme (author)DabeAltis2011-08-26

I'm sorry but you are mistaken about "iron"
What you have described is called "cast iron" and has more than 4 percent carbon in solid solution with iron.
Iron (or pure iron) has almost zero carbon in solution and is very ductile and soft.

A piece of iron the size and shape of a penny could be bent in half just like you describe a "steel penny" can be.

A piece of cast iron the size and shape of a penny would just snap and not bend at all.

Steel has less than 4 percent carbon and falls between iron and cast iron in it's properties.

author
DabeAltis (author)dj_nme2011-08-28

I stand corrected! Thank you.

author
iceng (author)dj_nme2011-08-26

While Cast Iron was never brought into this ible or this thread by me.
Please understand I have listened to the reason of many others before you
on this kind of Ferrous penny being in reality a Steel penny with a zinc flash.
I also agree the Canadian coins are also steel.

That just leaves the Iron Euro :-)

A

author
mrfixitrick (author)DabeAltis2011-08-25

Newer Canadian pennies are either composed of 94% steel, clad with 4.5% copper and 1.5% nickel, or they can also be copper-plated zinc, similar to the US pennies made after 1982.

Canadian pennies made in 1996 or before are 98% copper, .5% tin and 1.5% zinc.

US pennies before 1982 are mostly copper, but after 1982 became copper-clad zinc.

author
iceng (author)DabeAltis2011-08-25

Now I recall the reference I read said
"Steel is an alloy that consists mostly of iron and has a carbon content between
0.2% and 2.1% by weight"
I like graphite it's as bad as silicone thermal grease ( white shaving creme )
on cleaning up.  You are very correct by volume carbon is a bunch. 

Thanks for reminding me what carbon did to the Japanese feudal sword !
After eliminating this continent all I have left is the iron Euro LoL :-D

Thanks for the fun.

A

author
Furball_Fidelis (author)iceng2011-08-28

Our pennies do rust..and some iv'e even seen as allgreen because of the amount of copper in them....and I have some silver/zinc plated Canadian pennies as well and they still look like they're fresh from the mint...but I've also seen rusted quarter dimes and nickels...even the odd Loonie($1 coin) tarnished/rusted and I have some silver quarters somewhere as well and they're kept in sealed packages

author
iceng (author)Furball_Fidelis2011-08-28

Like your Avatar, impressed to meet a 50% best answer member.
As DabeAltis took me on.
Yea........ Canadian pennies Do Rust as well as the 1943 US pennies do,
but I hope not for a while at where I'm going to be tomorrow

theman.gifIMG_1775.JPG

About This Instructable

36,101views

58favorites

License:

Bio: Last time in my life that I saw the moon that close to me... I was born in the capital city of a country that ... More »
More by iceng:GRAPE GAPREVISED COOLING SLABSTYRO ROBOT HEAD . LIFE SIZE & BATTLING . As a COSTUME
Add instructable to: