This tutorial will cover Micro Photography, and Photomicroscopy. Before we get started, there are a few things you need to know.
- Macro photography is the same thing as Micro photography. Same thing, different name. See why here if you must know. I will refer to it as Macro from here on out for the sake of consistency.
Macro filters can be used to achieve a macro effect, but true macro photography uses true macro lenses.
A true macro lens has a reproduction ratio of at least 1:1. Traditionally, this means that the size of the object on the (35mm) negative, is the same size or greater than the object is in real life.
- Photomicroscopy refers to photography that achieves reproduction ratios much greater than 1:1. This is often produced with a microscope; however, this tutorial will discuss an alternate method.
A lens that is not classified as a macro lens can still be used for macro photography with the use of macro filters or other mechanisms such as extension tubes, bellows, or even a second lens mounted backward to the first (which I will discuss later).
There are a lot of different techniques for macro photography. Entire books can be written on each method. This is just a basic tutorial that explains the method I often use.
With that being said, there are several techniques that will not be covered in this tutorial. If you feel that I'm missing something important, feel free to post any additional techniques in the comments section, but be aware that I know this is by no-means an exhaustive tutorial.