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How to make your own spinning motor out of 26-gauge magnet wire.

Step 1: Supplies

  • 26 gauge magnet wire
  • 1 D cell battery
  • 2 Large paper clips
  • 1 elastic
  • Small Wire Cutters
  • Sandpaper (100 grit)
  • Magnets

Step 2: Formation of Paper Clips

First bend the two large paper clips to form a C-Shaped hook. It is recommended to rotate the paper clip, instead of folding it over, for it is less likely to break that way.

Step 3: Creation of Coil

Next, take an arms length of magnet wire (around one meter) and wrap the magnet wire around the D-Cell battery, making sure to not have the wires cross over each other, to form a coil.You should leave around two - three inches of extra magnet wire length at the end of the coil. Make sure to keep the two ends of magnet wire on opposite sides.

Step 4: Wrapping the Coil

After you have sanded the wire, wrap the ends of the magnet wire around the coil until the two ends of the magnet wire are completely on opposite side, and would form a straight line through the middle of the coil.

Step 5: Sanding the Coil

Take the two ends of the coil and sand the enamel completely off of one side, and half of the enamel off of the other half. The enamel (red coating) that is on the magnet wire prevents from the transportation of electrons, and does not allow for electricity to flow completely through to form a circuit.

Step 6: Creation of Circuit

Attach the two paper clips to the D Cell battery with the elastic to secure them in place. Then place the coil on top of the paper clips so that a circuit is created.

Step 7: Creation of Motor

Next place the magnet on top of the D Cell battery and give the coil a slight push so that it begins to rotate around in a circle. The coil should continuously rotate without stopping, as long as there are no obstacles that may obstruct the coil from rotating

Step 8: Troubleshooting

  • First, make sure that the battery you are using is not dead, and that a full circuit is being made, that has all ends touching.
  • If the coil starts to rotate, but after some time begins to stop, make sure that all enamel that you want shaved off is shaved off, otherwise all the enamel is doing is preventing electricity to flow from the battery to the coil.
  • If the coil starts to rotate in one direction, but then changes direction, make sure that you did not shave off too much enamel, and also that your initial push is not in the wrong direction.
  • If the coil starts to rotate, but then slows down and rotates back and forth, without making a full spin, try adding more magnets.
  • Make sure to review directions and make sure thay no steps were missed.

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