Cloning, in terms of horticulture refers to the process of making copies of one plant, the "mother", by taking cuttings of its growing stems, which under the right conditions will grow roots of their own. Clones are exact copies, genetically identical to their mother and can generally be expected to exhibit the same characteristics as that mother, making cloning an ideal option for those who wish to preserve a particularly outstanding plant, as well as for situations where plant regularity is key i.e. commercial farming, greenhouses.
Can it be Done at Home?
You bet. I'm going to explain how to construct simple yet highly effective Aeroponic propagation system for around 40 dollars in parts, much less than commercially available versions. This type of cloner uses a small pump to constantly mist the ends of cuttings taken from a mother plant, creating an ideal environment of water and oxygen around the cuttings which accelerates the rooting process. Although many different cloning methods exist, this system is by far the easiest, most forgiving, low maintenance, and fastest way I have found to successfully propagate cuttings. You simply set it and forget it.
How Long Does it Take?
Using only filtered water different plant species will take anywhere from seven days to a month or longer to grow roots. Adding a rooting hormone (available at most garden stores) to your process can speed things along significantly if time is of importance to you.
What Plant Species Can I Clone?
Most all plants are technically cloneable, although species with woody stems can be tougher. I would suggest googling what you are trying to do for species specific information. Try starting here simplyhydro.com
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