Introduction: Make Your Own Geta Sandles

Picture of Make Your Own Geta Sandles

Ever wondered what the Japanese used for footwear prior to western imperialism brought Adidas to the land of the rising sun? Me neither, but if you've ever seen shows like Samurai Jack or any number of anime set in Japan's pre-industrial past you may have noticed characters wearing a type of shoe called geta.

These are hard wooden sandals with two "teeth" (ha in Japanese) that raise the wearer above the ground and allow for an interesting step and sound. There are still Japanese elders who have fond memories of the time when the streets of Japan were still alive with the clack of geta and after figuring out what these shoes were called and their historic significance, I decided it would be fun to make my own pair. They're pretty easy to make and when you're done you'll have a set of geta that are custom-fit for your feet, as well as some of the noisiest shoes this side of Chuckie Finster.

Step 1: Measurements

Picture of Measurements

As with any footwear, having the proper measurements can make a big difference in geta fitting well or not. The positioning and height of the teeth, length and width of the sole, and placement of the thong are important to getting a good fit. Luckily for you and I someone has made a great calculator that'll give you all the exact measurements you need for your foot. Remember to follow the directions for measuring your foot since well-fitted geta will actually be a couple centimeters shorter than the length of your foot. You can find the geta calculator here. Once you have measurements you can get your materials.

Step 2: Materials and Tools

Below are the materials I used, but you can substitute whatever works for you:
  • 2' of red oak 2"x2"
  • 2' of red oak 1/2"x6"
  • 2' 1/4" red oak dowel
  • cotton piping (optional)
  • 1/4" nylon rope
  • wood glue

As for tools, a table saw with a ripping fence and normal fence makes this a whole lot easier and lets you get more precise, but a steady hand and a circular saw can yield similar results. A drill with a 1/4" or 15/64"is also necessary.

Step 3: Cutting the Teeth and Sole

Picture of Cutting the Teeth and Sole

With the measurements from the geta calculator you can cut the material to size. I marked out where my cuts needed to go with pencil on the soles and teeth, then used a table saw to cut and rip the pieces as needed.

If you're working with a circular saw you can forgo shaving off the 5mm or so difference the calculator gives between the 2x2's width and the ideal width of the teeth. Make sure the extra width is on the inside of the teeth, making the gap between the teeth shorter so the outside measurement of the teeth is correct.

If you have access to a full workshop then using a planer on the soles to get them to the ideal thickness is nice as well, though as long as the thickness is around 1/2" it should be fine. I messed up on mine and used 1" thick red oak, and they still came out fine if a bit heavier than they would have otherwise been, so there's wiggle room in the measurements.

Step 4: Attaching Teeth to Sole

Picture of Attaching Teeth to Sole

Sand the inside and outside edges of the teeth now since they're easier to get at now rather than later. Then mark out the placement of the teeth on the bottom of the sole, lay a small bead of wood glue in the middle of each tooth and set the tooth on the sole. Place a couple phone books on the teeth to hold everything tight and let the glue set well.

Once the glue has dried and set you can add the dowels that keep everything very tight and add a bit of style to the geta as well. About 1" in on each side of each tooth drill a hole for a peg. This is two holes per tooth, eight total. I used a 15/64 inch bit since my 1/4 inch bit sprouted legs and ran away, but this wound up being a happy coincidence since the hole being slightly undersized meant when I hammered in the dowel it was so snugly it didn't need glue. You could use a 1/4" bit as well and use your best judgment as to if it needs glue. The basic body of the geta are now done, and it's time to add the thongs.

Step 5: That Thong Tha Thong Thong Thong...

Picture of That Thong Tha Thong Thong Thong...

Geta are different from most any other thonged sandal such as flip flops in that the thong goes through the middle of the shoe instead of toward the center where the big toe would normally go. This serves an important purpose though, since this makes the back side of the geta hold out to the side as one walks and prevents the heels from hitting one another. Those who've tried making off-center thongs on their geta figure this out.

Luckily for us though the hole's in the center, easy to measure, hard to mess up. Mark your hole as measured in the geta calculator, then drill it out with a large enough bit for two pieces of the rope to go through. I used a 5/16 bit and wallowed the hole a little to make it an oblong.

For the back holes you want them to be just behind the front of the back tooth coming down at an angle that leads to the gap between the teeth on the bottom of the sole. Be careful that you don't drill into the back tooth as the bit comes through the bottom as I did on one of mine.

To thread the thongs slide one end of the rope through each of the back thong holes up through the top, then together through the middle hole. Tie a knot on the underside of the middle hole to hold the thong in place and cut off any excess, sealing the ends with a lighter to prevent fraying. Test the fit similarly to make sure they're not too tight or too lose before your tie the knot.

The thongs are 33" each on mine, this should be a good starting size for others as well, but I'd say start with something more like 38 each to give yourself room to trim them down. It's easier to cut away excess than to add more on later. If you like you can add cotton piping over your nylon rope now to give it added softness and color. measure and adjust your rope to size, then cut a piece of piping an inch or so longer so you can sew the ends of it up after you slide the rope into it.

Step 6: Additional Finishing

Picture of Additional Finishing

The last thing to add to your geta is to round the corners of the sole and sand the whole thing smooth. Since I don't have my handy rasp on hand to carve down the corners I used a sidewalk to rasp down the corners and filed them smooth. A rasp or rought file would also be nice to bring the sole in perfectly flush with the teeth so the wood looks more like one piece. You can also finish them with a clear coat, but I chose to leave mine unfinished. You can also cut out and nail strips of rubber (bike tire perhaps?) to the bottoms of the teeth to quiet the clacking walk if you don't like it but that's part of the traditional charm of geta.

The geta I've made aren't the only style there is though. There are single tooth geta (tengu geta), and ones which have a front tooth that comes forward more like a normal shoe. There are geta with very thin and tall teeth for when it's wet or rainy out, and geta-style sandals made from more modern materials. Make yours however you like, there's plenty of room for playing with the design once you've got the basics down.

Comments

devicemodder made it! (author)2017-03-28

I made a pair using some wood from skids i found at work. I even used 550 paracord for the thong.

devicemodder (author)2016-06-10

Thanks to archive.org, here: https://web.archive.org/web/20080101124341/http://www.egeorgeonline.com/getapage/plans2.htm#cutting

DavidF15 (author)devicemodder2016-12-23

The archived javascript didn't work for me, but they have a non-java set of percentages at

https://web.archive.org/web/20080101130044/http://www.egeorgeonline.com/getapage/nojava.html

(the javascript looks like it only does proportions anyway)

mconahan made it! (author)2016-08-14

I used your strap attachment as a reference for this pair I made from an old skateboard deck. LET'S CLOP!

devicemodder (author)2016-06-10

the site for sizing is down.

ProtectTheAlphaWolf made it! (author)2016-05-26

I made it! *yay!*

*I am Sparky's older bro, btw

Animatrixx (author)2015-06-17

there is a reason for the thong being set in the exact middle instead of offset as in western sandals - when the shoe begins to wear on the outside, you can switch sides and wear them in on the opposite side. They are designed to be worn slightly offset on the foot. Also, the heel hangs off the back very slightly. As for the dumb comments about it being drag, or uncomfortable, or dumb looking - i can only say, that obviously you have never worn geta, or clogs. I have worn both, they are comfortable, and the only thing dumb were those comments.

i am sad to see the geta page link is down, the custom geta size calculator was a great thing... i made a pair from it, but twice the standard height, and used the info on the pages to adjust the "teeth" underneath forward to compensate. I also screwed mine together, and it turned out fine. I used cotton washline cord for the thongs, but covered them in a tube of obi silk scrap padded with fleece material to make them more comfortable to wear, and glued a layer of fleece onto the sole for the same reason. Rounded the toes and heels, and sprayed the wood black.

tip - it is much easier to cut the cords to length after tying the knots to hold them in place! lol xx

mmh (author)2009-01-11

Very cute. Now you can walk through the mud like a true Geisha.

carpespasm (author)mmh2009-01-11

Well the original Geisha were men, but I'm not so hot on drag and my feet are too big to pull off the look. ;)

wasamonkey (author)carpespasm2010-08-24

Sorry, but I think you're getting Geisha confused with Kabuki theater which used to consist of all male actors.

Actually, carpespasm is correct. Men were the original Geisha. Geisha are artists and by no means prostitutes. They were, and still are today, the highest form of femininity.Like the men they sang, danced, and played instruments. Eventually male Geisha faded out and the females eventually had to become licensed which was actually done to protect them.Kabuki were indeed all male actors in highly ornate costumes. After Pearl Harbor and the USA retaliated on Japan, many "ladies of the night" dressed like Geisha but with one very important exception. These ladies wore their obi's tied in the front which made it much easier for them to undress and dress quickly. Plus their make up was more heavier. These ladies actually made it hard on the true Geisha and gave Geisha a seriously undeserved bad rep. Today, in Kyoto you can still find Geisha wearing their geta shoes. But I'm afraid that Geisha are fast disappearing.

carpespasm (author)wasamonkey2010-08-24

Whoops. I stand corrected. I'm surprised it took over a year for someone to point it out. I looked it up and it seems Kabuki was early on played by all women for male and female parts, then went to the opposite.

wasamonkey (author)carpespasm2010-08-25

Interesting, I had always heard it was males, never all female then male. Well looks like we both learned something ^^

lol

That Inventor Dude (author)mmh2010-06-09

those geta where squarish so they are male geta. female geta are more rounded (you learn a lot from watching decent manga and anijme like bleach)

Really? Shoot, better remember that when I make mine.

mmh (author)That Inventor Dude2010-06-29

Gee, one can learn so much when not even trying!

Byakuya Uzumaki (author)2015-02-11

Never mind, I see what you did, I just skimmed through it lol thanks for posting this!

Byakuya Uzumaki (author)2015-02-11

could I just go an easier way and screw the teeth on the sole? I really need an easy way of making these xD

snoop911 (author)2014-12-06

The rope at the top of the clog seems to go down in the middle, instead of offset towards the big toe.. doesn't that make it akward, or is it meant for stability Speaking of which, what's the maximum weight the nylon rope can support?

I'd like to make it 9" tall.. any recommendations? For example, I was thinking for stability, instead of the two standoffs, I would just stack (glue) 18 of the 1/2" red oak together, but perhaps there's a better way?

generalbipbip (author)2014-10-24

I think i'll give it a try

x z i t (author)2010-03-01

more like "make your own ghetto sandals"

Jesster_King (author)x z i t2014-07-01

ghetto sandals wouldn't look anywhere as nice, and how about being nice

JadedKitty (author)2014-02-17

Thank you a ton for uploading this.. I am working on a professional semi authentic Maiko/Geisha photo shoot shoes and needed a pair of female Geta in US womens size 10, which is nearly impossible to find.. Going to get my hands on the supplies and tools to make these.

fancypants23 (author)2013-09-12

hmmm...geta or ghetto?

bowmaster (author)2009-01-28

Cool!! Now I can leave square imprints on the faces of people I kick!

lycoris3 (author)bowmaster2010-04-21

now now, can't have the geta sandles banned from school.  please don't do...I really would like to wear them to school.

bowmaster (author)lycoris32010-04-21

I was kidding. Face kicks are tactically worthless in school fights.

lycoris3 (author)bowmaster2013-04-08

oh I know, even though the thought is hilarious and the anime's would have you believe otherwise. :)

EngineerJakit (author)2011-07-10

I bet a few pairs can be made from a wood pallet. thats like making a few free pairs of sandals!

carpespasm (author)EngineerJakit2011-07-11

be sure to get that pallet-wood smooth first unless you have some seriously tough feet.

EngineerJakit (author)carpespasm2011-07-12

Well yeah...

just a few observations to make:

1.  'authentic' geta are made by carving out of one block of wood as opposed to   using dowels to support the teeth. 

2.  reason being, that technology was more used in house construction and less in craft. 

3.  also a single piece is and will always be stronger and even though they had rice glue and fish glue these were not as water insoluble as the synthetic glues we have nowadays.

did not mean to give a history lesson but I thought this info was imporatnt to know

Those are all good points. My intention with this was more for something to give the proper feel an impression of how geta are to use without having to spend hours shaving down a solid block. For someone planning to go by historic or traditional methods though it's a good distinction to make.

marxdarx (author)carpespasm2010-02-26

well I think we can use modern cutting machines to cut one solid piece each. Shouldn't be too hard with a jigsaw.

Just a thought.

KwartzKitten (author)marxdarx2011-04-28

worth trying!

its ok i love history thanks that was interesting

KwartzKitten (author)2011-04-28

I have my own that were a lucky find in a chinese shoe store. I was thrilled to find them, but years of use have started to wear off the foam-like bottoms of the shoe and exposing the wood onderneath. I'm gonna fix them and want to use them for a good long time, but it's nice to know how to make your own.

DanYHKim (author)2010-11-17

My city has a "Renaissance craft fair". My daughter was set up with Hakama, Kimono-type jacket, two swords (a daisho?), geta and conical hat. She was a big hit, and even had her picture in the local newspaper. I think the geta were a bit part of making her look the part.

since we are on the topic of footwear, are you going to do one on making waraji?  It would be cool if they could be made out of some recyclable 'modern' material.

The only kind of instruction for making waraji I have found is at

www.rhinohide.cx/tousando/yoriaku/waraji.html

which is a site for making  samurai costuming and equipment for study or SCA.  I used one of the linked diagrams to make a pair of waraji-type sandals out of cotton clothes line, which worked pretty well, except that they were REALLY PAINFUL to wear for the first few weeks.  Very comfortable after breaking in, but the nubby surface was really awful until it smoothed out a bit.  They were also ideal for walking in tidepools, because they gripped the rocky surfaces well and protected my feet.

Jubeidude (author)DanYHKim2010-11-15

Is that the correct link?
I clicked on it, but the website doesn't show up.
I tried google searching as well.
Did you mistype the link at all?

DanYHKim (author)Jubeidude2010-11-15

The site seems to be kaput. Sorry

Jubeidude (author)DanYHKim2010-11-15

thanks for tryin' man.
There is a good waraji how-to on this very website though.

spark master (author)2010-07-12

Well, they are dumber looking then dutch wooden shoes, or, are they? The biggest thing one can say in their favor is by wearing sandals of any kind you reduce fungal infections, or at least that is what I read a few years back. In many cultures (including european ) until the advent of industrial revolution, most farmer types (here in usa we were an agrarian society), were bare footed, cold weather or warm. Wealthy people wore shoes, the commoners mostly did not. As far as "Ever wondered what the Japanese used for footwear prior to western imperialism brought Adidas to the land of the rising sun?" get real. The Imperial Japanese Attacked Pearl Harbor (who knows maybe some did an instructable on it, or a youtube even), if anyone is/was imperial it it was the Japanese.

carpespasm (author)spark master2010-07-12

I really hate to feed the troll, and Japan for sure had big imperial drive during WW2 (much more so in mainland Asia than for anywhere else) but check this out: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Opening_of_Japan

OldVamp (author)2010-04-30
gheghegheghe (author)2010-03-12

 wow

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