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Picture of Make a USB iPhone iPod Charger On The Cheap!
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There are many designs for iPhone chargers out there and many are confusing or use parts that are hard to find.  My design uses parts that are easy to find, is tested works with all iPhones and iPods (as of this posting), and just works.  It is a fun and useful project.  I made one a few years ago and put a video on YouTube.  I weekly get many questions about making one.  So here you go and i hope you enjoy it.

 
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Step 1: Parts List:

Picture of Parts List:
Parts:
  • 1 - SPST Switch (I used a toggle switch)
  • 1 - LED for "ON" indicator red or green (Radio Shack sells LED's with resistor "350 ohm" you can mount.  That's what I used.)
  • 1 - 350 ohm Resistor
  • 1 - 7805 Voltage Regulator
  • 1 - 22uF Capacitor
  • 1 - 10nF Capacitor (code 103)
  • 2 - 33K Resistors
  • 2 - 22K Resistors (Other values can be used, read step 2)
  • 1 - Female USB Connector (I got mine at a dollar store)
  • 1 - 9v Connector
  • 1 - 9v Battery
  • Electrical Tape
  • Solder
  • Soldering Iron
  • Small piece of perfboard
  • Altoids Tin
  • Dremel Tool with cutting attachment or tin snips to cut the tin
  • Drill for switch and LED hole
  • Hot Glue
  • Paint if you want

You can go here for a good tutorial on soldering. 
For most of the parts you can use techno scrap and recycle old broken electronics or just buy them.
I wanted to use parts that are easy to find and inexpensive so everything can be bought at Radio Shack or if your don't mind on-line shopping I like http://www.taydaelectronics.com/servlet/StoreFront because it's cheep!  
I hope you enjoy the project.  

Warning: Just a fair warning that there is a small chance that something can go wrong and you can end up frying your really expensive iPod.  Be careful.  

Step 2: How does it work?

Picture of How does it work?

All USB plugs run at 5v so need a way to make a portable 5v charging device.  There are a few ways to do this.  The way we are going to do it is to use a 9v battery and reduce its voltage to 5v with a 7805 voltage regulator.  First, i like toggle switches and LEDs, the switch is placed first near the battery to ensure it's not running when not on.  Then the LED (on indicator) and resistor before the regulator, but on ether side of the regulator a capacitor is placed to smooth out the current a bit.

For most USB charged devices this would be enough.  Just attach the red and black wires from the USB and it should work, but  Apples iDevices have a feature that tries to stop people like us from making our own charger or using most other non-Apple chargers.  The iPhone or iPod Touch needs to "see" a 2v charge in each of the 2 USB data lines as a, "OK, this charger must be from Apple so it's time to start charging from the 5v."  This is why you need the extra resistors to make a voltage divider to make the 2v because  22K / (22K+ 33K) * 5.0V = 2.0V.  When I made mine I used the 22K and 33K values but you can also use 2 50K and 2 75K or 2 100K and 2 150K to also reach 2v.  Let me know in the comments if those other values actually work, I think they will.  

I have tested this charger with a few iDevices including an iPhone 4.  For iDevises the charger will work until the 9v battery gets down to around 6v or 5v.  Then you will get a message saying "Your iPhone does not recognize this charger."  You may not get a whole charge out of a battery, so it is great to keep for emergencies.  This charger can charge much more than iDecives.  I have used it with other MP3 players, cell phones, cameras, and video cameras.  Really anything that can be charged with a USB.  That really was helpful when my kids were being cute and I wanted to video tape them but the recorder was dead.  Just plug it in, carry it along, and catch those precious moments on video.

Step 3: Putting It Together

  • Use your Tin to lay it out your pattern to make sure your wires are the right length.  
  • Solder the red (positive) wire from the battery connector to one pin of the switch and from the other pin to the perfboard.
  • Solder the black (negative) wire from the battery connector to the perfboard also.  So now you can have a positive and a negative side.  
  • Attach wires to your LED long enough to put it where you want it.  Solder the positive LED lead to the board with the positive wire.
  • The LED negative side has a small flat spot on the side of the plastic.  Attach that wire to the 350 ohn resister.
  • Then the other side of the resistor to the negative side of the board.
  • Place the 22uF Cap in the board.  The side with the line on it is the negative side and goes to the negative wire.  The other is positive and attaches to that wire
  • Now comes the 7805.  If you look at the front of the chip, the left pin is attached to the positive wire in your board (which is from the 9v battery), the middle pin is ground and is attached to the black (negative) wire, and the right pin is 5v out which will be the positive source for the rest of the circuit.  (see diagram for pinout)  You can see in the pictures i used a heat sink on the 7805 but that is not necessarily.  
  • Then add the little 10nF cap to the negative (ground) and the positive 5v.
  • Now comes the voltage divider.  You need 2 33K resistors connected to the positive 5v and each of those are connected to a 22K resister which is then connected to ground (negative, black).
  • Almost done
  • Now the Female USB.  If you get one with wires still on it will be a little eaysier.  If not just attach your own wires.  The red wire needs 5v and the black needs to go to ground.  The green and white wires each need 2v and are attached between the 33K and 22K resistors.
  • Plug in the battery, the iPhone/device, and turn it on :-)

Step 4: Prep the Tin

Picture of Prep the Tin
If you make your charger like mine (which you don't need to) you will need to drill 2 holes, one for the switch and the other for the light.  Then you will need to cut a rectangle hole for the USB.  I used a Dremel with a cutting wheel.  I also spray painted mine red.  It took a few coats to get it all.  To prevent the circuit from shorting put some black electrical tape on the inside on the tin.  

Then just install all the circuit guts, use a little hot glue to hold down the USB and you're good to go.

Step 5: More Information

Picture of More Information
For more Information you can check out.

My YouTube Chanel for more techie videos :-)

The Mysteries of Apple Device Charging.  With a Cool Video.  Thanks Lady Ada.

I
f you have questions you can leave them in the comments and i'll do my best to answer them.
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NinadM126 days ago

This is very good project. I also have made some changes with original circuit. I used resistor of 330 ohm instead of 350 ohm resistor and 10uF capacitor instead of 10nF capacitor and it's working great.Highly recommended for those who need cheaper power banks for outdoor use.

Made it with my students (16 years old) ! Worked great !

Why would it fry you device and what would cause this?

RobertC24 months ago

ref: "on ether side of the regulator a capacitor is placed to smooth out the current a bit." Why?

Your power source is a battery. Unlike a rectified AC source, there shouldn't be any ripple. Or am I missing something?

The painted tin is quite nice! ;-)

bradk3 RobertC22 months ago

Using capacitors like this, even when running off battery power, is just good practice. There's more to it than just rectifying ripples in the power source. They also serve to filter out noise from the device being charged from interfering with the voltage regulator.

True, this circuit would probably work 99% of the time without the capacitors, but it's a good idea to include them.

RobertC2 bradk32 months ago

I see. Thanks!

willwardlaw2 months ago

would like to know how many charges you get out of it

DDM1 willwardlaw2 months ago

Just my 2 cents but I wouldn't think too many. 9v alkaline batteries don't hold a lot of juice. Only about 300-500 mAh at 9 volts depending on current drain and the iPhone 4s battery is just shy of 1500 mAh at around 3.6v I think. I don't know the math but I would guess less than one full charge.

shane better2 months ago
I' be just started teaching myself electronics, and I was wondering why you need so many parts or why you don't just have larger resistors. Is there a reason ?

This method is more slightly efficient than using a large resistor and also works independent of load. basically if you have a regular phone that may draw only 1 amp and a tablet that could draw 2 aps, this circuit will provide 5v to both of them, where as a resistor will push too much voltage into the tablet. There's actually an even better solution called a switch-mode power supply. Though those are not simple or cheap. I encourage you to learn as much as you can about electronics! Don't be afraid to spend hours on the web breading things.

ibenkos2 months ago

Awesome project! Does it work on the newest iPhone and iPad?

moose672 months ago

Did a similar build but used 2 9V in parallel and a 12V car usb adapter. Stripped the adapter down and glued it into a tin. Picked up a toggle switch at Radio Shack and it worked great.

EmilioD14 months ago

Hello I am doing somthinlike your project but what I was planning is make the charger being able to connect to a connector in the wall but I am not really sure how to... do you think you can help?

Boneless14 months ago

this is amazing

sbizarro made it!4 months ago

awesome, works great!!! Thanks

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pfantastic made it!5 months ago
I've only tested it on an old Samsung Galaxy. Works great so far!
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pfantastic5 months ago
My first real circuit. I made a lot of mistakes but they were worth it for the knowledge gained. I liked this instructable because it's totally functional, it looks cool so you can show it off to your friends, and it was just challenging enough for a beginner. Thanks man!
jknight201 year ago

This is a great instructable but the use of a 9v battery means that you get very little juice out of it. I'm rather a novice at this stuff, what would I need to change to replace the 9v battery with, lets say, 4 AA batteries?

Thanks again for the fun project.

amdlo jknight205 months ago

You can find a pretty cheap step down modules at ebay. Like this one:
http://www.ebay.com/itm/3A-DC-DC-Converter-Adjusta...

Well, I have been extensively researching to find a 6v to 5v voltage regulator... And apparently, to my surprise, there are none. So, you can do what I'm doing and use 4 AAs and 1 AAA in an altoids tin with a LM1117 voltage regulator. But if you're trying to charge an apple device you'll need to put a variable potentiometer between USB pin 2, and 3, then adjust it until the ipod accepts the charge.

this is nice. How much did it costs you to do all these? Thanks man!

sorolfo7 months ago

how many watts did you used in the 350 ohm resistor???

Logan Rolfy8 months ago
Made a circuit like this, just modified to feed Samsung phones (works on notes, only Samsungs I have around). They need to "see" 1.2V in the data lines of a USB. Check out my charger, its an instructable.

Hi again. I'm also wondering if both voltage dividers are necessary for current reasons or can you just use one?

Hi, took me some time but I finally managed to make it. USB inputs are opposite of what I expected. For some reason it didn't occur to me that that was my problem so I spent forever adding and removing components. As a result my circuit is unbearably messy. I just started learning Eagle PCB and I want to get a board printed for this. Would you have any problem with me getting a manufacturer to print a board for this design? thanks

lukasnebula9 months ago
wait so you are a kid in middle school and you made this?

Yep. Easy if you just put you're mind to it and know how to do it. Made a few other things, just check them out. Go to my page.

Hemanth.GR.159 months ago

Can we use this circuit to charge PlayStation Vita charger?

Logan Rolfy11 months ago

I have made it... but my iPod wont let me put photos onto my computer :-(

ngibbs21 year ago
How much is CHEAP? what's the total cost of this product?

It depends on if you have the necessary tools yet, or not. You can pick up a hot glue gun for $5 at Home Depot. A really nice Dremel tool will run you around $50-$60. All of the components are pretty cheap, costing me about $10 for them all.

donh4642 years ago
im trying to find all the parts for this project. I cant seem to find the 10nF resistor anywhere. Any help appreciated...

I know its been a year, but for anyone else with the same question, 10nF is equal to .01uF. The capacitors I have found are labeled as .01uF.

kmannarbor11 months ago

how would this design be modified for android devices? Am I'm mistaken in thinking that the two volts on the data line would be unnecessary? If so, would you even need the pcb and all those resistors and capacitors? Wouldn't a voltage regulator be enough?

matt826101 year ago

can I use a LM317 and place correct parts to have an output of 5v and substitute it in?

it works with moto g or samsung's cellphones?

Rodville1 year ago

Would this work with 12V instead of the 9V?

hey rodville yes it will work with 12v but be aware of the amps that the battery gives out. Since this battery only gives 500mAh

My battery pack puts out 3a max

Ok after some research i found out that the input current doesn't matter which means you can use the battery but you will need a heatsink becuase it would dissipate a lot of heat.

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