# Make a Viking Sun Compass

Imagine the situation - you're due to go on a raid tomorrow, but Bjorn Hammersson won your lodestone in a game of hnefetafl last night. No magnetic lodestone, nothing to indicate North when you're out of sight of land. How are you going to find your way at sea?

Fortunately, with a nail, a lump of wood and a few spare hours, you can construct a sun compass.

(To do this Instructable properly, it is not absolutely vital to be wearing a Viking helmet, but it helps. It's a long time since mine last came out of the shed...)
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## Step 1: Make your Sun Compass.

Bang the nail through the piece of wood. No, don't use a rock, you're supposed to be civilised. Use a hammer.

Done.

Yes, really, you're done. All you need to do now is calibrate it.

## Step 2: Calibrate your sun compass.

All you need is patience and a pencil.

Put your sun compass somewhere that is both sunny and won't be disturbed, or where you can make sure that you place the sun compass in exactly the same orientation each time. I stood mine on an up-turned planter, to stop folk stepping on the nail.

Spend the day near your sun compass, doing useful things to prepare for your raid (mending sails, sharpening swords, doing careful stretching exercises so you don't pull a muscle during an important ravish, you know the kind of thing).

Every so often (try for every 20 or 30 minutes, but at least every hour), mark the tip of the nail's shadow with your pencil.

At the end of the day, join the marks in a smooth curve, known as the gnomon curve.

Find the point where the gnomon curve passes closest to the nail. Draw a straight line from that point to the base of the nail. That will be your North-South line (as a Viking, living in the Northern hemisphere, North is pointing away from the nail. If you are making your sun compass in the Southern hemisphere, North is pointing towards the nail, and you must be the most utterly-lost Viking in history).

SparkySolar1 month ago

super

Kiteman (author)  SparkySolar1 month ago

Thanks!

Bill WW1 year ago
Great Instructable and very fun to read.

On a large flat Viking ship the shadow of the tip of the mast could be drawn on the deck and a gnomic curve drawn. With the north point marked, the other compass points could also be inscribed on the deck. Then the Viking captain would just leave Stavanger and head south-south-west.

Just saying.
Erod D-Isle1 year ago
i really enjoy your historical accuracy regaurding norse viking culture its good to see other people recognizing it as it is
Kiteman (author)  Erod D-Isle1 year ago
Er... thank you?
1 year ago
sorry its a thing i have how people have strayed from their natural purpose and a viking thing a little too
InTheory1 year ago
Protip: if you can fix a gem of iolite (cordierite) to the top of the nail head it can show where the sun is in even the cloudy days.

Thanks for the instructable, when I find the iolite I have been hoarding away this will be invaluable!
Kiteman (author)  InTheory1 year ago

Oh, yes!
Ginyb1 year ago
If I live in Bakersfield, CA and there is a need for this where is my north. could you tell me where I could get more info. thanks ginyb
Kiteman (author)  Ginyb1 year ago
I'm afraid I don't know what you're asking me - do you want to know where North is from where you are?
1 year ago
This Bakersfieldian is obviously not of Viking decent... :P Great tool Kiteman!
1 year ago
If you live in Bakersfield, I would advise that your North is any direction that leads out of Bakersfield...
blkhawk1 year ago
Viking helmets did not have horns! Your picture is historically inaccurate! :-P
1 year ago
He just happens to be hornier than...most Vikings? wait, that didn't sound right either...
1 year ago
LOL! Good one! :-)
Kiteman (author)  blkhawk1 year ago
My sources say differently:
1 year ago
You beat me using the Sunday Comics! You don't play fair!
Kiteman (author)  blkhawk1 year ago
:-p
1 year ago
Space viking helmets have horn-like antennae.
1 year ago
Thusly

http://www.instructables.com/id/be-ZIGGY-STARDUST-gone-SPACE-VIKING-Volume-Indica/
Kiteman (author)  snotty1 year ago
Haha!
SHIFT!1 year ago
This will be great when I inevitably get lost in the woods!
Kiteman (author)  SHIFT!1 year ago
Don't forget, though, you'll need to stay put for a full day to calibrate it.
1 year ago
Ooh, good point! I'll need to pack a can of Anti-Bear Spray then.
Mr_Altitude1 year ago
This reminds me of a sun compass I make. You put a stick in the ground, mark where the tip of the shadow is, wait 15 minutes, then mark were the tip of the shadow is again. You connect the two points, and that's your east-west line. You intersect that line to make your north-south line.
Kiteman (author)  Mr_Altitude1 year ago
That's OK for survival navigation, but that line should be a curve - you wouldn't be able to navigate to a specific point, but you would be able to find your way out of a desert.
PKM1 year ago
I wonder if there's such a thing as a calculator or spreadsheet which can take your latitude and generate gnomon curves for various times of year? The fun is probably in making the curve yourself but it would be interesting to see how they change with latitude and season.
Kiteman (author)  PKM1 year ago
I've seen sundial generators, the curves would be the same.
nerfrocketeer1 year ago
Pretty cool! ManVS.Wild!
Kiteman (author)  nerfrocketeer1 year ago
Hehe, thanks!
ehudwill1 year ago
Great instructable. Fun to read and informative.
Kiteman (author)  ehudwill1 year ago
Thank you!
JMRaphael1 year ago
Awesome project! In scouting, one skill similar to this involved using a stick placed at the center of a clock face to point North. Always good to see tools that serve an efficient, practical purpose with a minimum of resources!
Kiteman (author)  JMRaphael1 year ago
Thank you!
rimar20001 year ago
Interesting. But the height of the Sun changes not only throughout the year but with latitude. It is to say: this compass is perfect if you travel along a parallel (east to west or viceversa) , but otherwise it would bring erroneous data. Anyway, clever device.
Kiteman (author)  rimar20001 year ago
Sometimes just landing on the right continent is a plus!
mandolinible1 year ago
Dang that Bjorn Hammersson! This is really useful, and a nice activity on a sunny day. Thanks.
Kiteman (author)  mandolinible1 year ago
You're welcome!