Introduction: Make a Simple 12 Volt Power Supply
Have you ever needed a 12 volt power supply that can supply maximum 1 amp? But trying to buy one from the store is a little too expensive?
Well, you can make a 12 volt power supply very cheaply and easily!
I needed a 12 volt power supply for my project, the SSTC (Solid State Tesla Coil), and also made this instructable because it might be use full to someone...
Step 1: Things That You Will Need...
- Piece of veroboard
- Four 1N4001 diodes
- LM7812 regulator
- Transformer that has an output of 14v - 35v AC with an output current between 100mA to 1A, depending how much power you will need. (I found a 16v 200mA transformer in a broken alarm clock.)
- 1000uF - 4700uF capacitor
- 1uF capacitor
- Two 100nF capacitors
- Jumper wires (I used some plain wire as jumper wires)
- Heatsink (optional)
Step 2: And the Tools...
- Soldering iron
- Wire cutters
- Wire strippers
- A thing you can cut veroboard tracks.
- Hot glue (To hold components down and make the power supply physically strong and sturdy.)
- And some other tools that you might find helpful.
Step 3: Schematic and Others...
If you want a 5 volt power supply, just simply replace the LM7812 to a LM7805 regulator.
Datasheet for LM78XX
If you are going to pull out about 1 amp from this power supply, you will need a heatsink for the regulator, otherwise it will generate very high temperatures and possibly burn out...
However, if you are just going to pull out a few hundred milliamps (lower than 500mA) from it, you won't need a heatsink for the regulator, but it may get a little bit warm.
Also, heres the schematic...
I also add in an LED to make sure the power supply is working. You can add in an LED if you want.
Step 4: Make It!
Well, read the schematic and build the power supply!
If you don't know how to read schematics, you might want to look here.
Make sure you get good solder joints and no solder bridges, otherwise your power supply won't work!
Oh, If you don't know how to solder, read this great instructable! How to solder!
Step 5: Test It!
After you had built your power supply, test it with your multimeter to make sure they are no solder bridges.
After you tested it, put it in a plastic box or something to protect you from shocks.
But do not operate the power supply like I did, it is very dangerous because of the mains voltage on the transformer, you or somebody will get badly shocked!
My power supply has 11.73v output, not too bad, I don't need it to be exactly 12v...
Step 6: Done...
You had built a cheap power supply! You can use it for what ever your needs...
But again do not operate it without any protection!
If you need any help, or questions, or any thing, make a comment!
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Please be positive and constructive.