Instructables

How to Make Wine

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Step 2: Equipment

Picture of Equipment
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You'll be able to make some of the stuff for this instructable but I fear that, if you want to keep homebrewing for long term, you'll be better off buying specific homebrew equipment anyways. Especially if you've got a Local Homebrew Store nearby.

1. Plastic Water Bottle or Glass Jug aka- the container
You can find these at any grocery store pretty much. Make sure you look at the bottom and see either 1 or 2 for the recycling. If it is anything else, it will not work.

The reason behind this is that you will be doing long-term fermentation/aging in this bottle. Using one that is not 1 or 2 will allow oxygen to seep in at the microscopic level. This can cause the wine to become oxidized and have a "stale" taste to it. Also, with #7 plastics, you do not know what it is made of. Therefore, you may have chemicals leech into your wine.

Using glass jugs can be substituted as well. Make sure the jug is NOT scratched on the inside

Variable cost, no more than $20 or free if you have clean, unscratched plastic jug.

2. Rubber Stopper
Typically #8-9 will work, though if you can, test fit it to your just before buying. Only needed if you use the tubing or the commercial airlock. Drill a 1/4 hole in it.
$1.19

3. Airlock
This can be a few things
a. A balloon- The CO2 the yeast release will inflate it and cause it to expand. When the balloon expands to a certain point, the CO2 will begin to escape but not allow any air in(Pressure inside is great than that on the outside). Use rubber bands to keep it attached to the neck of the container
$.19 ?
b. pvc pipe + vinyl tubing- pvc goes through the rubber stopper and attach the vinyl tubing to it.
$2.19
c. Commercial Airlock - cost usually around a $1.59. these three piece airlocks have alcohol or some sanitized liquid put in to keep the center pipe submerged. Highly recommended.
$1.49

4. Stirrer
You'll need to throughly mix the solution. A long, plastic handle works great. Must fit into the neck of the bottle. If you cannot find one, a dowel with a spoon attached to it will work though you must dispose of after use (the wood tends to house baddies)
Variable

5. Funnel
For pouring liquid into the container
$.79

6. Turkey Baster
You'll need it for sampling after the fermentation finishes.

7. Bottles
You will need something airtight to store the finished product in. 2L and jugs work best. Make sure you can securely tighten the top and clean them.
Free hopefully. (What did you pour the juice from?)

8.The siphon
A 5-6' vinyl tubing. You will need to siphon the liquid from the container, ideally leaving out the yeast. If you have a homebrew store nearby, it's advisable to just buy a autosiphon .
$6 for the tubing or $9 for the autosiphon (trust me. you'll want it).

9. Sanitizer The most important equipment here. Get lots of it. You'll use it...alot. It even has it's own step.

This is commonly cheap bleach, but you will need to use LOTS of water to rinse afterwords. Otherwise, you'll be left chemical smell. I do not recommend it, but it'll work in a pinch.

You can also use any Iodine Sanitizing solution instead. It can be found at some grocery stores and just about any feed store for very cheap.

Ideally, getting B-T-F iodophor or Star-San 5 Star is the best choice. Follow the directions for mixing. They require no rinse if I remember correctly and the foam from Star San actually helps the yeast!

You can get these at your local homebrew store or restaurant supply for a small amount.

Iodine and bleach are pretty cheap, but Star-San and Iodophor are the right tool for the job when it comes to home brewing.
 
 
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Hatched1 year ago
Sanitizer:I left Star-San in the container, put in a little distilled water, swigged it around. I can leave it in there? I didn't mess up my batch horribly?
why cant the glass bottle be scratched?
As Seakip18 said, bacteria... but there's a host of other reasons too... cracks (+pressure) and mean leakage of flavours and outside air may be able to squeeze through the scratches (if they're deep enough), contaminating the wine. :)
Seakip18 (author)  MisterMissanthrope5 years ago
If there are scratches, bacteria can actually manage to hide inside the gaps. No amount of sanitizing will be able to truly remove them. It sucks, but I'd rather play it safe than risk losing a batch of wine that will age for a while.