Introduction: Making Hydrogen (Cheapest Way)

Picture of Making Hydrogen (Cheapest Way)

Aluminium reacts with aqueous sodium hydroxide to form sodium aluminate and hydrogen.

  2Al + 2NaOH + 2H2O = 2NaAlO2 + 3H2

Step 1: For This You Will Need

Picture of For This You Will Need

1. NaOH pellets

2. Aluminium Foil

3. Water

4. A glass Container

5. Bottle 1 l or Balloon (In order to collect hydrogen)

Step 2: Procedure

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1. Add some NaOH (10 g) pellets to about 20ml of water in a container. Please note that a highly exothermic reaction takes place so protect your hands and don't hold NaOH with bare hands as it may cause you burns.

2. Mix it.

3. Add a piece of Aluminium foil in it.

4. Now the reaction starts.

5. Trap the hydrogen using a bottle or a balloon.

Step 3:

This reaction has been proposed as a potential source of fuel for hydrogen powered cars.

Hydrogen could be too much dangerous.

The reaction is highly exothermic that water evaporates. (and water is used continuously in the reaction.)

So it may happen that the solution may turn dry and the reaction might stop

to overcome this add some water.

Step 4: References

http://www.quora.com/What-is-the-balanced-chemical-reaction-of-aluminum-and-sodium-hydroxide

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sodium_aluminate

Comments

baecker03 (author)2015-09-15

unfortunately this also produces aq NaOH as well. electrolysis would be the best method for the highest yield

kbapana (author)baecker032016-01-16

can u please tell me how much voltage, time, and current will be required to make about 1L hydrogen

baecker03 (author)kbapana2016-01-16

I have never set up an electrolysis apparatus, not sure if it would be measured in liters.. There is a lot of information out there regarding electrolysis... I would check you tube or google.

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