Instructables

Making an end-grain cutting board - I made it at Techshop

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Below are several cutting boards I have made at Techshop, San Francisco, a membership based workshop with all types of tools for making things. I don't have much experience with woodworking, so I used this project to teach myself some basic woodworking skills. I learned a lot about how to use the power-tools in the shop, how to think about wood grain, and how to glue up wood. It takes a while to make one of these, but the process is fairly simple.  My first board took many hours, but later boards took 3-4 hours actual working time per piece, spread over 3 days to allow the glue to dry. I estimate the cost at about $25 - $30 per board.

Before I get started on the actual project I should thank Mark Spagnolo, whose video podcast The Wood Whisperer inspired me to do this project. Mark has a great video (Episode 7: A Cut Above) which breaks down the process well. Still, I thought I would show my step-by-step process for anyone interested, including some of the different designs I made. I also include some of the mistakes I made along the way which might trip up fellow beginners.

I am still new to both making cutting boards and woodworking in general, so if anyone has constructive criticism or suggestions, please share them in the comments.

Update: Workshop

If you are a member of Techshop in the San Francisco area, I teach a monthly workshop on making these cutting boards at Techshop SOMA. Students work on steps 1-7 in the workshop, then I demonstrate later steps with my own materials. Link to workshop page
 
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abadfart1 year ago
very nice i have been wanting a new telecaster but cant afford a body blank but using a cutting board like this one i could build this
Carleyy1 year ago
I am so excited. I just signed up for this workshop!!
workislove (author)  Carleyy1 year ago
Awesome! I'll see you there :^D
keith7261 year ago
You have not considered the time-tested method for flattening these - a HAND PLANE. Power tools are wonderful, but not always the best method. Sanders (especially belt sanders) can leave grooves and uneven surfaces; a router for leveling the surface seems like over-kill. Also, end grain is notoriously tough (that's why you made a cutting board using end grain!) - sanding it takes forever, and risks making it uneven. Try a sharp hand plane, but you need one with the blade set at a low-angle for end grain, not the standard 45 degree plane blade angle used on face grain and side grain. The low-angle planes are called "block planes" - guess why? - they've been used for centuries for surfacing end grain butcher blocks and cutting boards, or any other end-grain cuts that a woodworker has to plane flat. Don't be afraid of hand tools!!! The only thing that can go wrong with a hand plane is tear-out on the edges when the plane blade leaves the wood and goes into space. You can prevent this by either planing inward from the edges to the center of the board, or by clamping sacrificial pieces of scrap wood to the sides of the board before planing - the scrap wood's outside edges will be torn-out at the end of the cut, but your board will be protected. Since you are new to woodworking, I would HIGHLY recommend that you look into owning a hand plane or two (one for face/edge grain and one for end grain - they use different blade angles. For this project you only need the low angle end-grain plane). Hand planes will take you to a whole 'nother level of accuracy and surface finish. Check out a few suppliers like Lee Valley or Lie-Nielsen (he's expensive, but it's an investment for life). Surfacing one of your cutting boards should take 5 - 10 minutes with a hand plane, not an hour per side! Of course, if you LIKE sanding for hours, and spending money on sandpaper, dust collection, band-aids, eye protection and hearing protection, have at it! I'd rather make a few passes with a block plane, with soft music playing in the background :<)
workislove (author)  keith7261 year ago
When you're right, you're right. Today I tried using a newly sharpened hand plane, and even without knowing what I was doing I was able to get one pretty flat side in just a few minutes. Then another member came by and showed me how to adjust and use the plane, and the rest of the work flew by.

As you said, it took me about 10 minutes to accomplish what took an hour or more with the sander. I won't waste my time with the other methods anymore - unless a drum sander happens to fall in my lap. The plane I used was a standard angle, though I could see how a low angle plane could make the work even easier.

This will definitely change my woodworking. I think the first time I tried using a hand plane it must have been dull and / or poorly adjusted - so I just figured it wasn't the right tool for the job. I'm glad I was wrong.
Yay! A Convert!!! Please do yourself a favor and look into hand tools - they are incredibly veratile and accurate, with none of the safety concerns from power tools. Also, the final finish of the wood will be different! Sanding makes millions of little scratches and "mushes over" the grain; sharp cutting tools cleanly cut the grains of the wood, producing a luster and clarity that sanding can't do.

It's sad that the power tool manufacturers have convinced us that we need power to do woodworking (I would, too, if I was selling power tools). The opposite is true - hanad tools are faster, more accurate, and produce a finer finish than ppowwer tools can. Think of the power tools as yoour "coarse" tools, doing the bulk rough work to get near your final dimensions, then use your hand tools as "fine" tools - tweaking the dimensions within thousandths of an inch (if you need that accuracy) and leaving an unparalleled fine finish.

I know your handle is WorkIsLove, but with hand tools, you can change it to LessWorkIsMoreLoveAndAPerfectFinish. Please look at the vendors I mentioned, buy a low-angle plane, throw away your sander and the endless costly pads, belts, etc., and have fun working wood.
workislove (author)  keith7261 year ago
I decided to write from the perspective of a beginner because I figured, even if I miss a few things, it's possible for me to bring up common mistakes made by all beginners with the (sometimes painful) lessons fresh in my mind. Hence my warning about the exploding strips the first time I cut with the miter saw.

Truly, thank you for your constructive criticism. Comments like this help both me and the instructable improve. I will update it as I learn more.
workislove (author)  keith7261 year ago
I ignored them for this instructable because I have ZERO experience with them and don't yet know where to begin. I just started woodworking for the first time in my life a few months ago, and San Francisco Techshop's power tool selection is A LOT better than their hand tool selection. They have a $10,000 CNC machine, but until last month didn't have a good set of hand planes. The problem is that every time they get good hand tools people tend to abuse, break, lose and maybe even steal them. If they can take care of their newest set I will try to learn how to use them.

Or perhaps I'll invest in my own. But right now I don't have the money to go buying tools without knowing what to look for. Early on I walked into a Woodcraft store, but the selection was so large and confusing, I had no idea what to get. Shopping online is even worse - everyone has opinions and advice, and they are all different. I plan to get a few projects under my belt before I go buying my own tools. After I know what type of woodworking I generally want to do, then I'll know what to ask for when I go shopping.
MikeCicc1 year ago
This is one of the best "I made it at techshop!" instructables I've seen yet. Thanks for really taking the time to explain your project. I just took the tech shop wood shop class and have been exploring with some basic projects to build my skills up - this is a great one for me to stretch myself on. Thanks!
workislove (author)  MikeCicc1 year ago
Glad to help! That's exactly what this project did for me. I wish you good luck on your boards!
keith7261 year ago
Just a quick safety comment: In the 3rd paragraph you say that if you don't have a crosscut sled, use the miter gauge with the saw fence as a measuring stop. DO NOT USE THE MITER GAUGE AND THE FENCE AT THE SAME TIME! This is asking for kickback, or if you're lucky, just having the cut piece shoot back at you. Using both together allows the cut off wood to get trapped between the blade and the fence - very bad news. Simple solution - clamp or tape a piece of wood to your table saw fence in front of the blade, and use that as your measuring stop. The key is that the stop block does not extend back to the blade - it only has to be a few inches long, clamped to the fence in front of the blade, not near the blade. This way, you put your piece in the miter gauge, slide it against the stop block on the fence, then when you push the piece forward towards the blade, it no longer is in contact with the stop block, and therefore can't cause the problem.
workislove (author)  keith7261 year ago
That's a good point, I had hesitation when writing that, but I've seen other accomplished woodworkers do it, so I wasn't sure. I've updated my 'ible pointing to your comment - I'll try to add a picture at some point when I have the time. Thanks!
keith7261 year ago
Forgot to mention - this problem does not happen when you use a cutoff sled because the cut off piece is firmly held in place by the sled and the (moving) stop block. Without the sled, using the miter gauge, the cutoff piece has no support - you are pushing the uncut part through the blade, and near the end of the cut, the cut off part has no support. If it's against the (stationary) fence, friction will make it twist into the blade. And at the end of the cut it's hitting the back of the blade which is rotating at you, not downward as in the beginning of the cut. Guess what happens?

Nice Instructable - stay safe!
ehensel12 years ago
Work- Your boards are beautiful and your attention to detail is great! If I can add one thing that might speed up your finishing process....When you apply the mineral oil, rub it into the wood with gloved hands (I use nitrile disposable gloves myself.) It takes a bit, but eventually the wood soaks it up. After two or three coats, check the bottom of the board to see if it's "bled" through. If it hasn't, keep on truckin'! If it has, flip it over and start the process from that side. Once the board won't accept anymore oil, you're finished, and you can just let it dry. At this point, I normally set the board on it's side, so if the board "weeps" any oil, I can wipe it off the next day. Hopefully, this saves you some time, and great work! Please post others!
workislove (author)  ehensel12 years ago
Fair enough, I have one more board unfinished, I'll try it your way.
Work, please understand that is was not a criticism at all, just an attempt at saving you some time. (I'm a teacher, and that comes at a premium!) I myself am using your methods to teach my students some new tricks!
workislove (author)  ehensel12 years ago
I didn't see it as criticism at all. I'm always still learning, so I like to hear others ideas
xtremedum2 years ago
Phenomenal work and explanations! Hopefully, going to try this soon!
workislove (author)  xtremedum2 years ago
Glad to help, go make some awesome boards!
brian262 years ago
My father-in-law has been making these since woodshop in High School in the '70s (pre-computer era).
workislove (author)  brian262 years ago
Oh yeah, these things are classic. There's no need for computers, they just make things quick and easy.
Your boards are gorgeous! This is a great walkthrough, too. I really need to take some of the woodworking classes at Techshop, that's for sure!
workislove (author)  jessyratfink2 years ago
Thank you!
kenbob2 years ago
Great instructable! I loved the suggestions, research, alternative methods, and supporting information!

workislove (author)  kenbob2 years ago
Thank you! I tried to include everything that helped me along the way.