Making Black Powder.





Introduction: Making Black Powder.

This instructable shows you how to make black powder for use in rocket motors and shells.

Step 1: Ingredients and Equipment.

the things you will need can be bought in supermarkets or garden stores.
And a ball mill can be constructed easily, if this goes down well, i might enter a ball mill instructable.

1.Potassium nitrate/KNO3/salt peter
2.Sulfur/flowers of sulfur/dusting sulfur
4.Ball mill
5. scales

The KNO3 is a garden fertilizer and can be bought at most gardening centers, as is the Flowers of sulfur, (its used to kill mites and acidify soil, so make sure you de-acidify it!)
Charcoal can be bought. Or if you have fireplace, or campfire the black brittle stuff is charcoal

Step 2: Grinding and Prep.

1.Put 75g of KNO3 into the ball mill and run until twice as fine, about 2 hours.

2.Empty mill. Crush 15g of charcoal between 2 pieces of paper and then grind in ball mill until powdery.

3.If using Flowers of sulfur, mix 100g with 10g of stabilizer to remove acidity (like ground calcium carbonate (chalk) or lime chloride) because if acidic the BP may spontaneously combust.

4.Then combine the KNO3 with the Charcoal, and 10g of the sulfur mix in the ball mill until at a consistent fine-ness, about 1 hour.

5. in short, 75g of fine KNO3 with 15g of fine charcoal, with 10g sulfur powder=BP

Step 3: Bentonite Clay.

Although not black powder, this bentonite clay can be used in rockets as an efficient way of crating a nozzle and bung in a black powder powered rocket.

Put 1 cup of the Cat litter (must be in-organic clumping type) in a ball mill and grind for 2 hours, or grind in other machine until powdery. When rammed this will become solid, because this Cat litter is mainly Bentonite clay.

This isn't nearly as difficult as it may sound. and because this doesn't expand when rammed or contract later, and sets hard quickly it is a cheap and quick way of creating bungs and nozzles.



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    the de acidifying process doesnt make alot of sense please reply

    You only need to de acidify if you are using flowers of sulfur. If you are then mix 100g of the sulfur with 10g of ground calcium carbonate (chalk) or lime chloride). As in put 10:1 parts sulfur to stabilizer together, mix them with a spoon, and you're done.

    Other cheap sources of calcium carbonate is eggs shells.

    I was wondering if I can use a Ceramic DURAMEDIA for mixing black powder in a 3lb tumbler?

    Why cant u just buy it from a firearm(gun) store I live in sa so I Canot just buy it but I know you can in America

    how do you de acidify the sulfur please respond fast i is in a hurry

    Nice 'Ible! I saw this in a book, but i was too scared to try it :P

    P.S. You should probably put a disclaimer, because some idiot is probably going to blow his hand off.

    you do know that if you keep grinding it, and then place it in cheese cloth or pantyhose and running water over it, it'll make the powder much more powerful and quick burning

     can u use sodium nitrate insted of potasium nitrate?

    hay use sodium nitrate for making blasting powder olny