If you enjoy this project, then I encourage you to buy my book, Rubber Band Engineer. It's full of more awesome and original projects crafted from household hardware. You can find it wherever books are sold.
"We're doing the roller coasters?! Yes!!"
That's the response I get from students who've taken my engineering classes before when they find out it's marble roller coaster day. It's a class favorite. It's an open-ended, fast-paced, constantly evolving, and easy to explain. This project reaches a wide span of grade ranges, from K-12. I'd like to note that the concept for this project is not my own, but the building and teaching techniques are.
Here's a brief clip from some in-class footage that I took during one of my classes:
The lesson plan
Prep work: 2/5
Setup time: 1/5
Clean up: 2/5
Prep: Arrange plenty of space in your room
Cleanup: Allow 2 minutes near end of class for students to try each others coasters. Then have everyone gently take apart only their own roller coaster and clump all the used tape into a giant tape ball
- Identify the two parts: the foam tubing (roller coaster track) and marbles
- Demonstrate how the marble can roll in the track
- Show students the construction techniques from steps 3-6 in 5 minutes or less
- Identify the 4 big mistakes (step 8)
- Briefly define momentum (a force that keeps something moving in the direction it's already going in), speed (how fast an object is moving), and energy (how much force an object has because it is moving). There are different but related concepts - help students use them correctly.
- Encourage students to work in groups of 3-5 people.
- Students will comprehend basic physics concepts that are applicable to roller coaster construction, including potential energy, kinetic energy, and momentum.
- Students will apply their understanding of those concepts as they construct and text their roller coaster.
- Through a cycle of building, testing, observing and revision, students will gain an experiential understanding of fundamental physics concepts and the basics of successful roller coaster construction
- Students will also have an unstructured opportunity to hone teambuilding skills as they communicate with their peers during roller coaster construction.