loading

Make a ballon hoping car

Step 1: Materials That You Will Need:

· MDF

· Bread boards (3 small ones)

· Relays (2)

· Transistors 2222A (2)

· Arduino UNO (2)

· Gear motor (2)

· Wheels (2)

· Servo Motors (2)

· Styrofoam cutter (2)

· Li-on 5-volt battery

· Bluetooth module (2)

· Arduino Shield Adafruit Motor Shield v2

· Wheels with a 360 movement

· Resistors 1 KΩ (2)

· Jumpers

· Glue any type

Step 2: Bases

Draw the bases of the car in CorelDraw or any software that lets you cut out the MDF with a laser cutter. You can use any shape you want; we decided to make it round to only use two wheels. And make it two levels to put the weapons on top.

Step 3: Wheels

Place the wheels into the gear motor as

seen bellow.

Step 4: Glue the Wheels !

In the bottom part of the MDF structure use any type of glue you like to glue the wheels with the 360 movements.

Step 5: Columns

Place columns into the MDF structure as seen in the picture bellow. You can use any type of material you want we decided to use those two metal columns.

Step 6: Gear Motors

Glue the gear motors with the wheels in the MDF bottom structure.

Step 7: Arduino and Shield

Place the Arduino into the shield. The code use for the Arduino is in the last steps of this document.

Step 8: Bluetooth

In one breadboard, preferably small make a circuit to connect the bluetooth device. We are using HC-06 Bluetooth devices. In the picture bellow you can see how they were connected. The VCC is connected to voltage, the GND is connected to ground, The RXD is connected to the TXD of the Arduino, and the TXD to the RDX of the Arduino.

Step 9: Battery

Use the li-on battery to energize the Arduino and the shield with different inputs. And place the battery in the MDF bottom structure.

Step 10: Connections

Connect the gear motor into the shield, we are using the M1 and M2, but you may use the other. Just note that if you change them you need to modify the code bellow.

Step 11: MDF Structures

Place the MDF top structure in top of the bottom structures and fix it using screws.

Step 12: Construction

Using a construction set mecano we built a structure like the one seen in the image bellow.

Step 13: Styrofoam Cutter

Open up the Styrofoam cutter, and cut out the push button and weld two wires one where the LED is placed and the other where the battery is placed. The mage below shows how it should look.

Step 14: Relay

Using another breadboard connect the relay with a resistor and the transistor as seen bellow. The orange jumper will be connected to the Arduino to turn on and off the Styrofoam cutters as needed.

Step 15: Servo Motor

Glue the servo motor to the structure that was made in step 11. Then glue the servo motor to the MDF structure.

Step 16: Styrofoam Cutter

The Styrofoam cutter is then fixed to the structure used in step 14.

Steps 11, 12, 13, 14 and 15 are done twice since we made the car with two exact weapons.

Step 17: Same Procedure

Repeat step seven, to have another breadboard with the Bluetooth module.

Step 18: Control

Connect the servos, one cable to voltage the other to ground. The control wire is connected directly to the Arduino that will be placed on top.

Step 19: Arduino Battery

Place a battery in the top part so that this battery energizes the Arduino and the servomotors.

Step 20: Codes

Copy and paste the codes into your Arduino software. The codes that we used for the cart are can be seen here bellow.

Code for
gear motors

//include files to add other files or libraries to the current program

#include

#include

#include

int estado = 0 ; //creates a variable that will be used to test the conditions.

SoftwareSerial blue(10 , 11); // RX, TX setting up pins for Bluetooth Communication

Adafruit_MotorShield AFMS = Adafruit_MotorShield(); // Create the motor shield object with the default I2C address

Adafruit_DCMotor *myMotor = AFMS.getMotor(1); //Selecting Port to attach a motor. motor one goes to port 1

Adafruit_DCMotor *myMotor2 = AFMS.getMotor(2); //Selecting Port to attach a motor. motor one goes to port 2

void setup() {

Serial.begin(9600); // set up Serial library at 9600 bps

blue.begin(9600); // sets the baud rate at 9600 bps

blue.println("is bluetooth working?"); //prints a line to test if bluetooth is working

AFMS.begin(); // setup Serial library at 9600 bps

}

void loop()

{

if(blue.available()>0){ //this is used to read the values by the HC-0X bluetooth module

estado = blue.read(); //the variable declared now changes its value to what it was received by the bluetooth module

}

//all these if's are used to perform certain actions. for example: in the first if, the stop command is implemented by stopping all the motors.

//stop setting all the motors to a speed of 0

if (estado =='s'){

myMotor->run(RELEASE); //motor one is set to stop

myMotor->setSpeed(0); //motor one is set to speed 0

myMotor2->run(RELEASE); //motor two is set to stop

myMotor2->setSpeed(0); //motor two is set to speed 0

}

//forward setting one motor to run forward while the other is running backward

if (estado =='w'){

myMotor->run(FORWARD); //motor one is set to run forward

myMotor->setSpeed(255); //motor one is set to max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

myMotor2->run(BACKWARD); //motor two is set to run backward.

myMotor2->setSpeed(255); //motor two is set to max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

}

//backwards it is the same code as forward; the only change is that motor one is now running backward and motor2 is running forward.

if (estado =='x'){

myMotor->run(BACKWARD); //motor one is set to run backward

myMotor->setSpeed(255); //motor one is set to max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

myMotor2->run(FORWARD); //motor two is set to run forward

myMotor2->setSpeed(255); //motor two is set to max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

}

//turn left this time, both motors run to the same direction

if (estado =='a'){

myMotor->run(FORWARD); //motor one is set to run forward

myMotor->setSpeed(255); //motor one is set to max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

myMotor2->run(FORWARD); //motor two is set to run forward

myMotor2->setSpeed(255); //motor two is set to max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

}

//turn right the motors will run to the same direction, but opposite to turn left

if (estado =='d'){

myMotor2->run(BACKWARD); //motor two is set to run backward

myMotor2->setSpeed(255); //motor two is set to max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

myMotor->run(BACKWARD); //motor one is set to run backward

myMotor->setSpeed(255); //motor one is set to max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

}

//slow left turn the motors will turn left slowly. it is the same code as for turn left, but with slower speed

if (estado =='q'){

myMotor2->run(FORWARD); //motor two is set to run forward

myMotor2->setSpeed(100); //motor two is set to 40% of max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

myMotor->run(FORWARD); //motor one is set to run forward

myMotor->setSpeed(100); //motor one is set to 40% of max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

}

//slow right turn the motors will turn right slowly. it is the same code as for turn right, but with slower speed

if (estado =='e'){

myMotor->run(BACKWARD); //motor one is set to run backward

myMotor->setSpeed(100); //motor one is set to 40% of max speed is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

myMotor2->run(BACKWARD); //motor two is set to run backward

myMotor2->setSpeed(100); //motor two is set to 40% of max speed. 255 is the highest possible value, whereas 0 is the lowest.

}

}

Code for servo motors (Styrofoam cutters)

//include files to add other files or libraries to the current program

#include

#include

Servo miServo; //declares a servo

Servo miServo2; //declares a servo

int estado = 0; //creates a variable that will be used to test the conditions.

SoftwareSerial blue(10, 11); // RX, TX setting up pins for Bluetooth Communication

void setup() {

blue.begin(9600); // set up Serial library at 9600 bps

blue.println("iniciar bluetooth"); // sets the baud rate at 9600 bps

miServo.attach (3); //attach the servo 1 to pin 3

miServo2.attach (5); //attach the servo 2 to pin 5

}

void loop() {

if (blue.available() > 0) //this is used to read the values by the HC-0X bluetooth module

{

estado = blue.read(); //the variable declared now changes its value to what it was received by the bluetooth module

pinMode(7, OUTPUT); //used to turn the first weapon on. this weapon consisted of a styrofoam (Expandable Polystyrene) cutter that enables the car to burn the ballons at contact.

pinMode(4, OUTPUT); //used to turn the second weapon on.

}

//all these if's are used to perform certain actions. for example: in the first if, the servo

if (estado == 'a') {

miServo.write(70); //the servo is moved to this position

digitalWrite (7, LOW); //the weapon attached to the servo is activated.

}

if (estado == 's') {

miServo.write(120); //the servo is moved to this position

digitalWrite (7, HIGH); //the weapon attached to the servo is activated.

}

if (estado == 'k') {

miServo2.write(30); //the servo is moved to this position

digitalWrite (4, HIGH); //the weapon attached to the servo is activated.

}

if (estado == 'g') {

miServo2.write(100); //the servo is moved to this position

digitalWrite (4, LOW); //the weapon attached to the servo is activated.

}

}

Step 21: Congratulations You Are Done!!

<p>Nicely done! </p><p>Did you have multiple people playing with similar cars? That would be so much fun! :)</p>
<p>Yes there were actually 7 teams each competing with a different car </p>

About This Instructable

225views

4favorites

License:

More by KarinaV4:Mario Kart 
Add instructable to: