Introduction: Matzo Ball Soup - Gluten Free!
Grand Prize in the
Gluten Free Challenge 2017
I grew up watching my grandmother make chicken soup every week but sadly I didn't attempt to make it myself until after she was gone. What I wouldn't give now to ask her a few questions about her 'recipes'! The fact is, my grandmother never used a recipe; she cooked by intuition; a little bit of this and a little bit of that.
Matzo balls are delicious dumplings my grandmother always made to embellish her chicken soup but before we get to the matzo ball recipe, we're going to need some chicken stock! Just thinking about her soup brings back the best childhood memories :) No one makes better chicken soup than my grandmother did, but I think this recipe will come pretty close!
Chicken soup isn't just a winter favourite; we enjoy it year round by freezing big batches. Nothing could be better than a steaming bowl of soup with matzo balls; chicken soup for the soul, as they say!
Step 1: You Will Need (List for Chicken Broth)
- Large stock pot
- Three packages of chicken bones (totalling about 3+ pounds)
- 1 breast or leg with skin (about a pound)
- Two small onions, quartered
- 2 cloves garlic, crushed (optional)
- 3 sprigs rosemary or two cubes of frozen from the garden (optional)
- 2 celery stocks, cut in pieces
- 3 carrots, cut in pieces
- 1 small turnip, peeled and cut in half (or a piece of a large one)
- Small parsnip, cut in pieces
- 1 large bay leaf (or 2 small ones)
- 2 tsp salt
- 1/2 tsp white pepper - or you can use whole black peppercorns (easily removed when strained). If you use ground black pepper, just be aware that it will leave black specs in the soup.
- Bowl of cold water with large spoon
- Approximately 18 - 20 cups of water (enough to cover all the ingredients in the pot)
Start cooking early in the morning; the soup takes 4 - 6 hours to develop flavour.
We use 3 packages of chicken bones (ours weighed almost 3.4 pounds) and one breast or leg (another pound) for our soup. Because a package of chicken comes with at least two pieces, we froze the other leg for our next batch.
Buy organic vegetables where possible. I like to prep the veggies first before handling the chicken to avoid cross contamination and also have them ready to go.
At our grocery store, both bones and chicken often go on sale the day before their best before date; when that happens we buy as much as we can and store it in the freezer until we're ready to use it. Using chicken bones is an economical way to make the broth. The chicken and bones for our soup cost us just over $4 - which works out to less than .25 a bowl and worth every penny! The bones retain a lot of the actual meat and you'll find the outcome is just as flavourful as spending a ton of money on chicken pieces!
You're just a few steps away from rich golden broth!
Step 2: Grandmother Knows Best
Cut all the veggies and gather your seasonings.
Place the bones in the pot. My grandmother always removed the skin from the breast or leg first but still added it to the pot. I think she did that to make it easier to remove and cut up the chicken after the first two hours of cooking.
ALWAYS WASH YOUR HANDS THOROUGHLY after handling chicken and wash anything that came into contact with it too (i.e. counter, faucet handle) to avoid contamination.
Pour cold water into the pot until it's just covering everything (I usually use about 18 - 20 cups for the size of the pot and ingredients I'm using). Note that at any time during the cooking, if the liquid evaporates too much you can add a cup or two of water back in, which my grandmother often did (but don't overdo it or you'll dilute the flavour!)
Bring the water to a boil over high heat and move onto the next step to skim the soup.
Step 3: Skim the Scum
Turn the heat down to a rolling simmer and then skim off the solids and foam that floats on the surface using a spoon dipped in water. Keep a bowl of water on the side to transfer all the particulates to. It takes about 20 minutes or so of skimming before the soup is clear and the rest of the ingredients can be added.
If you don't remove the scum, it will not affect the flavour in the least however, it does affect the look of the broth. As you can see in the 4th picture, on the left is a beautiful clear broth while on the right the stock is cloudy. Which would you prefer to eat? I'd rather take the extra time to end up with a professional looking broth!
The last picture shows all the stuff that was skimmed from the soup. Don't be tempted to dump it down the drain; it can clog your plumbing. You can pour this through a coffee filter to catch the particulates and dispose of the solids in your green bin - then you can put the filtered water down the sink.
Step 4: Add Other Ingredients
Once the liquid is clear, the aromatics go into the pot along with the seasonings. Adjust the water if necessary so everything is still covered. Cover the pot with a lid, but leave it slightly open.
There's nothing better than the aroma of chicken soup bubbling away on the stove! Make sure at this point that the bubbles are just barely breaking at the surface; turn the heat down further if necessary and check the soup every once in a while to make sure it's not cooking too rapidly or over-evaporating.
After two hours, take out the chicken breast, or leg, and remove the meat from the bones. Put the bones back into the soup. Once the chicken has cooled, you can cut it into pieces or shred it to put back into the soup the next day (or use in a salad). You can store the meat in the fridge in an airtight container for up to three days.
Simmer the soup for a total of 4 - 6 hours; I find that the longer and slower it cooks, the more collagen-rich the broth gets. As I mentioned before, if you notice the liquid over-reducing during that time you can add a few cups of water back in.
Step 5: Strain the Soup
When the soup is done, get a clean pot and set it on a cork pad (because the bottom will heat up quickly once the liquid is strained into it). Strain the liquid through a fine meshed strainer into the empty pot.
Allow the broth and solids to cool down to room temperature* and then discard the solids in the green bin.
*TIP: If we're short on time and in a hurry to cool it down, we'll put the pot into an ice bath in the sink to cool the liquid faster. My husband pre-freezes refilled bottles of water, then adds them to the water in the sink; it's faster and more convenient to toss these in instead of ice cubes!
If you use the sink method to cool the soup, be sure to pop the lid on and swing the water faucet to the other side of the sink. The first time we did this, we accidentally turned the faucet on and watered down our soup!!!
Step 6: Store Overnight in the Fridge
There's usually some decent chicken meat still left on the bones which I eat it as a snack (the chef should always get a snack for his/her effort!) Once the broth has cooled down, cover it. Sometimes the bottom of the pan is still warm, so I set the pan onto a cork pad on the fridge shelf. Leave it in the fridge overnight so the fat solidifies on the surface.
Step 7: Skim the Fat - Watch the Video
Watch a quick video of skimming the fat from the soup after it's been refrigerated overnight and heating up a bowl with matzo balls and other goodies (and subscribe to my YouTube channel while you're at it)!
When reheating the chicken soup, it’s nice to add back in some fresh vegetables (such as sliced carrots, celery or even frozen peas near the end) - and cooked chicken - as you'll see in the video!
Keep the lid covered until the raw veggies are tender, and the is meat heated through, or your delicious broth may evaporate into thin air before it's ready to eat!
Step 8: Skim the Fat to Prepare to Make the Matzo Balls
The next morning, take the soup out of the fridge and remove the solidified chicken fat from the top. You need to reserve this fat to make the Matzo balls.
We divide the fat up into small containers with 1/4 cup in each one. We often freeze one batch of fat (called 'schmaltz') so we can we make fresh matzo balls at a later date when we want them. Alternatively, you can use all the fat to make a few batches and cook the matzo balls all at once. They can then be frozen in Ziploc bags. We use the medium ziplocks and freeze about 4 - 6 at a time - as you'll see when you get to the matzo ball recipe.
We also divvy up the chicken stock and freeze most of it for later using Ziploc screw top containers. It's the perfect amount for the two of us for one or two meals. A note about freezing the broth: don't be tempted to add in cooked chicken pieces or veggies or even matzo balls; it can all tend to go mushy and cloud the broth if you freeze it together with the soup.
In the last picture you can see the towering results; well worth the effort for liquid gold!
Step 9: Mmm Gelatin!
If you cook the soup enough, you'll extract collagen from the bones and end up with soup that looks like the picture above. Don't be concerned; the collagen is what causes the soup to gel and it makes for an extra rich well-made stock!
It will be perfectly liquid again - and delicious - once heated up!
Step 10: Gluten Free Matzo Balls - What You Will Need
Until gluten free matzo was available, I was unable to make decent matzo balls for the soup; thank goodness it's available now!
The secret to a delicious matzo ball is using the chicken fat; you could substitute plain 'ol oil, but why would you want to?
You will need:
- ¾ cup matzo meal (grind Manischewitz GF Matzo-Style Squares in food processor)
- 1 teaspoon kosher salt
- 1 tablespoon salt (for the water)
- ¼ tsp pepper
- 3 large eggs
- 4 tablespoons (1/4 cup) chicken fat (called schmaltz) or oil if you don't have fat
- (1/4 cup ground almonds + a tablespoon broth to moisten – optional)
This recipe will make a fairly firm matzo ball with some bite. My grandmother always included the ground almonds, which I love, but when I'm going to be serving them to guests I leave that extra ingredient out (due to potential nut allergies).
Step 11: Preparing GF Matzo Balls
Mix eggs with the 'schmaltz', salt and pepper. Pour egg mixture into the dry mixture and gently mix with a fork until combined.
Cover the mixture and place it in the fridge for ½ - 1 hour (an hour is better). The liquid needs time to be absorbed to achieve the proper consistency before cooking. If you skip this step, you'll end up with raw matzo balls if you try to cook them without resting the mixture first.
Step 12: Cooking the Matzo Balls
Bring a large pot of salted water to a rolling boil on the stove.
After the mixture has chilled, lightly roll teaspoon fulls into 1" balls. You may need to keep your hands damp to prevent it from sticking. I put a sheet of waxed paper on the counter, then roll and lay them out on waxed paper all at once. However you could also drop them directly into the water if you roll fast. Gently separate them in the water if necessary to prevent sticking.
When all the balls are in the water and they float to the top, lower the temperature to low. Cover the pot tightly with a lid and simmer for 25 minutes at a rolling simmer. DO NOT STIR. Remove the cooked matzo balls from the water with a slotted spoon and transfer them into already heated broth. Simmer them another 15 minutes more in the soup.
Step 13: They Freeze Well Too!
When I freeze the matzo balls, I never leave them in the broth. I put them on a tray and pop them into the freezer for an hour. Then I pile them into portioned out ziplock bags (I used the medium size) - about 4 to 6 to a bag so my husband and I can share them when we heat up the soup.
Don't forget to add the date for both the matzo balls and broth! Using painters tape and a marker, you can make removable lables so you can re-use the containers again and again.
Step 14: Reheating From Frozen
Thaw both the matzo balls along with the frozen soup in the fridge. Reheat the chicken broth first on medium heat and keep covered so the chicken soup doesn't evaporate. I've forgotten to cover it on occasion and it can disappear fast into thin air!
After the broth is hot, add the matzo balls and cook it together for another 15 minutes (keep the pot covered) and serve.
If you're adding carrots, put them in right away as they take longer to cook. Add the matzo balls after 10 minutes and let them cook in the soup for about 15 minutes more. Add cooked chicken during the last 10 minutes and thawed frozen peas during the last 5 minutes of cooking.
Step 15: Enjoy (and Vote)!
If you keep the freezer well 'stocked' (pun intended) you can enjoy chicken soup with matzo balls whenever you have a hankering for some good 'ol comfort food.
If you enjoyed this post, please pin and share - and don't forget to vote!
This is my very first recipe and if you're reading this on the first day it's posted, it's not even on Birdz of a Feather yet! Up until now, I've only written about sustainable crafts and home and garden renos, but maybe I'll have to expand to include gluten free recipes too now that I've gotten this first one under my belt! If you check my blog out, feel free to subscribe!
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