loading

In this project we will connect the LCD and the ultrasonic sensor with the Arduino in order to measure the distance and display it on the LCD Screen

Step 1: Hardware

  • Ultrasonic sensor
  • Arduino uno Microcontroller
  • LCD display
  • Jumper caple

Step 2: How Does It Work

The ultrasonic sensor will mesure the distance by sending a sound wave (Like a Bat) then registering when the sound echo is received again , then converting the time between triggering the sound and receiving the echo into distance ( in centimeter) . the Arduino will process the data and display it on the LCD Screen.

Step 3: Connection

1-Ultrasonic

  • Vcc to 5V in the arduino
  • trig to port 2 in the arduino
  • echo to port 4 in the arduino
  • Gnd to Gnd in the arduino

2- LCD

  • LCD RS pin to digital pin 12
  • LCD Enable pin to digital pin 11
  • LCD D4 pin to digital pin 5
  • LCD D5 pin to digital pin 4
  • LCD D6 pin to digital pin 3
  • LCD D7 pin to digital pin 2

Additionally, wire a 10k pot to +5V and GND, with it's wiper (output) to LCD screens VO pin (pin3). A 220 ohm resistor is used to power the backlight of the display, usually on pin 15 and 16 of the LCD connector

you can follow the diagrams for both connection , LCD is a bit tricky since it have lots of wires

Step 4: Schematic

Step 5: The Code

just copy the code to Arduino IDE , upload it and you are done , the code is basicly a mix of Ultrasonic and Liquid Crystal Example code that comes with the IDE example library

// include the library code:

#include

// initialize the library with the numbers of the interface pins

LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);

const int trigPin = 7;

const int echoPin = 8;

void setup() {

// set up the LCD's number of columns and rows:

lcd.begin(16, 2);

// Print a message to the LCD.

lcd.print("The distance is");

}

void loop() {

long duration, cm;

// The PING))) is triggered by a HIGH pulse of 2 or more microseconds.

// Give a short LOW pulse beforehand to ensure a clean HIGH pulse:

pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT);

digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);

delayMicroseconds(2);

digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);

delayMicroseconds(10);

digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);

pinMode(echoPin, INPUT);

duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);

// convert the time into a distance

cm = microsecondsToCentimeters(duration);

// set the cursor to column 0, line 1

// (note: line 1 is the second row, since counting begins with 0):

lcd.setCursor(0, 1);

// print the number of seconds since reset:

lcd.print(cm);

lcd.setCursor(2, 1);

lcd.print("cm");

delay(10);

}

long microsecondsToCentimeters(long microseconds) {

// The speed of sound is 340 m/s or 29 microseconds per centimeter.

// The ping travels out and back, so to find the distance of the

// object we take half of the distance travelled.

return microseconds / 29 / 2;

}

About This Instructable

436views

13favorites

More by FABLABJubail:Sustainable building model Photography Box Make a Birdhouse Using CNC 
Add instructable to: