Introduction: Milling Short Logs on the Bandsaw

I’ve wanted to try milling small logs on the bandsaw for a while now, so after our neighbors had a couple of poplar trees taken down (and were nice enough to give us a few logs to experiment with) it was finally time!

Step 1: Quartering and Sealing the Logs

These logs were around 16-18” in diameter and about 2’ long and had been cut about two months before. To make them a little more manageable, we used a wedge and sledgehammer to split them roughly into quarters.

Once they were all split, I sealed the pieces that were worth keeping with some latex paint to help prevent checking at the ends. I then decided to build a small sled from some scrap MDF and a spare miter bar.

Step 2: Marking the Miter Bar Location

The sled is very simple to make. It's just a piece of 3/4" MDF roughly 2' long by 10" wide. I started by measuring the distance from the miter track to the blade (minus about 1/8”) and then transferred that to the MDF.

I then laid the piece of 18” miter bar on the line and marked the hole locations from the miter bar.

Step 3: Attaching the Miter Bar

Next, I drilled countersunk holes in the MDF and attached the miter bar with 1/4 x 20 - 1” flat-headed machine screws from the top.

To keep the logs from sliding around on the sled, I cut a piece of drawer liner and used a little spray adhesive to keep it in place on the MDF.

Step 4: Making the First Cut

For the first cut on each log, I also used wooden shims where they were needed to prevent the log from rocking. Then I simply eyeballed what needed to be cut off to leave a flat surface. I did find that it was easiest to gently pull the log the last few inches to help support its weight.

For these cuts, I used a 3/4" 2-3 TPI Timberwolf blade on the bandsaw which did a good job.

Step 5: The Second Cut

The second cut was much easier since the bottom face was now flat. For this cut, I tried to take off the minimal amount possible that would leave a smooth face.

I did learn fairly quickly how important it is to check each log thoroughly with a metal detector. I got in a hurry on the 3rd log and hit a nail, so be sure to always check each log!

Step 6: Cutting Boards

I decided to mill most of the boards to roughly 1" thick, so after making the first two cuts, I removed the sled and set up the fence on the bandsaw.

To produce mostly quartersawn boards, I rotated the log after each cut so that the face that was previously facing down was now against the fence.

Step 7: Drying the Boards

After several more cuts, I had a nice pile going. And once I finished making all the cuts, I stickered the boards in the attic to dry. I left them unstacked in the photo to show just how many boards 4 whole logs produced.

Step 8: Surfacing the Boards

After leaving the boards to dry for six to seven months (and checking them with a moisture meter), they were ready to be used for drawers, boxes, and several other small projects.

To prepare the boards, I started by ripping off the outer edge at the table saw.

I then ran them through my jointer and planer similar to any other store-bought rough lumber.

Step 9: Results

And finally, they were ready to be used!

Other than the nail incident, the experiment turned out pretty well. Next time I might try to remove some of the bark first and make a sled to accommodate logs that have only been split in half. This should save a little wear on the blade and waste a bit less material.

If you have any comments or suggestions on how to improve the process I'd love to hear them!

Step 10: Sled Parts

  • 3/4" MDF - 2' x 1'
  • 18"-24" Miter Bar
  • 3 - 1/4 x 20 - 1” Flat Head Screws

Step 11: Tools Used

Comments

author

Great instructable!

author
louis.m (author)2017-05-30

Sorry, but I see no milling here !

Milling is the machining process of using rotary cutters to remove materia.

Have a look at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milling_(machining)

author
ed-romes (author)louis.m2017-06-05

There's more than one kind of milling and you are referring to metallurgy not woodmilling !!

author
SherpaDoug (author)louis.m2017-05-30

A basic sawmill operation uses bandsaws for ripping and often chainsaws for crosscut. Turning logs into boards is often referred to a milling.

author
cccjdc (author)2017-05-30

Great job, do you think it would work with 4' to 5' ash? I was thinking about setting up my saw out feed bench and using a 1" blade.

author
AroundHome (author)cccjdc2017-05-31

I don't see why not. From what I've read about it, it should (?) split similar to the poplar logs. If you try longer logs, you'd probably need an assistant and an out feed table like you mentioned or maybe a fancier sled. If you want to do a *lot* of logs, you'd probably want to look into the "portable" bandsaw mills. I've helped a friend with his and they're pretty nice.

author
ed-romes (author)AroundHome2017-06-05

Lumber mills are nice big bandsaws that do a great job of turning trees into both boards and beams without all the extra work of cutting it up and quartering !! As for other woods if you have the right sized band saw and blade you can cut them all ! I've cut ceaderwood on a 6inch unit that had no guide rails ! But it did cut it flat and thick or thin ! But without a guide not straight or even ?

author
Kris82 (author)2017-05-31

Simple and not overly complicated like other DIY's. Great Job.

author
Chuck666 (author)2017-05-30

I too used a shop bandsaw for making boards out of logs. I ended up using a Lennox carbide 1" blade and had great blade life and very clean cuts with no drift. Your idea of short rounds is a great way to use material that would have burned otherwise. Kudos for a clear explanation and a good idea.

author
AroundHome (author)Chuck6662017-05-31

Thanks! I did end up buying a 3/4" Lenox (just carbon steel) blade that also worked well. I'd love to pick up a carbine one soon!

author
marksstudio (author)2017-05-30

Good job man. Poplar is an excellent secondary wood for drawer sides and such. I have been using Titebond mixed 50% with water to seal the end grain and have had good results on turning blanks.

author
AroundHome (author)marksstudio2017-05-31

Thanks! I really like the poplar so far. That's a great tip on the Titebond mixture to seal the ends. I should have done a test with a few boards to see how much it was actually needed when air-drying, but since the boards were short to begin with (and the attic gets pretty hot), I didn't want to lose any to checking.

author
sandalwood1 (author)2017-05-30

Very interesting, and practical instructable. As a woodworker/wooden boat builder, I occasionally attempt similar endeavors. Just recently, attempted to mill some wild cherry that had been cut about a year ago on the bandsaw, but it was hard as a brick-bat; no go. Probably should have run it when green.

Louis.m's comment that "I see no milling here", is mistaken. He, and his wikipedia reference are referring to metal-working. "Milling" with regards to wood is a contraction of "sawmilling". A quick visit to wikipedia reveals that "A sawmill or lumber mill is a facility where logs are cut into lumber." Also from wikipedia: "Millwork
building materials are historically any woodmill-produced building
construction interior-finish, exterior-finish, or decorative components".

Keep up the good work!

author
AroundHome (author)sandalwood12017-05-31

Thanks for the great response. I usually think of "milling" as the first step (going from log to boards) and "surfacing" as the final step to produce the flat / parallel / squared faces, but I also have a habit of calling the whole thing "milling" sometimes as well as do other people it seems.

author
Peter MC1 (author)2017-05-30

Nice work. It has given me something to try. Other methods always seem too complicated.

author
AroundHome (author)Peter MC12017-05-31

Thanks! It was actually easier than I thought it would be. The main goal is to just stabilize the log for the first cut.

author
rustybender (author)2017-05-31

If you try this, definitely make sure you have the proper blade like the one linked in the 'ible. You are looking for a thicker blade with a low TPI. Trying to rip logs with a thin blade or a high tooth count blade will only lead to frustration. (I sadly speak from experience.)

author
SherpaDoug (author)2017-05-30

I use a hand plane to get one flatish face. Then I hot glue that face to my plywood sled for the bandsaw slicing.

author
schnurrbart (author)2017-05-29

Nicely done. I wish I had considered milling back when I got my 10" bandsaw - a 5" max cutting height just doesn't really get the job done enough for milling lumber. That combined with my impatience when it comes to leaving lumber stickered long enough to dry properly means that I spend more than I'd like to at lumber retailers.

So you found the latex paint to be effective enough at sealing the end grain that you didn't get much checking? That's a nice simple solution. Do you happen to remember what the moisture content was after milling and then also after being left stickered for 6-7 months?

author
walter_wpg (author)schnurrbart2017-05-30

I used latex paint a couple of times, because it was easy to use, but I don't think it was that effective for my logs. I've gone back to using melted paraffin wax. I also found that _where_ you store the logs makes a big difference in whether the ends crack. Inside my garage has worked well for me.

author
KellyCraig (author)2017-05-29

One of the steps is easier than you think (meanwhile, back at the ranch, nice video):

https://www.instructables.com/id/Band-Saw-Log-Sled/

author
RushFan (author)2017-05-27

Nice work!

author
AroundHome (author)RushFan2017-05-28

Thanks!

author
BeachsideHank (author)2017-05-27

I always liked working with Poplar, easy to machine, nice smooth paintable finish, and cheap- back in Illinois anyway (Tulip Poplar). ☺

author
AroundHome (author)BeachsideHank2017-05-28

Yeah, I wasn't sure if it was "cheating" to use Poplar, but it was certainly easy to split and work with. I'll be testing out some chalk paint recipes on it shortly.

author
Yonatan24 (author)2017-05-28

Did the nail break the bandsaw blade?

author
AroundHome (author)Yonatan242017-05-28

No, it just dulled it. It makes a pretty noticeable high-pitched sound, so I backed off immediately when I hit it. I was able to resharpen the blade enough to keep going.

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