Introduction: Mini Cleaver Build

Want to know how to build a mini cleaver to brave the kitchen and much more. This instructable is a step by step guide on how to do that with basic materials and tools. If I as a 13 year old boy can do it, so can you.

Step 1: Materials and Tools

Firstly, you'll need to know what tools and materials you'll need for this project.

Materials-

1. 5mm thick carbon steel

2. 2mm brass rod

3. Red oak for the handle

4. Epoxy resin

Tools-

1. Some sort of drilling machine (I used a drill press)

2. Something to cut and shape the steel:angle grinder, band-saw or hacksaw etc.

3. A small forge or blow torch to harden the knife

4. Various grits of sandpaper

5. Belt sander or linisher (I used homemade linisher, but you can even do it by hand)

6. Sharpening stone

Step 2: Shaping of the Blade

The first thing that needs to be done is to design the blade shape. The best way to do this is to first design it on a paper sheet. Once you have finalised the design trace the outline using a thin marking pen, then cut the design out and paste it onto your piece of steel. Then take the cutting tool of your choice to carefully grind or cut around your template. This can be done with a multitude of different tools, powered or hand. Once you have the rough shape of your blade use a file, sandpaper, belt grinder or an angle grinder to shape it exactly to your marked line.

Step 3: Drilling the Holes

Once your blade has been shaped, it is time to drill your holes. The the smaller holes in the handle portion are 3.5mm, they are used for attaching to the handle to the blade. The larger 10mm hole is traditionally there to hang the cleaver up on a meat hook or on the butchers belt. NOTE: All holes were chamfered with a countersink bit.

Step 4: Bevelling the Blade

In my opinion, bevelling the blade is the hardest part. For this section there are multiple tools that could be used, such as files, angle grinder, belt grinder etc. In my case I used a homemade belt grinder in order to speed up the process. Getting nice straight bevel lines really improves the aesthetics of the blade.

Step 5: Heat Treating

The blade needs to be hardened before use otherwise it will not hold an edge. In order to heat treat you will need to quench the blade in either oil or water once you have heated it up to reach a non magnetic temperature. This can be done many different ways, a charcoal forge can work, a MAPP gas torch (NOTE, a propane torch will not reach the right temperature) or a Gas or Coal forge. Once the hardening is completed it will be extremely brittle, so put it an oven at 400 degrees celsius for 2 hours to temper it.This allows the metal not to be to brittle but hard enough to keep an edge.

Step 6: Sanding

Use different grits of sandpaper to slowly get rid of the scratches in the blade. When you are sanding remember to sand in different directions for every grit so you can tell if there are any scratches from the lower grit. Work your way up to 800 grit for a smooth satin finish.

Step 7: Preparing the Handle Scales

For the handle I used red oak, there are may other materials you can use but that's what I had on hand. But before gluing, wrap the blade with tape to prevent any scratches on your polished blade. I used a bandsaw to resaw the wood into usable slabs. Mark the holes already in the knife onto the wood and use a drill to drill out the holes to fit the pins.

Step 8: Glueing

Use epoxy resin to glue your handle scales to the blade. Once it has cured use different wood working tools to bring down the wood till it's flush with the blade. Smooth it all out with your sandpaper to give it a nice smooth shape in your hand.

Step 9: Finishing

With your choice of finish, apply it to the handle to bring out the grain. Use a sharpening stone to put the final edge on and you're done. Your mini cleaver is ready for action!!!

Comments

author
mdheath (author)2017-04-05

Great work, this looks fantastic. Keep it up.

author
Yonatan24 (author)2017-01-15

Awesome, I love how it turned out! You have my vote!

author
TITANIUMTAINE (author)Yonatan242017-01-15

Thank-you!

author
Modern Rustic Workshop (author)2017-01-14

Very cool! Looks amazing and awesome Instrucatble overall!

author
corradini (author)2017-01-15

VERY nice - not only "for a 13-year old" but for anyone. (I made my first knife - a nice marking knife for woodworking, out of a reciprocating saw blade and rosewood - when I was like 40, and it was tricky, and I'm real good at making all kinds of things, so I'm impressed!)

A few comments, meant very constructively! Remember that an Instructable is not just to show what you did, but to guide someone else to make one, too. The the fewer basic questions people have to ask, the better.

Looks like you decided to do an instructable after the blade was already shaped and beveled. I get it; I've gotten to that point with lots of projects and thought "dang!, I really shoulda been shooting pix of this.". But if you're doing that, you might want to be more specific on those steps.

A key example would be how you put the bevel on the blade - that is a tricky step where a lot of folks use an improvised jig, or a method with a sharpie, etc. And what bevel angle you put on is interesting info too.

One other point: you mention briefly "I used a homemade grinder" - WOW, man, that's impressive all by itself! As a big fan of Matthias Wandel (check out woodgears.ca or his stuff on YouTube) I can (mostly) get how you did it from your pic, but that itself is a project worth showing at least more pix of here!

Best wishes, and keep it up! Oh, yeah, one last question - why a mini-cleaver? :-)

Cheers,

Andrew

author
TITANIUMTAINE (author)corradini2017-01-15

Thanks for the advice Andrew. I thought a mini cleaver was just cool, so I did it.

author
MandalorianMaker (author)2017-01-14

What kind of steel are you using? Carbon steel is a very broad range of compositions.

author

I used O1 tool steel.

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