Introduction: Mini Linear Variable Power Supply (1.2-20 V , 2 Amp)

No matter what project we are working on,a power supply is always needed to power it or test it. The required voltage will always be different for different projects.So here is an easy way to built your own compact yet powerful linear variable voltage power supply which can produce any voltage between 1.2 to 20 volt with 2 ampere current but still takes less space than a coffee mug on your work table.It is also very useful in cases were the adapter go missing for different electronics like desktop speakers etc and it can also be used for charging batteries.

Step 1: Things You Will Need:-

1. LM338K voltage regulator IC X1

2. 4700uf 50v capacitor X 2

3. Variable resistance potentiometer 10k X 1

4. 220 ohms resistor (1 watt) X 1

5.12K resistor (1 watt) X 1

6. 2.7K resistor ( for led) X 1

7. LED X 1

8. Diode 1N4007 X 2

9. Capacitor 0.1uf X 1

10. Transformer ( with 15 volt at transformer output) X 1

11. 2 amp diodes X 2 (in case of central tap transformer)

X 4 (in case of ordinary transformer)

12. Mini volt meter X 1

13. Small plastic connector for taking output voltage X1

14. Any metallic watch can.

15. A power chord with ground.

16. A 2 ampere poly fuse.

Step 2: Making the Transformer Rectifier Circuit

The rectifier filter circuit for both central tap and ordinary transformer is given above.

Here I have used a 15v 2 amp central tap transformer which is over 25 years old which I scavenged from one of my dad's old college project. The rectifier circuit consist of 2 diodes of 2 amp rating and a 4700uf capacitor (50v).

The voltage output after the rectifier and filter stages will be nearly 20 volt.

Step 3: Mounting the Transformer Inside the Can

1. The inside of the can is insulated using insulation tape just in case .

2. Two holes are drilled under the can for the nuts and bolts

3. One hole is drilled on the side or back to take the power cable out.

4. The power cable is taken in through that hole and the line and neutral are soldered to the primary coil of the transformer.The earth wire is connected with the body of the can(note:rubber padding should be used around the hole to prevent cutting of wired due to sharp edges)

5. The transformer is positioned and fastened tightly to the bottom of the can.

6. The rectifier is placed in the can in one of the gaps.

Step 4: THE MAIN VOLTAGE REGULATION CIRCUIT

1. All the necessary holes are made on the can lid.

2. The IC, potentiometer and voltmeter are fixed to the lid of the can.

3. All the components are soldered according to the above circuit inside the lid.

4. The 2 ampere poly fuse is connected in series with the final variable output terminals.This is important as it protects the IC from accidental short circuits and over current.

5. The transformer rectifier circuit and the voltage regulation circuits are connected together.

6. A hole is made on the top or front of the can and the final variable output wires are taken through it and connected to a plastic two wire connector which is bolted to the body of the can.

Step 5: Testing and Finishing

1. before the lid is closed the circuit is tested by switching the power supply on and turning the knob to see if the voltage is changing

2. If all is fine close the lid carefully and there you have it , your own variable power supply.

Comments

author
warhawk8080 (author)2017-09-03
author

Oh thanks, so that solves the IC burnout due to accidental short-circuits ryt, i will attach one immediate imidiately

author

Please insert this improvement into the instructions. Thanks!

author

done:)

author

Thank you! ;)

author
The Lightning Stalker (author)2017-09-03

Nearly all of the LM338K are fakes. You either have to remove one from old equipment or pay over $50 for one if you want the real thing. There are other cheaper ones now, usually in a TO-220 package. Order from Digikey or Mouser.

author

What's the difference between the fake ones and the expensive ones?

Efficiency? Protection?

author

The fake ones could be anything. Often they are some type of 1A regulator. I had a few that just burned out.

author
andanaster (author)2017-09-03

very, interesting, i like this idea of recycle material

author
curiosity36 (author)2017-09-03

Clever. 'Juice' in a can so to speak.

author

:-)

author
nedicman (author)2017-09-03

Wery nice, good idea. :-)

author
HBSkirmit (author)2017-09-03

Great project and I like your can for the housing. One important safety issue would be to use a three conductor power cord with a green ground wire. The ground wire should be attached to the metal can.

author

Thanks for the advice, I will do it for sure :)

author
Surajit Majumdar (author)2017-09-02

Awesome power supply. Great job. check my power supply https://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-Variable-Power-Supply-With-Adjustable-Voltage-/

author

Clearly your power-supply is very well done, but this simpler design seem better suited to my skill level ;) Seeing that yours seem more "capable" with the heatsink, fan, and the ferrite donut, can you elaborate on some of the additional features you built into yours. Thanks.

author

Thanks;).
I checked out your Power supply earlier , it's darm cool

author
Anshu AR (author)2017-09-02

Nice!

author

:)

author
Yonatan24 (author)2017-09-02

Does it have a short circuit protection module? I bought a kit a few years ago that has used this IC and it burnt out every time I short circuited it by accident. And replacing it every time was really annoying so I took it apart.

author

It happened to me once and I searched the whole net for a short circuit protection circuit for this IC but couldn't find anything. I had already made a low current variabl power supply using LM317 before I made this one, So I use that while testing a project .Once everything is working fine I move on to lm338k supply. I am planning on integrating lm317 into the can and use a dipole switch to switch between lm317 and lm338k ICs

author
ravijag (author)2017-09-02

Innovative way to house your project.. Liked it!!

author

Thanks :)

author
gm280 (author)2017-09-01

Interesting layout and container. Been a long time since I've seen a TO-3 steel cased regulator. Unusual and equally unique as well.

author
patrick panikulam (author)gm2802017-09-01

Thanks:)

author
electronic_artist_ (author)2017-09-01

nice build. check out my power supply instructable using buck-boost converter

author

Thanks:),. I will surely checkout your project

About This Instructable

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Bio: student at SRM university , Btech mechatronics
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