Introduction: Modified #AUTOMATIC NIGHT LIGHT

Hi, guys....!
I'm back with some more cool DIY projects.

In this instructable, I'm sharing with you about my new modified
# Modified Automatic night light Circuit

This is one of the Cool Circuits I have made....
I think you people would probably like my project.

As explained earlier this is the modified version of my previous project . But the change is that THE CIRCUIT HAS BECOME MORE POWERFUL & YOU CAN EVEN CONTROL YOUR HOUSE LIGHTS OR STREET LIGHTS ( Or just anything that comes to your mind) by just connecting an appropriate relay.
(In the old circuit this cannot be done because it did not work perfectly with a relay on it )

I had connected everything that I could get my hands on and made them on - off by the swish of my hands ( blocking the light to LDR using my hands).It was so Cool.Somewhat like a motion sensor activated things

Children can use this at their science fair to show off Automatic street light controller based street lights.which turns on automatically at night and switches off automatically when it's morning or whatever idea that strikes in their mind.

Step 1: To the Building Procedure......!

Working of the circuit is as of the previous project that I had published earlier but now its power has doubled.it's more advanced compared to the other which could only control LEDs

Step 2: Gathering Materials......

First Step in a project is planning and gathering materials.
So now let's gather the items to make the project

Electronic components required:

1. 1K resistors - ×2
2. SL100 Transistor - ×1
3. BC107 Transistor - ×1
4. 100K preset - ×1
5. Wires
6. Prototyping PCB board
7. An LED
8. 9v Battery & battery connector
9. 5v relay

Tools required:

1. Soldering Iron
2. Wirecutter
3. Soldering Lead

Step 3: Building.....

Follow the circuit diagram.

First solder the smaller things like resistors , preset and transistors and But it's better to continue as in the circuit diagram.

Step 4: Step - 1

Solder the preset to the PCB.Presets have 3 legs,one middle one and other 2 on sides join anyone and middle leg and follow as in the circuit diagram

Step 5: Step - 2

Solder BC 107 Transistor as in the Circuit.Take note of the pin-outs of the transistor given in figure 2.

Step 6: Step - 3

Solder the 2 Resistors as in the circuit diagram.

Step 7: Step - 4

Now solder the SL100 Transistor as in the circuit diagram.Take note of the pinout of transistor given in figure 2 before soldering.
After this, our building process is almost finished.

Step 8: Step - 5

Now the wiring part.

Leave wires so as to connect the battery,relay and LDR as in the diagram.
Connect the battery connector to the 2 wires coming out to the battery.
Connect the LDR & relay to its respective wires.

Step 9: Testing.... !


Connect the battery and adjust the preset with a plastic screwdriver (using a metal one would affect its tuning). Turn it till the LDR is adjusted to the surrounding light and the moment when bulb switches off leave tuning it . Now try to cover the LDR blocking it from light.
If everything is right LED should light.if not adjust the preset and try again.

Tuning is same as in the previous project.But here we have to insert a screwdriver to turn it,that is the only difference.

Step 10:

Now reconnect the relay and you can use this to replace the switch of your garden light.So that it will light up automatically when night and then turn off automatically when it's morning.

Place the circuit in a box and leave the LDR out so as it is facing the light outside.

Now it is ready to work for you...



Not only this you can do anything with this like,

1. motion activated switch
2. motion activated burglar alarm
3. automatic street light controller


...."Let your imaginations loose and start building anything that comes to your mind" ...

For more about the technical stuff of this project, check out my previous instructable:

A simple circuit for every electronic beginners #Automatic night lamp with LDR - Check out this Instructable.


https://www.instructables.com/id/Simple-circuit-for...

AUTODESK CIRCUIT VERSION



Press start simulation above and tap on the LDR, you can see a movable slider pointing to the sun and the moon

Move the slider to the moon, you can see that the LED lights

Do the opposite the LED turns off .


To make circuits like this visit circuits.io

And here is the pdf of this project for those who do not have pro membership.

Comments

author
manveen26 (author)2015-11-17

Sir can you please explain the working and use of the 2 transistors in this circuit?

author
techno man (author)manveen262016-01-10

Here transistor BC107 works as a automatic trigger ones the LDR detects darkness BC107 gets fired then in turn it fires the SL100 which wrks as a relay driver [ Amplifies the signals from BC107]

author
Meena_Bassem (author)2015-11-02

how to power the circuit directly with 220 AC , so both the LDR and relay will have the same power supply?

i don't want to use a transformer, i want to use cheaper components with smaller size.

shall i use full wave rectifier with the 4 diodes, capacitor, and a voltage divider after that? is there a better approach?

author
techno man (author)Meena_Bassem2015-11-03

U Can try it but keep in mind the circuit will not operate perfectly if it does not get 9v dc supply

author
Meena_Bassem (author)techno man2015-11-03

well, i know that, but still my question. is there a good and cheap way to get 9V DC supply from 220 AC without using a transformer?

author
joymcjoy (author)2015-10-16

Thank you for sharing

What kind of software did you use for the schematic?

Thank you in advance

author
techno man (author)joymcjoy2015-10-17

Fritzing

author
joymcjoy (author)techno man2015-10-18

Thx

author
pcarew (author)2015-10-11

Is there a specific reason that you choose a 1K resistor for the collector resistor?

This means that 9mA is flowing when the BC107 is turned on (daylight hours). An average 9v battery when new has about 560 mAh ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nine-volt_battery ) which will only give you just over 60 hours of daylight operation.

If you dropped that 9 ma to 1 ma, you would have closer to 560 hours of daylight operation

author
techno man (author)pcarew2015-10-12

Mm, i didn't think of that

I would surely try it out soon

author
pavanram (author)2015-10-12

I really love your project. Thanks for sharing your hard work.

I am a beginner and I wanted to learn such things. Please help me out.

Do email me at pavan2programmer@gmail.com

Thanks you very much.

author
techno man (author)pavanram2015-10-12

Tnx pavan ram for showing interest on my project and electronics

I would sent you the mail as soon as possible

author
rafununu (author)2015-10-04

An efficient simple circuit but without hysteresis. This will produce flickering if transition between day and night is smooth, as it is normally.

author
techno man (author)rafununu2015-10-04

Yes ,I think you are right, i to had experienced that.

Any solutions ?

author
Sleutel13 (author)techno man2015-10-06

i think a delay capacitor will solve that problem

author
techno man (author)Sleutel13 2015-10-07

tnx for the suggestion :)

author
Antoniobcn (author)2015-10-06

Hi, for all of you. I like Electronic and I'm beginner. And like to start learning to do some night light, blinking light whatever about Led light. So please I will apreciat it if any one of you can help me or send me,thank you.
Anthony

author
newton92 made it! (author)2015-10-05

I think u've missed a diode across the relay coil. Connect a 1N4007 diode across the relay coil. & make sure it connected reverse.

Its a cool project. I'm using this ckt at my home. Bt 555 makes it esey & reliable... :)

FQNF0GVIAQMJAF5.LARGE.jpg
author
techno man (author)newton922015-10-06

I will try to add what you have said :)

author
alexkirlian (author)2015-10-05

It is not missing a diode in parallel with the coil of the relay ??

author
techno man (author)alexkirlian2015-10-06

yes it is.I will change it soon

author
brian32768 (author)2015-10-05

You need to add the relay to your parts list.

With the relay in place you should put a diode (say a 1N4001) across the relay coil. The inductive kickback from the coil in the relay will kill your output transistor -- perhaps you've already experienced this? .]

Here is a good explanation and schematic.

http://www.coilgun.info/theoryinductors/inductivek...

When the field in the relay coil collapses you have to give the energy a place to go to protect the switching transistor, that's what the added diode will do.

If you use a solid state relay instead it will act just like an LED -- that's what a solid state relay IS (some of them) -- an optically coupled switch triggered by an LED.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solid-state_relay

THANK YOU for not incorporating an ARDUINO in your project! Nothing like using 100,000 transistors when TWO can do the job.

author
techno man (author)brian327682015-10-06

Thanx for letting me no my errors,I'll try to solve soon.
And I forgot to add the diode too.

author
1freecoffee (author)2015-10-06

A nice simple circuit for experimenting, but DO NOT use it for mains connected load unless it has a robust fully insulated enclosure, and a suitably rated relay, and you have experience of high (lethal) voltage wiring. Children can be very inquisitive little creatures! Hope you can see this as a positive comment, better safe than (very) sorry.

To provide hysteresis, just add 1k resistor in series with the LDR, and a 100k resistor from the BC107 base to the SL100 collector.

author
techno man (author)1freecoffee2015-10-06

Thanx for suggestions
I will try to make the changes

author
zappenfusen (author)2015-10-05

I've been needing this for a variety of projects. Will keep up expecting solution to problem.

zapp

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Bio: Just a simple Maker.Who likes to build a whole lot of stuff :) contact: annleefores@gmail.com
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