Introduction: Learn Morse Code...

Ever wonder whats that beeping sound heard in a submarine at the movies? Well you've just heard Morse code being sent to another decoder. Morse code had been so popular (to the army) since World War II but nowadays, few are in its use.

I believe that Morse code are annoying in the ear but fun when reading it. And we see that as if Morse code was taken out of the air (randomly thought of it) it has hidden characteristics on it. You have to find them out if you want to know.

Step 1: Decode Then Read

Of course you know that Morse code only consist of . (short mark, dot or dit) and a - (longer mark, dash or dah).

International Morse code is composed of five elements:

1. short mark, dot or 'dit' -----------------------------------------------------------------one unit long
2. longer mark, dash or 'dah' ----------------------------------------------------------three units long
3. intra-character gap (between the dots and dashes within a character)----one unit long
4. short gap (between letters)-------------------------------------------------------------three units long
5. medium gap (between words)--------------------------------------------------------seven units long

Morse code can be transmitted in a number of ways: originally as electrical pulses along a telegraph wire, but also as an audio tone, a radio signal with short and long tones, or as a mechanical or visual signal (e.g. a flashing light) using devices like an Aldis lamp or a heliograph. But for you, we shall just do my way and what I mean is Decode and Read.

Each character is separated with 3 spaces and words are separated with 7 spaces so if we put this into enlish characters, it will be: M O R S E C O D E
Example is the word Morse Code and the Morse code is "-- --- .-. ... . -.-. --- -.. . "(Note: This does not look like international but this appeared in my Mores code software)
Look at the picture below to see if it is correct. If not, please comment me.

Step 2: Theres an EASIER Way!!!

If you're having a hard time to find the letter, this chart would help you.It is known as Morse code tree.
To read it:
1. Yellow represent dot(.) and pink represent dash(.).
2. The first row has 1 character, the 2nd row has 2 characters, the 3rd has 3 and so on.
3.So in this case E= . and T= -
4. And that means I= .. and A= .- and so on.
5. The characters in the 6th row are represented by the box above them (hope you understand this).

If you want to have the chart, right-click and click "Save Image as" then save to your folder.

If you want to test, then go ahead and try to decode or change them to Morse.
1) -... --- .-. .. -. --.
2).. -. ... - .-. ..- -.-. - .- -... .-.. . ...
3) I Kill You
4) Stupid
5) -- . - .- .-.. --. . .- .-. ... --- .-.. .. -.. ....-
6) ... .... --- .-. - ..-. .- -.- . ... - .-. .- -. --. . -- --- .-. ... . -- . ... ... .- --. .

Hope you could translate or decode them!!! ;-)

Step 3: History of the Morse Code

Beginning in 1836, Samuel F. B. Morse and Alfred Vail developed an electric telegraph, which sent pulses of electrical current to control an electromagnet that was located at the receiving end of the telegraph wire. The technology available at the time made it impossible to print characters in a readable form, so the inventors had to devise an alternate means of communication. In 1837, William Cooke and Charles Wheatstone began operating electric telegraphs in England that also had electromagnets in the receivers; however, their systems used needle pointers that rotated to indicate the alphabetic characters being sent.

In contrast, Morse's and Vail's initial telegraph, which first went into operation in 1844, made indentations on a paper tape when an electrical current was transmitted. Morse's original telegraph receiver used a mechanical clockwork to move a paper tape. When an electrical current was received, an electromagnet engaged an armature that pushed a stylus onto the moving paper tape, making an indentation on the tape. When the current was interrupted, the electromagnet retracted the stylus, and that portion of the moving tape remained unmarked.

The Morse code was developed so that operators could translate the indentations marked on the paper tape into text messages. In his earliest code, Morse had planned to only transmit numerals, and use a dictionary to look up each word according to the number which had been sent. However, the code was soon expanded by Alfred Vail to include letters and special characters, so it could be used more generally. The shorter marks were called "dots", and the longer ones "dashes", and the letters most commonly used in the English language were assigned the shortest sequences.

In the original Morse telegraphs, the receiver's armature made a clicking noise as it moved into and out of position to mark the tape. Operators soon learned to translate the clicks directly into dots and dashes, making it unnecessary to use the paper tape. When Morse code was adapted to radio, the dots and dashes were sent as short and long pulses. It was later found that people become more proficient at receiving Morse code when it is taught as a language that is heard, instead of one read from a page.[1] To reflect the sound of Morse code, practitioners began to vocalise a dot as "dit", and a dash as "dah".

Morse code was an integral part of international aviation. Commercial and military pilots were required to be familiar with it, both for use with early communications systems and identification of navigational beacons which transmitted continuous three letter ID's in Morse code. As late as the 1990s, aeronautical charts listed the three letter ID of each airport in Morse and sectional charts still show the Morse signals for Vortac and NDB used for in flight navigation.

Morse code was also used as an international standard for maritime communication until 1999, when it was replaced by the Global Maritime Distress Safety System. When the French navy ceased using Morse code in 1997, the final message transmitted was "Calling all. This is our last cry before our eternal silence." See also: 500 kHz




(Yeah, I Copy Paste this. Sorry for being lazy)

Step 4: MOREs Code

If you want a software where you can translate words to Morse code, you can get it here:
http://people.revoledu.com/kardi/resources/Converter/Morse-Code.html
Although the elements of the international Morse code are not the same here and it looks like an old version one but its free (no payments/no warranty) and a good one.

If you are looking on how to make a transmitter (telegraph), here are some sites:
Just Instructables:
https://www.instructables.com/id/Morse-tone-generator-low-power-CW-beeper/?ALLSTEPS#step0
https://www.instructables.com/id/Build-a-computer-controlled-radio-transmitter/?ALLSTEPS#step0
https://www.instructables.com/id/DIY-telegraph/?ALLSTEPS#step0
With a video:
https://www.instructables.com/id/How-To-Make-A-Homemade-Electric-Telegraph!/

Comments

author
Treknology (author)2012-09-02

This is a good article in its own right. Despite being "officially" dumped, Morse code manages to linger because in really bad conditions it may be the only means of getting a comprehensible message transmitted (or some other slow-speed serial protocol).

Although I never learned Morse code, I did have access to a quality key which I calibrated so delicately that a piece of paper would not fit between the contacts. It's a pity that now I have some time to "play" and would seriously consider Morse code, there's no such thing as a quality key any more!

author
techno guy (author)2011-07-26

This chart is even harder to understand than the traditional way.

author
FrodoandSam (author)techno guy2012-07-12

Nice Picture of Tesla - He is a boss!

author
a_traceur (author)2011-01-14

This website translates Morse code. http://www.qbit.it/lab/morse.php?text=a+bc&midi=1

author
nutsandbolts_64 (author)2010-04-19

I think it's better to put audio files here because they'll probably be using audio cues in morse code.

author

I think wikipedia has but morse code can be sent by using light. I'll try to put those audio files

author

agree

author
77Kapn Krunch77 (author)2009-12-13

Is Castillo your last name...cuz i know a Castillo

author
framistan (author)2009-10-30

I learned morse code many years ago.  There is something strangely satisfying about tapping out the coded messages.... that is difficult to explain.  It is a talent few people posess , but i recommend learning it to youngsters feeling bored or "jaded" with life.  Build an audio
oscillator and attach your Code Key.  Practice sending and receiving with
a friend.  Soon you will have a talent that NONE of your friends have!  I think it gives a knowledge that you can accomplish difficult tasks while having
fun too.  This "useless" talent can lead you to good employment opportunities in electronics or communications or solar/wind power. 

author
maruawe (author)2009-04-04

I like to use morse code to send emails to friends. I believe that I got the morse code font at prettyfonts.com all thought I'm not sure I have used it for a couple years. I believe that I got hand signs (ASL) as a font which I use also to make PDF's to sent to some HOH(hard of hearing) friends. Handsign font makes a neat way to send emails that most people seeing the email will not know what is written.

author

Font?! I wonder if they use the 3 unit (spaces) and 7 units... Anyway, its a good thing that you got the fonts.

author
Geosync (author)maruawe2009-06-11

Morse Code font?! I love it!

author
maruawe (author)Geosync2009-06-12

glad that you like the font , Make it available to your email friend and it' more fun

author
Geosync (author)2009-06-11

As another eager Morse Code user (KA1DNO), I've never seen the Morse Code Tree before...fascinating!

author
uguy (author)2009-04-08

I believe the beeping sound on the submarines you heard was actually SONAR, an underwater sounding and detection system. There are thousands of Amateur Radio operators world wide who still use Morse Code on a daily basis and enjoy it immensely.

author
VE3NWE (author)uguy2009-06-07

I couldn't agree more! I'm one of those that enjoy Morse code, when I use it. I was actually just listening to two American CW operators having a chat a few minutes ago in Morse code on the radio. It's alive and well! =]

author
ScArE220CCCastillo (author)uguy2009-04-18

Oh sorry, I meant those in a navy ship

author
forsakendoll13 (author)2009-04-04

cool. thanks for sending this to me. very creative and smart. keep up the good work! _'

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