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Add Decorative and Functional Copper Ends to a Hiking Staff.
This is Part 2 in the Multi-Function Walking Stick Instructables series.

The original Multi-Function Walking Stick Instructable describes how to make a Hiking Staff that converts into a Camp Stool.
Part 1 can be found here: http://www.instructables.com/id/Multi-Function-Walking-Stick-Converts-into-a-Cha/

Part 2 Starts Here:
You've seen the three piece walking stick convert into a slick seat with the help of threaded copper plumbing fittings in Part 1.  Now however, When swinging it on the trail in hiking mode, this staff needs something to distinguish it from looking like an old broom stick from the garage.

This Instructable describes how to add copper finial ends - 
that in additon to adding decorative elements to the staff - also add the following features:
 - A cleat-like point at the bottom  
 - A concealed storage compartment at the top

...Stay tuned for Part 3 in this instructable series:
-
Staff-Top provisions for an Illuminating Torch

Suscribe if you don't want to miss it.

Step 1: Copper Ends

Copper is my metal of preference.  Unfinished it won't rust (tarnish yes, rust no).  When lightly polished to a mid-level shine, copper has a certain refined brillance that you don't get from cold chrome and that you can't afford to get from gold. 
(Don't remove all its tarnish though; highly polished its hue is too "pink.)

Especially in an outdoor rustic enviornment, copper's orange-brown glow just seems right

Not only does copper have sophisticated ornamental qualities, it has a nice balance between workability and durability and it's readily available.      
Copper raw goods, are easily  mined at  your local "Har-Whar" store (disguised as common household plumbing) ...Sorry Keweenaw http://www.exploringthenorth.com/ghost/towns.html

The previous copper rant was made possible through a grant  by....The Semi-Precious Metals Speculative Investment Group of America and ....the generous donations of  your local Pipefitters Union...and readers like you.
....Not really...Sorry, a PBS moment snuck in...

The threaded fitting shown in the middle below was introduced in the first Instructable.  The next few steps here detail the cleat-like point on the working end (right) and the finial topper with storage (left).
What size is the dowel are you using? Circumference?
<p>I think you can take an extera stub out shrink the 1/2&quot; just a bit fill with oil or alcohol stuff a wick in it for a candle lite.</p>
<p>Super. I will try.</p>
<p>This looks great. Really professional looking. </p><p>You might want to add a little verdigris patina:</p><p>Have a look at: <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20080108073034/http://asuwlink.uwyo.edu/~metal/patinas.html">https://web.archive.org/web/20080108073034/http://asuwlink.uwyo.edu/~metal/patinas.html</a>-- the second formula. I got a sal ammoniac block from Ace at the time but I don't see it now at their website. I found that eBay has ammonium chloride powder cheaper than what I paid for the block. It would also dissolve much easier than the hard block.<br><br>Very easy to do, cheap, works great.<br><br>Here is my sample done on a copper tubing end cap.</p><p><a href="http://cdn.instructables.com/F92/VLER/GR0E730J/F92VLERGR0E730J.LARGE.jpg"><img alt="Picture of cr.jpg" src="http://cdn.instructables.com/F92/VLER/GR0E730J/F92VLERGR0E730J.MEDIUM.jpg"></a></p>
<p>That's a good patina formula! A somewhat simpler one we use is to pee in a bucket of oak sawdust, and drop your fittings in to cover them; let it sit over night, or over a weekend, then pour the bucket out in the driveway, and hose it down, to retrieve your parts. Rustic, but it works, based on the natural ammonia in urine, interacting with the tanins in oak sawdust.</p>
<p>Not squeamish here, but for those who are, couldn't you just get a bottle of ammonia?</p>
<p>Different thing altogether... sal ammoniac, or ammonia salts, are a dry, either block, or granules, and react quite differently to the cupric oxides. Apparently urine also has a different chemical make-up, that self alters over a few hours exposure to air, but we probably liked it primarily for the shock value, as well.</p>
<p>Great idea!</p>
Copper enamelling could also be used for added color and pattern.
Great job!... My only problem with copper is it is too soft to last very long on a hard surface such as a street.. Maybe you could slip a rubber crutch tip on it for hard city use..
<p>Its hard to see this but I used some brazing wire on the end cap. Its harder than copper so it wares away much slower. After many a hard mountain mile it show little ware at all.</p>
Thanks for the update!
<p>Nothing cuts the skin of a finger like a fresh cut copper fitting or tube. </p>
<p>Great idea! Here is another tool that I patented and market on the internet you may like.</p><p>It's called The Smokey Pokey tm.</p><p>All of this stuff and more fits right in the handle. </p><p>Hope you like it.</p>
They look really great! <br>Have you ever thought of using ground rod for the tips? They are about 1/2&quot; diameter, solid copper. Would last, probably need less then 2&quot;.
<p>Elkhart #30500 1/2x6 COP Air Chamber</p><p>Amazon</p>
Very pretty! &nbsp;Questions: How do you add a few stylish details? Did I miss the information about the grip on the bottom of the walking stick? I would love to make this, but&nbsp;I have never welded befor.&nbsp; Guess it's time to learn lol ;0)
<p>You don't need to learn to weld (solder). Most hardware stores sell a product called Copperbond, which is a copper epoxy and works great for plumbing and should work great for this project as well. I would also think it would be much safer for scout projects.</p>
&nbsp;I didn't go into any real detail on &quot;stylish details&quot;. &nbsp;It was just meant to mean the pattern of shapes cut into the copper fittings (the crown peaks, the scallops, or the flame pattern). &nbsp;Obviously there is a lot of&nbsp;flexibility&nbsp;for others to express their creative flare with their own designs. &nbsp;These were all made with hand files (half round, flat, and rat tail). &nbsp;Copper is&nbsp;relatively&nbsp;soft and takes a file nicely without a lot of effort.<br /> <br /> The &quot;grip&quot; on the bottom was the added point. &nbsp;A pointy pole will stick in the ground better than a blunt one.<br /> <br /> Regarding welding...with copper its soldering (in plumbing terms its call &quot;sweating a joint&quot;. &nbsp;Big difference in&nbsp;termeratures, skill level, equipment cost and safety risk. &nbsp;I encourage you to try it. &nbsp;Clean the copper, brush on the flux paste, heat with propane torch (minimal equip. investment &lt;$20), touch the solder to the hot copper and let&nbsp;capillary action do the rest&nbsp;(melted solder is &quot;pulled&quot; between the mating metal). &nbsp;<br />
I think PorcupineMamma wants to know about &quot;WELDING&quot; with J B Weld as in heat and torch ......savvy ? She does'nt know its epoxy glue methinks..
There's a trick to soldering copper that a pipefitter friend showed me. First, use as little&nbsp;heat as necessary to get your solder to flow. Second and more important, apply the heat to the backside of what you're soldering while applying the solder to the frontside. As you've said, the solder will be drawn in by capillary action. As soon as you see a nice concave fillet (that's the opposite of a convex bead) of solder between the pipe and fitting, you're done. Don't keep adding solder until it runs out, thinking 'that can't be enough.' It is. This helps to prevent &quot;gobbing&quot; or &quot;bubblegumming&quot; of the solder. As soon as the joint is soldered, quickly and carefully wipe off any excess solder with a moist rag. Makes for a nice clean joint without piles of extra solder.
<p>Awesome tops. There is a balance between using too much metal and too little. due to weigh. If you are taking long hikes you may want to consider others ways to decorate your stick that are lighter in weight. the storage compartment is a great idea. Also used para cord for handles which has a double function as cordage in emergencies. . </p><p>Walking <br>sticks making is a great hobby &lt;a href=&quot;www.walking-hiking-sticks.com&quot;&gt;that <br>extends you outdoors trips&lt;/a&gt; in doors.</p>
I like this idea. I've been looking for creative containers for a tinderbox. this will likely work well.
Pretty cool idea. I did one similar but it doesn't turn into a stool or anything. <br> <br>http://www.jmcdonaldknives.com/Survival_Walking_Stick.html
i obtained brass fittings for the first part of this staff, i'm just curious as what your opinion is of Brass in comparison to Copper
For the reinforced tip you could just jam a used shotgun shell on the end. Great instructable.
What's next I'd like to know <br>
Where do I buy a copper stub-out?
Where do I buy a copper stub-out?
Thank you so much for such a wonderful idea. I ended up using a homemade patina to oxidize the copper. I also changed the front tip to a 1/2 to 3/4, 3/4 to 1/2 with cap for the bottom point. I also used copper pipe from when I fixed a tap at my house. That way I could have a piece of home with me no matter where I hiked. :) <br> <br>I also cut copper nails as decor on the outside. <br> <br>This is one of the heavier hiking sticks I have ever used and is only good for smaller day trips <br>
I'm a scout leader, and I need a new hiking staff... I'm partial to copper (note my name)... and you referenced the Keweenaw (spent my college years hiking around many of the areas and towns in the article you referenced) <br> <br>:-) You just scored a hat-trick in my book! I *have* to make this multi-purpose staff.
very very cool. me n the girlfriend hike frequently n usually end up grabbing &quot;deadfall&quot; for staffs. ever consider using brass? easy to work with, and lots of threaded stuff (possible more secure and water tight storage) check out my brass gears, hand filed in a few hours on quarter inch thick stock. luv the scalloped details in yours too. and you like copper with brass.....oh the gears are turning now. THANKS!!
Haha, love the quarters in the storage compartment. You know, just in case you hike through a toll or find an arcade in the middle of the woods. Seriously though, both of these instructables have been awesome. I'm about to go check out the third one.
Wonderful Instructable. Clear descriptions and excellent pictures for a great project. Allows me to take my amateur stick making to the next level. Thanks for sharing your time and expertise.
So, is the storage compartment made out of regular 1&quot; pipe, or a stub-out?
Very nice work. I made a take-down hiking staff 30 years ago using a martial arts bow, two copper end caps, and a short length of copper pipe secured with brass screws to hike a portion of the Appalachian Trail. It had to be 'take down' for traveling on buses or trains.<br>Being raised a &quot;Yooper&quot;, copper flows in my blood.<br>That's some very nice file work. Time consuming though. A jewelers fret saw would help some, and a good collection of drill bits.<br> Instead of lead free solder from the hardware store, a stained glass supplier has copper colored solder. I know from experience most any plumbing solder looks dull and gray after it oxidizes. Silver solder is slower to oxidize, but more care must be taken. <br>All in all I would say an excellent piece of work and is a 'do-able' instructable for anyone who has a few low cost tools and an eye for creativity.
You design is genious! How tall is the finished walking stick? I'm 5'4&quot;-ish and was wondering if it would be to unwieldy?
(3) 2 foot sections. Put together it is 6 feet in length
-please join Yahoo groups &quot;Stick Carving World Wide&quot; Go to Yahoo groups join and send in a bio. Very Very cool, I found you by accident and I am very happy I did. I was looking at the water hammer arrestors the other day and thinking, now what can I do with that gizmo.....hmmmm. thanks sparkie
Is there enough room for the rest of the parts for Chair Mode?
I can't seem to find that style of stubout anywhere. Heck, I can't find the 1&quot; to 3/4&quot; threaded adapter couplings either.. Come Monday I'll see if the only plumbing supply store around has what I need, but so far Home Depot, Do It Best, and ACE have all let me down, and that's all I have around here...
Check out the December 10th comment on the third Instructables in this series. It has some more info regarding the stub out (AKA air chamber.) Hope it helps. Link: http://www.instructables.com/id/Multi-function-Walking-Stick-III-Torch-Bearer/
I found all the plumbing pieces, sans the 5/8 seat to 3/8 compression fitting for the torch, on wwwl.gobalindustrial.com Great prices too. My local home improvement and hardware store are pretty much worthless.
Would you be able to put this on the end of the seat walking stick or no...
&nbsp;How did you make the design pattern? With a mill? Or did you just buy it like that somewhere? Either way very nice. I like both the chair one and this one.&nbsp;
with just my 3 hand files.
&nbsp;Yeah i thought that one at first but then i thought no way that seems like it would take forever. But really nice job.
Actually, the metal is soft enough that a few good files will cut through it in no time.&nbsp; If you are too impataint you can use a small saw or tin snips to remove some of the larger parts.&nbsp; Wouldn't recommend it however.<br />
&nbsp;Yeah i wouldn't think tin snips would be good either. But i have got to make this walking stick, but i think mine will be wax wood.&nbsp;

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