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Multi-Function Walking Stick II - Storage Compartment

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Add Decorative and Functional Copper Ends to a Hiking Staff.
This is Part 2 in the Multi-Function Walking Stick Instructables series.

The original Multi-Function Walking Stick Instructable describes how to make a Hiking Staff that converts into a Camp Stool.
Part 1 can be found here: http://www.instructables.com/id/Multi-Function-Walking-Stick-Converts-into-a-Cha/

Part 2 Starts Here:
You've seen the three piece walking stick convert into a slick seat with the help of threaded copper plumbing fittings in Part 1.  Now however, When swinging it on the trail in hiking mode, this staff needs something to distinguish it from looking like an old broom stick from the garage.

This Instructable describes how to add copper finial ends - 
that in additon to adding decorative elements to the staff - also add the following features:
 - A cleat-like point at the bottom  
 - A concealed storage compartment at the top

...Stay tuned for Part 3 in this instructable series:
-
Staff-Top provisions for an Illuminating Torch

Suscribe if you don't want to miss it.
 
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Step 1: Copper Ends

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Copper is my metal of preference.  Unfinished it won't rust (tarnish yes, rust no).  When lightly polished to a mid-level shine, copper has a certain refined brillance that you don't get from cold chrome and that you can't afford to get from gold. 
(Don't remove all its tarnish though; highly polished its hue is too "pink.)

Especially in an outdoor rustic enviornment, copper's orange-brown glow just seems right

Not only does copper have sophisticated ornamental qualities, it has a nice balance between workability and durability and it's readily available.      
Copper raw goods, are easily  mined at  your local "Har-Whar" store (disguised as common household plumbing) ...Sorry Keweenaw http://www.exploringthenorth.com/ghost/towns.html

The previous copper rant was made possible through a grant  by....The Semi-Precious Metals Speculative Investment Group of America and ....the generous donations of  your local Pipefitters Union...and readers like you.
....Not really...Sorry, a PBS moment snuck in...

The threaded fitting shown in the middle below was introduced in the first Instructable.  The next few steps here detail the cleat-like point on the working end (right) and the finial topper with storage (left).

Step 2: Storage Oppertunity

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No matter the hike....long or short, there are always essential things that you would like to take along. What better way than to have them right in your hiking staff ready to grab and go.

The top of the staff has a storage compartment perfect for things you might need for a suburban stroll or a wilderness hike.  I have a small pocket knife and other camp items that fit in here.  Shown below are items that might come in handy.

The edge of the copper cap is crimped slightly to provide an interference fit; keeps it from falling off yet can be removed easily.

Gotta have rope!   Never know when you might need to tie an Emergency Jug Knot around a water bottle....  http://www.instructables.com/id/Carry-any-Bottle-with-a-JUG-KNOT-Handle/

Step 3: Its all about Traction

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"A walking stick can't prevent a SLIP... if it can't GRIP."  Woha, There's one for the marketing brochure!

Add a non-lethal point incorporated into the working end of the staff using more copper fittings. The next steps describe how.

Step 4: Materials

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Both the top and bottom staff ends are made from a combination of 1" diameter copper pipe and plumbing fittings.

Shown below from left to right are:

- 1/2" Stub-out (The open end is 1/2 inch however the main barrel portion is sized to match a 1" dia. pipe)

- 1" Coupling with internal stop

- 1" diameter Pipe - various short lengths

- 1" diameter Cap - not shown

- (2 or more) 1.5" long Brass Wood Screw  (Optional step 9)

The assembly methods are similar for the top and bottom.  The biggest difference is the use of the stub-out for the bottom point, and the shortened wood dowel at the top to create a storage hollow.

Step 5: The Point

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The main feature for the bottom of the staff is the cleat-like tip that comes from the end of a plumbing Stub-out.

1.
Cut off the narrow end of the Stub-out with a hack saw as shown below. 

2. Smooth the cut edge of the larger barrel portion with a file.  This piece is the Point. 
(the small cut-off end is not used)

The Point should slide over the end of the 1" dowel.  

3. Remove the Point and taper the end of the wood dowel to match the taper on the inside of the Point tip.
It doesn't have to be exact but, getting the dowel as close to the bottom of the Point as possible will help reinforce the tip (after all it will be taking the brunt of every step.)

There will be a little "play" between the dowl and the Point. (The diameters aren't identical) This will be addressed shortly.

Step 6: Assemble the Bottom

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 The parts from left to right are: the Point, a coupling (cut in half), a full coupling, and the final interface to the dowel, is a section of 1" diameter pipe.  

The pipe section length shown in the finished product below is about 2.5 inches. It could be longer - your preference. The extra half coupling (with the crown cut) isn't essential. It is there for artistic balance.) A minium stack-up of Point/coupling/pipe would work just as well.

- Scallops were added with a file to soften the "cut-off pipe" look.
- The stippling texture pattern was made with the tip of a nail and and an easy tap of a hammer (over and over...) 

Sweat the sections together with flux, solder, and a torch.

Step 7: Assemble the Top

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The Top Finial is constructed very similar to the bottom Point.

The difference here, besides the decorative pattern, is that the Upper Section wood dowel is cut short to create a storage space in the top pipe. 

When cutting the dowel short, it should still be long enough to insert at least 1.5" into the bottom end of the copper pipe (more if the pipe is scalloped).  This ensures you have enough area for adhesive retention and, the wood to copper joint doesn't bend when used in chair mode.

The size of the storage space can be increased by using a longer top pipe.  Just shorten the wood dowel accordingly.  Remember after all is done, to function as a leg for the chair, the Upper Section has to be the same length as the Middle Section and Lower Section. 

Ancient proverb:
A three legged stool with one leg long... makes you a "Recliner" ...the hard way.


Step 8: Epoxy time

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1.  MIx a batch of JB Weld epoxy  Use the original JB Weld (24 hour cure) not JB weld Quick or any other 5 minute epoxy. They don't adhere to metal very well.

2. Apply the epoxy and insert the dowel into the copper fittings.  Be sure to use enough epoxy in the bottom tip of the Point to fill any voids between the copper tip and taper on the Lower Section wood dowel.

3. Clean off any extra epoxy that squeezes out. 

Step 9: Secure with a Brass Pin

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Use one or more brass screws as added retention and/or decoration; especially on the Point which will take repeated poundings. 

This step is optional. The epoxy should be enough to hold the ends however, copper and brass work well together visually. The brass accent adds a craftsmanship element that is worth the extra effort.

After the epoxy cures:

1. Drill a hole in the copper pipe as shown.  The diameter of the hole should be about the dimater of the screw's smooth shank just above the end of the threads.

The screw's tapered shank will allow the increasing diameter of the smooth shank to eventually fill the hole as the screw is driven.

2. Cut-off the end of the screw so that there is less than 1/2" of the threads remaining.
(The screw needs to be shortened so that it does not bottom-out on the backside of the copper fitting, before the shank seats in the hole.  Just using a shorter screw to start with, would prevent it from bottoming-out however, shorter screws typically do not have the necessary smooth shank portion that longer screws have.)

3. Drill a small pilot hole in the dowel to drive the screw.

4. Drive the screw into the wood until the shank seats in the copper hole like a cork.

5. Cut off the head of the screw close to the copper with a hack saw

6. File down the remaining stub of the screw shank flush with the copper

Step 10: Take a Hike

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Now this Multi-Function Walking Stick has some spiffy additional features.  It first, and foremost, certainly still functions as a hiking staff.  It still makes a decent seat.  And now... it has a sure footing and storage on top.  

With a little extra effort to add a few style details in the copper, hopefully, it no longer looks like a dowel stuck in a pipe.

Adding decorative copper ends to your walking stick just might make your staff the envy of other hikers on the trail, or at the very least, the envy of all the other broom sticks in your closet.


Part 3 In the Multi-Function Walking Stick Instructables series is on the way.

Suscribe
so you don't miss how to add a torch to the staff to light the way!
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mkleinabc2 months ago

Awesome tops. There is a balance between using too much metal and too little. due to weigh. If you are taking long hikes you may want to consider others ways to decorate your stick that are lighter in weight. the storage compartment is a great idea. Also used para cord for handles which has a double function as cordage in emergencies. .

Walking
sticks making is a great hobby <a href="www.walking-hiking-sticks.com">that
extends you outdoors trips</a> in doors.

Skwurlito3 months ago
I like this idea. I've been looking for creative containers for a tinderbox. this will likely work well.
Pretty cool idea. I did one similar but it doesn't turn into a stool or anything.

http://www.jmcdonaldknives.com/Survival_Walking_Stick.html
Tizaro2 years ago
i obtained brass fittings for the first part of this staff, i'm just curious as what your opinion is of Brass in comparison to Copper
davidio10002 years ago
For the reinforced tip you could just jam a used shotgun shell on the end. Great instructable.
cjohnson322 years ago
What's next I'd like to know
Pfarmkid2 years ago
Where do I buy a copper stub-out?
Pfarmkid2 years ago
Where do I buy a copper stub-out?
Bonnonon3 years ago
Thank you so much for such a wonderful idea. I ended up using a homemade patina to oxidize the copper. I also changed the front tip to a 1/2 to 3/4, 3/4 to 1/2 with cap for the bottom point. I also used copper pipe from when I fixed a tap at my house. That way I could have a piece of home with me no matter where I hiked. :)

I also cut copper nails as decor on the outside.

This is one of the heavier hiking sticks I have ever used and is only good for smaller day trips
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coppercarla3 years ago
I'm a scout leader, and I need a new hiking staff... I'm partial to copper (note my name)... and you referenced the Keweenaw (spent my college years hiking around many of the areas and towns in the article you referenced)

:-) You just scored a hat-trick in my book! I *have* to make this multi-purpose staff.
abstracted3 years ago
very very cool. me n the girlfriend hike frequently n usually end up grabbing "deadfall" for staffs. ever consider using brass? easy to work with, and lots of threaded stuff (possible more secure and water tight storage) check out my brass gears, hand filed in a few hours on quarter inch thick stock. luv the scalloped details in yours too. and you like copper with brass.....oh the gears are turning now. THANKS!!
The Rambler3 years ago
Haha, love the quarters in the storage compartment. You know, just in case you hike through a toll or find an arcade in the middle of the woods. Seriously though, both of these instructables have been awesome. I'm about to go check out the third one.
Knyte73 years ago
Wonderful Instructable. Clear descriptions and excellent pictures for a great project. Allows me to take my amateur stick making to the next level. Thanks for sharing your time and expertise.
Very pretty!  Questions: How do you add a few stylish details? Did I miss the information about the grip on the bottom of the walking stick? I would love to make this, but I have never welded befor.  Guess it's time to learn lol ;0)
hpstoutharrow (author)  porcupinemamma5 years ago
 I didn't go into any real detail on "stylish details".  It was just meant to mean the pattern of shapes cut into the copper fittings (the crown peaks, the scallops, or the flame pattern).  Obviously there is a lot of flexibility for others to express their creative flare with their own designs.  These were all made with hand files (half round, flat, and rat tail).  Copper is relatively soft and takes a file nicely without a lot of effort.

The "grip" on the bottom was the added point.  A pointy pole will stick in the ground better than a blunt one.

Regarding welding...with copper its soldering (in plumbing terms its call "sweating a joint".  Big difference in termeratures, skill level, equipment cost and safety risk.  I encourage you to try it.  Clean the copper, brush on the flux paste, heat with propane torch (minimal equip. investment <$20), touch the solder to the hot copper and let capillary action do the rest (melted solder is "pulled" between the mating metal).  
I think PorcupineMamma wants to know about "WELDING" with J B Weld as in heat and torch ......savvy ? She does'nt know its epoxy glue methinks..
There's a trick to soldering copper that a pipefitter friend showed me. First, use as little heat as necessary to get your solder to flow. Second and more important, apply the heat to the backside of what you're soldering while applying the solder to the frontside. As you've said, the solder will be drawn in by capillary action. As soon as you see a nice concave fillet (that's the opposite of a convex bead) of solder between the pipe and fitting, you're done. Don't keep adding solder until it runs out, thinking 'that can't be enough.' It is. This helps to prevent "gobbing" or "bubblegumming" of the solder. As soon as the joint is soldered, quickly and carefully wipe off any excess solder with a moist rag. Makes for a nice clean joint without piles of extra solder.
ohmerfam4 years ago
So, is the storage compartment made out of regular 1" pipe, or a stub-out?
r_gene4 years ago
Very nice work. I made a take-down hiking staff 30 years ago using a martial arts bow, two copper end caps, and a short length of copper pipe secured with brass screws to hike a portion of the Appalachian Trail. It had to be 'take down' for traveling on buses or trains.
Being raised a "Yooper", copper flows in my blood.
That's some very nice file work. Time consuming though. A jewelers fret saw would help some, and a good collection of drill bits.
Instead of lead free solder from the hardware store, a stained glass supplier has copper colored solder. I know from experience most any plumbing solder looks dull and gray after it oxidizes. Silver solder is slower to oxidize, but more care must be taken.
All in all I would say an excellent piece of work and is a 'do-able' instructable for anyone who has a few low cost tools and an eye for creativity.
Dulaman4 years ago
You design is genious! How tall is the finished walking stick? I'm 5'4"-ish and was wondering if it would be to unwieldy?
hpstoutharrow (author)  Dulaman4 years ago
(3) 2 foot sections. Put together it is 6 feet in length
-please join Yahoo groups "Stick Carving World Wide" Go to Yahoo groups join and send in a bio. Very Very cool, I found you by accident and I am very happy I did. I was looking at the water hammer arrestors the other day and thinking, now what can I do with that gizmo.....hmmmm. thanks sparkie
Foaly75 years ago
Is there enough room for the rest of the parts for Chair Mode?
ThisIsIt5 years ago
I can't seem to find that style of stubout anywhere. Heck, I can't find the 1" to 3/4" threaded adapter couplings either.. Come Monday I'll see if the only plumbing supply store around has what I need, but so far Home Depot, Do It Best, and ACE have all let me down, and that's all I have around here...
hpstoutharrow (author)  ThisIsIt5 years ago
Check out the December 10th comment on the third Instructables in this series. It has some more info regarding the stub out (AKA air chamber.) Hope it helps. Link: http://www.instructables.com/id/Multi-function-Walking-Stick-III-Torch-Bearer/
I found all the plumbing pieces, sans the 5/8 seat to 3/8 compression fitting for the torch, on wwwl.gobalindustrial.com Great prices too. My local home improvement and hardware store are pretty much worthless.
Would you be able to put this on the end of the seat walking stick or no...
 How did you make the design pattern? With a mill? Or did you just buy it like that somewhere? Either way very nice. I like both the chair one and this one. 
hpstoutharrow (author)  Zergling_pack5 years ago
with just my 3 hand files.
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 Yeah i thought that one at first but then i thought no way that seems like it would take forever. But really nice job.
Actually, the metal is soft enough that a few good files will cut through it in no time.  If you are too impataint you can use a small saw or tin snips to remove some of the larger parts.  Wouldn't recommend it however.
 Yeah i wouldn't think tin snips would be good either. But i have got to make this walking stick, but i think mine will be wax wood. 
Where did you find wax wood?
http://budk.com/product.aspx?sku=31%20BK1187&

It's really good quality, made my dad a cane with some last year.
Cool, thanks. I've heard good things about wax wood...is it really that good? I heard it was nearly impossible to snap, yet still pretty stiff.

Wax Wood, White Wax Wood is a product of China, and is also known as Ligustrum lucidum.  The real stuff is also known as the Chinese privet (or Broadleaf Privet.)  This wood is TOUGH, and very hard to break, which is why it is found in many martial arms products like the Bo Staff (the Chinese quarterstaff) and spear shafts.  Many martial arts store can sell you such a staff and it will make an extremely strong and long lasting staff.  While tough and flexible, with a hard wood toughness in working it, it is susceptible to wood worm.  Easily enough treated, with standard wood treatments for the wee beasties to keep them away from your prize staff.  A common Bo staff is more then tall enough to cut into three sections and make the chair staff, as well as having more then enough strength to last a couple of generations!  A good idea might be to make the three section staff, but assembly only the first and last to make a two section staff for the kids.  As they grow into the staff, you can add the third section when needed.  In this way, they have the gift of your staff for all their lives, a great gift indeed.

nice where did you copy and paste that from? (no seriously im curious)
I've used wax wood for several projects in the past, like marlinespikes and an U-arm unit for a foot powered scroll saw.  You can shop any martial arts store and find out a lot of stuff on the wood, or do as I have on occasion, check with your forestry agents who have an unbeleivable amount of information on any wood, even some of the exotics, due to their manufacturing dangers like toxicity and availability from US approved suppliers.  They will also load you down with the Latin names, growing regions, annual harvest levels, growing requirements and the like.  One thing to say for it all, the dearth of information available is incredible.

Just heard from a buddy that he is finishing his staff with a tung oil/beeswax 'rub' (2 to 1 ratio), that you heat in a double boiler and rub into the wood while a bit hot.
You can supposedly make it work better if the wood is warm, or your doing this out on the sunlight.  It is supposed to really penetrate, and finshes with a gloss when it cools.  Will try this on a name plaque to go outside and see how it handles the summer.
 Yeah it's very amazing, It can flex a really good amount to the point you think it would break. And it's pretty stiff. I think it would make a good hiking stick.
is the storage big enough to hold the chair top?
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