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Step 8: Electrode Cables

Next, you'll need to make some changes to the EMG electrode cables since I have been unable to find a vendor who sells the cable's style DIN connector's female compliment.  (if any one has a suggestion please let me know!)

Grab a pair of scissors, wire cutters, wire strippers, pocket knife, etc.... basically anything sharp and strip about a 1/4" of the end of the DIN plug on all three cables (the plug end not the snap end).

Next, clip an alligator cable to each of the wires. We will use these to connect the electrode cables to our breadboard with some jumper wire. You could do as I have done and strip the wire and then solder on terminal pins but it is not necessary and the alligator clips will do fine.
<p>How much do the meterials fot this cost in total? Is it cheaper than the pre-build myoware muscle sensors?</p>
Well it's not really apples to apples. The MyoWare sensor uses much more advanced circuitry, has built in protection against burning out the ICs, can be powered directly by an Arduino, and the embedded snaps eliminate cables. Electrode cables alone for this tutorial will cost you $5-15 depending on where you order it from. The electrical components cost about $20 from Digikey. However, it would cost you way more to build your own MyoWare than it is to purchase it. That's one reason we started selling the fully assembled versions instead of the kits with just the components packaged together... we were able to get the price of the fully assembled sensors well below the cost of the the component kits.&nbsp;<br> <br> So my two cents is... <ul> <li> <strong>If you want to explore how an EMG circuit works and intend on tweaking/playing around with the internal circuitry</strong>, then you would probably want to build your own using this tutorial. <li> <strong>If you just want a reliable sensor that requires little to no setup and you are more interested in its applications than the circuitry itself,</strong> you're much better off purchasing the MyoWare. </ul>
<p>what programs and code for arduino you used for the data acquisition and the visual representation of the emg signals?, thanks for your time and for your project (:</p>
Hi The sample code can be found on our website: http://www.advancertechnologies.com/p/muscle-sensor-v3.html
which software?
<p>hi i really appreciate your job. i build sensor and everythings works fine, but i need raw emg signal. i can't see negative portion of signal. Recently i find out that you build sensor with raw signal option. However i would like to finish my job:)</p><p>i saw that you write that is needed to add DC offset, i m not sure how to change project to obtain such result. I'm not very good at electronics but i need this sensor for bigger project, so sorry if it's some trivial job:)</p>
<p>Thanks for showing us how to build an emg, I tried to buy INA106 but as many others, it isn&acute;t available in my country, instead I bought INA126. Do you think it is a good replacement? I already saw both datasheets and the internal resistances in both IC are quite different....</p>
<p>i tried to do as u said but i was not able to make head or tail of it</p>
<p>please help me</p>
<p>i have built thid circuit, but i have a problme that the signal it simulate are too small is there any other way to get the signal to be biggger, can i change the low pass filter into a high pass filter?</p>
Depends on what you mean by &quot;too small&quot;. The signal should be able to get up to +9V if you adjust the potentiometer. If you are seeing &lt;2V signals, then there's probably something wrong with the way you built the circuit or your setup in general.
<p>thank you.. </p>
<p>kindly suggest alternate of <a href="http://focus.ti.com/docs/prod/folders/print/ina106.html" rel="nofollow">INA106 IC Chip.???. can i used op amp 741? will it work<br></a></p>
<p>Many have already been suggested in previous comments.</p>
<p>Hello</p><p>It's amazing what you done </p><p>It's open the way to alot of projects to be established</p><p>Thanks alot for you and your team</p><p>By the way</p><p>Please, I want the circuit if I used the ad620 instead of ina106</p><p>Cause I haven't any about electronics and I can't find ina106 in my country</p><p>Thanks alot again .</p>
<p>Hi, I would encourage you to try to figure this out on your own first. It shouldn't be too difficult to puzzle out if you read through the AD620 datasheet.</p>
It's complicated :(<br>i haven't any knowledge
<p>the legs are <a href="https://www.google.com.eg/search?q=different&spell=1&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjw17i7k8PMAhVIGZoKHdLnC3kQvwUIGCgA" rel="nofollow"><strong><em>different<br><br></em></strong></a></p>
<p>Legs are different but it shouldn't take a rocket scientist to figure out which pins to connect to which legs on the new chip. I'm confident you can figure this one out without my help.</p>
<p>is micro controller is necessary? </p>
The output signal is an analog signal so you need some method to convert it to a digital signal unless you don't plan on interfacing with anything digital (computer, microcontroller, etc). A microcontroller, ADC, DAQ are just a few ways to convert an analog signal to a digital signal.
I haven't study microcontroller, I just want to show my emg signal on oscilloscope directly through circuit... should this circuit works for this
Yes, an oscilloscope will work with this circuit.
<p>hey, nice work. I just wanna know that I am using LM358 instead of TL072 and output i am getting is any random number even if I don't do anything. So i should use TL072 only for this or the problem is something else.</p>
<p>Most general op amps can be used instead of the TL072. Your issues probably lie elsewhere.</p>
Yup I got that as I tried it with TL072 but still I am getting any random number as my output! Thank you for the reply :)
<p>Sir,</p><p>Is the circuit going to work if I change the cut off frequencies of the HPF and the LPF to 20Hz and 150Hz respectively? I need the circuit to pick up signals only for muscle activity in fingers, which the doctors say, lies in the above specified range.</p>
The circuit works for fingers as is. If you want to add more filtering, I would recommend adding it prior to the rectification phase. I would not recommend modifying the LPF frequency as it is acting as an integration circuit not a LPF.
<p>Hi <a href="http://www.instructables.com/member/Gundanium" rel="nofollow">Gundanium</a> , the connection of pins are different ( not same ) in bread board and circuit diagram , which one is true ? </p><p>can i use INA128 in place of INA106 ? </p>
Which pins are you referring to?
please tell me , which one is correct ( Step 11: Connecting to a Microcontroller ) OR ( Step 13: EMG Circuit Schematic )<br><br>can i connect my circuit according to Step 11 ?
<p>I don't understand your question. Step 13 and 11 are the same just represented in a different format.</p>
<p> hi, can you please mail layout of the board (with Proteus), to fadwa.lasswed@gmail.com</p>
<p>Sorry but we don't publish our PCB layouts.</p>
<p>Can you please mail PCB layout of the board, to rovardeakr@gmail.com.</p><p>What is special about EMG electrodes and cables?I find them very costly.</p><p>Is there any cheaper way to replace these electrodes and cables.</p><p>Where can I get AD8226 IC from? </p><p>Thanks alot. Excellent Tutorial. </p>
<p>Sorry but we don't publish our PCB layouts.</p>
<p>I will be needing more than 3 electrodes in my system. So naturally I will be needing more than 1 INA106. But it is exceeding my budget. So i wanted to know if there's a cheaper alternative to the INA106 IC?</p>
<p>AD8236 is not only cheaper but better for EMG applications.</p>
<p>Instead of using wires, is it possible to make this system wireless, especially the microcontroller? And how do i do it?</p>
You can't eliminate the wires going from the electrodes to the circuit but it should be possible to eliminate wires going from the circuit to the microcontroller. In simplest terms, you'll need to send the output through a ADC converter and then a Bluetooth or Wifi transmitter.
<p>Ok! Can you tell me how exactly to make the connection from the circuit to the controller wireless? Could you please provide me the instructions to do it?</p>
<p>You could use a <a href="https://www.adafruit.com/products/2471">Simblee</a> or something <a href="https://www.adafruit.com/products/2471">similar</a>. </p>
<p>can we have PCB schematic i would lie to print it also can i use ina 129 instead ina 106.</p><p>thanks </p>
<p>The schematic is on Step 13. INA129 looks like it would be suitable but since I have not used it, I cannot confirm this.</p>
<p>Hi excuse me, i only have the Ad620 instead of the INA i know i can change the resistors and make the G to the same as you are using. my question is can i use the tl074 intead the three of your tl072? thank you for you advise :)</p>
<p>Yes you can.</p>
<p>What type of electrodes work for this? Are there any good reusable ones that can work with it? Thanks</p>

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Bio: Brian Kaminski Owner - Advancer Technologies Brian graduated from North Carolina State University with a BS in Biomedical Engineering with a concentration in Biomechanics in May ... More »
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