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Picture of Music LED Light Box

My original LED light cube got allot of reactions. Some of them where about making the LED's react to music. This did sound very interesting and I found some instructables on here.
Unfortunately I found it very hard to understand those instructables. In my opinion they weren't explained well enough and even some circuits weren't correct.

That's why I though I build one and make an instructable of it. I tried to make this instructable so easy, that everyone with or without any experience can make one!

If you make one, don't forget to share your end result photos and movies with us.

Below you'll see the end result of my Music LED Light Box.

The movie is shot with my Canon Digital Camera, in the dark. My camera can't handle the fast switching between light and dark very well. In reality the effect is even nicer then on the video.



Before people go asking who's music or what songs these are in this video, these beats are made by my brother.  :)
You can visit his website www.motabeatz.com or  YouTube channel for more information and songs.

Step 1: Materials & Tools

Picture of Materials & Tools
To make this Music LED Light Box you can use many different things and build it different ways.
In this instructable I'll explain how I made it, a very simple way.

Materials
- 12v Adapter (a battery can be used as well)
- 3.5 jack headphone cable.
- tip31 transistor (this is the key to the whole project) - $0.50
- 5mm LED's (the color or amount is totally up to you, 1 LED per 3v. I used 12v, so 4 LEDs) - $0.28
- A4 acrylic sheet - 3mm thick (also known as 'plexiglass') - $2.00
- Fine sandpaper (I used 400) - $1.00
- Electrical Wire

If you see a price above, that means I bought it. The rest I just ripped of some old junk. The 12v Adapter was from an old wireless headphone and the 3.5 jack plug is from another old headphone.

Tools
- Jigsaw (also a Jeweler Saw can be used. But that's really hard to get straight lines)
- Glue Gun (hot glue, other glue to glue acrylic is possible)
- Drilling tool
- Solder tool (optional)
- Pen

Ones you've got this stuff you're ready to begin!


Step 2: Preparing the box

Picture of Preparing the box
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From the acrylic sheet we're going to build the box.

1. Draw out the plates for the box on the acrylic sheet (photo 1). My longer plates are 15cm x 5cm. And the squares are 5cm x 5cm. Of course you can use any size for a box you want.

2. Use the jig saw to cut the plates from the acrylic sheet. Be sure to do this as perfect as you can. Because all plates need to line up nice with each other (photo 2).
If the plates don't turn out to be equal, you can sand the sides till they all fit nice.


3. Get the drilling tool and use a drill bit that is the same size as the thickness of the headphones cord (photo 3).  Then drill another hole for the adapter to go though.
When you're drilling, do this very carefully! You don't want to hurry, else you might put too much pressure on it and break the plate.


Step 3: Frosting and Diffusing

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To get the nice 'glowing' effect with the LED box, we need to have a 'frosted' look on the box and need LED's that are diffused.

I only could get my hands on water clear acrylic sheets and water clear LED's. For all those who have the same, continue with this step.

If you already have frosted acrylic (opal acrylic) and diffused LED's, then you can continue with step 4.

1. Get the fine sandpaper (400) and place it on a table, with the sanding side up. Get a plate and rub it over the sandpaper in a circular motion. If one side is frosted enough, turn the plate over and do the same with that side.
Now you'll have a nice frosted looking effect we need (photo 1 and 2 to see the difference).


2. Do the same with the LED's. Sand the LED's until they get the nice diffused look (Photo 3,4 and 5).

Photo 5 shows you 1 diffused and 1 water clear LED hooked on a 3v button cell.

Step 4: Building the box

Picture of Building the box
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Now we've got the plates for the box, we need to put them together.

Before you go and glue parts together, make sure first they fit nicely onto each other. We need all parts to fit nicely.


1. After fitting the plates get the glue gun and glue the first 3 plates together. If you have some trouble holding the plates together before gluing, you can use some tape to hold them together. This way you can put the glue on more relaxed.

After gluing the 3 plates you should have something like photo 2

2. After the glue is dried, it's time to glue in the side plates. First place them and see if they fit nicely.
If not sand the sides a bit so everything fits nice together. Then glue them on their place.


The last (bottom) plate will not be attached yet. We need to put the whole circuit on the bottom plate later and then put it in place.

At this moment you should have something like photo 3 and 4.

Step 5: Preparing the circuit

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Since I have no experience in electronics whatsoever, this was the toughest part for me to find out.
Other instructables had no good explaining on this subject.

So for everyone who's new to this electronics stuff and have no idea what they're doing, here is some explaining for the circuit.

1. How many LED's to use?
The average LED needs 3v to work. If you are going to put the LED's in series (like I did) you need to calculate how many LED's you can use with your adapter. The formula you can use is adapter output voltage / LED voltage = Total LED's

So if you use a 12v adapter with the 3v LED's its: 12 / 3 = 4 LED's

You can also put LED's parallel in the circuit. But I'm not getting into this, just so that this instructable stays simple and easy to understand for everyone. Let's just focus now on the LED's in series.
If you want to experience with more LED's, you can always calculate your LED's and resistors here.

2. The real voltage on a adapter.
Before I went building this circuit, I thought it would be useful to measure the real voltage on the adapter. The sticker on the adapter (photo 1) says the output 12v. But once I hooked it up on my multimeter, it shows that the actual output is around the 18v (photo 2).

So that means I can calculate the LED's again: 18 / 3 = 6 LED's.

Since I'm going to make the LED's in series I can use 6 LED's in my circuit. 


3. The 3.5 audio jack plug
Which wire is what? That's what I was asking and trying to find out.
As you can see on photo 3, the plug itself has 3 metal parts, and 3 wires in the black protective layer.
On the photo I explained which wire is what.


Now with this information you can go to the next step, building the circuit.

Step 6: Building the circuit

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Many people get scared when they see all those weird circuits with those symbols on it. Having no clue what they mean.
That's why I made a instructable friendly circuit image :) See photo 1.

1. Make sure you have all the materials to make the circuit. And enough electrical wires to connect all the components.

2. Before we build the circuit, we first need to put the audio cable through the whole in the back.


3. Build your circuit, and test it out.  The best way to test it is through your audio output from your computer. Make sure the audio on your computer is set to 100% and then test it.

CircuitThe positive pole from the adapter goes to the positive leg of the first LED. Next the other 5 LED's follow. Hook the negative leg from the first LED to the positive leg of the second LED. Hook the negative leg from the second LED to the positive leg of the third LED, and so on. The negative LED from the last LED goes to the center pin of the TIP31.
Then hook the right pin of the TIP31 to the negative pole of the adapter.
All there's left now is to hook up the audio cable. Hook the red or the white wire from the audio cable on the left pin of the TIP31. And connect the ground wire from the audio cable to the right pin of the TIP31.

For better details please see photo 1, the circuit.

4. If your circuit works, solder all components together so the circuit stays together nice and strong and wont fall apart.

When done with these steps it's time to finish up!

If you have trouble getting the circuit to work, you can try to set it up first on a circuit board.
Carlosserious was so kind to make a how-to video on making the circuit, click here for the video.

Step 7: Finishing up

We've now got all the parts we need. All we need to do now is put the bottom part into the cube to make it a whole cube.

1. Use the glue gun again to put the connector for the adapter right behind the hole. Tip: Plug the cable in before gluing. This way the connector will always be on the right spot.

2. Sand the sides of the bottom plate so it fits snugly into the bottom. You just want the bottom plate slightly bigger then the hole it fits in. This way, once you put it in there, it will get stuck and won't let go while moving the cube. We won't glue the bottom, in case we need to open it for some reason. So make sure the bottom fits in tight.


That's it!!
Now plug everything in and put your music on max and enjoy!


You can change this project as much as you like. Use any LED's you want, create the box that fits the best on your desk, etc. You can also build the cube from my previous instructable.

I used photoshop to show you how different colors would look like (photo 7).

I tried to make this instructable the way so everyone can understand it. I'll try to answer them all. If you want to make one and get stuck, we'll try to get through it together.
If you have any questions please don't be shy and let me know.


 
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DaTechie2 days ago
Would substituting the individual leds with a led single color light strip, work?
Ras05233 days ago
Can i use my broken flat screen to do this?
DaTechie4 days ago

I made this(pics of the box will be posted later) instead I used 4 LED's (red,green,red,green) with a 12v 3.33a power supply. The reds are slightly brighter due to their lower forward voltage rating, compared to the greens. With this circuit, I tend to keep my volume low but higher on my headset. An with my HD Realtek Audio driver, I'm able to have multiple outputs, allowing me to plug my array in and not have to use a Y splitter. Again, I will soon post pics of my project.

Also, this is one of the best projects that I can say "time well spent."

PeterJP24 days ago
Very awesome project. I did get it to successfully work; however, I also have the audio hooked up to an amp and the only way the LED will work is if the volume is maxed. I don't have any way to control the amp volume so it's really loud. Anyone have an idea how to up the signal to the LED's without increasing it to the amp? Thank you!
Med_kingstone2 months ago

someone plz tell me what kind of old material does have tip31c ?

u cant salvege that kind of part but there like 1.20$ at radio shack or

http://www.amazon.com/gp/offer-listing/B0002ZPZYO/...

LED forrest29 days ago

copy cat u copyed this from the diy popular scinces book

I made it, I use 2 channels, four LEDs each Channels.

Here is the video

Very cool! Are you splitting left and right channels from the audio and then using two tip31 transitstors? Are you using a 24V power supply or is there a better way to fire up that many lights?

Yes I am splitting them L&R with 12V powersupply, you can try two parallel the additional LED that you want as long as your power source can support it.

Hey my LED's have an earth in the middle of the + and - ... how do I earth them? I got this working years ago but trying to do it properly now but the lights I got have 3 conections.

Hi man this visualizer is amazing, but regarding the headset cable which is 3.5 jack I already cut it off but i have 4 wires one of them is red, is this red wire needed?

And is there any other components required like resistors for example? (like the diagram below)

headset wire connections.jpegschematic curcuit in led visualizer.jpg
Med_kingstone2 months ago

someone plz tell me what kind of old material does have tip31c ?

gokuli2 months ago

thanks..can i connect the circuit in 230 volt ac by using ac to dc circuit.....? pls give me the ac to dc circuit.. my email:gokulindianur8@gmail.com

AbhiM13 months ago

How to connect the phone? If we connect the phone through the audio jack, then how are the phone speakers going to work?

Please help asap.

Sonsoer AbhiM13 months ago

I think it only works with external speakers... you will also need a jack split then...

BehzadP3 months ago

does this project require a pcb layout?

Sonsoer3 months ago

hi, I just made this and burnd 4 of 7 LEDs. I used 2 tip31c transitores and a12v 500ma power suply. Wat did i do wrong? Love the project!

SirajH3 months ago

this is awesome, I want to do this without audio input, instead use a microphone, please someone help.

mmcnater SirajH3 months ago

All you should need to do is simply build a small audio amplifier circuit (like the one attached) and connect your microphone to the IN of the amplifier, and the out of the amplifier to the base of the TIP31.
Connect all grounds together and you should be golden.

audio_amplifier.jpg
mmcnater3 months ago

Why do the LED's not need a current limiting resistor?

age134 months ago

2 VERY IMPORTANT details left out in the directions that will make or break this project. I signed up just to post this and let others no.

1. "Any wires" will not do. The thinner the better. This will be absolutely impossible to do with thick wire because of detail # 2.

2. The wires CANNOT TOUCH EACH OTHER on the tip31, NOR CAN THEY TOUCH ANY OTHER LEG on the tip31, NOT EVEN A LITTLE BIT.

For example, the negative leg on the last LED light is to connect to the middle leg of the tip31. That wire CANNOT touch the left or right legs or any other wires, not even a tiny hair's-width strand of copper can touch anything else.

If they touch another wire/leg, you'll notice it will complete the circuit and turn all the lights on and stay solid. When everything is connected correctly, the lights will stay off until the music plays. It took me days to figure this out.

asimobot4 months ago
it doesnt work with samsung phones what can i do
JesusG33k4 months ago

One improvement would be to add a speaker amplifier alongside this and have the device put out some audio as well.

<img src="http://www.deeptronic.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/small-amplifier-3-transistor-design.gif">

This is a simple transistor circuit that works decently. If you want quality sound order an OP-AMP and use that (make sure it's 12V compatible).

Thanks for sharing!

JesusG33k

they spark together, no frequencies at all..but great job man... i think this one is better..

Souce : youtube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yd3hzYAJzOo

JohnW305 months ago

We made our first one of these, but are planning to make some changes. We used the super bright blue LEDs our local electronics shop carried, but they only have a 20 degree viewing angle. We sanded one of them to try to create the diffusion effect, but it just made the LED very dim. I just ordered some new LEDs from here:

http://lighthouseleds.com/5mm-diffused-flat-top-le...

and very interested to see the difference. Also, the info is here in the article, but I still didn't focus on it. We put 6 LEDs in our box like the video above, but it didn't work at all. After some confusing diddling, we finally figured out that we needed a bigger power supply. I found a 24V power supply on Amazon for about $8.

vbhatia3 made it!6 months ago
Please tell me the exact number of the transistor the shopkeeper gave me tip31co.
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as long as it is TIP31. some had C and A but they work fine.

SamR85 months ago

I'm testing my circuit on a breadboard (just like your linked video). I can't get the LED to respond to the music, it lights up as soon as I plug it into anything, music or not. It stays solid and won't respond to the audio signal. Know what I'm doing wrong?

Check your connection or repeat what you did. It happened to me. I even burned 10 LEDs.

I'm so doing this, but I was wondering. Is there a way to sequence other lights to the individual parts of the tune? Like you have lights for the beats, but what if I want to add lights for the bass, and other?

I am doing something similar! Filters! Look up low, band, and high pass filter designs and split the audio signal to run through each one respectively. Now you have signal for bass notes, mid ranges, and high frequencies. I have a tentative schematic as well.

Very cool. Thank you. ^.^
stefaniboy5 months ago
Hey! Just ordered the components, so exited. I wondered of you could wire the leds up in a pararell connection and not a serial? So that you could use much more lights

I didn't design it, but yes parallel would work and you could also use a lower voltage as well

DanM165 months ago

Do you know if you can use speaker outputs from a receiver instead of the headphone jack? My receiver has A and B outputs, B for extra speakers. Would it be too much power? It is a Technics SA-DX1050. That way I wouldn't have to split the audio and I don't think I can play the speakers and headphones at the same time.

vbhatia3 made it!6 months ago
My led are not reacting to audio cable . led are blinking countinously.
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lauren1522 years ago
i have done everything you did except i cut the adapter cord and attached it to the led and tip35, everything works perfectly except when i plug it in i cannot hear music coming from my computer or phone or anything. what am i doing wrong?

Please tell me the exact number of the Transistor use
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