Introduction: Music Visualization Without Computer

Picture of Music Visualization Without Computer

This, my first instructable, will show you how get addicting audio visualizations using ordinary tap water.
Caution: when completed, this can be highly addicting.
Caution: this could potentially harm your speakers. It has not harmed mine for any long period of time, but it could happen.
Have fun!

Step 1: Remove the Speaker Cover.

Picture of Remove the Speaker Cover.

If your speaker is already naked, great. If not, you will have to remove the cover. Some speakers have a cover that just needs to be pulled, some you have to unscrew the whole housing to remove whatever's in front of it.

Step 2: Find the Right Speaker.

Picture of Find the Right Speaker.

You want to use a speaker with a little dome in the middle, not one with a funny little flattish thing. The domed ones have a waterproof design without the waterproofed material, the others have spaces through which water can travel.

Step 3: Waterproof the Cone and Dome

Picture of Waterproof the Cone and Dome

The first time I ever did this, I skipped this part. I do not believe that it is a necessary step, but it is probably a very good idea. Without waterproofing, water could damage the speaker cone. I have had water through a bad speaker and into the electrical bits, but it was all better after it dried out.
So, find your favorite waterproofing material (I used polyurethane) and apply it to the speaker cone and dome but NOT to the rubber around the edge of the speaker which allows the cone to move. At least not to the whole thing, it's not a crime if you get a little on there.

Step 4: The Magic!

Picture of The Magic!
Pour a little bit of water into the speaker cone. It can cover the dome or not. Play music through the speaker. You will probably have to turn it up a bit, but then you will see pattern form on the surface of the water.
There are three basic patterns:
The first and simplest is rings, and it looks like a standing ripple. It will change dimensions depending on the music.
The second happens with more complex music and especially bass. It appears as a bunch of high but small radius circles that will move around and interact with each other to create a constantly moving interference pattern.
The third happens when you turn the music up quite loud. The water will jump (I've had it go two and a half feet) and continue to do so in a lovely shower of drops in the loudness which will get anything within a foot or two damp.
Old one:

And after the polyurethane



fonsdavid (author)2016-01-28

I can't wait to get the courage to try this on my speakers! Is there any way I could do this without having to put any water directly on the speakers? Maybe some cling film?

DIY-Guy (author)2014-10-18

Looks nice!
At a research lab where I once worked, we used polypropylene speaker cones and they would be perfect for this.

HelenaTroy (author)2013-02-18

I saw something similar to this demonstrated on QI some time ago - did a serach and found a page that explains the physics and shows results of some attempts - they used cornflour and water, though

nametaken (author)2011-05-26

Clever design :) Do you think sand would work just as well?

nikolardo (author)nametaken2011-05-26

I'm inclined to think not - I know I've seen things on youtube with sand resonating, but they're generally surface patterns on something flat. I certainly don't know, and you should definitely try it, but I suspect that sand isn't fluid enough to move quickly enough to show these effects - my guess is that it would just muffle the sound.

cesar harada (author)nikolardo2012-08-01

yeah, you're right, salt / sand will just gets ejected if you are not dealing with a simple wave : it will just jump all over the place and no clear figure will form - from my experience.
But if you are into that kind of thing, some minimal electronic music would work very nicely. 

Maybe I'll try this kind of track:

On this setup :

Also curious to see these "magical frequencies" in action :

kallen8 (author)2011-07-28

Does it change the sound at all?

nikolardo (author)kallen82011-07-29

Yes - it's significantly muffled. The water dampens the speakers vibrations. However, it's certainly still audible.

Logan D (author)2009-07-10

Try this with non-newtonian fluid like cornstarch in water. However, you might need a more powerful speaker to get some crazy results.

nikolardo (author)Logan D2010-08-12

After a long time, I did eventually do this with cornstarch in water. However, I found that it would not respond to music at all, only a sine wave - not even both at the same time. However, by varying the period of the sine wave, I was able to create some very, very creepy things. For added creepiness, add a drop or two of food colouring AFTER starting it up - it'll crawl and swirl its way around for a long, long time.

Laral (author)2009-07-18

Nice Chladni figures! Try shining a small spotlight on the water and watch the light show on the wall/ceiling.

ChpperKahn (author)2009-07-16

ack! i used to get the worst kind of heeby geebies from this... it freaks me out when i look at it. happened first in my moms foot massager, the one where its a tub of water with vibrating pads and such. am i the only one?

zabdiel (author)2009-07-13

You can buy waterproof speakers or weatherproof speakers. If you just want the speaker without an enclosure (which would probably work for this) then you can get on for a couple of pounds.

Sandisk1duo (author)2009-07-11

it looks as if it's alive!

Wolf Seril (author)2009-07-10

That's sweet. And it doesn't affect the sound?

nikolardo (author)Wolf Seril2009-07-11

Actually, it does affect the sound. If you don't use much water it's not too noticeable, just a little muffled, but the more water you add, the more muffled it is, because all the energy is being transferred to the water instead of the air. HOWEVER this is really cool, because if you put your finger(s) in the water, it feels AWESOME. It's like touching a speaker and feeling the sound, only instead of having it vibrate away from you like a speaker, it vibrates all around you. But yes, when I do this I usually have one speaker with no water so I can hear the music well.

Wolf Seril (author)nikolardo2009-07-11

Oh that makes more sense then.

thepelton (author)nikolardo2009-07-11

Many speaker cones are made of paper, which will dissolve in water.

nikolardo (author)thepelton2009-07-11

thus the polyurethane

depotdevoid (author)2009-07-10

That looks awesome!

hg341 (author)2009-07-10

nice well done

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